Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line
|Tashkent – Samarkand High speed Railway|
Tashkent Main Railway Station in Tashkent
|Termini||Tashkent Railway Station, Tashkent
Samarkand Railway Station, Samarkand
|Opening||October 8, 2011|
|Rolling stock||Talgo 250|
|Line length||344 km (214 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) Russian gauge|
The Tashkent to Samarkand high-speed rail line is a 344-kilometre (214 mi), high-speed rail connection between the two largest Uzbek cities of Tashkent and Samarkand and through four provinces: Tashkent, Sirdaryo, Jizzakh and Samarqand in Uzbekistan. The train operates seven times a week under the brand Afrosiyob.
Construction began on the line on March 11, 2011, with completion planned for later that year at a cost of roughly $70 million. The line includes both new and rebuilt trackage, as well as adding modern signaling systems to the route. In addition to building trackage capable of supporting high-speed service, some track of lower standards was built to the cities of Bukhara and Khiva as part of the project. The 344 kilometres (214 mi) high-speed line is capable of speeds up to 250 km/h (160 mph), with a total travel time between Tashkent and Samarkand of about two hours. The line was planned to open for commercial operation in September 2011, but suffered from delays.
Two trainsets for operation on the line were ordered in November 2009 from Talgo at a cost of €38 million ($53 million). The cost of the purchase was split between operator O'zbekiston Temir Yo'llari and a loan from the Fund for Reconstruction and Development of Uzbekistan. The first trainset, a Talgo 250, was delivered to Tashkent on July 22, 2011, with a second following in September. Each trainset consists of two power cars, eight passenger cars with a capacity of 257 people and a dining car. The train carried out its first trip from Tashkent to Samarkand on August 26, 2011 with passengers to visit the Music Festival "Sharq taronalari" in Samarqand. 
Commercial service started on October 8, 2011 twice a week under the brand Afrosiyob; initially, total travel time was still more than two and half-hour. Services were upgraded to five times a week in January 2012, and one month later, daily services started. Services leave Tashkent at 8:00 am.
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- First high-speed Talgo electricity train arrives in Tashkent, 24 July 2011
- Uzdaily: First high-speed electricity train carries out first trip from Samarkand and Tashkent, 27 August 2011
- Uzbekistan Launches High Speed Tashkent-Smarkand Rail Line, September 08 2011
- ГАЖК «Ўзбекистон темир йўллари», ОАО «Узжелдоропасс» оъявляет, что началась продажа проездных документов на высокоскоростной поезд «Afrosiyob»
- High-speed Afrosiyob train starts to run between Tashkent and Samarkand, 6 October 2011
- Uzbekistan Today: 2.5 Hours to Samarqand
- High-speed train Afrosiyob to run five times a week. UzDaily.com. January 24, 2012
- High-speed train Afrosiyob to run seven times a week. UzDaily.com. February 13, 2012