|Born||2 February 1920
|Died||30 November 1967
Wertheim am Main, Germany
|Years of service||1936–45|
|Unit||5th SS Panzer Division Wiking|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
German Cross in Gold
Iron Cross 1st Class
Iron Cross 2nd Class
Helmut Bauer (2 February 1920 – 30 November 1967) was an Obersturmführer (first lieutenant) in the Waffen-SS during World War II who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. This was awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Helmut Bauer was born on the 2 February 1920 in Mittelschefflenz Baden. In November 1938, he volunteered to join the SS and was posted to the 17th Company, SS Deutschland Regiment stationed in Ellwangen.
World War II
At the start of World War II in Europe, he was in the Motorcycle Company and took part in the Polish Campaign and the Battle of France. At the end of the campaign in France, the Waffen-SS formed a new Division of foreign volunteers SS Division Wiking. Bauer was posted into the Reconnaissance Battalion of this new Division.
In the summer of 1942, Bauer was transferred to the 5th SS Panzer Battalion as a platoon commander in the 3rd Company; in 1943 Bauer was promoted to Oberscharführer (Senior Group Leader) and involved in the heavy fighting of the Battalion during July and August. During the fighting around Andreyevka and Izium he displayed his leadership talents supporting the 2nd Company which was engaged by a number of T-34 and T-60 tanks. Bauer decided to attack and destroyed them without loss. For this action he was awarded the Knight's Cross in September 1943.
After a lengthy stay in hospital recovering from a serious wound in 1944, Bauer was promoted to Untersturmführer (second lieutenant) and returned to the SS Wiking as a Company commander and by the end of the war promoted to Obersturmführer (first lieutenant).
Helmut Bauer survived the war and died on the 30 November 1967, in Wertheim am Main.
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 12 September 1943 as SS-Oberscharführer and platoon leader in the 3./SS-Panzer-Regiment 5 "Wiking"[Note 1]
- According to Scherzer as platoon leader in the 3./SS-Panzer-Regiment 5.
- Federl 2000, p. 24.
- Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 124, 484.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 205.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Federl, Christian (2000). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Panzerdivisionen 1939–1945 Die Panzertruppe [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Panzer Divisions 1939–1945 The Panzer Force] (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-925480-43-0.
- Henschler Henri & Fay Will (2003), Armor Battles of the Waffen-SS, 1943-45 Stackpole Books, ISBN 0-8117-2905-2.
- Mitcham, Jr.Samuel (2007), Retreat to the Reich, Stackpole books ISBN 0-8117-3384-X.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Williamson, Gordon (1989), German Military Police Units 1939-45, Osprey Publishing, ISBN 0-85045-902-8.