Hexham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hexham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hexham in Northumberland.
Outline map
Location of Northumberland within England.
County Northumberland
Electorate 60,499 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Hexham, Corbridge, Painshawfield, Ponteland, Prudhoe, Wylam, Haydon Bridge, Haltwhistle
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Guy Opperman (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from North Northumberland and South Northumberland
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Hexham is a constituency[n 1] in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Guy Opperman, a Conservative.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

This large seat reaches to the Pennines and traverses Hadrians Wall which runs almost due east-west through England, includes substantial agricultural holdings, forestry, wood processing, food, minerals, and manufactured hardware industries and has been held by the Conservative Party and rarely with only marginal majorities since 1924. In the midst of the northwest of the area is Kielder Water and running between this area and the middle of the seat is the southern portion of Kielder Forest, and in the west, the attractions of the precipitous Haltwhistle Burn, Viaduct and Castle. SSE of Hexham is the Derwent Reservoir.[2] Aside from the geographical highlights as set out above this area also houses a portion of Newcastle's commuting middle-class; Hexham was the only Conservative seat in the North East between 1997–2010, and the only one in Northumberland since 1973.

Demonstrated by latest published old age dependency ratios, a slightly larger than national average proportion of the electorate is retired.[3] Whilst the result in 1997 saw the Labour Party within touching distance of winning the seat generally, results suggest the seat is a safe seat for candidates of the Conservative party.[4]

History[edit]

The seat was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Colonel Douglas Clifton Brown, who was Speaker of the House of Commons during the latter years of the World War II, represented the seat for two separate tenures (from 1918–23, and from 1924–51).

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is named after the town of Hexham in Northumberland. It includes the former Tynedale district and part of the former Castle Morpeth district.[n 3]

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Northumberland, the Boundary Commission for England has made only minor changes to the existing boundaries of the Hexham constituency. The electoral wards used in its formation are:

  • The entire former district of Tynedale
  • The former Castle Morpeth wards of Heddon-on-the-Wall, Ponteland East, Ponteland North, Ponteland South, Ponteland West, Stamfordham and Stannington

