Demographics of Gabon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Population statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Population:1,514,993
note: Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 53.11 years
male: 52.19 years
female: 54.05 years (2010 est.)

Population[edit]

Gabon population statistics (1950 - 2014)

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 1 505 000 in 2010, compared to only 469 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 35.5%, 60.2% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 4.3% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 469 28.4 64.3 7.3
1955 476 29.4 63.5 7.1
1960 486 30.3 62.6 7.1
1965 502 31.9 61.1 7.1
1970 530 33.0 59.9 7.1
1975 595 35.2 58.0 6.8
1980 683 37.7 55.9 6.4
1985 794 40.0 54.0 6.0
1990 929 41.4 53.0 5.6
1995 1 087 42.0 52.8 5.1
2000 1 235 41.0 54.3 4.8
2005 1 371 38.6 57.0 4.4
2010 1 505 35.5 60.2 4.3

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Gabon not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 14 000 13 000 1 000 30.5 27.7 2.8 4.00 179
1955-1960 14 000 12 000 2 000 30.1 25.9 4.2 4.00 167
1960-1965 15 000 12 000 3 000 31.4 24.8 6.5 4.25 158
1965-1970 17 000 11 000 6 000 32.5 21.7 10.7 4.50 134
1970-1975 20 000 11 000 9 000 35.4 19.1 16.3 4.90 114
1975-1980 24 000 10 000 13 000 37.5 16.4 21.0 5.10 95
1980-1985 28 000 10 000 18 000 38.4 13.7 24.7 5.20 78
1985-1990 33 000 10 000 23 000 38.1 11.3 26.8 5.15 63
1990-1995 38 000 11 000 28 000 38.0 10.5 27.4 5.10 59
1995-2000 39 000 12 000 27 000 33.2 10.2 23.0 4.37 58
2000-2005 39 000 14 000 25 000 29.7 10.4 19.3 3.78 58
2005-2010 39 000 13 000 26 000 27.4 9.4 18.0 3.35 51
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[2]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
2000 33,1 4,3 33,3 3,9 32,4 5,7
2012 33,3 4,1 33,2 3,9 33,4 6,1

Ethnic groups[edit]

Broad ethnic groups are:

  1. Bantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Punu, Teke)
  2. other Africans, notably 'forest people' (pygmee, now sedentarizing) such as the Babongo tribe
  3. Europeans, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality)

Specific groups, and estimated population:[3]

Language and religion[edit]

Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1% (see Religion in Gabon)

Languages: French (official since colonial rule), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 63.2%
male: 73.7%
female: 53.3% (1995 est.)

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".