Filicudi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Filicudi
View of Alicudi and Filicudi
Filicudi as seen from Lipari
Filicudi is located in Sicily
Filicudi
Filicudi location within the map of Sicily
Geography
Location Tyrrhenian Sea
Coordinates 38°34′N 14°34′E / 38.567°N 14.567°E / 38.567; 14.567Coordinates: 38°34′N 14°34′E / 38.567°N 14.567°E / 38.567; 14.567
Archipelago Aeolian Islands
Area 9.49 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Highest elevation 774 m (2,539 ft)
Highest point Fossa Felci
Country
Region Sicily
Province Messina
Comune Lipari
Demographics
Demonym Filicudari
Population 235 (as of 2001)
Density 25 /km2 (65 /sq mi)[1]
Additional information
Official website link

Filicudi is one of eight islands that make up the Aeolian archipelago, situated 30–50 km (19–31 mi) northeast of the island of Sicily. It is a frazione of the comune of Lipari.

Geography[edit]

The Aeolian Islands.

Its total area is 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi). There are several small villages on the island, which include Pecorini Mare and Valdichiesa. Filicudi's lands are capable of producing wine, olive oil, grain, and vegetables. In 1997, three quarters, approximately 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) of Filicudi was turned into a Natural Reserve.

The highest point is Monte Fossa Felci at 774 m (2,539 ft). Other points include Monte Montagnola at 349 m (1,145 ft) and Monte Terrione at 278 m (912 ft). At Capo Graziano are the remains of a Bronze Age village dating back to the second millennium BCE. Off the coast, the volcanic finger-like rock of La Canna rises about 74 metres (243 ft) above the sea.

History[edit]

View of Alicudi and Filicudi

The modern name of "Filicudi" is a corruption of the ancient Greek name for the island, Phoenicusa (Phoenician island). The island, like the other Aeolian Islands, was settled since the Neolithic Age, around 3000 BCE. As evidenced by archaeological findings, the island was occupied by a new people during the Bronze Age. The island was uninhabited for many centuries until occupied by the Greeks. Roman and Byzantine remains can also be found on the island.

Since the Seventies Filicudi was rediscovered and populated by photographers and artists such as Sergio Libiszewsky, Ettore Sottsas, novelist Roland Zoss, and editor Giulio Einaudi. Their perceptions brought the island into the focus of modern tourism.

Notable people[edit]

  • Giovanni Giuseppe Bonica, John J. Bonica (born 1917), anesthesiologist and professional wrestler known as the founding father of the study of pain management.
  • Diana Margaret Rose Santamaria, (born 1954), novelist, composer, poet, educator and author of The Secrets of the Pebbles, a historically-based novel about romance, escaping from economic depression in Filicudi after WWII, intrigue, migration and cultural identity.
  • Roland Zoss (born 1951), novelist, composer, author of The Island Beyond the Moon, an aeolian tale and e-book about Filicudi.

Excursions[edit]

  • Filicudi Porto – Valle Chiesa – Zucco Grande (3-hour/4 km (2.5 mi), high difficulty, hike/walking tour)[2]
  • Filicudi Porto – Pecorini a Mare – Stimpagnato (3-hour/3.5 km (2.2 mi), high difficulty, hike/walking tour)[3]
  • Filicudi Porto – Cape Graziano (2-hour/1.5 km (0.93 mi), medium difficulty, hike/walking tour)[4]

Gallery[edit]

Aaerial photograph of Filicudi and Alicudi
Filicudi and Alicudi. 
A photograph of Cape Graziano
Cape Graziano 
A photograph of Cape Graziano
Cape Graziano 
Fossa Felci
Fossa Felci. 
'Scoglio della Fortuna' and 'Faraglione La Canna' rocks, ass seen  from Alicudi
"Scoglio della Fortuna" and "Faraglione La Canna". 
Faraglione "La Canna"
Faraglione "La Canna". 
A photograph of the Church of Santo Stefano
Church of Santo Stefano, Valle Chiesa. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "14th General Population Census and General Housing Census (2001)". DaWinci. 
  2. ^ Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Valle Chiesa – Zucco Grande" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian). 
  3. ^ Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Pecorini a Mare - Stimpagnato" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian). 
  4. ^ Panerai, Marco. "Filicudi Porto – Capo Graziano" (PDF). I SENTIERI DI EOLO – GUIDA ITINERARI TURISTICI (in Italian). 

External links[edit]