|Formation||3 August 1999|
|Members||Philip Absolon, Eamon Everall, Ella Guru, Bill Lewis, Joe Machine, Charles Williams, Elsa Dax, Guy Denning, Michael Dickinson, Robert Janás, Odysseus Yakoumakis, John Bourne, Mark D, Paul Harvey, Stephen Howarth, Alexis Hunter, Abby Jackson, Naive John, Rachel Jordan, Jane Kelly, Peter McArdle, Mandy McCartin, Peter Murphy, Rémy Noë, Udaiyan, Peggy Clydesdale, Jeffrey Scott Holland, Tony Juliano, Frank Kozik, Terry Marks, Nicholas Watson, Godfrey Blow, Asim Butt, Mike Mayhew, Regan Tamanui, Jonathon Coudrille, Artista Eli|
Stuckism is an international art movement founded in 1999 by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting in opposition to conceptual art. By July 2012 the initial group of 13 British artists had expanded to 233 groups in 52 countries.
Childish and Thomson have issued several manifestos, the first one being The Stuckists, consists of 20 points starting with "Stuckism is a quest for authenticity". Remodernism, the other well-known manifesto of the movement, is a criticism of postmodernism and aims to get back to the true spirit of modernism, to produce art with spiritual value regardless of style, subject matter or medium. In another manifesto they also define themselves as anti-anti-art which is against anti-art and for art.
After exhibiting in small galleries in Shoreditch, London, the Stuckists' first show in a major public museum was held in 2004 at the Walker Art Gallery, as part of the Liverpool Biennial. The group has demonstrated annually at Tate Britain against the Turner Prize since 2000, sometimes dressed in clown costumes. They have also come out in opposition to the Charles Saatchi-patronised Young British Artists.
Although painting is the dominant artistic form of Stuckism, artists using other media such as photography, sculpture, film and collage have also joined, and share the Stuckist opposition to conceptualism and ego-art.
- 1 Name, founding and origin
- 2 Manifestos
- 3 Growth in UK
- 4 International movement
- 5 Ex Stuckists
- 6 Responses
- 7 Gallery
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Name, founding and origin
The name "Stuckism" was coined in January 1999 by Charles Thomson in response to a poem read to him several times by Billy Childish. In it, Childish recites that his former girlfriend, Tracey Emin had said he was "stuck! stuck! stuck!" with his art, poetry and music. Later that month, Thomson approached Childish with a view to co-founding an art group called Stuckism, which Childish agreed to, on the basis that Thomson would do the work for the group, as Childish already had a full schedule.
There were eleven other founding members: Philip Absolon, Frances Castle, Sheila Clark, Eamon Everall, Ella Guru, Wolf Howard, Bill Lewis, Sanchia Lewis, Joe Machine, Sexton Ming, and Charles Williams. The membership has evolved since its founding through creative collaborations: the group was originally promoted as painters, but members work in various other media, including poetry, fiction, performance, photography, film and music.
Musical groups self-identified with Stuckist ideas often ID themselves by appending the article "Thee" to their band name: Thee Headcoats, Thee Mighty Caesars, Thee Raincoats, Thee Open Sex, Thee Dang Dangs, etc.
In 1979, Thomson, Childish, Bill Lewis and Ming were members of The Medway Poets performance group, to which Absolon and Sanchia Lewis had also contributed. Peter Waite's Rochester Pottery staged a series of solo painting shows. In 1982, TVS broadcast a documentary on the poets. That year, Emin, then a fashion student, and Childish started a relationship; her writing was edited by Bill Lewis, printed by Thomson and published by Childish. Group members published dozens of works. The poetry group dispersed after two years, reconvening in 1987 to record The Medway Poets LP. Clark, Howard and Machine became involved over the following years. Thomson got to know Williams, who was a local art student and whose girlfriend was a friend of Emin; Thomson also met Everall. During the foundation of the group, Ming brought in his girlfriend, Guru, who in turn invited Castle.
In August 1999, Childish and Thomson wrote The Stuckists manifesto which places great importance on the value of painting as a medium, as well as its use for communication, the expression of emotion and of experience – as opposed to what Stuckists see as the superficial novelty, nihilism and irony of conceptual art and postmodernism. The most contentious statement in the manifesto is: "Artists who don't paint aren't artists".
The second and third manifestos, respectively An Open Letter to Sir Nicholas Serota and Remodernism, were sent to Nicholas Serota, which letter received a brief reply: "Thank you for your open letter dated 6 March. You will not be surprised to learn that I have no comment to make on your letter, or your manifesto 'Remodernism'."
