Newcastle upon Tyne East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Newcastle upon Tyne East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Newcastle upon Tyne East in Tyne and Wear for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 65,203 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Nick Brown (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend; Tyne Bridge
19181997
Replaced by Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend
Created from Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Newcastle upon Tyne East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Nick Brown of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Parliament created this constituency in the Representation of the People Act 1918 however its first creation was eventually absorbed in 1997 by the new Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend seat. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which recommended the recreation of the seat for the 2010 general election. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

Apart from a quite widespread party defection in 1981 to the SDP, successive members of the Labour Party have represented this constituency in Westminster since 1964 (including its interim successors). Since 1970, the double-digit majorities won suggest in all three previous forms of the constituency and today's constituency have been safe seats.

Latest political results in the local context

For the Labour Party was likely to be more marginal since 2006 when a Liberal Democrat local popularity strengthened, winning council seats across the constituency with large majorities. This indicated a possibility of Labour losing the seat to the Liberal Democrats at the 2010 general election. In the event, Labour's Nick Brown held the seat with the smallest majority in 44 years, and in the simultaneous local elections Labour benefitted from the associated increased turnout to take the Walkergate Council Ward from the Liberal Democrats.

Boundaries[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear in 2005, the Boundary Commission for England re-created the constituency of Newcastle upon Tyne East, which took effect at the 2010 general election. The new seat largely replaced the former Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend seat, with the Wallsend element being transferred to the adjacent North Tyneside constituency.

The electoral wards used in the new constituency are all within the boundaries of the city of Newcastle:

  • Byker (The Byker Wall Estate, St. Peter's and part of Walker)
  • Dene (Part of Gosforth, Benton and Cochrane Park)
  • North Heaton (High Heaton around Coast Road)
  • North Jesmond
  • Ouseburn (All of Shieldfield, Ouseburn, part of Quayside and part of Byker)
  • South Heaton (most of Heaton around Chillingham Road)
  • South Jesmond (Jesmond, Jesmond Vale and part of the City Centre)
  • Walker (Walker Riverside and St. Anthony's Estate)
  • Walkergate (Walkergate, Walkerville and part of Walker)

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1997[edit]

Election Member[2] Party Notes
1918 Harry Barnes Coalition Liberal
1922 Joseph Nicholas Bell Labour
1923 by-election Arthur Henderson Labour
1923 Sir Robert Aske Liberal
1924 Martin Henry Connolly Labour
1929 Sir Robert Aske Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1945 Arthur Blenkinsop Labour
1959 Fergus Montgomery Conservative
1964 Geoffrey Rhodes Labour Co-operative
Oct 1974 Mike Thomas Labour
1981 SDP
1983 Nick Brown Labour Former Councillor for the Walker Ward until his election in 1983
1997 None None Constituency abolished: see Newcastle upon Tyne East & Wallsend

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[2] Party Notes
2010 Nick Brown Labour Former Councillor for the Walker Ward until his election in 1983.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010:Newcastle upon Tyne East[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nick Brown* 17,043 45.0 -7.7
Liberal Democrat Wendy Taylor 12,590 33.3 +1.5
Conservative Dominic Robin Crofts Llewellyn 6,068 16.0 +3.0
BNP Alan Spence 1,342 3.5 +3.5
Green Andrew Gray 620 1.6 +1.6
Communist Martin Levy 177 0.5 -0.1
Majority 4,453 11.8
Turnout 37,840 58.7 +3.4
Labour hold Swing -4.6
* Served as MP for Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend, 1997–2010

