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A view along Day-As boardwalk
Map of Cebu showing the location of Córdova
|Region||Central Visayas Region VII|
|District||6th district of Cebu|
|• Mayor||Adelino B. Sitoy (LP)|
|• Vice Mayor||Mary Therese S. Cho (Independent)|
|• Total||17.15 km2 (6.62 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class|
Cordova (also spelled Cordoba) is a municipality located in the 6th district of Cebu Province in the Philippines. Most of Cordova lies on separate islands off the southern coast of Mactan Island. It is connected to the main island of Mactan over three bridges.
The total population of Cordova is 50,353 (2010 census). Its territorial area comprises some 740.86 hectares (1,830.7 acres) and 48.75 hectares (120.5 acres) on the islets of Gilutongan, Nalusuan, Shell, Tongo and Lava.
Geography, geology and climate
Geographically, Cordova is situated on an island, together with Mactan Island, almost in the middle of Cebu Strait, and is separated from Cebu Island by Cebu Channel. The two islets of Gilutongan and Nalusuan belong geographically to the Olango Island Group.
The surface of the town consists entirely of Karst limestone rock geologically associated with the so-called Carcar Formation, and is dated to the Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary (approx. 3-2 million years ago). The topography of Cordova is listed as flat land, the highest point being 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level.
According to the current climate classification, Cordova is assigned to the Type 3, meaning the seasons are not very pronounced and are classified as hot and humid. From November to April, it is relatively dry with the rest of the year being consistently rainy. In Cordova and the surrounding regions, there is an average of 10.3 days of rain per month. The maximum rainfall is in July (211.9 millimetres (8.34 in)), September (210.7 millimetres (8.30 in)) and October (214.6 millimetres (8.45 in)) with an average of 14 rainy days per month; the minimum is in April with 53.9 millimetres (2.12 in) and an average of 4 days of rain. The total rainfall is 1,743.5 millimetres (68.64 in) per year.
The average daily temperature is 31.4 °C (88.5 °F). The highest average daily temperature in May was at 33 °C (91 °F) and the lowest in January with 30.2 °C (86.4 °F). The annual average temperature of Córdova is some 27 °C (81 °F) to 0.5 °C above the average temperature of the Philippines.
- Gilutongan (composed of Gilutongan and Nalusuan Islands)
- San Miguel
Cordova, as is often assumed, is not the original name of the territory it represents, and neither is it named for the Spanish province. Its original territory comprised the barrios (Cebuano: balangay) of Gabi, Day-as, and Pilipul (formerly Pilipog), all of which are located on the southeastern tip of Mactan Island.
Cordova became a municipality in 1864, and from 1913 up to the present, a town of 15 mayors governed the district.
|Population census of Cordova|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The children in Cordova are serviced by 14 daycare centers, eleven public elementary schools, two private elementary schools, one public high school, a private high school and the public college. Educational achievement is relatively high, with 75% of adults (i.e., 21 years old and above) having finished elementary and high school and 23% have attended university or received a degree. Around 2% of the population report not having received formal schooling.
Cordova has six hotels and resorts, while some tourist areas include:
- Gilutongan Marine Sanctuary
- Nalusuan Marine Sanctuary
- Day-as Boardwalk and Marine Park
- Kamampay Public Beach
A special attraction is the mangrove forest and swamp area. The best access to this area is the Day-as Boardwalk and Marine Park. The total mangrove plantation is estimated to cover more or less one hundred hectares. Most of the mangrove forest is located in the barangays of Pilipog, Bangbang, San Miguel, Day-as and Catarmán.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- One Ocean - Olango Island Profile Chapter 4
|Mactan Channel||Cebu Strait|