Cathedrals in Spain

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The cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is one of the most visited temples in Spain.

The cathedrals in Spain are the diocesan churches in Spain and an important part of the nation's Historical Heritage due to their great historical, religious, and architectural value. For centuries, the Spanish cities were built around them. The National Programme of Cathedrals aims to protect and conserve a total of 91 houses of worship, which includes cathedrals, concathedrals, former cathedrals, and the architecturally notable non-cathedral church of the Sagrada Família in Barcelona.

Due to the long construction time required for construction, as well as the Moorish influence in the Iberian Peninsula, several Spain's cathedrals are often an eclectic mix of Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Neoclassical and Mudéjar styles.

In the Middle Ages, the first portion of the building built would be the main altar and apse. After that the construction was followed with the crossing at the transept and the nave. It was during this time that Spain's great Gothic cathedrals such as those at Burgos, Toledo, and León, were built. At the dawn of the Renaissance, Spain saw herself commanding an empire in the new world. Spanish cathedrals began to incorporate newer classically-based architectural styles as seen in Granada Cathedral. Later, wealth from the Americas financed ornate Baroque architecture such as a new façade for the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela or the Basilica of el Pilar in Zaragoza. In post-Gothic styles, Spanish cathedrals departed from the usual Latin-cross shape and developed more open designs (such as in the neo-classical cathedral of Cádiz). A handful of Spanish cathedrals contain touches of modern architecture. The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid was not finished until 1993, and the completed church is decorated with much more modern designs than other cathedrals in the country. The construction was typically financed with the diocese mains, with royal or episcopal contributions, or with donations from the faithful. Because of this, many of the wealthier dioceses were able to construct more lavish cathedrals.

Today the cathedrals of Spain draw visitors from around the world each year, forming a significant part of the country's tourist trade.

List of cathedrals[edit]

This is the list of cathedrals in Spain sorted by denomination.

Roman Catholic[edit]

Cathedrals of the Roman Catholic Church in Spain:[1]

