|Motto: "Pioneering a Dream"|
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
|• Total||1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)|
|• Land||1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||804 ft (245 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,596|
|• Density||2,892.0/sq mi (1,116.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1064757|
Greenhills is a village in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3,615 at the 2010 census. It is a planned community that was established by the United States government during the Great Depression.
History and significance
As one of three "Greenbelt Communities" built by the federal government during the 1930s (the other two are Greenbelt, Maryland and Greendale, Wisconsin), Greenhills was designed to be surrounded by a "belt" of woodland and natural landscaping. According to historian James W. Loewen, it was founded as a sundown town, using restrictive covenants to prevent minorities from purchasing homes there. Many families include third- and fourth-generation descendants of the village's original "pioneers" who occupied the original International-style townhomes. The original government-built area, the Greenhills Historic District, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Also listed on the National Register in the community is the James Whallon House, which serves as the village hall.
Greenhills is located at (39.268608, -84.517284).
The median income for a household in the village was $59,938, and the median income for a family was $72,583. Males had a median income of $37,188 versus $30,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,240. About 2.3% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,615 people, 1,499 households, and 968 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,892.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,116.6/km2). There were 1,645 housing units at an average density of 1,316.0 per square mile (508.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.0% White, 6.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 1,499 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age in the village was 39 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 16% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Greenhills village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- Loewen, James W. (2013). "Hidden in Plain View: Knowing and Not Knowing About Sundown Towns". Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension Of American Racism. The New Press. p. 239. ISBN 1595586741.
- "New Deal Towns In Danger", New York Times (February 9, 2009)
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Village of Greenhills, Ohio, Village of Greenhills, n.d. Accessed 2009-11-17.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Greenhills Branch". Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Retrieved 12 June 2014.