Temperature in Canada

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Averages[edit]

The average maximum/minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest/highest average temperature months, but not in all cases).

The major Canadian city that falls outside the continental climate schema is Vancouver, which experiences an oceanic climate with a marked summer dry season. Of the eight largest Canadian cities, Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto have the warmest summers, Winnipeg the coldest winters, with Vancouver's winters are far milder than any other large city in Canada.

Central and north Canada experiences subarctic and arctic climates, much of them arid. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it does not exceed -20° C on most winter days and has a very brief summer season.

The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column.

City January
(Avg. High °C)
January
(Avg. Low °C)
July
(Avg. High °C)
July
(Avg. Low °C)
Winnipeg, MB −11.9 −21.4 25.9 13.5
Saskatoon, SK −10.1 −20.7 25.3 11.6
Regina, SK −9.3 −20.1 25.8 11.9
Quebec City, QC −7.0 −16.1 24.7 14.0
Edmonton, AB −6.3 −17.7 22.8 9.5
Ottawa, ON −5.8 −14.4 26.6 15.7
Calgary, AB −0.9 −13.2 23.2 9.8
Montreal, QC −5.3 −14.0 26.3 16.1
Halifax, NS −0.1 −8.2 23.1 15.1
St. John's, NL −0.8 −8.2 20.7 10.9
Toronto, ON −0.7 −6.8 26.6 18.0
Windsor, ON −0.3 −7.3 28.1 17.9
Vancouver, BC 6.8 1.3 22.1 13.7
Kamloops, BC 0.4 -5.9 28.9 14.2
Yellowknife, NT −21.6 −29.5 21.3 12.6
Iqaluit, NU −22.8 −30.9 12.3 4.1
Moncton, NB −3.7 −14.0 24.7 12.9
Charlottetown, PEI −3.4 −12.1 23.3 14.1
Whitehorse, YT −11.0 −19.2 20.6 8.0

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