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Newcastle upon Tyne East[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nick Brown 24,342 60.2 +3.8
Conservative Jeremy R. Lucas 10,465 25.9 −0.8
Liberal Democrat Alan Thompson 4,883 12.1 −4.0
Green Gareth L.N. Edwards 744 1.8 +1.8
Majority 13,877 34.3 +4.5
Turnout 40,434 70.7 +1.6
Labour hold Swing +2.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nick Brown 23,677 56.5 +11.0
Conservative Miss J.G.A. Riley 11,177 26.6 −1.2
Liberal P.J. Arnold 6,728 16.0 −10.7
Communist J. Keith 362 0.9 N/A
Majority 12,500 29.8
Turnout 41,944 70.6
Labour hold Swing +6.1
General Election 1983: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nick Brown 19,247 45.5
Conservative Arthur T. Barnes 11,755 27.8
Social Democrat Mike Thomas 11,293 26.7
Majority 7,492 17.7
Turnout 42,295 71.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mike Thomas 18,257 55.05
Conservative Derek Conway 12,087 36.45
Liberal J. Nelson 2,818 8.50
Majority 6,170 18.61
Turnout 67.96
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mike Thomas 17,312 52.84
Conservative M. Hill 11,063 33.76
Liberal T. Symonds 4,391 13.40
Majority 6,249 19.07
Turnout 71.77
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Geoffrey Rhodes 20,439 58.76
Conservative M. Hill 14,347 41.24
Majority 6,092 17.51
Turnout 76.87
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1970: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Geoffrey Rhodes 20,780 58.35
Conservative Philip E. Heseltine 14,832 41.65
Majority 5,948 16.70
Turnout 75.59
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Geoffrey Rhodes 22,408 59.77
Conservative T.T. Hubble 15,082 40.23
Majority 7,326 19.54
Turnout 80.51
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1964: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Geoffrey Rhodes 21,200 52.02
Conservative Fergus Montgomery 19,556 47.98
Majority 1,644 4.03
Turnout 83.37
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fergus Montgomery 21,457 50.11
Labour Arthur Blenkinsop 21,359 49.89
Majority 98 0.22
Turnout 84.59
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1955: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Blenkinsop 22,816 52.08
Conservative G.F.H. Walker 20,994 47.92
Majority 1,822 4.16
Turnout 77.60
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Blenkinsop 25,621 52.86
Conservative Alfred Edwards 22,850 47.14
Majority 2,771 5.72
Turnout 84.59
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Blenkinsop 24,694 51.45
Conservative P.G. Williams 18,866 39.30
Liberal William McKeag 4,440 9.25
Majority 5,828 5.72
Turnout 83.67
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Blenkinsop 26,116 68.93
Liberal National R. O'Sullivan 11,774 31.07
Majority 14,342 37.85
Turnout 73.13
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Sir Robert Aske 23,146 58.60
Labour Bernard Benjamin Gillis 16,322 41.4
Majority 6,824 17.2
Turnout 81.3
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1931: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Sir Robert Aske 24,552 63.4
Labour Maurice Alexander 14,176 36.6
Majority 10,346 26.8
Turnout 86.5
Liberal National gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert Aske 17,856 51.3
Labour Martin Henry Connolly 16,921 48.7
Majority 935 2.6
Turnout 79.4
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1924: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Martin Henry Connolly 13,120 46.4
Liberal Sir Robert Aske 12,776 45.1
Conservative William Temple 2,420 8.5
Majority 344 1.3
Turnout 83.9
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert Aske 12,656 52.3
Labour Arthur Henderson 11,532 47.7
Majority 1,124
Turnout 73.2
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
Newcastle-upon-Tyne East by-election, 1923
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Henderson 11,066 45.7
Liberal Harry Barnes 6,682 27.6
Conservative Robert Gee 6,480 26.7
Majority 4,384 18.1
Turnout 76.4
Labour hold Swing
Joseph Nicholas Bell
General Election 1922: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Nicholas Bell 10,084 43.1
Liberal Harry Barnes 6,999 30.0
National Liberal Gilbert Stone 6,273 26.9
Majority 3,085 13.1
Turnout 73.7
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Harry Barnes
General Election 1918: Newcastle upon Tyne East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Harry Barnes 8,682 58.1
Labour Walter Hudson 5,195 34.7
Independent John Thompson 1,079 7.2
Majority 3,487 23.4
Turnout 48.7

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.