Dohuk

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Duhok
دهۆک
View on Duhok with the Duhok Dam in the background
View on Duhok with the Duhok Dam in the background
Duhokدهۆک is located in Iraq
Duhokدهۆک
Duhok
دهۆک
Dohuk's location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°52′N 43°0′E / 36.867°N 43.000°E / 36.867; 43.000Coordinates: 36°52′N 43°0′E / 36.867°N 43.000°E / 36.867; 43.000
Country  Iraq
Autonomous region  Kurdistan[1]
Governorate Dohuk Governorate
District Dohuk District
Subdistrict Dohuk Subdistrict
Elevation 1,854 ft (565 m)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 350,000
Postcode 42001
Website http://www.duhokgov.org/

Dohuk (Kurdish: دهۆک, Dihok, Dahūk) is the capital of Dohuk Governorate in Kurdistan and part of Iraqi Kurdistan, with a population of approximately 350,000 inhabitants, consisting mostly of Kurds, with a significant Assyrian population. The city is encircled by mountains along the Tigris river. Dohuk has a growing tourist industry. Its population has increased rapidly since the 1990s, as the rural population moved to the cities. The University of Dohuk, founded in 1992, is a renowned center for teaching and research.

History[edit]

Throughout history to the present time, Duhok has acquired a strategic position historically and geographically. The city was a trouble zone between disputed forces; the Kurtians (Gutians), Assyrian state in Nineveh and Mittanian Kingdoms.[3] Dohuk was later an Assyrian town named Beth Nuhadra or Naarda, where it became an eparchy within the metropolitanate of Ḥadyab (Arbil).[4][5]

The city became prominent again in 1236, when Hasan Beg Saifadin joined the Kurdish Badinan principality. In 1842, the principality was dissolved by the Ottomans and connected to the city of Mosul.[6]

Duhok by night

In 1898 there were according to a report eleven small and private schools in the city, two Christian and two Jewish schools. In 1920 there were in all of Iraq only five primary schools that were accessible for girls, and one of them was in Dohuk.

From 22 to 24 September 2005 Dohuk held a cultural festival that was for the first time in Dohuk to which Kurdish writers from all countries were invited. In 2014, the city was used to house many Yazidi and Assyrian refugees who were escaping the advance of the Islamic State.[7]

Educational institutions[edit]

List of current higher educational institutions in Duhok is as below:

Sport[edit]

The city is home to several sporting clubs including Dohuk SC, a professional football club that plays in the Iraqi Premier League, its home stadium can hold up to 30,000 spectators. Another football team from the city is Zeravani Football Club which plays in the Kurdish Premier League. Dohuk also has a range of other sport clubs, notably the Duhok Basketball Club. Duhok SC basketball competes in the Iraqi Division I Basketball League and successfully came third in FIBA Asia Champions Cup in 2012.

Duhok SC football club won the Iraqi premier league championship In the 2009/2010 season beating Talaba SC 1–0 to become the champions for the first time.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as dry-summer subtropical (Csa). The temperatures are typical to the Mesopotamia region, with extremely hot summer temperatures and mild winter temperatures. Precipitation falls in the cooler months.

Climate data for Dohuk, Iraq
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20
(68)
27
(81)
30
(86)
34
(93)
42
(108)
44
(111)
48
(118)
49
(120)
45
(113)
39
(102)
31
(88)
24
(75)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 11
(52)
14
(57)
19
(66)
24
(75)
32
(90)
38
(100)
42
(108)
41
(106)
37
(99)
29
(84)
20
(68)
13
(55)
26.7
(80)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
25
(77)
31
(88)
34
(93)
34
(93)
29
(84)
22
(72)
14
(57)
9
(48)
20.6
(69)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
9
(48)
13
(55)
18
(64)
23
(73)
27
(81)
26
(79)
21
(70)
15
(59)
8
(46)
6
(43)
14.5
(58)
Record low °C (°F) −4
(25)
−6
(21)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
13
(55)
17
(63)
11
(52)
4
(39)
−2
(28)
−2
(28)
−6
(21)
Rainfall mm (inches) 101
(3.98)
120
(4.72)
111
(4.37)
70
(2.76)
38
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
10
(0.39)
57
(2.24)
108
(4.25)
616
(24.25)
Avg. precipitation days 9 9 10 9 4 1 1 3 6 10
Avg. snowy days 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 % humidity 60 53 46 39 23 15 13 15 17 28 42 62 34.4
Source #1: My Forecast[8]
Source #2: Levoyageur for rainfall[9]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://krg.org/articles/detail.asp?lngnr=12&smap=03010300&rnr=140&anr=23911
  2. ^ http://www.uod.ac/en/duhokcity
  3. ^ http://www.uod.ac/site/en/duhokcity#sthash.m1dKO7nV.dpuf
  4. ^ Société des études arméniennes, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Association de la revue des études arméniennes. Revue des études arméniennes , Volume 21. pp. 303, 309. 
  5. ^ NAARDA, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)
  6. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/bahdinan-kurdish-region-river-dialect-group-and-amirate>
  7. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/interactive/2014/09/iraq-exodus-201493132419188566.html>
  8. ^ "Dahuk, Iraq Climate". My Forecast. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  9. ^ "Climate, weather, temperatures - City : DUHOK". Levoyageur. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 

External links[edit]