||This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
The current "town centre"
Catterick Garrison shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||CATTERICK GARRISON|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Catterick Garrison is a major garrison located in Northern England. It is the largest British Army garrison in the world with a population of around 12,000, in addition to a large temporary population of soldiers, and is larger than the neighbouring village of Catterick.
It is not one single enclosed site, but consists of several separate barracks around which a town has developed. The Garrison gained its first large supermarket, a Tesco store, in 2000; along with a retail park including a McDonalds. The road signs have been changed to read "Town Centre" instead of "Camp Centre" (which is a roundabout). The garrison houses both 4 Mechanised Brigade and the Infantry Training Centre (Catterick)—where all infantry soldiers receive their basic training.
The area was originally named Richmond Camp before being changed to Catterick Camp in 1915.
Under plans announced by the Ministry of Defence in November 2005, the population of Catterick Garrison is expected to grow to over 25,000 by 2020, making it the largest population centre in the local area.
HQ School of Infantry, Infantry Training Centre 
Catterick is the largest of three Infantry Training Centres (ITCs) in the UK. ITC Catterick conducts infantry training combining Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Combat Infantryman's Course. Junior soldiers destined for the infantry continue to receive Phase 1 training at Army Training Regiment at Bassingbourn and at the Army Foundation College in Harrogate.
The garrison consists of many different groups of buildings spread over a wide area and includes a number of barracks, most of which are named after historical British Army battles, many of which took place in Northern France during the First World War. They include:
- Waithwith Banks
- Gaza Barracks
- Megiddo Lines
- Cambrai Barracks, home to armoured unit.
- Bourlon Barracks, home to infantry unit
- Vimy Barracks, (HQ School of Infantry) named after the Battle of Vimy Ridge
- Harden Barracks, named for Henry Eric Harden VC
- Somme Barracks, named after the Battle of the Somme
- Helles Barracks, named for Cape Helles, Dardanelles, Home of 2ITB
- Alma Barracks, named after the Battle of Alma during the Crimean War.
- Duchess of Kent's Barracks
- Piave Lines
- Munster Barracks
- Wathgill Camp (6 miles from the Garrison and operated by the Defence Infrastructure Organisation which also operates and manages the 20,000-acre (81 km2) training area and ranges adjacent to the Garrison.
Units based in Catterick 
- 4 Mechanized Brigade Headquarters and Signal Squadron (204 Signal Squadron).
- 1st Battalion, Scots Guards (Armoured Infantry).
- 1st Battalion, The Mercian Regiment (Cheshire) (Light Role).
- 1st Battalion, The Duke Of Lancaster's Regiment (Mechanised Infantry).
- The Royal Dragoon Guards (Armoured).
- The Queen's Royal Lancers.
- 21 Engineer Regiment Royal Engineers.
- 1st Battalion, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
- 19 Light Brigade.
- ITC Catterick:
- ITC Catterick Support Battalion
- 1st Infantry Training Battalion
- 2nd Infantry Training Battalion
Other units 
- 150 Provost Company, Royal Military Police (Although a Royal Military Police station owned by the MoD, the North Yorkshire Police are also co-located there).
The garrison is served by various churches. St Aidan's is the main garrison church while St Joan of Arc caters to those of the Catholic faith.
- "Catterick Garrison - About Us". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Ministry's £1bn plan to upgrade garrison". The Northern Echo. 30 November 2005. Retrieved 29 July 2007.
- "4th Mechanized Brigade". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "1 LANCS". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "21 Engineer Regiment". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "19 Light Brigade". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "The Yorkshire Gunners". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "ITC Catterick - Battalions". British Army. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "School partnerships in bid to boost standards". The Press. 25 September 2008.
- Howard N. Cole The Story of Catterick Camp 1915-1972 Headquarters Catterick Garrison (1972)
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