Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi

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شیخ القرآن

Sidi Shaykh Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi
سیدی شیخ عبدالغفور ہزاروی
Title Rahbar-e-Sharia, Qudwat ul-Salikeen, Zubdat ul-Arfeen, Burhan-ul-Wasleen, Makhdoom Ahle Sunnah, Hazrat Shaykh-ul-Quran, Abu al-Haqaiq
Born 10 Dhu al-Hijjah 1328 Hijri (1910-12-12)12 December 1910
Kot Najeebullah, North-West Frontier Province, British India
Died 8 Sha'aban 1390 Hijri 9 October 1970(1970-10-09) (aged 59)
Resting place Wazirabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality British India
Ethnicity Karlal
Era Modern era
Region South Asia
Occupation Political leader, Grand Mufti
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Creed Sufism
Movement Barelvi
Main interest(s) Fiqh, Tafsir, Sunnah, Hadith, Sharia, ʿAqīdah, Seerah, Mantiq, Islamic philosophy, oratory
Notable idea(s) Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan, Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Notable work(s) Jamia Nizamia Ghousia, Manaqib-al-Jaleela
Alma mater Darul Uloom Bareily
Sufi order Chishti, Qadiriyya, Uwaisi
Disciple of Hamid Raza Khan
Awards Nishan-e-Imtiaz (1958)
Barelvis consider Durood very important.
Central figures

Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Shah Waliullah
Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki
Hamid Raza Khan


Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, Pakistan
Sunni Tehreek, Pakistan
Sunni Ittehad Council, Pakistan
Dawat-e-Islami, International
Sunni Dawat-e-Islami, International


Al Jamiatul Ashrafia · Manzar-e-Islam
Al-Jame-atul-Islamia · Jamiatur Raza

Notable Scholars

Ameen Mian Qaudri, India
Sarfraz Ahmed Naeemi, Pakistan
Muhammad Ilyas Qadri, Pakistan
Akhtar Raza, India
Qamaruzzaman Azmi, United Kingdom
Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui, Pakistan
Arshadul Qaudri, India

Kanzul Iman, translation of the Qur'an

Akhundzada Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi (Urdu: اخوندزادہ محمد عبدالغفور ہزاروی چشتی‎) was a prominent Muslim theologian, Faqīh, Mufassir, Orator, Muslim revivalist leader and a 20th-century Islamic thinker in Pakistan.[1] He was a pioneer of Pakistan movement, member of Council of Islamic Ideology. He was the companion of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and separatist leader Maulana Zafar Ali Khan and played a vital role in the independence movement of Pakistan against the British Raj.[2] He was a great Sufi saint of the Chishti Sufi order and the founding member of the religious Barelvi Sunni strain political party Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP). He became its president in 1967. He was also a political figure in Pakistan and was the first recipient of Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence) by the President of Pakistan.[3] He was also the chairman of Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat, an organisation opposed to the Ahmadiyya Movement that waged a campaign against Mirza Ghulam Ahmed's claim of prophethood.[4]

Early life[edit]

Hazarvi was born in Chamba Village, Kot Najeebullah, North-West Frontier Province, British India. His father Maulana Abdul Hameed Hazarvi, an Islamic scholar, belonged to the Karlal Hindko tribe. He was a follower of the Chishti Order[5] He was the elder of his four brothers and sisters.[6] Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi studied with top scholars including Moulana Muhib-un-Nabi. He started studies of Islamic law, Urdu, Persian and Arabic languages at the local maktab in Chamba Village, He was the student of well known Islamic Scholar Moulana Mushtaq Ahmad Kanpuri, where he learned Islamic Jurisprudence and traditional Dars-i-Nizami. He completed the Dawra Hadith and Qur'anic exegesis with the Hamid Raza Khan the elder son of Ahmad Raza Khan in Madrasa Manzar-e-Islam, Bareily. Hamid Raza Khan gave this student of his khilafat, which is why Qadri is written on his gravestone. He became famous with the name which was kept by his grandfather Mohammad Aalam Hazarvi. It was the time when Hazarvi was attracted to Mathematics, and he studied the fundamental concepts in Mathematics in depth.[7]

Pledge of allegiance and services[edit]

Hazarvi did Bay'ah on the hands of Pir Meher Ali Shah at the age of about 11 and asked him to pray that he could become a Mawlawi. Pir Meher Ali Shah said to him that "jaao! eik din tum bohot barei moulvi bano gei" (Mawlawi was the title used for Alim in those days).[8]

At the age of 26, in 1937 Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi went to Jeendhar Sharif, Gujrat, at the service of Uwais-e-Waqat Khawaja Gohar Munir Jeendharvi which was a great Sufi of the Uwaisi order, who devoted everything to his followers, due to this immense fayz (blessing), Hazarvi progressed rapidly through the stages of spiritual training and Tasawwuf. He conferred khilafah upon Hazarvi thus giving him permission to speak on behalf of the Uwaisi Order.[9]

