Changing legal gender assignment in Canada

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Procedures for changing legal gender assignment in Canada vary between provinces and territories.

Except for Quebec, the information below concerns altering the sex recorded on one's birth certificate, and therefore must be done with regard to the province or territory where one was born.

Alberta[edit]

As of April 23, 2014, the information below (pertaining to Alberta) is inaccurate and needs to be updated.

To amend one's gender on legal marriage and birth records in Alberta the Vital Statistics Act SA 2007 (Section 30)[1] requires affidavits from two doctors stating that the applicant's "Anatomical sex has been changed". As a matter of regulation, these affidavits must be signed by the doctors in the presence of a commissioner for oaths or a notary public. In addition, a statutory declaration must be completed by the applicant and signed before a commissioner for oaths or a notary public. The statutory declaration (REG 3108) can be obtained by writing to the Vital Statistics office. The completed statutory declaration and the affidavits must be returned to this office with a $20 amendment fee.

Manitoba[edit]

In order for a person's legal gender to be reassigned, an application is required accompanied by two medical certificates: one from a doctor who performed sex reassignment surgery, and a second from a doctor who assisted at the surgery. Both certificates must attest that the sex of the applicant was changed through the surgery.

Application forms may be requested from the Vital Statistics Agency.

Names may be changed using the normal procedure, and do not require legal gender reassignment.

Nova Scotia[edit]

As per the Vital Statistics Act:[2]

Duty of Registrar where sex change:

25 (1) Where a person has had his anatomical sex structure changed to a sex other than that which appears on his birth certificate the Registrar on production to him of

(a) two affidavits of two duly qualified medical practitioners, each affidavit deposing that the anatomical sex of the person has changed; and

(b) evidence satisfactory to him as to the identity of the person,

shall

(c) if the sex of the person is registered in the Province, cause a notation of the change to be made on the registry thereof; and

(d) if the sex of the person is registered outside the Province, transmit to the person in charge of the registration of births in the jurisdiction in which the person is registered a copy of the proof of change of sex produced to the Registrar.

(2) Every birth, marriage or domestic partnership certificate issued after the making of a notation under this Section shall be issued as if the registration had been made of the sex as changed. R.S., c. 494, s. 25; 2001, c. 5, s. 42.

Ontario[edit]

On 11 April 2012, the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario ruled that genital surgery isn't required to recognize a change in sex designation. In its decision, the Tribunal ordered that the Ontario government "shall cease requiring [Ontario born only] transgendered persons to have 'transsexual surgery' in order to obtain a change in sex designation on their registration of birth" and has 180 days to "revise the criteria for changing sex designation on a birth registration".[3][4] This makes Ontario the first jurisdiction in Canada to allow Ontario born transgendered people to change the gender on their Ontario only birth certificates without sex reassignment surgery.[5]

Pursuant to the Tribunal ruling an applicant now only requires an Application for Change of Sex Designation on a Birth Registration form, a statutory declaration to the effect, and a letter signed by a medical doctor or psychologist that is licensed to practice in Canada stating that the applicant's gender identity does not conform to their sex designation at birth.[6]

Saskatchewan[edit]

The relevant legislation is the Saskatchewan Vital Statistics Act. It requires a medical certificate of completed SRS from a physician licensed in the jurisdiction where the surgery took place (or, if this cannot be obtained, other documentation as required by the director of vital statistics); a certificate signed by a second licensed physician attesting that the person was examined and found to be of the target sex; and "any other evidence the director may require." With this, the sex on a birth certificate issued in Saskatchewan may be altered. The fee is $20. See Saskatchewan Health—Vital Statistics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]