Culture of Louisiana
||The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. (March 2009)|
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
According to the National Geographic, a group's culture defines its way of life and its own view of itself and other groups. The elements of a culture include religion, music, food, clothing, language, architecture, art, literature, games, and sports. All of these elements combine to create the culture of Louisiana. Often, these elements are the basis for one of the many festivals in the state.
you would want to go to louisiana look at the relegen. The first religion in Louisiana was Roman Catholic because the French and then the Spanish controlled the colony. At the time, both were Catholic countries. After the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, members of various Protestant religions moved into the territory. Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians were later joined by other Protestant religions such as the Lutherans, who were often German immigrants. Members of the Jewish faith have come to Louisiana at various times. More recent immigrants have brought Buddhism and Islam into Louisiana. Also, Louisiana Voodoo is a common p practice in Louisiana, especially in New Orleans.-zoeys report.
Music Main|Music of Louisiana jazz.
New Orleans is the birthplace of jazz. Jazz is a kind of music with strong rhythms and much syncopation, often improvised. Brass bands and piano players helped create this new sound. Jazz has spread across the planet, an ambassador for Louisiana culture. In New Orleans, jazz funerals for musicians feature marching groups called second lines. The music of contemporary jazz greats like the Marsalis family owes much to the music of earlier artists. Al Hirt's trumpet and Pete Fountain's clarinet entertain both tourists and locals with exciting jazz.
The blues is also a link to the past. This music style is based on black folk music, especially on the chants of the black workers on the plantations. Those rhythms were memories of their African culture and made the slaves' lives and the work more bearable. The instruments most associated with blues music are the guitar and the harmonica. Later, when horns were added and the tempo changed, the new style was known as rhythm and blues.
In the 1930s, a cultural anthropologist toured the United States collecting folk music. The blues music Alan Lomax recorded in Louisiana is now part of the Smithsonian's Folkways Collection. One of those he recorded was a Shreveport musician named Huddie Ledbetter, better known as Lead Belly. A statue of this artist now stands in downtown Shreveport.
A very young Cajun musician is sharing his culture with the world. Hunter Hayes recorded his first CD at the age of five. Playing his accordion and singing in French, Hayes has entertained national television audiences. He plays with a Cajun band, which features fiddles, the triangle, and the accordion. The Cajuns, who are descended from the Acadians, learned to play the accordion from the Germans who moved into southwest Louisiana in the 1880s.
The early Cajuns often held dance parties at their rural homes. Entire families came, and the young children were put on blanket pallets in the bedroom. They were told to go to sleep, which in French is fais-do-do. This became the name of these dance parties, and today the term fais-do-do refers to a Cajun dance.
Zydeco is the special type of music of French-speaking African Americans of South Louisiana. It is much like Cajun music; the song is sung in French and played on an accordion. An added instrument, the rub-board is used for rhythm.
Country music is part of the heritage of North Louisiana. In the days before television, when people gathered for entertainment, musicians brought their instruments. Their string bands usually usually included a guitar, a fiddle, and a mandolin. This traditional southern country music developed into bluegrass music and then into modern country music. This heritage continues with a state fiddling championship held each year at Marthaville in Natchitoches Parish.
Country music and blues were adapted to become rock and roll. Rock and roll started in New Orleans as early as the 1940s. Antoine "Fats" Domino and Little Richard recorded 1950s rock-and-roll hits. A young musician named Elvis Presley performed his new music in the Municipal Auditorium in Shreveport before he gained national fame. Jerry Lee Lewis left Ferriday in Concordia Parish to become a piano-pounding rock-and-roll star. The Beatles and the Rolling Stones listened to Louisiana musicians as they developed their own style. The Neville Brothers and many other musicians continue Louisiana's contribution to rock and roll.
Many early rock-and-roll musicians started out singing gospel music. Gospel is church music that blends elements of folk music, spirituals, hymns, and popular music. You can hear gospel music in churches throughout Louisiana every Sunday morning. Songs sung in African-American churches preserve the old spirituals and add contemporary music. Rural churches in North Louisiana feature gospel quartets.
More formal classical music also contributes to the musical sound of Louisiana. Orchestras have created musical culture since colonial days. Young musicians today continue this tradition as they audition for the Louisiana Youth Orchestra in Baton Rouge.
Community brass bands were popular at the turn of the century. Today high school bands perform concerts and provide the marching bands for local parades. Music continues to add a tempo to life everywhere in Louisiana.
