E4 Series Shinkansen
E4 series at Ōmiya Station, March 2011
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries|
|Number built||192 vehicles (24 sets)|
|Number in service||192 vehicles (24 sets) (as of 1 October 2013)|
|Number scrapped||16 vehicles (2 sets)|
|Formation||8 cars per trainset|
|Fleet numbers||P1–P22, P51–P52, P81–P82|
|Capacity||817 (54 Green + 763 Standard)|
|Line(s) served||Tohoku Shinkansen, Joetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||End cars: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in),
Intermediate cars: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Doors||2 per side|
|Maximum speed||240 km/h (150 mph)|
|Traction system||16 x 420 kW (560 hp) AC traction motors|
|Power output||6.72 MW (9,010 hp)|
|Deceleration||2.69 km/h/s (service),
4.04 km/h/s (emergency)
|Power supply||overhead catenary|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 50 Hz|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Pneumatic and Regenerative|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC|
|Multiple working||400/E3-1000/E3-2000 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The E4 series (E4系) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan (the other being the E1 series). They operate on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen, and occasionally on the Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. They were often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Fukushima before the latter retired in April 2010.
Two eight-car sets can be coupled together for extra capacity: a sixteen-car E4 series formation trainset carries a total of 1,634 seated passengers - the highest-capacity high-speed rail trainset in the world.
26 units were built between 1997 and 2003. As with the earlier E1 series trains, maximum speed is 240 km/h.
Cars 4 and 6 are each equipped with a PS201 pantograph.
|P1||Kawasaki HI||8 October 1997|
|P2||Hitachi||20 October 1997||3 July 2013|
|P3||Kawasaki HI||27 October 1997||26 July 2013|
|P4||Hitachi||10 February 1999|
|P5||Kawasaki HI||22 February 1999|
|P6||Hitachi||15 March 1999|
|P7||Hitachi||14 April 1999|
|P8||Kawasaki HI||31 May 1999|
|P9||Hitachi||21 June 1999|
|P10||Kawasaki HI||12 July 1999|
|P11||Hitachi||26 July 2000|
|P12||Hitachi||28 August 2000|
|P13||Kawasaki HI||11 September 2000|
|P14||Hitachi||13 October 2000|
|P15||Kawasaki HI||16 October 2000|
|P16||Hitachi||27 November 2000|
|P17||Hitachi||21 March 2001|
|P18||Kawasaki HI||4 June 2001|
|P19||Kawasaki HI||25 June 2001|
|P20||Hitachi||16 July 2001|
|P21||Kawasaki HI||9 October 2001|
|P22||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2001|
|P51||Kawasaki HI||31 January 2001|
|P52||Kawasaki HI||20 February 2001|
|P81||Hitachi||30 July 2003|
|P82||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2003|
Sets P81 and P82, delivered in July and November 2003 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen, and are also capable of operating under 50 Hz and 60 Hz overhead power supplies for use on services to Nagano.
As with the earlier E1 series, the upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 3 are arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and do not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 4 to 8 have regular 2+3 seating. The Green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 7 to 8 have 2+2 seating. The trains have a total seating capacity of 817 passengers.
The first E4 series set, P1, was delivered to Sendai Depot on 8 October 1997, with the first sets entering revenue-earning service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from 20 December 1997.
All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007.
In March 2011, it was announced that the entire E4 series fleet would be withdrawn by around 2016.
In September 2012, E4 series were entirely withdrawn from Tohoku Shinkansen services, and all allocated for use on Joetsu Shinkansen services only.
Withdrawals started in July 2013, with sets P2 and P3.
- JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8.
- 鉄道のテクノロジーVol1：新幹線 [Railway Technology Vol.1: Shinkansen]. Japan: Sanei Mook. April 2009. ISBN 978-4-7796-0534-5.
- JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. p. 9. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1.
- JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: JRR. May 2013. p. 11. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3.
- JR電車編成表 2014冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2014]. Japan: JRR. 1 December 2013. p. 11. ISBN 978-4-330-42413-2.
- Saito, Masatoshi (9 March 2011). "ＪＲ東：２階建て新幹線「Ｍａｘ」５年後全廃 老朽化進み" [JR East to withdraw all "Max" double-decker trains within 5 years]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
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