In Remodernism manifesto, the Stuckists declared that they aimed to replace postmodernism with remodernism, a period of renewed spiritual (as opposed to religious) values in art, culture and society. Other manifestos include Handy Hints, Anti-anti-art, The Cappuccino writer and the Idiocy of Contemporary Writing, The Turner Prize, The Decreptitude of the Critic and Stuckist critique of Damien Hirst.
Manifestos have been written by other Stuckists, including the Students for Stuckism group. An "Underage Stuckists" group was founded in 2006 with their own manifesto for teenagers by two 16-year olds, Liv Soul and Rebekah Maybury, on MySpace. In 2006, Allen Herndon published The Manifesto of the American Stuckists, the content of which was challenged by the Los Angeles Stuckists group.
Growth in UK
In July 1999, the Stuckists were first mentioned in the media, in an article in The Evening Standard and soon gained other coverage, helped by press interest in Tracey Emin, who had been nominated for the Turner Prize.
The first Stuckist show was Stuck! Stuck! Stuck! held in September 1999 in Joe Crompton's Gallery 108 (now defunct) in Shoreditch, followed by The Resignation of Sir Nicholas Serota. In 2000 they staged The Real Turner Prize Show at the same time as the Tate Gallery's Turner Prize exhibition.
A "Students for Stuckism" group was founded in 2000 by students from Camberwell College of Arts, who staged their own exhibition. S.P. Howarth was expelled from the painting degree course at Camberwell college for his paintings, and had the first solo exhibit at the Stuckism International Gallery in 2002, named I Don't Want a Painting Degree if it Means Not Painting.
Thomson stood as a Stuckist candidate for the 2001 British General Election, in the constituency of Islington South & Finsbury, against Chris Smith, the then Secretary of State for Culture. He picked up 108 votes (0.4%). Childish left the group at this time because he couldn't stand Thomson being in charge of the group.
From 2002 to 2005 Thomson ran the Stuckism International Centre and Gallery in Shoreditch, London. In 2003, under the title A Dead Shark Isn't Art, the gallery exhibited a shark which had first been put on public display in 1989 (two years before Damien Hirst's) by Eddie Saunders in his Shoreditch shop, JD Electrical Supplies. It was suggested Hirst may have seen this at the time and copied it, but that regardless, Saunders was the real pioneering artist.
In 2003 they reported Charles Saatchi to the UK Office of Fair Trading, complaining that he had an effective monopoly on art. The complaint was not upheld. In 2003, an allied group, Stuckism Photography, was founded by Larry Dunstan and Andy Bullock. In 2005 the Stuckists offered a donation of 175 paintings from the Walker show to the Tate that was rejected by the Tate Board of Trustees.
In August 2005 the Stuckists initiated a major controversy over the Tate's purchase of its trustee Chris Ofili's work The Upper Room for £705,000. In July 2006 the Charity Commission completed an investigation into The Tate's purchase of Ofili's work, censuring the gallery for acting outside its legal powers. Sir Nicholas Serota stated that the Stuckists had "acted in the public interest". In October 2006, the Stuckists staged their first exhibition, Go West, in a commercial West End gallery, Spectrum London. This "major exhibition" signalled their entry as "major players" in the art world.
An international symposium on Stuckism took place in October 2006 at the Liverpool John Moores University during the Liverpool Biennial. The programme was led by Naive John, founder of the Liverpool Stuckists. There was an accompanying exhibition in the 68 Hope Gallery at Liverpool School of Art and Design (John Moores University Gallery).
By 2006 there were 63 Stuckist groups in the UK. Members include Naive John, Mark D, Elsa Dax, Paul Harvey, Jane Kelly, Udaiyan, Peter McArdle, Peter Murphy, Rachel Jordan, Guy Denning and Abby Jackson. John Bourne opened Stuckism Wales at his home, a permanent exhibition of (mainly Welsh) paintings. Mandy McCartin is a regular guest artist.
In 2010, Paul Harvey's painting of Charles Saatchi was banned from the window display of the Artspace Gallery in Maddox Street, London, on the grounds that it was "too controversial for the area". It was the centrepiece of the show, Stuckist Clowns Doing Their Dirty Work, the first exhibition of the Stuckists in Mayfair, and depicted Saatchi with a sheep at his feet and a halo made from a cheese wrapper. The Saatchi Gallery said that Saatchi "would not have any problem" with the painting's display. The gallery announced they were shutting down the show. Harvey said, "I did it to make Saatchi look friendly and human. It's a ludicrous decision". The Stuckists considered legal action, and protested with emails to the gallery. Subsequently, the painting was reinstated and the show continued.
