Alejandro González Iñárritu

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Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu with a camera in production.jpg
Alejandro González Iñarritu during movie production
Born Alejandro González Iñárritu
(1963-08-15) August 15, 1963 (age 50)
Mexico City, Mexico
Other names El Negro,
One of the Three Amigos
Occupation Film director, Screenwriter, Producer, Composer
Years active 1995–present
Spouse(s) María Eladia Hagerman

Alejandro González Iñárritu (Spanish pronunciation: [aleˈxandɾo ɣonˈsales iˈɲaritu]; born August 15, 1963) is a Mexican film director.

González Iñárritu is the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and by the Directors Guild of America for Best Director. He is also the first Mexican born director to have won the Prix de la mise en scene or best director award at Cannes (2006), the second one being Carlos Reygadas in 2012. His four feature films Amores perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003), Babel (2006) and Biutiful (2010) have gained critical acclaim worldwide including two Academy Award nominations. He is also friends with fellow Mexican directors Guillermo del Toro and Alfonso Cuarón.

Early life and career[edit]

Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu was born in Mexico City.

Crossing the Atlantic Ocean on a cargo ship at the age of 17 and 19, Alejandro worked his away across Europe and Africa. Alejandro attributes his extensive travels as a young man as having the most influential and profound effect on him as a filmmaker, often setting his films in the places he visited during this period.

After his travels, Alejandro returned to Mexico City and majored in communications at Universidad Iberoamericana. In 1984, Alejandro started his career as a radio host at the Mexican radio station WFM[disambiguation needed]. In 1988 he became the director of this rock and eclectic music station. Over the next five years, Alejandro spent his time interviewing rock stars, transmitting live concerts, and making WFM the number one radio station in Mexico. From 1987 to 1989, he composed music for six Mexican feature films. Today, Alejandro believes that music has had a bigger influence on him as an artist than film itself.

In the nineties Alejandro created Z films with Raul Olvera in Mexico. Under Z Films, Alejandro started writing, producing and directing short films and advertisements. Making the final transition into T.V Film directing, Alejandro studied under well-known Polish theater director Ludwik Margules, as well as Judith Weston in Los Angeles.

Path to fame[edit]

In 1995, Alejandro wrote and directed his first T.V pilot called Detras del dinero, starring Miguel Boise. Z Films went on to be one of the biggest and strongest film production companies in Mexico, launching seven young directors in the feature film arena. In 1999 Alejandro directed his first feature film Amores perros, written by Guillermo Arriaga. Amores perros explored Mexican society in the capital told through the perspective of three intertwining stories. In 2000, Amores perros premiered at the Cannes Film Festival and won the Critics Weeks Grand Prize. It also introduced audiences for the first time to Gael García Bernal. Amores perros went on to be nominated for Best Foreign Film at the Academy Awards.

Hollywood[edit]

After the success of Amores Perros, Alejandro and Guillermo Arriaga revisited the intersecting story structure of Amores perros in Alejandro’s second film, 21 Grams. The film starred Benicio del Toro, Naomi Watts and Sean Penn. The film was presented at the Venice Film Festival, winning the Volpi Cup for actor Sean Penn. At the 2004 Academy Awards, Del Toro and Watts received nominations for their performances.

In 2005 Alejandro embarked on his third film, Babel, set around 3 continents, 4 countries, and in 4 different languages. Babel consists of four stories set in Morocco, Mexico, the United States, and Japan. The film stars Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett and Adriana Barraza but introduced a full cast of non-actors and some new actors such as Rinko Kikuchi. It was presented at Cannes 2006, where Alejandro earned the Best Director Prize (Prix de la mise en scène). Babel was released in November 2006 and received seven nominations at the 79th Annual Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Alejandro is the first Mexican Director nominated for DGA award and for an Academy Award. Babel went on to win Best Motion Picture in the drama category at the Golden Globe Awards on January 15, 2007. Gustavo Santaolalla won the Academy Award that year for Best Original Score. After Babel, Alejandro and his writing partner Guillermo Arriaga professionally parted ways to focus on their individual visions and grow as filmmakers.

In 2008/2009 Alejandro directed and produced Biutiful, starring Javier Bardem, written by Alejandro, Armando Bo, and Nicolas Giacobone. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festial on May 17, 2010. Bardem went on to win Best Actor (shared with Elio Germano for La nostra vita) at Cannes. Biutiful is Alejandro’s first film in his native language since his debut feature Amores perros. For the second time in his career his film was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards. It was also nominated for the 2011 Golden Globes in the category of Best Foreign Film, for the 2011 BAFTA awards in the category of Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Actor. Javier Bardem’s performance was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor.

Short films[edit]

From 2001 to 2011 Alejandro has directed several short films.

In 2001, Alejandro directed an a 11 minute film segment for 11.09.01– which is composed of several short films that explore the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks from different points of view around the world.

