Ingleby Barwick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ingleby Barwick
Ingleby Barwick Plan.svg
A plan of Ingleby Barwick
Ingleby Barwick is located in North Yorkshire
Ingleby Barwick
Ingleby Barwick
 Ingleby Barwick shown within North Yorkshire
Population 20,378 
OS grid reference NZ445140
Unitary authority Stockton-on-Tees
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STOCKTON-ON-TEES
Postcode district TS17
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Stockton South
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 54°31′08″N 1°18′40″W / 54.519°N 1.311°W / 54.519; -1.311

Ingleby Barwick /ˈbɑrɪk/ is a large private residential housing estate[1][2][3] and civil parish built on what was the southern perimeter of Thornaby airfield in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees[4] and ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. In 2011, the population was 20,378[5] which was an increase of 3.9% from the 2001 figure of 19,600. The estate is enclosed by water to the west, north and east. It was officially opened in 1981 by the mayor of Langbaurgh.

History[edit]

Although the development of Ingleby Barwick, as the housing estate which is present today, did not start until the late 1970s, the land has been occupied for thousands of years. Ingleby Barwick has a ceremonial Coat of Arms. The arms contain a representation of the three rivers that run around Ingleby Barwick. It also depicts mill-rinds which are an historical link to the Turner family, who used to own the land which now forms Ingleby Barwick. The crest shows a Teal bird which refers to a horse named Teal, trained at Middleham by Captain Neville Crump, which won the Grand National in 1952.[6]

Early history[edit]

There are traces of human occupation from as far back as the Stone Age. Work at Quarry farm has discovered prolific concentrations of multi period flintwork along the South Bank of the River Tees in this area.[7] Traces of Iron Age field patterns were discovered, also at Quarry Farm. A salvage excavation was carried out in the Windmills Fields area of the town at the end of 1996. Five individual burials were found along with a wooden cist, these finds were accompanied by objects containing stone, jet and copper alloy of high status. This site was considered of European significance as it threw new light on the settlement of the area in the Bronze age and highlighted a change in tradition of burial traditions and trade networks at this time.[8] Roman settlement is also apparent in the town and a Roman Villa circa 200 AD, perhaps the most northerly in UK, was excavated in part. This has been preserved as a grassed area in The Forum area of Ingleby Barwick.[9] The "official" report on the excavation was published in 2013 with the title "A Roman Villa at the Edge of Empire" ( ISBN 978-1-902771-90-8 )

Middle Ages[edit]

The name Ingleby Barwick is derived from both Viking and Saxon place names. Ingleby is derived from Old Norse Englar+by and means 'farmstead or village of the English man', Barwick is Saxon in origin, Bere is Saxon for barley and Wick means farm.[10] This suggests that the area was affected by both the Viking and Saxon invasions.It may have been that until the 17th century, Ingleby and Barwick were two separate places. After the Norman invasion The Manor of Barwick was given to Robert Malet the son of William Malet, King William's great chamberlain. In the 13th century the land was owned by the Priors of Guisborough & Jervaulx until the dissolution of monasteries. Between the 14th and 16th centuries landowners included the Percys of Northumberland and the Parrs of Nottingham. The Middle Ages are considered to have ended with the Renaissance in the mid 15th century

Early Modern history[edit]

In the 17th century the Manor of Barwick was sold to Sir Thomas Lynch, Governor of Jamaica and then to Sir William Turner of Kirkleatham. The land remaining in the ownership of the Turner's, with profits from the land used to support the free school and hospital at Kirkleatham, until it was sold in the 19th century.

19th century[edit]

Ingleby Barwick is listed as being a township in the parish of Stainton in 1887.[11][12] Its population was given as 132. During this time the land was sold off by the Turner estate.

Modern history[edit]

During the Second World War Ingleby Barwick stood near to the south-western perimeter of Thornaby Airfield and a number of aircraft crashed where Ingleby Barwick housing estate now stands. On 11 June 1940 a Coastal Command Lockheed Hudson crashed at Quarry Farm killing the four crew after the bomb load exploded on crashing.[13] On 28 April 1941 a Bristol Blenheim crashed at Barwick Lane killing all three crew.[13] On 18 December 1941 a Lockheed Hudson stalled soon after take off and crashed into Quarry Farm killing the five crew and four civilians.[13] On 4 September 1942 a Lockheed Hudson crashed at Myton House Farm killing the four crew.[13] The last aircraft accident was a Photo Reconnaissance de Havilland Mosquito which was attempting to land at Thornaby on one engine and crashed into land which is now home to Ingleby Mill School on 11 November 1943 killing both crew members; there is now a stone marking the crash site.[13][14][15]

In 1969 Yarmside Holdings bought land for housing and the first houses were built at Lowfields in the late 1970s.