Another variety of music that is heard commonly between the Gonzales, Baton Rouge and Hammond areas is called Swamp Pop. The songs are easily recognized by the saxophones, guitars and drums. The songs tend to focus on life in Louisiana. Swamp Pop artists include Van Broussard and his Bayou Boggie Band, Kenny Fife and Bac Trac, Kenny Cornett and Killing Time, Ryan Foret and Foret Tradition, Louisiana's Don Rich (brother of Elizabeth "Liz" Cavalier of Swamp People), and many others. The songs can be heard locally each weekday on the stations: KYPY (Baton Rouge, LA) 104.9 from 11:00 a.m - 1:00, Roland's Swamp Pop Cafe; WTGE 100.7 (Baton Rouge, LA) on Saturday mornings from 6:00 a.m - 12:00 p.m & Sunday morning 7:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m., Roland's Rockin's Cajun Show; WTGG 96.6 (Hammond, LA) weekdays from 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m, The Bayou Wolfman with Al T.
Newcomers and visitors to Louisiana usually comment on the music and the food. Louisiana food is considered one of the best elements of the culture, although some visitors find the spices a little too hot. Louisiana is famous for its seasonings such as Cayenne pepper, Tony Chachere's, Zatarain's and its Louisiana hot sauce, While Louisiana is world famous for Cajun cuisine, Native American and Creole combinations preceded their contributions. Early Louisiana residents enjoyed native cuisine (Chitimacha, Choctaw, Chicksaw, Natchez tribes), Spanish, English, and French foods. The cuisines of these cultures blended into what we know as Creole cuisine. Creole cuisine became a blend of traditional French cooking with Spanish, African, and Indian influences.
Although the food most identified with the state is the Cajun and Creole food of South Louisiana, North Louisiana also has its own unique cuisine. Traditionally, southern style soul food such as smothered pork chops, chicken and dumplings, candied yams, hot water cornbread, fried chicken, macaroni and cheese, collard greens, and black-eyed peas are commonly eaten in North Louisiana. For many years, crayfish were not eaten outside of Cajun country. People north of Alexandria were more likely to eat fried chicken or barbecue. Fish fries featuring catfish took the place of crayfish boils. Today, boiled crayfish is served throughout the state.
Other foods popular in Louisiana include Gumbo, Etouffee, Jambalaya, Mufellettas, Po boys, and Red Beans and Rice (traditionally eaten on Monday). Seafood is especially popular in Louisiana either as an ingredient or as a main dish such as Shrimp, Crayfish, Crabs, Oysters and Catfish. Swamp denizens such as Gator or Alligator, Frog Legs, and Turtle Soup is popular around the bayous of south Louisiana.
Festivals and Carnivals 
Louisiana is known for many festivals such as Jazz Fest, Essence Fest, and its most famous, Mardi Gras. Other popular festivals throughout the state include the Louisiana Crawfish festival, Breaux Bridge Crawfish festival, the Tickfaw Italian Festival, the Ponchatoula Strawberry Festival, Louisiana Seafood festival, Franklin Parish Catfish festival, Natchitoches Meat Pie Festival, Annual Louisiana Watermelon Festival in Farmerville, Mudbug Madness in Shreveport, Bridge City Gumbo Festival, International Rice Festival, Louisiana Cajun Food Festival, Louisiana Yambilee Festival, Jambalaya festival, shrimp festival, annual crawfish boils, and crawfish cook offs. Jambalaya festival in Gonzales.
Sports are very popular in Louisiana. The northern part of the state is often called "Sportsman's Paradise" locally. American football is probably the most popular sport throughout the state. Other popular athletic sports include basketball and baseball. Also, recreational sports such as hunting and fishing are also popular, especially in North Louisiana. Louisiana has possibly the biggest in state college rivalry, the Bayou Classic between Southern University and its North Louisiana counterpart, Grambling State University, which is played annually in New Orleans. Louisiana also has a sports Hall of Fame. Since 1958, the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame has honored the elite figures in state sports history. Only 248 men and women have been chosen for induction into the Hall of Fame.
The state has many sports teams for highschool, college and professional athletes.
College sports 
- Southeastern Louisiana University* Lions - Hammond, Louisiana
- Louisiana Tech University* Bulldogs - Ruston
- University of Louisiana at Monroe Warhawks - Monroe
- Louisiana State Tigers - Baton Rouge
- Northwestern State Demons - Natchitoches
- Tulane Green Wave - New Orleans
- Southern University Jaguars - Baton Rouge
- Grambling State University Tigers - Grambling
- Nicholls State University Colonels - Thibodaux, Louisiana
High School sports 
- Louisiana High School Athletic Association
- Baton Rouge Kingfish (ECHL) - Baton Rouge, Louisiana Team is now defunct.
- Lake Charles Ice Pirates (WPHL) - Lake Charles
- Louisiana Ice Gators (ECHL) - Lafayette
- Monroe Moccasins (WPHL) - Monroe, Louisiana
- New Orleans Zephyrs (PCBL) - New Orleans, Louisiana
- Shreveport Mudbugs (WPHL) - Shreveport, Louisiana
Professional sports 
Stadiums and arenas 
Louisiana Superdome - New Orleans