Alejandro González Iñárritu

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is González and the second or maternal family name is Iñárritu.
Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu with a camera in production Cropped.jpg
González Iñárritu during the production of Biutiful, 2008.
Born (1963-08-15) August 15, 1963 (age 51)
Mexico City, Mexico
Other names Alejandro G. Iñárritu
Occupation Film director, screenwriter, film producer, composer
Years active 1984–present

Alejandro González Iñárritu (Spanish pronunciation: [aleˈxandɾo ɣonˈsales iˈɲaritu]; born August 15, 1963) is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, and composer. González Iñárritu is the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing, for Babel in 2007. He is also the first Mexican-born director to have won the Prix de la mise en scene, the best director award at Cannes.

His five feature films – Amores perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003), Babel (2006), Biutiful (2010) and Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014) – have garnered wide acclaim and numerous accolades including Academy Award nominations. In 2015, he won the Academy Award for Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Picture for Birdman. His sixth upcoming film, The Revenant, will be released on December 25, 2015. His first three films (Amores perros, 21 Grams and Babel) have been called his "Death Trilogy."[1][2]

Early life and career[edit]

Alejandro González Iñárritu was born in Mexico City, the son of Luz María Iñárritu and Hector González Gama.[3] Crossing the Atlantic Ocean on a cargo ship at the age of 16 and 18, González Iñárritu worked his way across Europe and Africa.[4][5] He has noted that these early travels as a young man have had a great influence on him as a filmmaker.[5] The setting of his films have often been in the places he visited during this period.

After his travels, González Iñárritu returned to Mexico City and majored in communications at Universidad Iberoamericana.[6] In 1984, he started his career as a radio host at the Mexican radio station WFM, a rock and eclectic music station. In 1988, he became the director of the station.[6] Over the next five years, González Iñárritu spent his time interviewing rock stars, transmitting live concerts, and making WFM the number one radio station in Mexico. From 1987 to 1989, he composed music for six Mexican feature films.[6] He has stated that he believes music has had a bigger influence on him as an artist than film itself.[5]

Amores perros[edit]

In the 1990s, González Iñárritu created Z films, a production company, with Raul Olvera in Mexico.[7] Under Z Films, he started writing, producing and directing short films and advertisements.[6] Making the final transition into TV and film directing, he studied under well-known Polish theater director Ludwik Margules, as well as Judith Weston in Los Angeles.[8][9]

In 1995, González Iñárritu wrote and directed his first TV pilot for Z Films, called Detras del dinero, or Behind the Money, starring Miguel Bosé.[7] Z Films went on to be one of the biggest and strongest film production companies in Mexico, launching seven young directors in the feature film arena. In 1999, González Iñárritu directed his first feature film Amores perros, written by Guillermo Arriaga.[6] Amores perros explored Mexican society in Mexico City told via three intertwining stories. In 2000, Amores perros premiered at the Cannes Film Festival and won the Critics' Week Grand Prize.[6] It was the film debut of actor Gael García Bernal, who would later appear in Babel and the González Iñárritu-produced Mexican film Rudo y Cursi. Amores perros was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.[10]

Hollywood[edit]

After the success of Amores Perros, González Iñárritu and Guillermo Arriaga revisited the intersected stories structure of Amores perros in González Iñárritu's second film, 21 Grams.[6] The film starred Benicio del Toro, Naomi Watts and Sean Penn,[11] and competed at the Venice Film Festival, winning the Volpi Cup for actor Sean Penn.[12] At the 2004 Academy Awards, Del Toro and Watts received nominations for their performances.[13]

In 2005, González Iñárritu embarked on his third film, Babel, set in four countries across three continents, and in 4 different languages. Babel comprises four stories set in Morocco, Mexico, the United States, and Japan.[14] The film stars Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett, Adriana Barraza, Gael Garcia Bernal, Rinko Kikuchi and Kōji Yakusho; The rest of the cast comprised non-professional actors.[15] The film competed at Cannes 2006, where González Iñárritu received the Best Director Award (Prix de la mise en scène),[16] becoming the first Mexican-born director to win the award.[17] Babel was released in November 2006, and received seven nominations at the 79th Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director.[11] Gustavo Santaolalla, the film's composer, won the Academy Award that year for Best Original Score.[18] The film won Best Motion Picture in the drama category at the Golden Globe Awards on January 15, 2007.[19] González Iñárritu became the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing, in 2007 for Babel.[20]

After his third feature film collaboration with writing partner Guillermo Arriaga (Babel), González Iñárritu and he professionally parted ways, following González Iñárritu barring Arriaga from the set during filming. Arriaga told the Los Angeles Times in 2009, "It had to come to an end, but I still respect [González Iñárritu]."[21]

