Giles County, Tennessee

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Giles County, Tennessee
Giles County Tennessee Courthouse.jpg
Giles County courthouse in Pulaski, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Giles County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded November 14, 1809
Named for William B. Giles[1]
Seat Pulaski
Largest city Pulaski
Area
 • Total 611 sq mi (1,583 km2)
 • Land 611 sq mi (1,582 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), .04%
Population
 • (2010) 29,485
 • Density 48/sq mi (19/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website gilescounty-tn.us

Giles County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,485.[2] Its county seat is Pulaski.[3]

History[edit]

Giles County is named after William Branch Giles, a Senator from Virginia who sponsored the admission of Tennessee as the sixteenth state into the Union. He also sponsored the building of the city and courthouse, which has burned four times. The current courthouse was built in 1859 by the George Moore and Sons company. It cost about thirty thousand dollars to complete. Though it stood through the Civil War, it suffered much damage. One of Giles County's local heroes is James McCallum, who served as Grandmaster of the Tennessee Masons, a member of the Confederate Congress, and mayor. He lived in Giles County for seventy years.

Until Maury County was established in November 1807, the area of the future Giles County was considered to be part of Williamson County. Two years after the formation of Maury County, Giles County was created from southern Maury County on November 14, 1809 by an act of the State Legislature. Nearly half of the new county lay in Chickasaw territory until September 1816. [4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611.2 square miles (1,583.0 km2), of which 610.9 square miles (1,582.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.04%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 4,546
1820 12,558 176.2%
1830 18,703 48.9%
1840 21,494 14.9%
1850 25,949 20.7%
1860 26,166 0.8%
1870 32,413 23.9%
1880 36,014 11.1%
1890 34,957 −2.9%
1900 33,035 −5.5%
1910 32,629 −1.2%
1920 30,948 −5.2%
1930 28,016 −9.5%
1940 29,240 4.4%
1950 26,961 −7.8%
1960 22,410 −16.9%
1970 22,138 −1.2%
1980 24,265 9.6%
1990 25,741 6.1%
2000 29,447 14.4%
2010 29,485 0.1%
Est. 2012 29,072 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Giles County[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 29,447 people, 11,713 households, and 8,363 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 13,113 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.44% White, 11.80% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,713 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,824, and the median income for a family was $41,714. Males had a median income of $31,221 versus $22,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,543. About 9.00% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.

Crime[edit]

On November 15, 1995, Giles County received minor notoriety after a shooting occurred at Richland High School in the community of Lynnville. The incident was when senior student Jamie Rouse shot two teachers and one female student in the north entrance of the school. Teacher Carolyn Foster and student Diane Collins were killed, and teacher Carolyn Yancey was wounded in the incident. Rouse was convicted of the shooting and sentenced to life in prison. Stephen Abbott, a senior student, was sentenced to 40 years in prison for his role in the shooting, but was released in January 2014. Abbott drove Rouse to Richland High School that morning, knowing of Rouse's intentions to shoot teachers there. This incident is cited as a major school shooting that occurred prior to the Columbine High School massacre of 1999.[9]

In 2000, there were 1,268 arrests made in Giles County, with 781 arrests in the city of Pulaski. One homicide occurred in that year. Based on an 2003 recording conducted by the Uniform Crime Report, the delinquency rate dropped to 71 arrests being made, with 8.8 percent of the county population being arrested that year.[10] No homicides occurred in Giles County in 2003.

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Abernathy Field is a public use airport owned by Giles County and the City of Pulaski. It is located three nautical miles (6 km) southwest of the central business district of Pulaski.[11]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Margaret Butler, "Giles County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 28 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ McCallum, James (1876). A Brief Sketch of the Settlement and Early History of Giles County Tennessee. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ The Mind of a School Killer at cbsnews.com
  10. ^ Pulaski City Information at epodunk.com
  11. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for GZS (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 3 June 2010.
  12. ^ "BROWN, Aaron Venable, (1795 - 1859)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Tennessee Governor Neill Smith Brown". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Tennessee Governor John Calvin Brownn". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  15. ^ "The Founders of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology". msstate.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2010. 
  16. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Herschel_Beech.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_David_Vaughan.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°12′N 87°02′W / 35.20°N 87.04°W / 35.20; -87.04