Liloan, Cebu

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The Bagacay Point Lighthouse located within the town of Liloan
The Bagacay Point Lighthouse located within the town of Liloan
Official seal of Liloan
Nickname(s): The Light of the North
Motto: Abante Lilo-an!
Map of Cebu showing the location of Liloan
Map of Cebu showing the location of Liloan
Liloan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°24′N 123°59′E / 10.400°N 123.983°E / 10.400; 123.983Coordinates: 10°24′N 123°59′E / 10.400°N 123.983°E / 10.400; 123.983
Country  Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 5th District of Cebu
Founded 1845
Barangays 14
 • Mayor Vincent Franco "Duke" Frasco (UNA)
 • Vice Mayor Dr. Lito Pilapil (UNA)
 • Total 45.92 km2 (17.73 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 100,500
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6002
Dialing code 32
Income class 1st class, partially urban

Liloan (alternate spelling: Lilo-an) is a first-class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 100,500 people.[3]

Liloan is part of a metropolitan area informally called Metro Cebu.


Liloan is administratively subdivided into 14 barangays:[2]

  • Cabadiangan
  • Calero
  • Catarman
  • Cotcot
  • Jubay
  • Lataban
  • Mulao
  • Poblacion
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz
  • Tabla
  • Tayud
  • Yati


Along its coastline, there is spot called Silot, where a whirlpool is created by the ebbs and flows of the waters from the bay. This phenomenon is called lilo in Cebuano. Because of this, the town was known as Liloan, meaning "a place where there is a lilo".

Long ago, as the legend goes, when Lilo-an was still a wilderness, a marriage of a couple was objected to by the parents. As such, they boarded a boat and fled to a far away place. Somewhere at sea, a storm overtook them. For safety, they entered a channel, now called "Suba," (a name of a place in Liloan), and proceeded into the interior. They took shelter at its bank and noticed the abundance of the fish in the vicinity. They decided to stay, and with the extra fish they caught, they sold or bartered the catch in the nearby villages. When asked where the fishes were caught, the answered, "Sa may liloan" (by the lilo). Asked where they live, they gave the same answer: "Sa may liloan." In time, the place was called, as we know the town now, "Liloan".

Sometime in the 1970s, a newspaper article stated that the "Pueblo de Lilo-an" was separated from the Municipality of Mandaue (now Mandaue City), and was created a new municipality in 1840. However, in the "BRAVE ENSENA de lo que fue y de lo que es la DIOCESIS DE CEBU En Las Islas Filipinas," published in 1866, it was mentioned that Lilo-an was created as a parish in 1845 (in 1995, Lilo-an celebrated its sesquicentennial - 150th anniversary.)

The creation of the municipality of Lilo-an could have been at the same time the parish was established, but not earlier than its being a parish. As recorded, the first priest of Lilo-an, Fr. Vicente Dolorech, served in 1845. The first mayor, then called "Kapitan" was Basilio Bantilan. His term was from 1845–1846.

During the war years (World War II), Lilo-an had three mayors at one time. The elected mayor was Catalino Noval. The Japanese Occupation Forces appointed another, Pascual Delgado. Not to be outdone, the Guerilla Forces also designated another, Jose Cañete.

Records show that the mayors with the longest length of service were Lazaro Ramas and Cesar Bugtai, each having served Liloan for 21 years. For priests, the longest was done by Fr. Vicente Rallos, 19 years of service (1931–1950).


Population census of Liloan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 42,587 —    
1995 50,973 +3.43%
2000 64,970 +5.34%
2007 92,606 +5.01%
2010 100,500 +3.02%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]



One of the best known landmarks in Lilo-an is its historic lighthouse at Bagacay Point. The original lighthouse was built in 1857 by the Spanish. However, the current tower was constructed in 1904 by order of William Howard Taft,[4] the first Governor-General of the Philippines and later the President of the United States. The tower is 72-feet-tall and remains in active use today using solar energy.[5] The lighthouse has been declared a National Historical Landmark[6] on August 13, 2004 by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (formerly known as National Historical Institute).

Liloan Church (San Fernando Rey Parish Church)[edit]

The San Fernando Rey Parish Church

The designer of the church in Liloan is viewed by some as visionary. Despite Liloan having only 5,000 citizens, when the church was constructed in 1847, this local church was even larger than that of Mandaue, Cebu's second largest city. Today, 159 years, more than 30 priests, 50 mayors, and some 47,000 people later, the church still has enough room to accommodate the faithful.

