Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba

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Jalal ud din Khan
Personal details
Born (1901-03-03)3 March 1901
Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, British India
Died 21 January 1981(1981-01-21) (aged 79)
Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Jalaluddin (Urdu: جلال الدین), aka Jalal Baba (Urdu: جلال بابا), was born in Abbottabad, Hazara on 3 March 1901. He was a public leader and supporter of the Pakistan independence movement. He started his career as a driver for the Britishers, and rose to the station of a leading transporter of the area. He joined the All-India Muslim League in 1935 and eventually became President of the Hazara branch of the Muslim League during the 1940s and was unopposed for many years.

Early life[edit]

Jalal Baba came from a very poor background, but was interested in politics from a young age. After joining the Muslim League he worked day and night contributing to its progress and became its District President.

Due to his political efforts, he was given the nickname Jalal 'Baba' (i.e., an elder, wise man or expert etc. in the local Hindko dialect) and was elected Hazara district president in 1940. He subsequently held the office as unopposed president for almost 21 years. The Hazara Muslim League acquired great strength and popularity under his leadership.

When the Quaid-i-Azam undertook a visit to Peshawar, he was warmly welcomed by a large gathering. Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba led a procession of a thousand Muslim League workers from Hazara and also reached Peshawar. Sitting on horseback with sword in his hand Jalal Baba escorted the Quaid’s car. He was followed by a band of National Guards. Musical band of National Guards from Hazara also participated in this historical procession.

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Political career[edit]

He was the member of National Assembly of Pakistan, Jalal Baba had served as an elected member of Central Legislative Assembly (1944–49). He renounced his titles of Khan Bahadur and Khan sahab given by the British.

Jalal Baba was one of the first to initiate the Direct Action in the Battle of Pakistan by moving a resolution in the All-India Muslim League meeting in July 1946, recommending the reunification of titles, conferred by the British Government.

Again when in July 1947, the Muslim League launched the civil disobedience movement, Baba was the first to court arrest from Hazara followed by the others in such a large numbers that the jails were filled to capacity with the political internees. He was released only after the declaration of independence and the establishment of Pakistan.

Political offices
Preceded by
Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan
Vice president of NWFP/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Muslim League
Succeeded by
Abdul Qayyum Khan
Preceded by
Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur
Interior Minister of Pakistan
Succeeded by
Zakir Hussain