In 2007, Alejandro made ANNA which screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival inside Chacun son cinéma. It was part of the 60th anniversary of the film festival and it was a series of shorts by 33 world-renown film directors.

In 2012 , Alejandro made the experimental short film Naran Ja: One Act Orange Dance - inspired by L.A Dance Project's premiere performance. The short features excerpts of the new choreography Benjamin Millepied crafted for Moving Parts. The story takes place in a secluded, dusty space and centers around LADP dancer Julia Eichten.

Commercials[edit]

In 2001/2002 Alejandro directed "Powder Keg", an episode for the BMW film series The Hire, starring Clive Owen as the driver.

In 2010, González Iñárritu directed Write the Future, a football-themed commercial for Nike ahead of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which went on to win Grand Prix at the Cannes Lions advertising festival.

In 2012, Alejandro directed Procter and Gamble’s “Best Job” commercial spot for the 2012 Olympic Ceremonies. It went on to win the Best Primetime Commercial Emmy at Creative Arts Emmy Awards.

Now[edit]

Alejandro is currently in postproduction for his newest feature film, Birdman, starring Michael Keaton, Naomi Watts, Edward Norton, Emma Stone, Zach Galifianakis, and Andrea Riseborough. Not only working with a new team, Alejandro is working within a new genre. Birdman is scheduled to be released in 2014.

Filmography[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Death Trilogy[edit]

a series of three films that share the theme of death.[1]

A highly acclaimed film from 2000 set in Mexico City. Three individuals are connected by the event of a violent car crash.

The 2003 film was nominated for two acting Academy Awards. In this particular tale, three individuals are connected by a violent accident involving an automobile as well.

Taking place in Mexico, Japan, Morocco and the United States, this interconnecting story tells of four families that face a tragedy that begins with the purchasing of a rifle and traverses across four countries in three different continents. Inarritu was awarded the best director honour at the Cannes Film Festival for this highly acclaimed film. The film won and was nominated for many awards from respectable Film institutions (including the Academy Awards).

Other feature length films[edit]

Javier Bardem as Uxbal attempts to atone for his life's mishaps as a blackmarketeer in the slums of Barcelona, and faces death. Uxbal is diagnosed with terminal prostate cancer and faced with the difficult task to find closure in his life. Balancing a dysfunctional home life rooted by his unfaithful, bi-polar ex-wife, Uxbal tries to raise his young son and daughter without his ex-wife's abuse. As a blackmarketeer, Uxbal scrambles to make amends for exploiting illegal immigrants that he traffics yet also befriends. He has the ability to usher spirits to their resting peace. Biutiful was given the Oscar and Golden Globe nomination for Best Foreign Language Film. The film, like the Death trilogy, also has a strong theme of mortality.

He is currently directing the comedy Birdman, starring Emma Stone and Michael Keaton.

Starring Leonardo DiCaprio

Short films[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

He has been nominated for many awards including: Academy Award, Palme d'Or, Golden Lion, European Film Award, DGA Award, PGA Award, César Award, Silver Ribbon, Prix de la mise en scène, BAFTA, Ariel Award, Golden Globe, David di Donatello and ALFS Award.

Academy Awards:

  • 2001: Best Foreign Language Film (Amores perros - Mexico, nominated)
  • 2007: Best Director (Babel, nominated)
  • 2007: Best Picture (Babel, nominated)
  • 2011: Best Foreign Language Film ("Biutiful"-Mexico, nominated)

BAFTA Awards:

  • 2002: Best Film Not in the English Language (Amores perros, won)
  • 2007: Best Film (Babel, nominated)
  • 2007: David Lean Award for Direction (Babel, nominated)
  • 2011: Best Film Not in the English Language (Biutiful, nominated)

Cannes Film Festival:

  • 2000: Critics Week Grand Prize (Amores perros, won)
  • 2000: Young Critics Award - Best Feature (Amores perros, won)
  • 2006: Golden Palm (Babel, nominated)
  • 2006: Prize of the Ecumenical Jury (Babel, won)
  • 2006: Best Director (Babel, won)
  • 2010: Golden Palm ('Biutiful, nominated)

Directors Guild of America Awards:

  • 2007: Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures (Babel, nominated)

Golden Globe Awards:

  • 2007: Best Picture - Drama (Babel, won)
  • 2007: Best Director (Babel, nominated)
  • 2011: Best Foreign Film (Biutiful, nominated)

Independent Spirit Awards:

  • 2002: Best Foreign Film (Amores perros, nominated)
  • 2004: Special Distinction Award (21 Grams, won)

PGA Awards:

  • 2007: Motion Picture Producer of the Year Award - Theatrical (Babel, nominated)

Venice Film Festival:

  • 2002: UNESCO Award (September 11, won)
  • 2003: Golden Lion (21 Grams, nominated)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liner notes for the US release of the original soundtrack album (Concord Records catalog number CCD2-30191-2)

External links[edit]