Egyptian Islamic Labour Party

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The Egyptian Islamic Labour Party
Hizb al-ʿamal al-islami
حزب العمل الاسلامي
Chairman Ibrahim Shoukry
Founded 1978
Headquarters Cairo
Newspaper Al Shaab (currently suspended)

Islamic socialism

National affiliation Anti-Coup Alliance[1]
Politics of Egypt
Political parties

The Islamic Labour Party (Arabic: حزب العمل الإسلاميḤizb al-ʿamal al-islāmī ), previously the Socialist Labour Party ("Labour Party"; Arabic: حزب العمل الإشتراكيḤizb al-ʿamal al-iڑtirākī ), is an Islamist Egyptian political party. It was suspended, but was now part of the Democratic Alliance for Egypt, where it had gained 1 seat in the People's Assembly of Egypt.[2]


The party platform calls for:

  • Establishing an economic system based on the Islamic Shari'ah.
  • Protecting the national industries.
  • Equal distribution of investments among the Egyptian governorates.
  • Achieving unity between Egypt, Sudan and Libya.
  • Liberating the occupied Palestinian lands.
  • Promoting ties with developing countries.[3]

Political Ideology[edit]

The party established on 9 September 1978 by Ibrahim Shoukry and others was originally a socialist party. Since 1986 the party has undergone a major ideological change turning into an Islamist party. This change was first demonstrated in the party's fifth conference in 1989 which was entitled "Reform from an Islamic perspective".[4]

1990 elections[edit]

The party and a few others abstained from the election because of an amendment to the 1972 Electoral Law forbidding unified lists, with the Socialist Labour Party attempting to combine with the Muslim Brotherhood in hope to change the Muslim Brotherhood's view on Islam in a more leftist way , but this plan failed when they were suspended in 2000.The Muslim Brotherhood and the Labour Party still remain great allies.

2000 suspension[edit]

On 20 May 2000, the Egyptian committee for political parties' affairs (the committee responsible for authorizing the formation of political parties in Egypt) decided to freeze the activities of the Labor Party and suspend its newspaper al Shaab. The committee referred to Article 17 of the political parties law, which enables it to suspend the activities of a party, as a means of stopping any decision or act by a party that is contrary to the higher interests of the country. The committee attributed its decision to the split within the party ranks, with one group led by Hamdi Ahmad, a member of the party’s executive committee, and the other led by Ahmad Idris. The committee, in its decision, referred to the official complaint brought by the those members concerning the selection of a new party chair. The two party members also asked for Al-Shaab to be suspended from publication and a freeze to be put on the party’s bank account. Labor Party chairman Ibrahim Shoukry described these demands as illegal.[5]

The Split[edit]

The Islamic Labour Party split in June 2011 so the former members created the Arab Unification Party they are still both strong allies and are supported and funded by the Muslim Brotherhood .The Arab Unification Party concentrated more on Pan-arabism whereas the Labour Party took an islamist socialist approach on mending the economy in Egypt in a mixture Qutbism and Socialism they believed not only would the people would be happy but that they would have the perfect mixture of ideals to create the perfect society.


After the 2011 revolution and the ousting of Mohamed Morsi the Labour party has refused to join the left coalitions and has decided to stay allies with the Muslim Brotherhood and it has gone so far to join their coalition and support the brotherhood on various occasions , showing that the Labour party is as Islamist as it is Socialist . The Party is currently one of the many Islamist parties that are under repression . Perhaps the Labour party does this in the hope that the Brotherhood looks at Islam in a left way as were their intentions in the 1990's or perhaps they are dedicated to the cause they call "restoring the true democratically elected leader of Egypt"


The party has been renamed the "Egyptian Islamic Labour Party" (see website).


  1. ^ "Anti-coup alliance denies giving up on the return of Morsi". Mada Masr. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Democratic Alliance (Freedom and Justice)". Ahram Online. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Egyptian Labor Party". State Information Services. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  4. ^ (Arabic)[dead link]
  5. ^ "EOHR condemns committee’s decisions against Egypt’s Labor Party and its Newspaper". Egyptian Organization for Human Rights. 22 May 2000. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Labour's party website.
  • alShaab, Labour's party official newspaper currently suspended but is still published online.
  • [1] The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights Annual report; Violations of Human Rights 2000–2001; part 9: The right to establish parties, associations & unions.