Since then there has been a major undertaking to build new housing and at one time Ingleby Barwick was reputed[by whom?] to be the largest private housing estate in Europe.

It is the home to one of the Olympic Golden Postboxes in honour of Kat Copeland's rowing gold at the 2012 London Olympics.

Administration[edit]

Ingleby Barwick, as part of the Stockton on Tees unitary authority, has six borough councillors representing the two wards Ingleby Barwick East and Ingleby Barwick West. Both wards are represented by councillors all from the Ingleby Barwick Independent Society (IBIS) who were elected on 5 May 2011.They are for Ingleby Barwick East, Corr, Gillian; Faulks, Kevin; Kirby, Jean Patricia; and for Ingleby Barwick West, Dixon, Keneth; Harrington, David Ian; Patterson, Ross

Ingleby Barwick has also a Parish Council, now restyled Town Council, with 12 Town Councillors who were elected on 5 May 2011.

Ingleby Barwick is represented in the House of Commons by James Wharton (Conservative),who was elected on 6 May 2010[16] for Stockton South (UK Parliament constituency).

Geography[edit]

Ingleby Barwick consists largely of owner-occupied properties and private rental properties.

The estate is divided into six "villages". These are not villages in the true sense of the word, but rather six geographic areas. The villages are:

  • Lowfields
  • Beckfields
  • Sober Hall
  • Round Hill
  • Broom Hill
  • The Rings (Under Construction, December 2014)

Latitude N 54:31:26 Longitude W 01:21:30

Rivers[edit]

Ingleby Barwick is almost entirely surrounded by small rivers or streams. It is bordered by the Leven to the south, the Tees to the north and west, and Bassleton Beck to the east.

Demography[edit]

2001 UK census Ingleby Barwick Stockton-On-Tees England
Total population 16,280 178,408 49,138,831
Long term illness 9.31% 19.86% 17.93%
Unemployed 2.35% 4.98% 3.35%
Aged 75+ 1.59% 6.41% 7.6%
Mean age 31.87 37.97 38.6
Ethnic white 95.46% 96.22% 86.99%
Christian 81.34% 81.58% 71.8%
Married or remarried 64.6% 53.2% 50.9%

The United Kingdom Census 2001 found Ingleby Barwick had 5,862 households and a population of 16,280, of which 8,272 were male and 8,008 female.

Ethnic diversity is minimal in Ingleby Barwick. Over 95% of residents class themselves as White British. The population is generally younger than average for Stockton-On-Tees with a mean age of 31.87 highlighting the high proportion of families with children in the town.

Residents of Ingleby Barwick tend to have attained a higher level of education compared with Stockton-On-Tees and Nationally. Over 25% of residents reported attaining a degree or higher level HNC/HND or NVQ compared with only 15% in Stockton as a whole.

The people of Ingleby Barwick enjoy a high employment rate, with 75% reporting themselves as being in full or part-time employment or being self-employed. Of these 76% usually travel to work by car or van, travelling an average distance of 21 km. Only 2.7% get to work on foot suggesting that most of the employment is from outside of Ingleby Barwick. The largest industry of employment was manufacturing accounting for 16.6% of the workforce. 50% of those working were in roles either in professional occupations or in companies at senior managerial levels.[17]

Continued development of the area means the population of the town is expanding dramatically. The most recent estimates put the population of Ingleby Barwick at 21,860 in 2010.[18]

Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Population 132 115 124 147 118 133 141 113 16,280 20,378
Historical population of Ingleby Barwick
Source:
[19]

Amenities[edit]

St Francis of Assisi Church

Ingleby Barwick has numerous local amenities. Lowfields village has primary school (Whinstone Primary School), a Post Offce within the Tesco owned OneStop convenience store, a public house ("The Teal")and other shops/take-aways. Beckfields village contains a community centre, a public house("The Beckfields"), and a small parade of shops. Within Ingleby Barwick centre there is a large 24hr Tesco store,and other shops/take-aways, a public house ("Myton House Farm"), an Anglican Church dedicated to St Francis of Assisi, and associated centre.[20] Ingleby Barwick Community Campus which includes All Saints' Secondary School and a Library are also situated within the centre. In 1997 a Bannatyne's health club was built to the west of Tesco.

Also within the estate are:

  • Shops
  • Six primary schools
  • One secondary school
  • Three Public houses
  • A 9 hole golf course (which includes a golf driving range)

In November 2007 Stockton on Tees Borough Council approved plans to build St. Therese of Lisieux Catholic parish church next to the primary school of the same name, where services will continue to be held until funds can be obtained for the construction of the new church.[21] In August 2014 the Diocese of Middlesbrough announced that it was soon to proceed with the building of the church.

