Hardeman County, Tennessee

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Hardeman County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hardeman County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for Thomas J. Hardeman[1]
Seat Bolivar
Largest city Bolivar
Area
 • Total 670 sq mi (1,736 km2)
 • Land 668 sq mi (1,729 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (7 km2), .42%
Population
 • (2010) 27,253
 • Density 42/sq mi (16/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hardeman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,253.[2] Its county seat is Bolivar[3].

History[edit]

Hardeman County was created by the Tennessee General Assembly in 1823 from parts of Hardin County and "Indian lands." It is named for Thomas Jones Hardeman (1788-1854), a Creek War and War of 1812 veteran and prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence, and a Republic of Texas congressman.[1]

The county is the location of two of Tennessee's three private prisons, the Whiteville Correctional Facility and the Hardeman County Correctional Center. Both are medium-security facilities for men, operated by the Corrections Corporation of America.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 668 square miles (1,730 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 11,655
1840 14,563 25.0%
1850 17,456 19.9%
1860 17,769 1.8%
1870 18,074 1.7%
1880 22,921 26.8%
1890 21,029 −8.3%
1900 22,976 9.3%
1910 23,011 0.2%
1920 22,278 −3.2%
1930 22,193 −0.4%
1940 23,590 6.3%
1950 23,311 −1.2%
1960 21,517 −7.7%
1970 22,435 4.3%
1980 23,873 6.4%
1990 23,377 −2.1%
2000 28,105 20.2%
2010 27,253 −3.0%
Est. 2012 26,533 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Hardeman County[8]

As of the census[9] of 2010 the racial makeup of the county was 59.1% White (non-Hispanic) or European American, 39.01% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 28,105 people, 9,412 households, and 6,767 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 10,694 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.34% White (non-Hispanic) or European American, 40.97% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,412 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 116.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,111, and the median income for a family was $34,746. Males had a median income of $27,828 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,349. About 16.90% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Faye Tennyson Davidson, "Hardeman County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.tn.gov/correction/institutions/hccf.html
  5. ^ http://www.tn.gov/correction/institutions/wcfa.html
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°12′N 89°00′W / 35.20°N 89.00°W / 35.20; -89.00