The Stuckists gained significant media coverage for eight years of protests (2000-2006 and 2008) outside Tate Britain against the Turner Prize, sometimes dressed as clowns. In 2001 they demonstrated in Trafalgar Square at the unveiling of Rachel Whiteread's Monument. In 2002, they carried a coffin marked The Death of Conceptual Art to the White Cube Gallery. In 2004 outside the launch of The Triumph of Painting at the Saatchi Gallery they wore tall hats with Charles Saatchi's face emblazoned and carried placards claiming that Saatchi had copied their ideas.
Events outside Britain have included The Clown Trial of President Bush held in New Haven in 2003 to protest against the Iraq War. Michael Dickinson has exhibited political and satirical collages in Turkey for which he was arrested, and charged, but acquitted of any crime—an outcome which was seen to have positive implications for Turkey's relationship with the European Union.
The Stuckists Punk Victorian
The Stuckists Punk Victorian was the first national gallery exhibition of Stuckist art. It was held at the Walker Art Gallery and Lady Lever Art Gallery and was part of the 2004 Liverpool Biennial. It consisted of over 250 paintings by 37 artists, mostly from the UK but also with a representation of international Stuckist artists from the USA, Germany and Australia. There was an accompanying exhibition of Stuckist photographers. A book, The Stuckists Punk Victorian, was published to accompany the exhibition. Daily Mail journalist Jane Kelly exhibited a painting of Myra Hindley in the show, which may have been the cause of her dismissal from her job.
In 2005, Fraser Kee Scott, owner of A Gallery, demonstrated with the Stuckists art group outside the Tate Gallery against the gallery's purchase of The Upper Room, a work by Chris Ofili, then a serving Tate trustee. In October that year, Scott, described as "gallery owner—and Stuckist", said in The Daily Telegraph that Tate Gallery chairman, Paul Myners, was hypocritical for refusing to divulge the price paid. Ofili had asked other artists to donate work to the gallery.
In April 2007, some Stuckist artists were included in a group show at the A Gallery. Scott, who was the gallery owner and a member of the Church of Scientology, talked about the Church and the show in an interview in the South London Guardian. Thomson told the Evening Standard that it was "outrageous" that the Stuckists should be linked to Scientology, as the artists had no connection with it. Thomson later said he accepted that it was not Scott's intention to link the show and the Church, and he considered that the matter was a misunderstanding that had been resolved.
In July 2007, the Stuckists held an exhibition at the A Gallery, I Won't Have Sex with You as long as We're Married, titled after words apparently said to Thomson by his ex-wife, Stella Vine on their wedding night. The show coincided with the opening of Vine's major show at Modern Art Oxford and was prompted by Thomson's anger that the material promoting her show omitted any mention of her time with the Stuckists, which he said had been influential on her work. Tate chairman Paul Myners visited both shows.
Sir Nicholas Serota Makes an Acquisitions Decision
Charles Thomson's painting, Sir Nicholas Serota Makes an Acquisitions Decision, as Charlotte Cripps of The Independent wrote is one of the best known paintings to come out of the Stuckist movement, and as Jane Morris wrote in The Guardian it's a likely "signature piece" for the movement, standing for its opposition to conceptual art. Painted in 2000, the piece has been exhibited in Stuckist shows since, as well as being featured on placards during Stuckist demonstrations against the Turner Prize.
It depicts Sir Nicholas Serota, Director of the Tate Gallery and the usual chairman of the Turner Prize jury, and satirises Young British Artist Tracey Emin's installation, My Bed, consisting of her bed and objects, including knickers, which she exhibited in 1999 as a Turner Prize nominee.
In 2000 Regan Tamanui started the first Stuckist group outside Britain in Melbourne, Australia, and it was decided that other artists should be free to start their own groups also, named after their locality. Stuckism has since grown into an international art movement of 233 groups in 52 countries, as of July 2012.
In 2000, Susan Constanse founded the first US group The Pittsburgh Stuckists in Pittsburgh—the second group to be founded outside the UK. This was announced in the In Pittsburgh Weekly, 1 November 2000: "The new word in art is Stuckism. A Stuckist paints their life, mind and soul with no pretensions and no excuses." By 2011 there are 44 US Stuckist groups. There have been Stuckist shows and demonstrations in the US, and American Stuckists have also exhibited in international Stuckist shows abroad. US Stuckists include Jeffrey Scott Holland, Tony Juliano, Frank Kozik and Terry Marks. There are also 4 Stuckist groups in Canada including The White Rock Stuckists in British Columbia founded by David Wilson.