Romano Park[edit]

Romano Park is situated on the land between Tesco and Barley Field primary school. The building of a play area for children under 14 years started in January 2009. Despite construction work being completed on time the official opening was delayed from the original date of July 2009.

The adjacent Multi-Use Sports Area has already been opened to the public, allowing people of all ages to play various sports, including football, basketball and tennis, but has become a magnet for anti-social behaviour.[22]

Healthcare[edit]

Ingleby Barwick has two GP surgeries.

  • Thornaby and Barwick Medical Centre
  • Woodbridge Medical Centre

It has two Pharmacies.

  • Hepworth Chemist
  • Kelly Chemist

It also has two dental surgeries.

  • Ingleby Meadow Dental Surgery
  • Myton Park Dental Centre

Education[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Ingleby Barwick has six primary schools –

  • Whinstone Primary School
  • St Francis of Assisi CofE Primary School
  • St Therese of Lisieux RC Primary School
  • Myton Park Primary School
  • Ingleby Mill Primary School
  • Barley Fields Primary School

Barley Fields Primary School, which occupies the former site of the old Ingleby Mill School, opened in September 2006.

Secondary schools[edit]

All Saints Church of England Academy.[edit]

There is currently one secondary school within Ingleby Barwick located at the centre of the estate. The school opened as All Saints Voluntary Aided Church of England Secondary School, http://www.allsaintsib.org/, a Church of England secondary school and initiially accommodated 600 pupils. From September 2009 the admission number to year 7 has been increased to 140 pupils.

The school was built through PFI funding. The original PFI Provider (Robertson Construction North East) have recently sold the investment on to another company making a reported £1 million profit.[citation needed] The Evening Gazette on 22 November 2011 in an article on PFI said "Stockton Council has one PFI contract, for the Ingleby Barwick Community Campus which features All Saints School, Myton Park Primary School, and a library. The deal is worth £33.9m for the remaining 17 years of the contract. The private contractor Robertson North East says the complex is worth £9m on its website."

All Saints provides places for less than half of the children of secondary school age currently living in Ingleby Barwick, with most of the remainder, some 900, being schooled at Conyers School in Yarm, Egglescliffe School in Eaglescliffe and St Patrick's Catholic College in Thornaby.[citation needed] In 2013 All Saints school became an Academy, renaming to "All Saints Church of England Academy".

Ingleby Manor School[edit]

In September 2014 Ingleby Manor School, as a member of the School Partnership Trust Academies, opened with the Year 7 group in temporary premises on Teesside Industrial Estate.

Library[edit]

The All Saints School complex also contains a community library which is open to the public during specified times, seven days a week. Library facilities include computer access, CD/DVD hire, photocopying, reference section, a children's and an adult library.

The Library also plays host during elections to a Polling Station, created to facilitate voting.

Ingleby Manor Free School and Sixth Form[edit]

Since the construction of All Saints' School, a proposal for a second secondary school with a Sixth Form, Ingleby Manor School, developed by a group of local residents who proposed to open the school as part of the government's "Free Schools" programme.

The School has caused controversy in the local community due to a planning application for the school being tied in with a development of 350 houses on an area of green wedge land at Little Maltby Farm. On Tuesday 5 February 2013 Stockton Borough Council Planning Committee rejected the joint plans for a free school and 350 houses. Despite this the school appointed their Principal Designate, David Willard, on 4 July 2012.

The school was originally proposed to open in September 2013 with permanent buildings ready in September 2014, however this was then put back by 1 year due to the development being refused planning permission. A planning appeal was submitted to the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government who, on 27 September 2013, overturned the local decision to refuse planning permission for the free school and 350 houses.

Further controversy was caused in the local community after the Free School developers unveiled plans to build an additional 550 homes around the school, bringing the total number to 900 homes on area designated as green wedge land.

Shops and retailers[edit]

There are collections of local shops including One Stop and take-aways in the Lowfields and the Beckfields areas, and also at Myton Park on Myton Road. A Tesco "Superstore" supermarket is also present at the Myton Park site. There is also two Chinese take-aways, two bookmakers, two fish and chips shops, two curry houses and three pizza outlets. There are also three hairdressers salons, two estate agents and a solicitors.

Transport[edit]

Road. The A19 dual carriageway, one of the two main north -south roads of the north-east of England, is about 1.5 miles away. Access to the A66 dual carriageway, a major transpennine route, is about 2 miles away.

Bus. Arriva operate buses in Ingleby Barwick with regular services, day & evening, to Stockton seven days a week & Middlesbrough and Yarm Monday to Saturday.

Rail. The nearest stations, Eaglescliffe railway station, Thornaby railway station and Yarm Station are each about 4 miles away. Connections thence to the main line service at Darlington or York. Since May 2008 there has been a direct service with Grand Central Rail [1] from Eaglescliffe (EAG) to and from London (KGX), five times a day.

