List of Japanese prefectures by population

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This is a list of Japanese prefectures by population.

For details of administrative divisions of Japan, see Prefectures of Japan.

Prefectures of Japan ranked by population as of October 1, 2011[edit]

Figures here are according to the official estimates of Japan as of October 1, 2011,[1] except for the census population held on October 1, 2010.[2] Population is given according to the de jure population concept for enumerating the people. That is, a person was enumerated at the place where he or she usually lived, and was counted as the population of the area including the place. Ranks are given by the estimated population as of October 1, 2011.

Rank Prefectures Japanese Estimated

Total
Population

Estimated

Male
Population

Estimated

Female
Population

Annual

Change
(Oct 1, 2010 to
Sep 30, 2011)

Estimated

Population
of Japanese
nationality

Latest

Census
Population
(Oct 1, 2010)

Estimated

Area
(km²)

Population

Density
(/km²)
[3]

Capital
1 Tōkyō-to 東京都 13,195,974 6,523,551 6,672,423 36,586 12,869,205 13,159,388 2,188.67 6,029.22 Shinjuku-ku, Tōkyō-to
2 Kanagawa-ken 神奈川県 9,058,094 4,543,383 4,514,711 9,763 8,934,423 9,048,331 2,415.86 3,749.43 Yokohama-shi
3 Ōsaka-fu 大阪府 8,861,012 4,279,771 4,581,241 -4,233 8,698,609 8,865,245 1,899.28 4,665.46 Ōsaka-shi
4 Aichi-ken 愛知県 7,416,336 3,705,395 3,710,941 5,617 7,261,898 7,410,719 5,165.12 1,435.85 Nagoya-shi
5 Saitama-ken 埼玉県 7,207,139 3,612,453 3,594,686 12,583 7,117,493 7,194,556 3,798.08 1,897.57 Saitama-shi
6 Chiba-ken 千葉県 6,214,148 3,095,664 3,118,484 -2,141 6,134,596 6,216,289 5,156.61 1,205.08 Chiba-shi
7 Hyōgo-ken 兵庫県 5,581,968 2,669,033 2,912,935 -6,165 5,504,516 5,588,133 8,396.16 664.82 Kōbe-shi
8 Hokkaidō 北海道 5,485,952 2,591,405 2,894,547 -20,467 5,467,326 5,506,419 83,457.00 65.73 Sapporo-shi
9 Fukuoka-ken 福岡県 5,079,291 2,397,299 2,681,992 7,323 5,038,034 5,071,968 4,978.51 1,020.24 Fukuoka-shi
10 Shizuoka-ken 静岡県 3,749,274 1,846,407 1,902,867 -15,733 3,694,014 3,765,007 7,780.50 481.88 Shizuoka-shi
11 Ibaraki-ken 茨城県 2,957,706 1,474,297 1,483,409 -12,064 2,918,842 2,969,770 6,095.72 485.21 Mito-shi
12 Hiroshima-ken 広島県 2,855,045 1,377,843 1,477,202 -5,705 2,823,615 2,860,750 8,479.70 336.69 Hiroshima-shi
13 Kyōto-fu 京都府 2,631,671 1,262,660 1,369,011 -4,421 2,589,740 2,636,092 4,613.21 570.46 Kyōto-shi
14 Niigata-ken 新潟県 2,362,158 1,142,365 1,219,793 -12,292 2,350,786 2,374,450 12,583.83 187.71 Niigata-shi
15 Miyagi-ken 宮城県 2,326,735 1,129,926 1,196,809 -21,430 2,314,761 2,348,165 7,285.77 319.35 Sendai-shi
16 Nagano-ken 長野県 2,142,167 1,041,409 1,100,758 -10,282 2,115,329 2,152,449 13,562.23 157.95 Nagano-shi
17 Gifu-ken 岐阜県 2,070,908 1,002,276 1,068,632 -9,865 2,037,356 2,080,773 10,621.17 194.98 Gifu-shi
18 Gunma-ken 群馬県 2,000,514 984,456 1,016,058 -7,554 1,966,343 2,008,068 6,362.33 314.43 Maebashi-shi