In 2009, González Iñárritu directed and produced Biutiful, starring Javier Bardem, written by González Iñárritu, Armando Bó, Jr., and Nicolás Giacobone.[22] The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on May 17, 2010.[23] Bardem went on to win Best Actor (shared with Elio Germano for La nostra vita) at Cannes.[24] Biutiful is González Iñárritu’s first film in his native Spanish since his debut feature Amores perros. The film was nominated at the 2011 Golden Globes for Best Foreign Film, and at the BAFTA awards for Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Actor.[25][26] For the second time in his career, González Iñárritu's film was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards; Javier Bardem’s performance was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[27]

In 2014, González Iñárritu directed, co-produced and co-wrote his first comedy, Birdman, starring Michael Keaton, Edward Norton, Emma Stone, Naomi Watts, Zach Galifianakis, and Andrea Riseborough. Birdman is about a washed-up actor famed for playing an iconic superhero who tries to revive his career by doing a play based on the Raymond Carver short story "What We Talk About When We Talk About Love." The film and González Iñárritu won the Golden Globe for Best Screenplay, and the Academy Award for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Original Screenplay.[28][29]

In April 2014, it was announced that González Iñárritu's next film as a director will be The Revenant, which he co-wrote with Mark L. Smith. It is based on the novel of the same name by Michael Punke. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Tom Hardy and Will Poulter. Shooting began in September 2014, and it is scheduled for a December 25, 2015 release.[30][31][32][33] The Revenant is being filmed in Alberta and British Columbia.[34] The film will be a 19th-century historical period drama, and is described as a "gritty thriller" about a fur trapper who seeks revenge against a group of men who robbed and abandoned him after he was mauled by a grizzly bear."[35]

Short films[edit]

From 2001 to 2011, González Iñárritu directed several short films. In 2001, he directed an 11-minute film segment for 11.09.01 - which is composed of several short films that explore the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks from different points of view around the world [6] In 2007, he made ANNA, which screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival within Chacun son cinéma, a collection of 34 short films by 34 renowned film directors representing 25 countries, produced for the 60th anniversary of the film festival.[36][better source needed] In 2012, he made the experimental short film Naran Ja: One Act Orange Dance, inspired by L.A Dance Project's premiere performance, featuring excerpts from the new choreography Benjamin Millepied crafted for Moving Parts. The story takes place in a secluded, dusty space and centers around LADP dancer Julia Eichten.[37]

Commercials[edit]

In 2002, González Iñárritu directed "Powder Keg", an episode for the BMW short film series The Hire, starring Clive Owen as the driver.[38][better source needed] It won the Cannes Gold Lion Advertising Award.[39] In 2010, González Iñárritu directed "Write the Future", a football-themed commercial for Nike ahead of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which went on to win the Grand Prix at the Cannes Lions Advertising Festival.[40] In 2012, he directed Procter & Gamble's "Best Job" commercial spot for the 2012 Olympic Ceremonies. It won the Best Primetime Commercial Emmy at Creative Arts Emmy Awards[41] and the DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Commercials.[42]

On October 4, 2012, Facebook released a González Iñárritu-directed brand film titled "The Things That Connect Us" to celebrate the social network reaching one billion users.[43]

Filmography[edit]

Alejandro González Iñarritu

Feature films[edit]

Short films[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2001 Amores perros Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2007 Babel Best Picture Nominated
Best Director Nominated
2011 Biutiful Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Picture Won
Best Director Won
Best Original Screenplay Won

AACTA International Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Film Won
Best Direction Won
Best Screenplay Won

British Academy Film Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2002 Amores perros Best Foreign Language Film Won
2007 Babel Best Film Nominated
David Lean Award for Direction Nominated
2011 Biutiful Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Film Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated

Cannes Film Festival

Year Nominated work Category Result
2000 Amores perros Critics Week Grand Prize Won
Young Critics Award – Best Feature Won
2006 Babel Palme d'Or Nominated
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Won
Best Director Won
2010 Biutiful Palme d'Or Nominated

Directors Guild of America Award

Year Nominated work Category Result
2007 Babel Outstanding Directing – Feature Film Nominated
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Outstanding Directing – Feature Film Won

Golden Globe Award

Year Nominated work Category Result
2001 Amores perros Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
2006 Babel Best Motion Picture – Drama Won
Best Director Nominated
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won

Independent Spirit Awards

Year Nominated work Category Result
2002 Amores perros Best Foreign Film Nominated
2004 21 Grams Special Distinction Award Won
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Film Won
Best Director Nominated

Producers Guild of America Award

Year Nominated work Category Result
2007 Babel Best Theatrical Motion Picture Nominated
2015 Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Best Theatrical Motion Picture Won

Venice Film Festival

Year Nominated work Category Result
2002 11'09"01 September 11 UNESCO Award Won
2003 21 Grams Golden Lion Nominated

