Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Section
Shenzhen section of the railway under construction in May 2011
|Locale||Guangdong, China and Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Line length||142 km (88.23 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||50Hz 25,000V (AC)|
|Operating speed||350 km/h (220 mph) (Guangshen section)
200 km/h (120 mph) (Hong Kong section)
Route of Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
(Guangshen section in red and Hong Kong section in blue)
|Transit type||Passenger high-speed rail|
|Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link|
|Alternative Chinese name|
The Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), also known as Guangshen'gang XRL (officially Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Section), is an express railway to be open in phases between 2011 and 2016. It will connect Kowloon, Hong Kong in the south and Panyu, Guangzhou, Guangdong in the north.
It is divided into two sections, the Guangshen section with four to six stations, and the Hong Kong Section, with one station. Service on the Guangshen section officially opened on December 26, 2011. Construction of the Hong Kong Section began on January 2010, with service scheduled to open in 2015.
Under the current plan the total distance will be 142 kilometres, and the expected travel time from West Kowloon Terminus in Kowloon to Guangzhou South Railway Station in Shibi, Guangzhou will be 48 minutes. It will be connected with the Wuguang High-Speed Railway at Guangzhou South Station, and the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway at Shenzhen North Railway Station.
||It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2013.|
The Guangshen section connects Guangzhou, Dongguan, and Shenzhen in Guangdong. The total distance is 116 kilometres and the expected travel time between Guangzhou's Guangzhou South Railway Station (廣州南站) and Shenzhen's Futian Station (福田) is 36 minutes. Trains on this line will run at a maximum speed of 350 km/h. Construction cost will be covered by the Guangdong Province People's Government and the Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China.
Apart from Guangzhou South and Futian, there are four stations in between, from north to south, Qingsheng (庆盛站), Humen (虎门站), Guangming (光明城站) and Shenzhen North (深圳北站). At Guangzhou South Station it is connected in the north to the Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Railway, with through service scheduled to begin April 1, in the south to the Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway and in the west to the future Guizhou-Guangzhou Railway. At Shenzhen North Station it will be connected to the Xiashen section of the Southeast Coastal Express Railway. When the Hong Kong Section is opened, expected in 2015, some of the trains will run onwards from Futian onto West Kowloon Terminus, across the border in Kowloon, Hong Kong.
A 10.8-km-long Shiziyang Tunnel has been built to allow the railway cross the Shiziyang Channel (Chinese: 狮子洋) of the Pearl River between the Dongchong and Humen Stations. The completion of the tunnel was reported in March 2011.
Hong Kong section
Under the current plan the total distance of the Hong Kong section is 26 kilometres, most of which through underground tunnels. The dedicated track will enable a top speed of 200 km/h; the expected travel time from Kowloon, scheduled to open in 2015, to Shenzhen's Futian Station is 12 minutes.
Opposition to HK section
The Hong Kong section has been controversial since 2009 when demonstrators opposed the project. It later escalated into larger protests in 2010 with fierce opposition from various groups. Despite the protests, on 15 January 2010, the Legislative Council of Hong Kong approved HK$66.9 billion (US$8.6 billion) in funding, by 31 votes to 21.
- Guangzhou South Railway Station (廣州南站) - Opened 31.1.2010
- Qingsheng (庆盛站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Humen (虎门站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Guangming (光明城站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Shenzhen North (深圳北站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Futian Railway Station (福田站) - Planned to open in 2014
- West Kowloon (西九龍站) - Planned to open in 2015
- Guangdong Through Train
- China Railway High-speed
- Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway
- Pearl River Delta mega-city project
- Han Ximin (2012-03-14). "SZ-Wuhan high-speed trains to run in April". Shenzhen Daily. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- China starts work on first underwater railway tunnel
- China completes construction of world's fastest underwater railway tunnel, 2011-03-12
- ExCo approves implementation of high-speed rail link, Hong Kong Government, 20 October 2009
- Angry rail-link protesters clash with police, The Standard, 30 Nov 2009
- South China Morning Post, "Rail cash approved amid protests", Retrieved on 16 January 2010.
- MTR-Express Rail Link(Hong Kong)
- XRL Project, MTR official site
- expressrailtruth.com, Opposition site (Chinese)
- Hong Kong anti-rail protest gathers steam - FT.com
- Lee, Min (15 January 2010). "Hong Kongers protest high-speed rail link to China". The Washington Post. Associated Press.