Houston County, Tennessee
|Houston County, Tennessee|
Location in the state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Sam Houston|
|• Total||207 sq mi (536 km2)|
|• Land||200 sq mi (518 km2)|
|• Water||6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 3.2%|
|• Density||42/sq mi (16/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Houston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,426. Its county seat is Erin. The county was founded in 1871. It was named for Sam Houston.
- Stewart County - north
- Montgomery County - northeast
- Dickson County - east
- Humphreys County - south
- Benton County - west
- State Route 13
- State Route 46
- State Route 49
- State Route 147
- State Route 149
- State Route 231
- State Route 232
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,088 people, 3,216 households, and 2,299 families residing in the county. The population density was 40.4 people per square mile (15.6/km²). There were 3,901 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile (7.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.58% White, 3.31% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,216 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,968, and the median income for a family was $35,395. Males had a median income of $29,528 versus $19,983 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,614. About 14.30% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.
The Board of Commissioners meets at the Houston County Courthouse the third Monday of odd months (January, March, May, July, September, November).
- County Mayor: G.E. Clark
- County Clerk: Robert Brown
- Administrator of Elections: Gay Robinson
- Property Assessor: Joy Hooper
- Register of Deeds: Sherrill Potts Moore
- County Trustee: Jimmy Lowery
- County Highway Department Superintendent: George Dew
- County Circuit Court Clerk: Sharon Tomlinson
- General Sessions & Juvenile Judge: W. Sidney Vinson
- Sheriff: Kevin L. Sugg
- District 1: William C. Agy and George Jeram
- District 2: Randall French and J. Steve Hall
- District 3: Martha Greenfield and V. Ray Elliott
- District 4: Charles Darrell Kingsmill and James F. VanFleet
- District 5: Chris Selph and Leslie Lewis
- District 6: James O. Fussell and Joey Brake
- District 7: Donnie C. Lewis and Larry W. Sykes
Houston County had been one of the state's most Democratic counties. Although traditionally Democratic, the county is somewhat conservative on social issues and has been trending Republican. It was part of Tennessee's 8th congressional district, which had been represented by Blue Dog Democrat John S. Tanner. It is now part of Tennessee's 7th congressional district and is represented by Republican Marsha Blackburn.
The county had been among the most consistently Democratic in the state on presidential elections. Only twice have Democratic candidates failed to carry Houston County at the presidential level. In 1928, Herbert Hoover became the first Republican presidential candidate to ever carry Houston County. The second non-Democrat who carried Houston County was George Wallace of the American Independent Party during the 1968 presidential election.
In the 2008 presidential election, when most other traditionally Democratic counties in the state voted for John McCain, Houston County supported Barack Obama. That said, the county's vote has been shifting Republican as reflected by Barack Obama's win by barely more than 2%, the lowest margin among all Democratic presidential candidates who have carried Houston County since its inception. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney became the first Republican in 80 years to win the county. Republican Senator Bob Corker and Republican Representative Marsha Blackburn also won the county. Although in all cases it was by a narrower margin than statewide or district wide.
Public high schools
- Houston County High School - (Students: 465; Location: 2500 State Route 149; Grades: 09 - 12)
- Houston County Adult High School - (Students: 2; Location: 3573 West Main Street; Grades: 11 - 12)
Public primary/middle schools
- Erin Elementary School - (Students: 456; Location: 6500 State Route 13; Grades: KG - 05)
- Tennessee Ridge Elementary School - (Students: 280; Location: 135 School Street; Grades: KG - 05)
- Houston County Middle School - (Students: 338; Location: 1241 West Main Street; Grades: 06 - 08)
- FM radio: WTPR-FM 101.7 (website) "The Greatest Hits of All Time"
- Weekly newspaper: Stewart-Houston Times (website)
- ""Tv Station""Wells Creek Basin Network
- History of Houston County, Tennessee 1871 - 1996 - History and Families. Nashville: Turner Publishing Company (1995). ISBN 1-56311-194-2
- Tennessee State Library and Archives, Genealogical "Fact sheets" about counties. "Houston County: Houston County was formed in 1871 from Dickson, Humphreys and Montgomery Counties. Acts of Tennessee 1870-71, Chapter 46." Retrieved December 7, 2010
- Charles Lovelady and Nina Finley, "Houston County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 161.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas (Election maps for Tennessee)
- CNN results for Tennessee
- CNN Results for Senate
- CNN results for Tennessee's 7th district
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Houston County, Tennessee.|
- Houston County Chamber of Commerce
- Houston County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
- Houston County at DMOZ
||Stewart County||Montgomery County|
|Benton County||Dickson County|