The cathedral of Burgos, representing Gothic architecture in Spain.
León's Cathedral is constructed in a high-gothic style and is noted for its stained-glass windows.
Seville's Cathedral is the largest Gothic cathedral in the world
Córdoba's Cathedral
Girona's Cathedral
Santa Maria de Manresa is the Romanesque-Gothic Cathedral of the town of Manresa.
The Cathedral of Toledo is the Primate Cathedral of Spain
The Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca
Ávila Cathedral
Segovia Cathedral
Cathedral Dedication Diocese
Archdiocese of Barcelona
Cathedral of Santa Eulalia Saint Eulalia Archdiocese of Barcelona
Sant Feliu de Llobregat Cathedral Saint Lawrence Diocese of Sant Feliu de Llobregat
Terrassa Cathedral Holy Spirit Diocese of Terrassa
Sagrada Família of Barcelona Holy Family
Archdiocese of Burgos
Cathedral of Burgos Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Burgos
Cathedral of Bilbao Saint James Diocese of Bilbao
Cathedral of Palencia Saint Antolin Diocese of Palencia
Cathedral of El Burgo de Osma Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Osma-Soria
Co-Cathedral of San Pedro, Soria Saint Peter Diocese of Osma-Soria
Cathedral of Santa María de Vitoria Virgin Mary Diocese of Vitoria
Cathedral of San Sebastián Good Shepherd Diocese of San Sebastián
Archdiocese of Granada
Cathedral of Granada Virgin of the Incarnation Archdiocese of Granada
Cathedral of Almeria Virgin of the Incarnation Diocese of Almeria
Cathedral of Guadix Virgin of the Incarnation Diocese of Guadix
Cathedral of Jaén Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Jaén
Cathedral of Málaga Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Málaga
Concathedral of Murcia Saint Mary Diocese of Cartagena
Cathedral of Cartagena Saint Mary Diocese de Cartagena
Archdiocese of Madrid
Cathedral of Madrid Virgin of Almudena Archdiocese of Madrid
Alcalá de Henares Cathedral Saints Justus and Pastor Diocese of Alcalá de Henares
Cathedral of Getafe Virgin of the Magdalena Diocese of Getafe
Cathedral of Justo Not consecrated
Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
Cathedral of Badajoz Saint John the Baptist Archdiocese of MéridaBadajoz
Concathedral of Caceres Virgin Mary Diocese of CoriaCaceres
Cathedral of Coria Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Coria-Caceres
Co-cathedral of Saint Mary Major Virgin Mary Diocese of Mérida-Badajoz
New Cathedral of Plasencia Diocese of Plasencia
Old Cathedral of Plasencia Virgin Mary Diocese of Plasencia
Archdiocese of Oviedo
Cathedral of Oviedo Holy Savior Archdiocese of Oviedo
Cathedral of Astorga Virgin Mary Diocese of Astorga
Cathedral of León Virgin Mary Diocese of León
Cathedral of Santander Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Santander
Archdiocese of Pamplona
Cathedral of Pamplona Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Pamplona
Calahorra Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Calahorra and La CalzadaLogroño
Santo Domingo de la Calzada Cathedral Saint Domingo Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño
Cathedral of Jaca Saint Peter Diocese of Jaca
Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Redonda Virgin Mary Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño
Cathedral of San Sebastián Virgin Mary Diocese of San Sebastián
Cathedral of Tudela Virgin Mary Diocese of Tudela
Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela Saint James Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela
Concathedral of Ferrol Saint Julian Diocese of MondoñedoFerrol
Cathedral of Lugo Virgin Mary Diocese of Lugo
Cathedral of Mondoñedo Virgin Mary Diocese of Mondoñedo-Ferrol
Cathedral de Ourense Saint Martín Diocese of Ourense
Cathedral de Tui Virgin Mary Diocese of TuiVigo
Concathedral of Vigo Virgin Mary Diócesis of Tui-Vigo
Archdiocese of Seville
Cathedral of Seville Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Seville
Cathedral of Cádiz Holy Cross Diocese of Cádiz and Ceuta
Cathedral of Ceuta Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Cádiz and Ceuta
Cathedral of Huelva Virgin of Mercy Diocese of Huelva
Cathedral of Córdoba Virgin Mary Diocese of Córdoba
Cathedral of Jerez de la Frontera Holy Savior Diocese of Jerez de la Frontera
Cathedral of La Laguna Virgin of Los Remedios Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Las Palmas Cathedral Saint Anne Diocese of Canarias
Archdiocese of Tarragona
Cathedral of Tarragona Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Tarragona
Cathedral of Girona Virgin Mary Diocese of Girona
Seu Vella of Lleida Virgin Mary Diocese of Lleida
Cathedral of Roda de Isábena Saint Vincent Diocese of Lleida
Cathedral of Solsona Virgin Mary Diocese of Solsona
Tortosa Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Tortosa
Cathedral of Urgel Virgin Mary Diocese of Urgel
Cathedral of Vic Saint Peter Diocese of Vic
Archdiocese of Toledo
Cathedral of Toledo Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Toledo
Cathedral of Albacete Saint John the Baptist Diocese of Albacete
Cathedral of Ciudad Real Virgin of the Prado Diocese of Ciudad Real
Cathedral of Cuenca Virgin Mary and Saint Julian Diocese of Cuenca
Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Fuente la Mayor Virgin Mary Diocese of SigüenzaGuadalajara
Cathedral of Sigüenza Virgin Mary Diocese of Sigüenza-Guadalajara
Archdiocese of Valencia
Cathedral of Valencia Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Valencia
Concathedral of Alicante Saint Nicholas Diocese of OrihuelaAlicante
Castelló Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of SegorbeCastellón
Cathedral of Ibiza Virgin Mary Diocese of Ibiza
Cathedral of Majorca Virgin Mary Diocese of Majorca
Cathedral of Minorca Virgin Mary Diocese of Minorca
Cathedral of Orihuela Holy Savior Diocese of Orihuela-Alicante
Cathedral of Segorbe Virgin Mary Diocese of Segorbe-Castellón
Archdiocese of Valladolid
Cathedral of Valladolid Virgin of the Assumption Archdiocese of Valladolid
Cathedral of Ávila Holy Savior Diocese of Ávila
Ciudad Rodrigo Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo
New Cathedral of Salamanca Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Salamanca
Old Cathedral of Salamanca Virgin Mary Diocese of Salamanca
Cathedral of Segovia Virgin Mary Diocese of Segovia
Cathedral of Zamora Holy Savior Diocese de Zamora
Archdiocese of Zaragoza
Cathedral of Zaragoza Holy Savior Archdiocese of Zaragoza
Cathedral of Albarracín Holy Savior Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín
Cathedral of Barbastro Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of BarbastroMonzón
Cathedral of Huesca Virgin Mary Diocese of Huesca
Cathedral of Monzón Virgin Mary Diocese of Barbastro-Monzón
Cathedral of Tarazona Virgin of la Huerta Diocese of Tarazona
Cathedral of Teruel Virgin Mary Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín
Basilica of the Pillar Virgin of the Pillar

Anglican[edit]

Exterior of the Cathedral of the Redeemer.

The Cathedral of the Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church:

Eastern Orthodox[edit]

Cathedrals of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:

  • Cathedral of Apostle Andrew and Saint Dimitrios in Madrid

Cathedrals of the Romanian Orthodox Church:

  • Romanian Orthodox Cathedral in Madrid (under construction)

See also[edit]

References[edit]