Santander, Cebu

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Santander
Tañong
Municipality
Fastcraft terminal in Barangay Liloan
Fastcraft terminal in Barangay Liloan
Official seal of Santander
Seal
Map of Cebu showing the location of Santander
Map of Cebu showing the location of Santander
Santander is located in Philippines
Santander
Santander
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°27′N 123°20′E / 9.450°N 123.333°E / 9.450; 123.333Coordinates: 09°27′N 123°20′E / 9.450°N 123.333°E / 9.450; 123.333
Country  Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 2nd district of Cebu
Founded 1867
Barangays 10
Government[1]
 • Mayor Marilyn "Bebe" Wenceslao
Area[2]
 • Total 29.53 km2 (11.40 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 16,105
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym Tañonganons
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6026
Dialing code 32
Income class 4th class municipality

Santander is a fourth class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,105 people.[3]

Santander is the southernmost municipality of Cebu. It is the location of a sea ports that connect to Negros Oriental. Fast craft boats ferry passengers to Sibulan, Negros Oriental, with trips taking 20 minutes. Roll-on roll-off barges travel to Amlan, Negros Oriental, with trips taking 1 hour. It is known for its Tostado Festival.

Geography[edit]

Santander's terrain is dominated by a backdrop of rugged ranges which raise from a flat to narrow coastal plain to an average elevation of 200 meters. Strongly sloping to sleepy sloping contours are scattered throughout the municipality.

Barangays[edit]

Santander is administratively subdivided into 10 barangays:[2]

Barangay Population (2007) Population (2010)[3]
Bunlan
1,877
1,929
Cabutongan
1,025
1,090
Candamiang
906
899
Canlumacad
754
769
Liloan
1,906
1,950
Liptong
1,244
1,138
Looc
1,673
1,899
Pasil
1,447
1,514
Poblacion
2,907
2,583
Talisay
2,050
2,334

Coastal barangays are Poblacion, Pasil, Canlumacad, Talisay, Liloan and Looc; and mountain barangays are Lip-tong, Bunlan, Candamiang, and Cabutongan.

History[edit]

Santander is at the southernmost tip of Cebu. From it, one can see the islands of Negros and Bohol. Facing Tañong Strait, the town was originally also called Tañong. But with the coming of the Spaniards, its first parish priest, keeping a soft spot in his heart and wishing to perpetuate the name of his hometown in his newfound abode, renamed the place Santander. Santander is in the northern coast of Spain, one of its chief ports and a famous bathing resort.

The town was established in 1867; the parish, in 1897. The church was the work of Fr. Mauricio Alvarez, who was also credited for the building of the cemetery and convent, a bridge, two schools, and the tribunal. Andalecio Ondangan held the distinction of being the first capitan during the Spanish times. The first resident who served as president during the American regime was Macario Culanag. Celestino Bureros was the first mayor.

Santander is the third smallest town in Cebu. But it has turned out many professionals. Majority of the people depend on the sea for livelihood --- fishermen who continually explore the vast Palawan and China seas in search for rich fishing grounds. The methods of fishing used is the popular muro-ami.

Economy[edit]

Santander Municipal Hall

Before, there were four wholesale enterprises, one superstore and few sari-sari stores. An improvised market composed mostly of "talipapas" serves as satellite mater. This were located along Jose Rizal Street beside the Municipal Building. By the year 2001, the business establishments began to grow and develop. Many larger business establishments has been established in Santander such as LGC Marketing and etc.

Before, there were only two ports in Santander serving barges and boats bound for Dumaguete City. Now there are 4 ports connecting to Negros Island. Three of this ports are located at Barangay Liloan and the other one located at Barangay Talisay. These ports adds more income and livelihood not only to the people but also to the municipality.

The major agricultural product in Santander are Corn, Copra, and Root crops (cassava, sweet potato and etc.). Most of the people especially living in mountain barangays plant corns for as source of their income and livelihood.

Santander was the only 5th class and small municipality in Cebu that promoted its income class from 5th to 4th class.

Queen Victoria arranged the marriage of her eldest son and heir-apparent, the future Edward VII of the United Kingdom to Alexandra of Denmark, the eldest daughter of King Christian IX, which took place on March 10, 1863. Among their six children were George V of the United Kingdom (who was also Emperor of India throughout his reign) and his sister Maud of Wales (who would later marry their cousin King Haakon VII of Norway, another grandchild of Christian IX, on July 22, 1896). However, these two marriages were not the only unions amongst and between descendants of Victoria and Christian IX. Some descendants spread to the Philippines after WWI. We could trace the royal in santander, the bearer of the title is Edwina Ferraren (His Imperial and Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Russia,UK and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santander
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 11,831 —    
1995 12,382 +0.91%
2000 13,842 +2.25%
2007 15,294 +1.44%
2010 16,105 +1.74%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

In 2010 the Municipality of Santander had 16,105 inhabitants and in 1999 had a population density of 342.02 per km2. Its population growth is 0.75% lower than the national rate of 1.9%. The death rate is 3.06 per 1000 people, or .306%.

Language[edit]

Most of the Tañonganons (people living in Santander) speak Cebuano (Santander Version). In schools, the Filipino and English language are taught and used as a major instruction in all subjects.

Education[edit]

There are 8 elementary and 3 high schools in Santander. Two of these schools are private which located in Barangay Looc. Most of the Tañonganon students are enrolled in public schools especially in Santander Central Elementary School and Santander National School where these public schools have large number of students.

Sports[edit]

Basketball is the most popular sport in Santander. It is played both children and adults here. This game is usually played in the afternoons where school time is over and also for the adults whose work hours is done (specially construction works). During summer, a lot of basketball competitions which joined by different Barangays in Santander. This was done in order the youths to avoid vices and illegal drugs. Volleyball is also played in summer competitions but it is usually participated by women. Other sports such as baseball and football are also played in Santander.

Tourism[edit]

Waterfront of Santander, with Negros Oriental in the background

Santander's popularity as a tourist destination has increased in the past few years, since it serves as the hub for some world renowned dive spots like Apo Island, Balicasag, Pescador Island, Sumilon and Siquijor. This is also reflected in the growth of Santander in the tourism industry. 6 years ago there were only 2 resorts, still open today. Today there are 11.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 

External links[edit]