Carlo Rambaldi in 2010
September 15, 1925|
Vigarano Mainarda, Italy
|Died||August 10, 2012
Lamezia Terme, Italy
|Education||Academy of Fine Arts of Bologna|
|Notable work(s)||E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
King Kong (1976)
|Spouse(s)||Bruna Rambaldi (née Basso)|
Academy Awards Special Achievement Award
BAFTA Film Award (nominated)
David di Donatello Special
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Special
Los Angeles Italian Film Awards Outstanding Achievement Award
Razzie Award (nominated)
Carlo Rambaldi (September 15, 1925 – August 10, 2012) was an Italian special effects artist who is most famous for designing the title character of the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) and the mechanical head-effects for the creature in Alien (1979) (for each of them Rambaldi won an Oscar).
Rambaldi also has worked on Profondo Rosso (Deep Red) (1975), King Kong (1976), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), Nightwing (1979), Possession (1981), Dune (1984), King Kong Lives (1986), and Cameron's Closet (1988). In addition to the two Oscars for Visual Effects, he also won a third Special Achievement Academy Award for visual effects in John Guillermin's King Kong (1976).
Rambaldi had the distinction of being the first special effects artist to be required to prove that his work on a film was not 'real'. Dog-mutilation scenes in the 1971 film A Lizard in a Woman's Skin were so convincingly visceral that its director, Lucio Fulci, was prosecuted for offences relating to animal cruelty. Fulci would have served a two-year prison sentence had Rambaldi not exhibited the film's array of props to a courtroom, proving that the scene was not filmed using real animals.
In the early days of his career, Rambaldi did special effects work for such Italian films as Siegfried (1957), Medusa vs the Son of Hercules (1962), Bloody Pit of Horror (1965), Planet of the Vampires (1965), Hercules and the Princess of Troy (1965), The Odyssey (1968), Twitch of the Death Nerve (1972), Night of the Devils (1972), Andy Warhol's Frankenstein (1974) and Andy Warhol's Dracula (1974). He also created the monsters for Silver Bullet (1985) and Conan the Destroyer (1984).
- Carlo Rambaldi at the Internet Movie Database
- Studying art at the Fine Arts Academy of Bologna
- "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- Alias Season 5 DVD Extras
- (Italian) Article on la Repubblica