One unusual detail about the church in Liloan is that it faces the mountains to the west, whereas most churches face the sea to the east. Some have theorized that this is because Mass is often performed in the morning; and the church is thus shielded from the morning sun, making it less hot and uncomfortable. Others have speculated that the church’s direction has a symbolic significance related to church rites.

Titay's Liloan Rosquillos and Delicacies[edit]

A 106-year-old biscuit and pastry manufacturing company, established in 1907, has been a regular stopover of tourists and locals travelling north of Cebu.

Rosquillos Festival[edit]

Celebrated every last week of May in honor of patron saint San Fernando Rey.


The making of these little ringlet cookies dates back to April 3, 1907, when the then 21-year-old Margarita "Titay" Frasco was tinkering in her kitchen with her baking ingredients and made her new culinary creation.

Kneading the dough manually and using a wooden eggbeater, some baking tins and a clay oven, little did the 21-year-old know that she was starting a product that would put her little town in the national and international map of gastronomic delight.

The market for her unnamed cookie started with her neighbors and passersby who were offered the snack as a freebie for every purchase of a bottle of soda. It was then Cebu governor Sergio Osmeña, who later became Philippine president, who gave it the name “rosquillos” after the Spanish word rosca. As years passed, people going to northern Cebu have made it a habit to drop by the store to buy the rosquillos. It is also a known fact that those who couldn't visit Cebu would ask friends who are in Cebu to buy some for them.

Rosquillos have become a household name, a product that is aptly celebrated in a festival that Liloan could call its very own.


Liloan is home to a number of ceramics manufacturers. Their shops sell a variety of ceramic items: from ordinary plant pots, to bricks and exotic jars.


Titay's Liloan Rosquillos was founded in 1907 and had withstood the taste of the times in baking prowess. It started with just the rosquillos and tablea making. It later expanded to an array of homemade delicacies ranging from torta, mamon, monay, otap, CPA (chicken pork adobo), bao-bao and a lot more mouth watering pastries. Titay's Liloan Rosquillos gains the prestige of being known for its select delicacies domestically and internationally.

Municipal Mayors[edit]

  1. Basilio Bantilan (served 1845–1846)
  2. Hipolito Pepito (served 1846–1847)
  3. Francisco Cabahug (served 1847–1848, 1859–1860)
  4. Esteban Cañete (served 1848–1849, 1850–1851, 1852–1853)
  5. Juan Delgado (served 1849–1850)
  6. Juan Cabatingan (served 1851–1852, 1861–1862)
  7. Cruz Mendoza (served 1853–1855, 1860–1861)
  8. Alberto Yungco (served 1855–1857)
  9. Victor Pepito (served 1857–1858, 1863–1865, 1875–1879)
  10. Pedro Pepito (served 1858–1859, 1862–1863)
  11. Felix Cabatingan (served 1865–1867)
  12. Jacinto Cañete (served 1867–1869)
  13. Apolonio Pilapil (served 1869–1871)
  14. Custodio Mendoza (served 1871–1873, 1883–1885, 1899–1900)
  15. Guillermo Pepito (served 1873–1875)
  16. Ambrosio Pepito (served 1879–1881)
  17. Eugenio Pilapil (served 1881–1883, 1889–1891)
  18. Mamerto Cabatingan(served 1883–1887, 1891–1893)
  19. Sotero Cabatingan (served 1887–1889, 1900–1902, 1905–1909)
  20. Antonio Villamor (served 1893–1896)
  21. Simeon Pilapil (served 1896–1898)
  22. Mariano Pilapil (served 1898–1899)
  23. Blas Cabatingan (served 1902–1904)
  24. Marcelo Pilapil (served 1909–1911)
  25. Francisco Ramas (served 1911–1912)
  26. Jose Cabatingan (served 1912–1916)
  27. Cirilo Ramas (served 1916–1919)
  28. Cipiriano Jumapao (served 1919–1922)
  29. Florintino Pilapil(served 1922–1925)
  30. Santiago Noval (served 1925–1928)
  31. Lararo Ramas (served 1928–1937, 1937–1938, 1959–1963, 1963–1965)
  32. Catalino Noval (served 1941–1945, 1945–1946, 1965–1967)
  33. Jorge Pitogo (served 1946–1947, 1947–1951)
  34. Fabian Cañete (served 1951–1955)
  35. Teofilo Ponce (served 1967–1971)
  36. Cesar Bugtai (served 1971–1986)
  37. Achilles Cañete (served 1986–1988, 1988–1992)
  38. Panphil Frasco (served 1992–1995, 1995–1998, 1998–2001)
  39. Maria Sevilla (served 2001–2004, 2004–2007)
  40. Duke Frasco (serving from 2007–Present)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links[edit]