Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba

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Jalal ud din Khan
Jalal Baba Jalal ud din
Personal details
Born (1901-03-03)3 March 1901
Abbottabad, Kyhber Pakhtunkhwa, British India
Died 21 January 1981(1981-01-21) (aged 79)
Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Jalaluddin, aka Jalal Baba, was born in Abbottabad, Hazara on 3 March 1901. He was a public leader and supporter of the Pakistan independence movement. He started his career as a driver for the Britishers, and rose to the station of a leading transporter of the area. He joined Muslim League in 1935 and then eventually became President of the Hazara branch of the Muslim League during the 1940s and was unopposed for many years.

Early life[edit]

Jalal Baba was from a very poor and humble background, but was interested in politics ever since he was young. After joining the Muslim League he worked day and night for its progress and when he was District President he put his soul into it.

Politics[edit]

Due to his political machinations and efforts, he was given the nickname Jalal 'Baba' (i.e. an elder, wise man or expert etc. in the local Hindko dialect) and soon climbed up the party ranks and was elected Hazara district president in 1940. He subsequently held the office as unopposed president for almost 21 years. The Hazara Muslim League acquired great strength and popularity under his leadership. The different people and castes such as Awan, Dhond Abbasi, Tanoli, Swati and various Pathan clans were able to come together for a common goal under his leadership i.e. to demand a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. His leadership unified these scattered groups into one.

When the Quaid-i-Azam under took a visit to Peshawar, he was warmly welcomed by a mammoth gathering. Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba leading a procession of thousand of Muslim League workers form Hazara reached Peshawar. Sitting on horseback with sword in his hand Jalal Baba was escorting the Quaid’s car. He was followed by a band of National Guards. Musical band of National Guards from Hazara also participated in this historical procession. When Jalal Baba Raised the flag of the Muslim League, it was the time when doing such a thing was like raising a flag of treason. The congress was so strong all around that none dared take name of the Muslim League. Such a person was called not only a communalist but was branded as a “Toady “ and a “Stooge” of the British. They were derided for not only being unpatriotic but parochialists and selfish. Burning the torch of the Muslim League in the face of such a tempestuous opposition and hatred was a Herculean task. Jalal Baba put life and soul into the body of the Hazara Muslim League. He did not hesitate from any sacrifice for it. It was the result of his tireless efforts that even before the partition the Muslim League had become a force to reckon with. The people started flocking into its fold. The curtains of opposition and misunderstanding began to left, and cracks started to appear in the ranks of the Congress. New Leaders came forward to carry own the Mission of the Muslim League. There was enormous increase in its workers and the widespread sympathizers among the masses.

Muslim con.jpg

Political career[edit]

He was the member of National assembly, Jalal Baba had served as an elected member of Central Legislative Assembly (1944–49). He renounced his titles of Khan Bahadur and Khan sahab given by the British. The masses loved and respected him from the core of their hearts. There was time when the Jalal Baba was adored as an ideal hero of the people. Even when was holding a position of power and authority he never kept himself aloof from the masses. He used to utter the following words while addressing rallies: “Friends! Jalal is a poor man and is son of a Blacksmith. He will live with the poor and would die for them"[citation needed] He had achieved a unique position in the politics of the Frontier Province. Jalal Baba was one of the first to initiate the Direct Action in the Battle of Pakistan by moving a resolution in the All-India Muslim League meeting in July 1946, recommending the reunification of titles, conferred by the British Government. Again when in July 1947, the Muslim League launched the civil disobedience movement, the Baba was the first to court arrest from Hazara followed by the others in such a large numbers that the Jails were filled to capacity with the political internees. He was released only after the declaration of independence and the establishment of Pakistan.


Political offices
Preceded by
Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan
[[Vice president of NWFP/Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Muslim League]]
1940-1960
Succeeded by
Abdul Qayyum Khan
Preceded by
Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur
Interior Minister of Pakistan
1958–1959
Succeeded by
Zakir Hussain

References[edit]