E1 Series Shinkansen
E1 series train set M5, September 2012
|In service||July 1994 – September 2012|
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries|
|Number built||72 vehicles (6 sets)|
|Number in service||None|
|Number scrapped||48 vehicles (4 sets)|
|Formation||12 cars per trainset|
|Line(s) served||Jōetsu Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Steel|
|Car length||End cars: 26,050 mm (85 ft 6 in),
Intermediate cars: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
|Width||3,430 mm (11 ft 3 in)|
|Height||4,493 mm (14 ft 9 in)|
|Doors||Two per side|
|Maximum speed||240 km/h (150 mph)|
|Traction system||(AC) MT204 (24 x 410 kW)|
|Power output||9.84 MW (13,200 hp)|
|Acceleration||1.6 km/(h·s) (0.99 mph/s)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 50 Hz, overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||PS201 pantograph|
|Bogies||DT205 (motored), TR7003 (trailer)|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The E1 series (E1系) was a high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan from July 1994 until September 2012. They were the first double-deck trains built for Japan's Shinkansen. They were generally, along with their fellow double-deck class the E4 series, known by the marketing name "Max" (Multi-Amenity eXpress). The fleet was withdrawn from regular service on 28 September 2012.
Originally intended to be classified as 600 series, the E1 series trains were introduced specifically to relieve overcrowding on services used by commuters on the Tōhoku Shinkansen and Jōetsu Shinkansen.
E1 series sets were used on the following services.
- Jōetsu Shinkansen
The fleet of 12-car sets, numbered M1 to M6, were formed as follows, with car 1 at the Tokyo end.
Fleet details 
|Set No.||Manufacturer||Delivered||Reliveried||Refurbished||DS-ATC added||Withdrawn|
|M1||Kawasaki HI||3 March 1994||17 September 2004||10 July 2004||15 September 2005||2 April 2012|
|M2||Hitachi||23 March 1994||27 November 2004||4 June 2005||5 August 2005||14 April 2012|
|M3||Hitachi/Kawasaki HI||6 February 1995||26 December 2003||31 March 2004||2 November 2005|
|M4||Hitachi||17 October 1995||25 November 2003||2 October 2003||2 February 2006||7 December 2012|
|M5||Kawasaki HI||3 November 1995||11 March 2006||6 June 2006||11 March 2006||4 October 2012|
|M6||Hitachi/Kawasaki HI||22 November 1995||27 November 2005||23 December 2005||27 November 2005||7 November 2012|
The E1 series was the first revenue-earning shinkansen to feature 3+3 abreast seating in standard class for increased seating capacity. The upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 4 were arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and did not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 5 to 12 had regular 2+3 seating. The Green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 9 to 11 had 2+2 seating. The trains had a total seating capacity of 1,235 passengers.
The first E1 series set, M1, was delivered to Sendai Depot on 3 March 1994, sporting "DDS E1" logos (DDS standing for double-deck shinkansen). ローカル鉄道途中下車の旅 The first two E1 series sets delivered entered revenue-earning service on the Tōhoku Shinkansen on 15 July 1994, with the original "DDS" logos replaced by "Max" logos. The original livery was "sky grey" on the upper body side and "silver grey" on the lower body side, separated by a "peacock green" stripe.
From late 2003, the fleet underwent refurbishment, which included the installation of new seating and repainting in a new livery of "stratus white" on the upper body side and "aster blue" on the lower body side, separated by a "ibis pink" stripe.
All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007.
The first two sets were officially withdrawn in April 2012: M1 on 2 April, and M2 on 14 April. The remaining fleet was withdrawn from service from the start of the revised timetable on 29 September 2012.
A special Thank you Max Asahi (ありがとうＭａｘあさひ号 Arigatō Max Asahi-gō ) service ran from Niigata to Tokyo on 27 October 2012 using an E1 series set, followed by a final run from Tokyo to Niigata on 28 October 2012, using set M4.
Bodyside logos 
Between 1 December 2001 and 31 March 2002, the E1 series fleet was adorned with "Alpen Super Express" logos as part of JR East's "JR + Snow" promotional campaign.
From mid August 2012 until the fleet's final withdrawal on 28 September, the remaining three sets had a second toki crested ibis added to their logos to celebrate the rare hatching of ibis chicks in the wild.
See also 
- E4 Series Shinkansen, double-deck Shinkansen
- TGV Duplex, French double-deck high speed train
- List of high speed trains
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- "おかげさまで上越新幹線開業３０周年" [Joetsu Shinkansen 30th Anniversary Celebrations] (pdf) (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company, Niigata Division. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "E1系，営業運転から引退" [E1 series withdrawn from revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "上越新幹線Ｅ１系にも「朱鷺のひな」が誕生します" [Ibis chicks also to appear on Joetsu Shinkansen E1 series trains] (pdf) (in Japanese). Niigata, Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
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