Asim Butt founded the first Pakistani Stuckist group, The Karachi Stuckists, in 2005. At the end of 2009 he was thinking of expanding The Karachi Stuckists with new members, but on 15 January 2010 he committed suicide. In 2011 Sheherbano Husain restarted the group. The Tehran Stuckists group, founded in 2007 in Tehran, is a major protagonist of Asian Stuckism. In April 2010 they curated the first Stuckist show in Iran, Searching for the Unlimited Potentials of Figurative Painting. Other Asian Stuckists are Shelley Li (China), Smeetha Boumik (India), Joko Apridinoto (Indonesia), Elio Yuri Figini (Japan) and Fady Chamaa (Lebanon).
Despite Stuckists in UK, The Prague Stuckists, founded in 2005 in Czech by Robert Janás, is a flourishing Stuckist group. Other Stuckist artists in Europe include Peter Klint (Germany), Michael Dickinson (Turkey), Odysseus Yakoumakis (Greece), Artista Eli (Spain), Kloot Per W (Belgium), Jaroslav Valecka (Czech), Marketa Koreckova (Czech), Jan Macko (Slovakia) and Pavel Lefterov (Bulgaria). In Poland, The Krasnals group is performing actions in similar spirit as The Stuckists, however they are not claiming to belong to the movement.
In October 2000, Regan Tamanui founded The Melbourne Stuckists in Melbourne, the fourth Stuckist group to be started and the first one outside the UK. On 27 October, 2000, he staged the Real Turner Prize Show at the Dead End Gallery in his home, concurrent with three shows with the same title in England (London, Falmouth and Dartington) and one in Germany in protest against the Tate Gallery's Turner Prize. Other Australian Stuckists include Godfrey Blow, who exhibited in The Stuckists Punk Victorian. In 2005 Mike Mayhew also founded The Christchurch Stuckists in New Zealand.
Co-founder, Billy Childish left the group in 2001, but has stated that he remains committed to its principles. Sexton Ming left to concentrate on a solo career with the Aquarium Gallery. Wolf Howard left in 2006, but has exhibited with the group since. Jesse Richards who ran the Stuckism Centre USA in New Haven, left the group in 2006 to focus on Remodernist film.
In June 2000, Stella Vine went to a talk given by Childish and Thomson on Stuckism and Remodernism in London. At the end of May 2001, she exhibited some of her paintings publicly for the first time in the Vote Stuckist show in Brixton, and formed The Westminster Stuckists group. On 4 June, she took part in a Stuckist demonstration in Trafalgar Square. By 10 July, she renamed her group The Unstuckists. In mid-August, Thomson and Vine were married. A work by her was shown in the Stuckist show in Paris, which ended in mid-November, by which time she had rejected the Stuckists, and the marriage had ended.
In February 2004, Charles Saatchi bought a painting of Diana, Princess of Wales by Vine and was credited with "discovering" her. Thomson said it was the Stuckists and not Saatchi who had discovered her. At the end of March 2004, Thomson made a formal complaint about Saatchi to the Office of Fair Trading, claiming that Saatchi's leading position was monopolistic "to the detriment of smaller competitors", citing Vine as an example of this. On 15 April, the OFT closed the file on the case on the basis that Saatchi was not "in a dominant position in any relevant market."
In 1999, two performance artists, Yuan Chai and Jian Jun Xi, jumped on Tracey Emin's installation My Bed, a work consisting of the artist's own unmade bed, at the Tate Gallery's Turner Prize, in an unauthorised art intervention. Chai had written, among other things, the words "Anti Stuckism" on his bare back. Fiachra Gibbons of The Guardian wrote that the event "will go down in art history as the defining moment of the new and previously unheard of Anti-Stuckist Movement."
The filmmaker Andrew Kotting released a manifesto declaring "The work should prove anti-Stuckist, genuinely post-modern, contingent and ad hoc in its thinking." The London Surrealist group issued a manifesto denouncing Stuckism as well as Young British Artists, and stating Stuckism "is a childish kicking against modernity that fails, pathetically, to challenge the underlying realities of capitalism, of the capitalist art market, of material, psychological, psychic and spiritual repression."
