Chevrolet Kingswood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


The Chevrolet Kingswood was a 4-door station wagon produced by Chevrolet in 1959 and 1960, built on the GM A Body platform, and again from 1969 to 1972 built on the GM B Body platform.

1959-1960[edit]

First generation
1959 Chevrolet Kingswood (rear).jpg
1959 Chevrolet Kingswood (rear)
Overview
Manufacturer Chevrolet Division
of General Motors
Model years 1959-1960
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Body style 4-door wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform GM A Body
Related 1959–1960 Chevrolet Biscayne
1959–1960 Chevrolet Bel Air
1959–1960 Chevrolet Impala
1959–1960 Chevrolet Brookwood
1959–1960 Chevrolet Parkwood
1959–1960 Chevrolet Nomad
1959–1960 Chevrolet El Camino
Dimensions
Wheelbase 119.0 in (3,023 mm)[1]
Chronology
Successor 1961 Chevrolet Brookwood 9-passenger

For the second time in as many years, Chevrolet again came up with a totally new car. From the front or rear the 1959 Chevrolets resembled nothing else on the road. From the headlights, placed as low as the law would allow, to the cats-eye tail lights, the 1959 Chevrolet was a brand new car with all new sheet metal. The most visual new change was the flat, wing shaped tailfins.[2] The car was built on a 119 in (3,000 mm) wheelbase and was 211 inches (5,400 mm) long-which was 11 in (280 mm) longer than the 1957 model. This made Chevrolet the longest car in the low-priced range, whereas two years before it had been the shortest. In addition, the car was 3 in (76 mm) wider outside and had 5 in (130 mm) more width inside than it did in 1958, through the reduction of door thickness. The frame GM X frame had no side rails.[3]

The new Kingswood was offered as a mid range full size 4-door only 9 passenger model, with rear facing 3rd row jump-seat standard. It was positioned between the Parkwood 6-passenger and the Nomad (now Impala based), still at the top was a six-passenger car. Wagons were still classed by themselves, but had model numbers matching the car series. Chevrolet eliminated its entry-level Delray based Yeoman models and the Biscayne based Brookwood became Chevrolet's least expensive wagon models. Brookwoods were now available in two-door or four-door body styles, both in six-passenger configuration only. The new Parkwood 6-passenger and new Kingswood 9-passenger wagons had Bel Air's model number, and as such were the middle range wagons. A variety of speed options, such as fuel injection, special cams and lowered compression, gave horsepower ratings up to 315. The Nomad was still the top Chevy wagon. A parking brake warning light was optional. Under the hood, little change took place for '59 Chevys. [4]

Few alterations were made for 1960. The new models were refinements of the 1959 style with a much more restrained front end, the return of the double cone tail lights of 1958 rather than the startling "cat's eyes" of 1959. Under the hood, things remained constant. Fuel injection was no longer available, but with the 348 cubic inch engine, a horsepower rating of 335 at 5800 rpm was now achieved. This involved the use of three double-barrel carburetors, a special cam and an 11.25:1 compression ratio, all sold as a package.

1960 Chevrolet Kingswood (rear)
1959 Chevrolet Kingswood interior

Engines[edit]

Buyers could order any engine and transmission choice, including the 348 V8 and the fuel-injected 283 V8 engines.

  • 235 cu in (3.9 L) Blue Flame strait six
  • 283 cu in (4.6 L) 195 bhp (145 kW; 198 PS) to 220 bhp (164 kW; 223 PS) Turbo Fire small block V8
  • 348 cu in (5.7 L) 250 bhp (186 kW; 253 PS) to 350 bhp (261 kW; 355 PS) W-series Turbo Thrust big block V8

Safety[edit]

Chevrolet's 1959 & '60 Kingswood (as well as the rest of Chevy's full size line up) still featured Chevrolet's "Safety-Girder" cruciform frame introduced in '58. Similar in layout to the frame adopted for the 1957 Cadillac, it featured box-section side rails and a boxed front cross member that bowed under the engine, these "x-frames" were used on other 1958 to 1964 Chevys, as well as Cadillac. The rear was tied together by a channel-section cross member. [5] This design was later criticized as providing less protection in the event of a side impact collision, but would persevere until 1965. [6]

Chevrolet Kingswood Discontinuation and Replacement[edit]

GM discontinued the Chevrolet Kingswood wagon nameplate after only two years. For 1961 they offered a third row 9-passenger option on Brookwood to fill the void. The wagon only nameplates Brookwood, Parkwood, and Nomad were gone for 1962, instead naming their station wagons after their series names: Biscayne (replacing Brookwood directly), Bel Air and Impala. The 1962-'64 Biscayne, Bel Air, and Impala wagons were very similar to Chevy's 1961 wagon models.



1969-1972[edit]

second generation
1969 Chevrolet Kingswood.jpg
1969 Chevrolet Kingswood station wagon
Overview
Manufacturer Chevrolet Division
of General Motors
Model years 1969-1972
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Body style 4-door wagon
Layout FR layout
Platform GM B Body
Related Chevrolet Brookwood
Chevrolet Nomad
Chevrolet Bel Air
Chevrolet Impala
Chevrolet Caprice
Chevrolet Biscayne
Powertrain
Engine 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
454 cu in (7.4 L) V8
Transmission three-speed manual (1969-1971½)
Turbo-Hydramatic 3-speed automatic (optional 1969-1971½, standard 1971½-1972)

From 1969 to 1972, the Kingswood was based on the Impala, and was available only with a V8. It was considered a little more deluxe than the Chevrolet Townsman and Chevrolet Brookwood, but lacked the exterior woodgrain paneling of the top-line Kingswood Estate. Throughout this period, the Kingswood was available in both two- and three-seat models; in 1969 and 1970, a power rear window was standard equipment for the latter, optional for the former. In 1971 and 1972, the power rear window was standard for both models.

Midway through the 1971 model year, the Turbo-Hydramatic transmission was added to the standard equipment list, eliminating the outdated three-speed manual transmission. Turbo-Hydramatic had been ordered on virtually every Kingswood built during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

For 1973, Chevrolet eliminated the Kingswood Estate/Kingswood, and their sister nameplates Townsman and Brookwood designations for its full-sized station wagons. With the Belair,Impala, and Caprice nameplates again becoming dominant on station wagon models.. The Belair nameplate would drop out in 1975, and the Impala Sedan/Wagon nameplate would continue until it was dropped after the 1985 model year(With the name returning only in Sedan Form in 1994).

References[edit]