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "nthposition online magazine: Globalism and the films of Alejandro González Iñárritu". Nthposition.com. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  2. ^ "And So it Begins...: Top 10 Unconventional Trilogies". Andsoitbeginsfilms.com. 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  3. ^ Agencias / El Siglo De Torreón (August 15, 2014). "1963: El mundo recibe a Alejandro González Iñárritu, internacional cineasta mexicano". Elsiglodetorreon.com.mx. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Alejandro Gonzalez Iñárritu: What I've Learned". Esquire. January 12, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c Tobias, Scott (December 3, 2003). "Alejandro González Iñárritu". The A.V. Club. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Alejandro González Iñárritu". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Alejandro González Iñárritu y sus emblemáticos 3 Premios Oscar". CinePremiere.com.mx. February 26, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ "‘Birdman’ y la dualidad que todos tenemos". The New York Times. February 21, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "JUDITH WESTON STUDIO FOR ACTORS AND DIRECTORS". Judithweston.com. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ "THE 73RD ACADEMY AWARDS - 2001". Oscars.org. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Alejandro González Iñárritu - Biography - Songwriter, Director, Television Producer". FYI. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Sean Penn wins Volpi Cup for best actor at Venice Film...". Chicago Tribune. September 8, 2003. 
  13. ^ "Oscars 2004: The winners". BBC Online. March 1, 2004. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Babel Movie Review & Film Summary (2006)". Rogerebert.com. September 22, 2007. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Iñárritu’s Babel To Be Honored By 18th Annual Palm Springs International Film Festival Awards Gala". Palm Springs International Film Festival. November 30, 2006. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Alejandro González Iñárritu to Receive Sundance Institute's Vanguard Leadership Award". Indiewire. January 14, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu to Receive Sundance Institute's Vanguard Leadership Award". The Hollywood Reporter. January 14, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Film Composer Gustavo Santaolalla’s Oscar-Worthy Music Studio". Variety. June 28, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Babel, Dreamgirls take top Golden Globe Awards". CBC.ca. January 15, 2007. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Academy Awards Best Director - Facts & Trivia". Filmsite.org. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  21. ^ Whipp, Glenn. "Guillermo Arriaga tells his story". Los Angeles Times. 
  22. ^ A.O. Scott "The Mob Work Is Tough; Then He Has to Go Home". The New York Times. December 28, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Cannes Premiere: Javier Bardem Stars in Alejandro Inarritu's Biutiful". The Huffington Post. May 19, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Javier Bardem Wins Best Actor Award at Cannes Film Festival". Latin American Herald Tribune. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  25. ^ "2011 Golden Globe Nominations Announced". Deadline.com. December 14, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Baftas nominations 2011: full list". The Guardian. January 18, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Oscars 2011 Nominations List: Academy Awards Nominees". The Huffington Post. January 25, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Golden Globes: 'Birdman's' Alejandro González Inarritu, Nicolas Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo Win for Best Screenplay". The Hollywood Reporter. January 11, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Oscars: Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu Wins Best Director for ‘Birdman’". Variety. February 22, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Leonardo DiCaprio will make his return in The Revenant". theguardian.com. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Tom Hardy Joins Leonardo DiCaprio In Revenge Thriller ‘The Revenant’". Deadline.com. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  32. ^ "‘We’re the Millers" Will Poulter Joins Leonardo DiCaprio in ‘The Revenant’". variety.com. Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Release Dates: ‘The Revenant,’ ‘Child 44,’ ‘The Vatican Tapes’". /Film. July 15, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  34. ^ "Leo DiCaprio "The Revenant" Open Casting Call in Canada". http://auditionsfree.com/. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Leonardo DiCaprio, Alejandro González Iñárritu Commit To September Start For New Regency’s ‘The Revenant’". Deadline.com. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  36. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0973844/combined
  37. ^ "Watch: 'Trash Humpers'-Esque Experimental Dance Short Film 'Naran Ja' Directed By Alejandro González Iñárritu". Indiewire. October 26, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  38. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0285930/
  39. ^ "González Iñárritu, el director publicista GANADOR del Óscar". Roastbrief.com.mx. February 22, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  40. ^ "ANATOMY OF A CANNES WINNER: NIKE "WRITE THE FUTURE"". Fast Company. June 28, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  41. ^ "P&G Earns Praise For ‘Best Job’ Commercial, Innovation, Sustainability Efforts". Procter & Gamble. September 19, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  42. ^ "DGA Awards: Alejandro G. Iñárritu Wins Best Feature Film Director For 'Birdman', TV Winners Include Lesli Linka Glatter 'Homeland' & Jill Soloway 'Transparent'". Deadline.com. February 7, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015. 
  43. ^ "Facebook runs first ad as it reaches 1 billion users". Creative Review. October 4, 2012. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  44. ^ "nthposition online magazine: Globalism and the films of Alejandro González Iñárritu". Nthposition.com. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  45. ^ "And So it Begins...: Top 10 Unconventional Trilogies". Andsoitbeginsfilms.com. 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  46. ^ Naran Ja. YouTube. 

External links[edit]