Some UK artists.
Philip Absolon. Breakdown
John Bourne. Epsom Kitchen
Mark D. Victoria Beckham: America Doesn't Love Me
Elsa Dax. Bacchus
Eamon Everall. The Marriage
Ella Guru. Goodbye Columbus
Paul Harvey. Ford Anglia with Tent and Giotto Tree
Jane Kelly. If We Could Undo Psychosis 1
Bill Lewis. The Laughter of Small White Dogs
Joe Machine. Diana Dors with an Axe
Peter McArdle. Artist and Model
Charles Thomson. A Single Woman in London Is Never more than Six Inches from the Nearest Rat
- List of Stuckist artists
- List of Stuckist shows
- Dogme 95
- New Puritans
- Wesley Kimler (anti-conceptual artist)
- "Glossary: Stuckism", Tate. Retrieved 16 September 2009.
- "The Stuckists Punk Victorian", Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- "Stuckism International", stuckism.com. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- The Stuckists manifesto, stuckism.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Art Glossary: Remodernism, about.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Stuck on the Turner Prize", artnet, 27 October 2000. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Anti-anti-art manifesto, stuckism.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Stuckism International: The Stuckist Decade 1999 - 2009", Robert Janás, Victoria Press, 2009, a: p.73 - b: p.64, ISBN 0-907165-28-1.
- Thomson, Charles (August 2004), "A Stuckist on Stuckism: Stella Vine", from: Ed. Frank Milner (2004), The Stuckists Punk Victorian, pp. 7–9, National Museums Liverpool, ISBN 1-902700-27-9. Available online at "The Two Starts of Stuckism" and "The Virtual Stuckists" on stuckism.com.
- "Stuckism: Introduction", stuckism.com. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- "Thee "Thees" [Mixtape]". Joyful Noise Recordings. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- "An open letter to Sir Nicholas Serota", stuckism.com, 1999. Retrieved 20 May 2007
- "The Underage Stuckists Manifesto", stuckism.com. Retrieved 25 April 2006
- L.A. Stuckist group. "Against national chauvinism in art", Stuck in L.A., 17 December 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Stuckism news 1999, stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Turner Prize: a load of rubbish?, London Evening Standard, 24 October 2000. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Alberge, Dalya, "Students accuse art college of failing to teach them the basics", The Times, p. 9, 8 July 2002. Online at stuckism.com.
- S.P. Howarth, stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Vote Stuckist 2001, stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Vote 2001, Islington South & Finsbury, BBC website. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Billy Childish On Stuckism, April 2004, trakmarx.com. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Billy Childish, stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "A Dead Shark Isn't Art", stuckism.com. Retrieved 20 March 2006.
- "Charles Saatchi reported to OFT", stuckism.com. Retrieved 27 May 2006
- How ageing art punks got stuck into Tate's Serota, guardian.co.uk, 11 December 2005. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Tate buys trustee Chris Ofili's The Upper Room in secret £705,000 deal", stuckism.com. Retrieved 27 May 2006
- Alberge, Dalya (2006) "Tate's Ofili purchase broke charity law" The Times online, 19 July 2006. Retrieved 8 April 2007
- Front Row, BBC Radio 4, interview by Mark Lawson, 25 July 2006
- Barnes, Anthony (2006) "Portrait of an ex-husband's revenge" The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 9 October 2006, from findarticles.com
- Teodorczuk, Tom (2006) "Modern art is pants" Evening Standard, 22 August 2006. Retrieved 9 October 2006 from thisislondon.co.uk.
- Day 13th Oct "International Symposium on Stuckism", Independents Liverpool Biennial. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Mandy McCartin, stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Mr Saatchi in the frame", Evening Standard, 24 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Charles Saatchi painting gets Stuckists shut down", Spoonfed Media, 25 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Wilkinson, Tara Loader."Mayfair divided over Charles Saatchi cheese painting", Dow Jones, 26 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Kay, Richard. "Robert Hanson's X-rated lawsuit", Daily Mail, 26 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Carmichael, Kim. "Painting by North East artist sparks row in art world", The Journal, 28 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "White Cube Demo 2002", stuckism.com. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- Cripps, Charlotte. "Visual arts: Saying knickers to Sir Nicholas, The Independent, 7 September 2004. Retrieved from findarticles.com, 7 April 2008.
