Douglas Gordon

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For the American whitewater kayaker, see Douglas C. Gordon.
Douglas Gordon
Douglas gordon 2013.jpg
Gordon at the Opening of his Exhibition at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, 2013
Born (1966-09-20) 20 September 1966 (age 48)
Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality British
Education Glasgow School of Art, Glasgow
Slade School of Fine Art, London
Known for Video art, Photography
Notable work(s) 24 Hour Psycho (1993)
Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait (2006)
Movement Young British Artists
Awards Hugo Boss Prize (1998), Turner Prize (1996)

Douglas Gordon (born 20 September 1966) is a Scottish artist; he won the Turner Prize in 1996 and the following year he represented Britain at the Venice Biennale. He lives and works in Berlin, Germany.

Biography[edit]

Gordon was born in Glasgow and grew up in Dumbarton. He was a pupil at Dumbarton Academy between 1978 and 1983. He then studied art (at the Glasgow School of Art) from 1984-1988 and later at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London, from 1988-1990.

Work[edit]

Much of Gordon's work is seen as being about memory and uses repetition in various forms. He uses material from the public realm and also creates performance-based videos. His work often overturns traditional uses of video by playing with time elements and employing multiple monitors.[1]

Monster, 1996-7, color photograph by Douglas Gordon, Private ownership- Michael Hue Williams

In one early work, Meaning and Location (1990), a passage from the Gospel of Luke is given with a comma in different places, thus subtly changing the meaning of the sentence. List of Names (1990–present) is a list of every person Gordon has ever met and can remember. One version of this is applied onto the wall of a stairwell in the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art.

Gordon has often reused older film footage in his photographs and videos.[2] One of his best-known art works is 24 Hour Psycho (1993) which slows down Alfred Hitchcock's film Psycho so that it lasts twenty four hours.[3] In Between Darkness and Light (After William Blake) (1997), William Friedkin's Exorcist (1973) and Henry King's The Song of Bernadette (1943) - two films about adolescent girls driven by external forces[4] - are projected on either side of a single free-standing semi-transparent screen so they can be seen simultaneously.[5] The video installation left is right and right is wrong and left is wrong and right is right (1999) presents two projections of Otto Preminger's Whirlpool (1949) side by side, with the one on the right reversed so that the two sides mirror each other; by digital means, Gordon separated individual frames of the original film so that odd-numbered ones on one side alternate with even-numbered ones on the other.[5] Feature Film (1999) is a projection of Gordon's own film of James Conlon conducting Bernard Herrmann's score to Vertigo, thus drawing attention to the film score and the emotional responses it creates in the viewer. In one installation, this was placed at the top of a tall building, referencing one of the film's main plot points. In Through a looking glass (1999), Gordon created a double-projection work around the climactic 71-second scene in Martin Scorsese’s film Taxi Driver (1976), in which the main character addresses the camera; the screens are arranged so that the character seems to be addressing himself.[2] At first, the 71-second loops are in sync, but they get progressively out and then progressively back with each repetition of the whole, hourlong program.[6]

Originally conceived as a site-specific video projection for Gagosian Gallery in Chelsea,[7] Play Dead; Real Time (2003) consists of two videos projected on two large screens showing a circus elephant named Minnie ponderously performing for an off-screen trainer in the empty, spacious, white-walled gallery room. In each projection the camera circles as the elephant walks around, lies down to play dead and gets up.[5] The footage showing Minnie’s sequences of tricks is simultaneously presented in a front and a rear life-sized projection and on a monitor, with each one depicting the same event from a range of perspectives, including close-ups of the animal's eyes.[8] Gordon also made a film about Zinedine Zidane, Zidane, un portrait du 21e siècle (2006), an idea first seen in a film by Hellmuth Costard, who, in 1970, made a film about George Best titled Football as Never Before. The feature-length film, which he co-directed with fellow artist Philippe Parreno and assembled from footage shot by seventeen synchronized cameras placed around the stadium in real time over the course of a single match,[9] premiered outside the competition of the 2006 Cannes Film Festival before screenings at numerous international venues. k.364 premiered at the Venice Film Festival in September 2010.[10]

Gordon has also made photographs, often in series with relatively minor variations between each individual piece. His Blind Stars (2002) featured publicity photographs of mid-century movie stars in which the sitters' eyes were replaced by expressionless black, white or mirrored surfaces.[11]

In 2008, Gordon was a member of the Official Competition Jury at the 65th Venice International Film Festival. In 2010, he collaborated with Rufus Wainwright, creating the visuals for his tour which accompany Rufus' All Days Are Nights: Songs for Lulu album.

Exhibitions[edit]

Gordon's first solo show was in 1986. In 1993, he exhibited 24 Hour Psycho in the spaces of Tramway, Glasgow. In 1996, Gordon was one of the artists invited to Skulptur Projekte Münster,[12] and in 1997 he represented Britain at the Venice Biennale. His work was the subject of a 2001 retrospective organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, which traveled to the Vancouver Art Gallery, Canada; Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City; and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. In 2005, he put together an exhibition at the Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin called 'The Vanity of Allegory'. In 2006, Douglas Gordon Superhumanatural opened at the National Galleries of Scotland complex in Edinburgh, being Gordon's first major solo exhibition in Scotland since he presented 24 Hour Psycho in 1993. Also in 2006, there was an exhibition of his at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York, called "Timeline".[13] A 2006 retrospective was on view at the Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Germany, and the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh.[14]

Douglas is represented by Gagosian Gallery; BlainSouthern in Berlin; Galerie Eva Presenhuber in Zürich and Dvir Gallery in Tel Aviv.

Collections[edit]

Gallery versions of Zidane, un portrait du 21e siècle (2006) were purchased by the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. His color photograph Monster (1996-7) is in the permanent collection of the Honolulu Museum of Art.

Awards[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Monsters Inc, The Guardian, 5 November 2002.
  2. ^ a b Douglas Gordon Guggenheim Collection.
  3. ^ Susan Stone: Museum Hosts '24 Hour Psycho' -- Literally, "All Things Considered", 29 February 2004.
  4. ^ Douglas Gordon, Between Darkness and Light (After William Blake) (1997) Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  5. ^ a b c Ken Johnson (9 June 2006), At MoMA, Douglas Gordon: The Hourglass Contortionist New York Times.
  6. ^ Ken Johnson (2 April 1999), Douglas Gordon: 'Through a Looking Glass' New York Times.
  7. ^ Roberta Smith (7 March 2003), ART IN REVIEW; Douglas Gordon; Franz West New York Times.
  8. ^ ARTIST ROOMS: Douglas Gordon: Play Dead; Real Time, May 6 – September 29, 2013 Tate Britain, London.
  9. ^ Douglas Gordon, Zidane, un portrait du 21e siècle (2006)] Guggenheim Collection.
  10. ^ Douglas Gordon Gagosian Gallery.
  11. ^ Douglas Gordon: self-portrait of you + me, after the factory, October 31 - December 15, 2007 Gagosian Gallery, New York.
  12. ^ Douglas Gordon Museo d’Arte Contemporanea Donna Regina (M.A.D.RE), Naples.
  13. ^ "New" Museum of Modern (Contemporary) Art by Rebecca Lane in Fillip
  14. ^ Douglas Gordon: Fog, November 4 - December 23, 2004 Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles.
  15. ^ Levent Ozler: Roswitha Haftmann Prize Goes to Video Artist Douglas Gordon, Dexigner, 20 January 2008.
  16. ^ 'Hugo Boss Prize website'. Retrieved 31 January 2010.