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Miles MacInnes Liberal
1892 Nathaniel George Clayton Conservative
1893 Miles MacInnes Liberal
1895 Wentworth Beaumont, later Viscount Allendale Liberal
1907 by-election Richard Durning Holt Liberal
1918 Douglas Clifton Brown Coalition Conservative
1923 Victor Harold Finney Liberal
1924 Douglas Clifton Brown Conservative
1943 Speaker
1951 Rupert Speir Conservative
1966 Geoffrey Rippon Conservative
1987 Alan Amos Conservative
1992 Peter Atkinson Conservative
2010 Guy Opperman Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Guy Opperman
Labour Liam Carr[6]
Liberal Democrat Jeff Reid[7]
General Election 2010: Hexham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Guy Opperman 18,795 43.2 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 13,007 29.9 +4.2
Labour Antoine Tinnion 8,253 19.0 −11.4
Independent Steven Ford 1,974 4.5 +4.5
BNP Quentin Hawkins 1,205 2.8 +2.8
Independent Colin Moss 249 0.6 0.6
Majority 5,788 13.3
Turnout 43,483 70.8 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Atkinson 17,605 42.4 −2.2
Labour Kevin Graham 12,585 30.3 −8.3
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 10,673 25.7 +10.7
English Democrats Ian Riddell 521 1.3 +1.3
Imperial Thomas Davison 129 0.3 +0.3
Majority 5,020 12.1
Turnout 41,513 68.8 −2.1
Conservative hold Swing +3.0
General Election 2001: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Atkinson 18,917 44.6 +5.8
Labour Paul Brannen 16,388 38.6 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Philip Latham 6,380 15.0 −2.4
UKIP Alan Patterson 728 1.7 −0.8
Majority 2,529 6.0
Turnout 42,413 70.9 −6.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Atkinson 17,701 38.8
Labour Ian McMinn 17,479 38.2
Liberal Democrat Philip Carr 7,959 17.4
Referendum Party Robert Waddell 1,362 3.0
UKIP David Lott 1,170 2.6
Majority 222 0.5
Turnout 45,671 77.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Hexham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Atkinson 24,967 52.4 +2.8
Labour Ian C.F. Swithenbank 11,529 24.2 +6.2
Liberal Democrat Jonathan C. Wallace 10,344 21.7 −10.0
Green John P. Hartshorne 781 1.6 +0.9
Majority 13,438 28.2 +10.3
Turnout 47,621 82.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alan Amos 22,370 49.6
Liberal E.M. Robson 14,304 31.7
Labour M.R. Wood 8,103 18.0
Green S.M. Wood 336 0.7
Majority 8,066 17.9
Turnout 80.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 21,374 51.5
Liberal E.M. Robson 13,066 31.5
Labour Stephen Byers 7,056 17.0
Majority 8,308 20.0
Turnout 73.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 25,483 48.0
Labour Stuart Bell 16,935 31.9
Liberal John Shipley 10,697 20.1
Majority 8,548 16.1
Turnout 79.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 21,352 43.53
Labour E Wade 16,711 34.07
Liberal R Cairncross 10,991 22.41
Majority 4,641 9.46
Turnout 75.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 24,059 45.46
Labour E Wade 16,129 30.48
Liberal R Cairncross 12,730 24.06
Majority 7,930 14.99
Turnout 82.62
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 24,516 51.96
Labour JE Miller 16,645 35.28
Liberal D Cogan 6,021 12.76
Majority 7,871 16.68
Turnout 75.31
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Rippon 20,889 48.10
Labour J.B. Lamb 16,105 37.08
Liberal D.A. Robson 6,434 14.82
Majority 4,784 11.02
Turnout 78.05
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert Speir 22,468 50.70
Labour J. Alderson 14,127 31.88
Liberal D.A. Robson 7,722 17.42
Majority 8,341 18.82
Turnout 81.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert Speir 25,500 62.99
Labour W.H.W. Roberts 14,980 37.01
Majority 10,520 25.99
Turnout 81.11
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert Speir 23,462 64.00
Labour W.E. Garrett 13,198 36.00
Majority 10,264 28.00
Turnout 77.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert Speir 23,267 59.61
Labour T.L. MacDonald 15,768 40.39
Majority 7,499 19.21
Turnout 82.42
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Douglas Clifton Brown 24,703 85.06
Independent Liberal A. Hancock 4,154 14.40
Majority 20,549 71.21
Turnout 61.88
Speaker hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Speaker Douglas Clifton Brown 16,431 58.23
Labour E. Kavanagh 11,786 41.77
Majority 4,645 16.46
Turnout 73.80
Speaker hold Swing
  • 1943: Douglas Clifton-Brown becomes Speaker of the House of Commons.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Douglas Clifton Brown 17,241 62.55
Labour E. Kinghorn 10,324 37.45
Majority 6,917 25.09
Turnout 75.92
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Hexham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Douglas Clifton Brown 20,578 73.14
Labour E. O. Dunnico 7,557 26.86
Majority 13,021 46.28
Turnout 79.21
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Hexham

Electorate 35,304

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 11,069 39.1
Liberal Rt Hon Sir Francis Dyke Acland 9,103 32.2
Labour E O Dunnico 8,135 28.7
Majority 1,966 6.9
Turnout 80.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Hexham

Electorate 27,237

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 10,741 48.0
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 6,551 29.3
Labour C R Flynn 5,089 22.7
Majority 4,190
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Hexham

Electorate 26,732

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 11,293
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 8,887
Majority 2,406
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922: Hexham

Electorate 26,372

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Clifton Brown 9,369
Liberal Victor Harold Finney 6,486
Labour George William Shield 5,050
Majority 2,883
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Hexham

Electorate 25,431

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Col. Douglas Clifton Brown
7,763
Labour William Weir 4,168
Liberal Maj. Wentworth Henry Canning Beaumont 3,948
Majority 3,595
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

General Election December 1910

Electorate 11,151

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,124
Conservative Alfred Henry Chaytor 4,334
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910

Electorate 11,151

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,478
Conservative C. Loftus Bates 4,417
Majority 1,061
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Hexham by-election, 1907

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 5,401
Conservative C. Loftus Bates 4,241
Majority 1,160
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wentworth Beaumont 5,632
Conservative C. Clayton 3,547
Majority 2,085
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Tynedale and Castle Morpeth district councils were abolished in April 2009 in favour of a unitary Northumberland County Council.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Daventry
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1943–1951
Succeeded by
Cirencester and Tewkesbury

54°58′16″N 2°06′04″W / 54.971°N 2.101°W / 54.971; -2.101