- Birch, Nicholas. "Briton charged over 'insult' to Turkish PM", The Guardian, 13 September 2006. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
- Tait, Robert. "Turkish court acquits British artist over portraying PM as US poodle", The Guardian, 26 September 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- Wells, Matt and Cozens, Claire. "Daily Mail sacks writer who painted Hindley picture", The Guardian, 30 September 2004. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
- Walden, Celia. "Spy: Art-felt grumble", The Daily Telegraph, p. 22, 19 October 2008.
- Groves, Nancy. "The science of art", Your Local Guardian, Gannett, 13 April 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- Mendick, Robert. "Scientology sect 'using British art as a front", The Evening Standard, 23 May 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2008.
- "Stuckism press cuttings: The Evening Standard 24.5.07", stuckism.com, 26 June 2008. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- Duff, Oliver. "Stuckists prune Vine", The Independent, 5 June 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- Moody, Paul. "Everyone's talking about Stella Vine", The Guardian, 12 July 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2008.
- Duff, Oliver. "Legal sharks circle round Davis and his chief of staff", (3rd story), The Independent, 27 July 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- Morris, Jane. "Getting stuck in", The Guardian, 24 August 2006. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- Cassidy, Sarah. "Stuckists, scourge of BritArt, put on their own exhibition", The Independent, 23 August 2006. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- Thomson, Charles, "A Stuckist on Stuckism" in: Milner, Frank, ed. The Stuckists Punk Victorian, p.20, National Museums Liverpool 2004, ISBN 1-902700-27-9. Essay available online at stuckism.com.
- "Stuckist groups", stuckism.com. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- "The Stuckists in the Media", stuckism.com. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- INSTEP Magazine, jang.com. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
- Asim's tribute page, stuckism.com. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
- Pakistan Daily Times, dailytimes.com.pk, 16 January 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
- Exhibitions - Tehran Stuckists, Tehran Stuckists website. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Charles Thomson, Robert Janás, Edward Lucie-Smith, "The Enemies of Art: The Stuckists" (2011), p. 8, Victoria Press, ISBN 978-0-907165-31-6.
- "International Stuckists", Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- "Godfrey Blow", Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
- Thomson, Charles (August 2004), "A Stuckist on Stuckism: Stella Vine", from: Ed. Frank Milner (2004), The Stuckists Punk Victorian, p. 23, National Museums Liverpool, ISBN 1-902700-27-9. Available online at stuckism.com.
- "Stella Vine the Stuckist in photos", stuckism.com. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- "New sculpture in London's Trafalgar Square", Getty Images, 4 June 2001. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
- Stuckism news: Westminster Stuckists come unstuck", stuckism.com, 10 July 2001. Retrieved from Internet Archive, 9 January 2009.
- "Trouble and strife", Evening Standard, p. 12, 20 August 2001.
- Alleyne, Richard. "The 'Saatchi effect' has customers queueing for new artist", The Daily Telegraph, 28 February 2004. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- Stummer, Robin. "Charles Saatchi 'abuses his hold on British art market'", The Independent on Sunday, 28 March 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2008.
- Renton, Andrew. "Artists' licence; Collector Charles Saatchi, artist Tracey Emin and painter Stella Vine have all been criticised for 'unfair' practices. But 'fairness' would kill art.", Evening Standard, p. 41, 6 April 2004.
- Charles Saatchi reported to OFT: OFT conclusion", stuckism.com. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
- Gibbons, Fiachra (1999)"Satirists Jump into Tracey's Bed"The Guardian online, 25 October 1999. Retrieved 22 March 2006.
- Coming Unstuck, London Surrealists Group's blog, 12 April 2006.
- Ed. Katherine Evans, "The Stuckists", Victoria Press, 2000, ISBN 0-907165-27-3.
- Ed. Frank Milner, "The Stuckists punk Victorian", National Museums Liverpool, 2004, ISBN 1-902700-27-9.
- Robert Janás, "Stuckism International: The Stuckist Decade 1999 - 2009", Victoria Press, 2009, ISBN 0-907165-28-1.
- Charles Thomson, Robert Janás, Edward Lucie-Smith, "The Enemies of Art: The Stuckists", Victoria Press, 2011, ISBN 0-907165-31-1.
- Gabriela Luciana Lakatos, Expressionism Today (pages 13–14), University of Art and Design Cluj Napoca, 2011.
- Charles Thompson, "Stuck in the Emotional Landscape - Jiri Hauschka, Jaroslav Valecka", Victoria press, 2011, ISBN 978-09-07165-32-3.
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|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Billy Childish|
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- Stuckism in Germany
- Prague Stuckists
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