19 Tochigi-ken 栃木県 2,000,010 993,515 1,006,495 -7,673 1,974,639 2,007,683 6,408.28 312.10 Utsunomiya-shi
20 Fukushima-ken 福島県 1,989,834 967,024 1,022,810 -39,230 1,981,379 2,029,064 13,782.76 144.37 Fukushima-shi
21 Okayama-ken 岡山県 1,940,559 930,802 1,009,757 -4,717 1,922,457 1,945,276 7,113.23 272.81 Okayama-shi
22 Mie-ken 三重県 1,847,223 899,880 947,343 -7,501 1,816,423 1,854,724 5,777.31 319.74 Tsu-shi
23 Kumamoto-ken 熊本県 1,812,575 851,512 961,063 -4,851 1,805,009 1,817,426 7,404.79 244.78 Kumamoto-shi
24 Kagoshima-ken 鹿児島県 1,698,695 793,523 905,172 -7,547 1,692,899 1,706,242 9,188.82 184.87 Kagoshima-shi
25 Yamaguchi-ken 山口県 1,442,428 680,028 762,400 -8,910 1,430,683 1,451,338 6,114.09 235.92 Yamaguchi-shi
26 Ehime-ken 愛媛県 1,423,406 669,671 753,735 -8,087 1,416,061 1,431,493 5,678.33 250.67 Matsuyama-shi
27 Nagasaki-ken 長崎県 1,417,423 661,501 755,922 -9,356 1,411,261 1,426,779 4,105.47 345.25 Nagasaki-shi
28 Shiga-ken 滋賀県 1,413,513 698,387 715,126 2,736 1,393,683 1,410,777 4,017.36 351.85 Ōtsu-shi
29 Okinawa-ken 沖縄県 1,401,066 687,245 713,821 8,248 1,393,451 1,392,818 2,276.49 615.45 Naha-shi
30 Nara-ken 奈良県 1,395,845 660,457 735,388 -4,883 1,386,694 1,400,728 3,691.09 378.17 Nara-shi
31 Aomori-ken 青森県 1,362,820 640,699 722,121 -10,519 1,359,540 1,373,339 9,644.55 141.30 Aomori-shi
32 Iwate-ken 岩手県 1,314,076 627,232 686,844 -16,071 1,309,060 1,330,147 15,278.89 86.01 Morioka-shi
33 Ōita-ken 大分県 1,191,430 562,753 628,677 -5,099 1,182,985 1,196,529 6,339.74 187.93 Ōita-shi
34 Ishikawa-ken 石川県 1,166,309 563,490 602,819 -3,479 1,156,771 1,169,788 4,185.67 278.64 Kanazawa-shi
35 Yamagata-ken 山形県 1,161,214 557,200 604,014 -7,710 1,155,565 1,168,924 9,323.46 124.55 Yamagata-shi
36 Miyazaki-ken 宮崎県 1,130,983 531,007 599,976 -4,250 1,127,069 1,135,233 7,735.99 146.20 Miyazaki-shi
37 Toyama-ken 富山県 1,087,745 524,274 563,471 -5,502 1,077,203 1,093,247 4,247.61 256.08 Toyama-shi
38 Akita-ken 秋田県 1,074,858 504,513 570,345 -11,139 1,071,848 1,085,997 11,636.28 92.37 Akita-shi
39 Wakayama-ken 和歌山県 995,010 467,776 527,234 -7,188 990,288 1,002,198 4,726.29 210.53 Wakayama-shi
40 Kagawa-ken 香川県 991,947 478,232 513,715 -3,895 985,272 995,842 1,876.55 528.60 Takamatsu-shi
41 Yamanashi-ken 山梨県 857,459 419,666 437,793 -5,616 845,769 863,075 4,465.37 192.02 Kōfu-shi
42 Saga-ken 佐賀県 846,787 398,758 448,029 -3,001 843,185 849,788 2,439.65 347.09 Saga-shi
43 Fukui-ken 福井県 802,906 388,396 414,510 -3,408 792,667 806,314 4,189.88 191.63 Fukui-shi
44 Tokushima-ken 徳島県 780,236 370,323 409,913 -5,255 776,346 785,491 4,146.74 188.16 Tokushima-shi
45 Kōchi-ken 高知県 758,469 356,257 402,212 -5,987 755,431 764,456 7,105.16 106.75 Kōchi-shi
46 Shimane-ken 島根県 712,292 340,649 371,643 -5,105 707,588 717,397 6,707.96 106.19 Matsue-shi
47 Tottori-ken 鳥取県 585,494 279,362 306,132 -3,173 582,023 588,667 3,507.28 166.94 Tottori-shi
Japan 日本国 127,798,704 62,183,725 65,614,979 -258,648 126,180,135 128,057,352 377,954.84 338.13 Tōkyō