After taking the education he started the teaching Quran and Hadith in Madrasa Manzar-e-Islam in Bareilly, India. After then he taught Dars-i-Nizami in Jamia Khudam-ul-Sufiya in Gujrat, where he performed his duties as Mudarris. On (1935), Hazarvi established Jamia Nizamia Ghousia in Wazirabad, where he served as the Mohatmim and Khatib. Hazarvi was a great Mudarris and in the month of Ramadan especially he would teach Dowra Qur'an to advanced students over the 30 days.[9]

Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi being one of the best speakers in South Asia, he was a brilliant orator, and he had his gifted ability to answer and reply spontaneously. Many people would go "Mast" when he delivered his speeches. Ghazali-e-Zaman Syed Ahmad Saeed Kazmi Shah would consider himself uneducated in front of him. Hazarvi shared a close relationship with Muhaddith-e-Azam Pakistan Moulana Sardar Ahmad Qadri; both had studied under Hamid Raza Khan.[10]

Hazarvi was the either the founding member of most Muslim organisations or was the part of them, such as Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (JUP), Anjuman-e-Talaba-e-Islam (ATI), Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat and All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-e-Millat later on merged in All-India Muslim League in 1940.[11]

Agitation for democracy[edit]

During the Ayub era, nine prominent leaders belonging to different political parties were tried for mutiny under the Official Secret Act. The nine of them had decided to initiate a democratic movement; As a president of Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi was one of the nine. The trial lingered on for two years. Ultimately, the case was taken back by the government,for lack of evidence. In 1965, the joint opposition was organised, he was one of its central leaders. Along with other leaders of the COP, Hazarvi toured the two wings of the country (East and West Pakistan) to create mass awareness and organise a strong national democratic movement. The military ruler, president Muhammad Ayub Khan (1958–1969), banned political parties and warned Hazarvi against continued political activism. Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan supported the opposition party, the Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM). In the 1964 – 1965 presidential elections, Hazarvi supported the opposition leader, Fatima Jinnah.[12]

Opposition to other sects[edit]

Hazarvi was also the founding member of Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat, Pakistani nationalist Muslim political movement in Pakistan. He led a movement against Ahmadis and held a Khatme Nabuwwat Conference at Rabwah in 21–23 October 1953.[13] Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi was a central figure in the Khatme Nabuwwat Movement of 1953, which demanded that government of Pakistan declare the Ahmadis as non-Muslims. Hazarvi was active in the Khatme Nabuwwat movement. .[14]

Beliefs and Practices[edit]

Beliefs regarding Muhammad[edit]

Hazarvi have several beliefs regarding Muhammad's nature, which distinguish them from Deobandi, Salafi and Shia groups in South Asia:

  • He is a human being but created from light like angels, rather than from clay like other human beings.[15]
  • He is present in many places at the same time.[16]
  • He is still witnessing all that goes on in the world.[16]
  • He has knowledge of that which is unknown, including the future.[17]
  • He has the authority to do whatever he desires as granted to him by God.[18]

Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi's beliefs regarding Muhammad include that Muhammad, although human, possessed a nūr (light) that predates creation.[19] This contrasts with the Deobandi view that Muhammad was insan-e-kamil ("the complete man"), a respected but physically typical human.[20][21]

  • He is haazir naazir (can be present in many places at the same time, as opposed to God, who is everywhere by definition).[16]
  • God has granted him ilm-e-ghaib (the knowledge of the unseen).

Hazarvi wrote:

We do not hold that anyone can equal the knowledge of Allah Most High, or possess it independently, nor do we assert that Allah's giving of knowledge to the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is anything but a part. But what a patent and tremendous difference between one part [the Prophet's] and another [anyone else's]: like the difference between the sky and the earth, or rather even greater and more immense.[21]

—Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi, Shamsul Hidayah (c00), 291.


  • Veneration of the dead, specifically those who lead pious/righteous lives. This consists of the intervention of an ascending, linked and unbroken chain of holy personages claimed to reach ultimately to Muhammad, who Barelvis believe intercede on their behalf with God.[24]
  • Visiting the tombs of Muhammad, his companions and of pious Muslims, an act the Barelvis claim is supported by the Quran, Sunnah and acts of the companions, but which opponents call "shrine-worshipping" and Grave worshiping and consider to be un-Islamic.[25][26][27][28]
  • Leaving the beard to grow for men; the Hazarvi's views a man who trims his beard to less than a fist-length as a sinner, and shaving the beard is considered abominable.[33]


Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi wrote and translated numerous books on a variety of subjects. Amongst his famous works were his compilation of Manaqib-al-Jaleela, is a book on Islamic Jurisprudence.[34]

Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi's works include

  1. Tahqiq-ul-Haq Fi Kalima-tul-Haq (The Truth about Kalima-tul-Haq)
  2. Shamsul Hidayah
  3. I'la Kalimatillah Fi Bayan-e-Wa Ma Uhilla Bihi Legharillah
  4. AlFatuhat-us-Samadiyyah (Divine Bounties)
  5. Tasfiah Mabain Sunni Wa Shi'ah
  6. Majmua Fatawa


He died on 9 October 1970, in the road accident at Wazirabad, Punjab, Pakistan.[35]


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  7. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin – Page 4 – Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
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