Filicudi as seen from Lipari
|Area||9.49 km2 (3.664 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||774 m (2,539 ft)|
|Highest point||Fossa Felci|
|Population||235 (as of 2001)|
|Density||25 /km2 (65 /sq mi)|
Its total area is 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi). There are several small villages on the island, which include Pecorini Mare and Valdichiesa. Filicudi's lands are capable of producing wine, olive oil, grain, and vegetables. In 1997, three quarters, approximately 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) of Filicudi was turned into a Natural Reserve.
The highest point is Monte Fossa Felci at 774 m (2,539 ft). Other points include Monte Montagnola at 349 m (1,145 ft) and Monte Terrione at 278 m (912 ft). At Capo Graziano are the remains of a Bronze Age village dating back to the second millennium BCE. Off the coast, the volcanic finger-like rock of La Canna rises about 74 metres (243 ft) above the sea.
The modern name of "Filicudi" is a corruption of the ancient Greek name for the island, Phoenicusa (Phoenician island). The island, like the other Aeolian Islands, was settled since the Neolithic Age, around 3000 BCE. As evidenced by archaeological findings, the island was occupied by a new people during the Bronze Age. The island was uninhabited for many centuries until occupied by the Greeks. Roman and Byzantine remains can also be found on the island.
Since the Seventies Filicudi was rediscovered and populated by photographers and artists such as Sergio Libiszewsky, Ettore Sottsas, novelist Roland Zoss, and editor Giulio Einaudi. Their perceptions brought the island into the focus of modern tourism.
- Giovanni Giuseppe Bonica, John J. Bonica (born 1917), anesthesiologist and professional wrestler known as the founding father of the study of pain management.
- Diana Margaret Rose Santamaria, (born 1954), novelist, composer, poet, educator and author of The Secrets of the Pebbles, a historically-based novel about romance, escaping from economic depression in Filicudi after WWII, intrigue, migration and cultural identity.
- Roland Zoss (born 1951), novelist, composer, author of The Island Beyond the Moon, an aeolian tale and e-book about Filicudi.
- Filicudi Porto – Valle Chiesa – Zucco Grande (3-hour/4 km (2.5 mi), high difficulty, hike/walking tour)
- Filicudi Porto – Pecorini a Mare – Stimpagnato (3-hour/3.5 km (2.2 mi), high difficulty, hike/walking tour)
- Filicudi Porto – Cape Graziano (2-hour/1.5 km (0.93 mi), medium difficulty, hike/walking tour)
- "14th General Population Census and General Housing Census (2001)". DaWinci.
- Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Valle Chiesa – Zucco Grande" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian).
- Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Pecorini a Mare - Stimpagnato" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian).
- Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Capo Graziano" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian).