Demographics of Guinea

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Guinea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Guinea describes the condition and overview of Guinea's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Population[edit]

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 9 982 000 in 2010, compared to only 3 094 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 42.9%, 53.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 3 094 37.1 57.6 5.3
1955 3 300 38.6 57.0 4.4
1960 3 541 40.0 56.2 3.8
1965 3 823 41.8 54.9 3.4
1970 4 154 42.2 54.6 3.2
1975 4 287 42.6 54.3 3.1
1980 4 407 43.3 53.5 3.2
1985 4 924 43.9 52.8 3.3
1990 5 759 44.4 52.3 3.3
1995 7 565 44.6 52.1 3.3
2000 8 344 44.2 52.4 3.3
2005 9 041 43.6 53.0 3.3
2010 9 982 42.9 53.8 3.3

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Guinea not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 151 000 110 000 41 000 47.2 34.3 12.9 6.00 218
1955-1960 165 000 115 000 50 000 48.1 33.5 14.6 6.24 214
1960-1965 179 000 119 000 59 000 48.5 32.4 16.1 6.51 210
1965-1970 196 000 126 000 70 000 49.0 31.5 17.5 6.80 206
1970-1975 204 000 123 000 82 000 48.5 29.1 19.3 6.85 191
1975-1980 210 000 115 000 95 000 48.2 26.5 21.8 6.91 174
1980-1985 224 000 113 000 111 000 48.0 24.2 23.8 6.95 159
1985-1990 252 000 117 000 135 000 47.2 22.0 25.2 6.86 145
1990-1995 303 000 132 000 171 000 45.5 19.8 25.7 6.58 131
1995-2000 345 000 144 000 201 000 43.4 18.1 25.3 6.19 119
2000-2005 361 000 136 000 224 000 41.5 15.7 25.8 5.80 104
2005-2010 380 000 132 000 248 000 39.9 13.9 26.1 5.45 93
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[2]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1992 41 5,67 37 5,18 42 5,89
1999 36,9 5,5 32,9 4,4 38,4 6,1
2005 38,4 5,7 31,8 4,4 40,8 6,3
2012 34 5,1 29,4 3,8 36,1 5,8

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Fulɓe (singular Pullo). Called Peuhl or Peul in French, Fula or Fulani in English, who are chiefly found in the mountainous region of Fouta Djallon;
  • Maninka. Malinke in French, Mandingo in English, mostly inhabiting the savanna of Upper Guinea and the Forest region;
  • Susus or Soussous. Susu is not a lingua franca in Guinea. Although it is commonly spoken in the coastal areas, including the capital, Conakry, it is not largely understood in the interior of the country.
  • Several small groups (Gerzé or Kpelle, Toma, Kissis, etc.) in the forest region and Bagas (including Landoumas), Koniagis etc. in the coastal area.

West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 30,000 (mostly French, other Europeans, and Lebanese). Seven national languages are used extensively; the major written languages are French, Pular (English: Fula; French: Peul or Peuhl), and Arabic. Other languages have established Latin orthographies that are used somewhat, notably for Susu and Maninka. The N'Ko alphabet is increasingly used on a grassroots level for the Maninka language.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

10,601,009 (July 2011 est.)

Population growth rate

2.645% (2011 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
note: as a result of conflict in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to approximately 141,500 refugees from Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 58.11 years
male: 56.63 years
female: 59.64 years (2011 est.)

Nationality

noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups

Fula 50%, Malinke 25%, Susu 15%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Religions

Muslim 85%, Christian 10% (mainly Roman Catholic Church and Evangelical denominations), indigenous beliefs 5%.[3]

Official census does not break in ethnicity or religion

Languages

French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 29.5%
male: 42.6%
female: 18.1% (2003 est.)

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2007 edition".