Air. Durham Tees Valley Airport (MME), with regular daily services to/from Aberdeen & Amsterdam, is about 8 miles away.

Traffic and social problems[edit]

Congestion and speeding[edit]

Ingleby Barwick faces a number of problems, including traffic congestion at peak times. These are particularly a concern around Ingleby Barwick centre, and the exit on to Low Lane. Speeding is also a significant problem within the estate. On 15 July 2011, 9-year old Brandon Maggs died after being hit by a car on Roundhill Avenue. This prompted residents to launch a campaign to reduce speeding on the main estate roads.[23]

Anti-social behaviour[edit]

Graffiti on the bridge over the Tees on Queen Elizabeth Way, 2006

Social problems have long been an issue in Ingleby Barwick, and were mentioned in the 1986 Domesday project. Anti-social behaviour is currently a problem on the estate, particularly around the local supermarket Tesco, other shopping areas, and Romano Park.[22] There have been a few reported incidents of muggings and assaults on the estate between 2005 to date.[24][25][26][27]

In October 2006 Ingleby Barwick councillor Lee Narroway was assaulted after confronting a gang on the estate.[28] The estate's problems sometimes draw the attention of the council's enforcement team, who attempt to disperse groups of youths causing trouble at the local shops, and occasionally confiscating alcohol.[29] It was reported in 2008 that 10% of all police call outs to Ingleby Barwick come from the estate's Tesco store, with both staff and customers feeling intimidated by gangs of youths loitering in the vicinity.[30] After the completion of Romano Park in Summer 2009 it has become a hot spot for antisocial behaviour, particularly around the multi-use games area.[22][31] In January 2011 local schools warned parents that groups of over 100 youths, some of which were armed were gathering outside the estate's Tesco store engaging in anti-social behaviour and intimidating the public on evenings.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC Domesday Project – Ingleby Barwick, 1986
  2. ^ Ingleby Barwick Estate Agents – Houses for sale in Ingleby Barwick
  3. ^ Area Guide for TS17 – Ingleby Barwick
  4. ^ Thornaby North Riding through time
  5. ^ https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/query/select/wizpopular.asp 2011 Census Key Statistics
  6. ^ Grand National Winners and Results – 1886 to 2010 – http://www.aintree.co.uk/index.php?content=ainwinners&p=2
  7. ^ Archaeological Services. 1997. Ingleby Barwick Villages 5 and 6. Land near Quarry Farm and Barwick Farm: An Archaeological Evaluation. University of Durham. Unpublished Report.
  8. ^ Tees Archaeology. Early Bronze Age burials at Windmill Fields,Ingleby Barwick, Stockton on Tees. http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/archcom/projects/summarys/html98_9/2031.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.teesarchaeology.com/document_library/documents/roman_booklet.pdf
  10. ^ A Dictionary of British Place-Names, A.D. Mills & Adrian Room, Oxford University Press, 2nd Ed 1998
  11. ^ John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887)
  12. ^ A Vision of Britain through time. Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for Ingleby Barwick
  13. ^ a b c d e http://www.yorkshire-aircraft.co.uk
  14. ^ Hidden Teesside
  15. ^ Doris Perley. Ingleby Barwick, the new settlement.
  16. ^ James Wharton M.P.
  17. ^ Office for National Statistics. Census 2001. Lead Dataset List
  18. ^ http://www.teesvalleyunlimited.gov.uk/
  19. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_TOT_POP&u_id=10437544&c_id=10001043&add=N
  20. ^ See http://stfrancisib.org/default.aspx
  21. ^ "Planning Application 07/3296/FUL". Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council. 27 November 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  22. ^ a b c Ingleby Barwick Councillors Comments, Gossip Magazine, 31 July 2009
  23. ^ Speed petition after child dies in Ingelby Barwick
  24. ^ Talk before you make your plans, Evening Gazette, Published 2 May 2006
  25. ^ Abusive teenager is given an ASBO, Evening Gazette, Published 16 September 2005
  26. ^ Girl robbed at knifepoint by gang, BBC News Online, Published 5 September 2005
  27. ^ Mum assaulted in daylight attack near Romano Park, Evening Gazette, Published 28 November 2011
  28. ^ The Northern Echo, Teesside Edition, 30 October 2006
  29. ^ Respect unit's hard work, BBC News, Published 27 February 2008
  30. ^ CCTV needed at Tesco store at Ingleby Barwick?, Gazette Live, Published 17 June 2008
  31. ^ Youths cause problems on housing estate, Gazette Live, Published 28 March 2009
  32. ^ Warning as gangs gather in Ingleby Barwick, Gazette Live, Published 31 January 2011

External links[edit]