Historical demography of prefectures of Japan[edit]

Population before 1920 was calculated based on information of family registries (戸籍 koseki?), while door-to-door censuses have been held every 5 years as of October 1 since 1920 in Japan except for the year of 1945.

As for prefectural population before 1945, prefectures that constituted official Japan Proper or Mainland Japan (内地 naichi?, inner lands) are only given. Karafuto Prefecture (樺太府 Karafuto-fu?) or Southern Sakhalin was officially incorporated into Japan Proper since March 26, 1943 until the end of the World War II, while Taiwan, Kwantung Leased Territory, Korea and South Pacific Mandate were treated as exterior territories (外地 gaichi?, outer lands). At the end of war, Japan lost possessions of Southern Sakhalin (Karafuto-fu), Kuril Islands (part of Hokkaidō), Ogasawra Islands (part of Tōkyō-to), Amami and Tokara Islands (part of Kagoshima-ken), Daitō Islands and Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa-ken). For the population of the colonies of the former Empire of Japan, see Demographics of Imperial Japan.

1948 to 2010[edit]

Population in the following table is given according to the de jure population concept for enumerating the people.

  • Source: Census of Japan (as of October 1 for the years of 2010, 2005, 2000, 1995, 1990, 1985, 1980, 1975, 1970, 1965, 1960, 1955 and 1950),
De jure Population Census of Japan (as of August 1, 1948),
Census of Ryūkyū (as of October 1, 1970, December 1, 1960 and December 1, 1950),
Extraordinary Census of Ryūkyū (as of October 1, 1965 and December 1, 1955).
Prefectures Oct 1,

2010

Oct 1,

2005

Oct 1,

2000

Oct 1,

1995

Oct 1,

1990

Oct 1,

1985

Oct 1,

1980

Oct 1,

1975

Oct 1,

1970

Oct 1,

1965

Oct 1,

1960[4]

Oct 1,

1955[5]

Oct 1,

1950[6]

Aug 1,

1948[7]

Hokkaidō 5,506,419 5,627,737 5,683,062 5,692,321 5,643,647 5,679,439 5,575,989 5,338,206 5,184,287 5,171,800 5,039,206 4,773,087 4,295,567 4,021,050
Aomori-ken 1,373,339 1,436,657 1,475,728 1,481,663 1,482,873 1,524,448 1,523,907 1,468,646 1,427,520 1,416,591 1,426,606 1,382,523 1,282,867 1,218,325
Iwate-ken 1,330,147 1,385,041 1,416,180 1,419,505 1,416,928 1,433,611 1,421,927 1,385,563 1,371,383 1,411,118 1,448,517 1,427,097 1,346,728 1,294,203
Miyagi-ken 2,348,165 2,360,218 2,365,320 2,328,739 2,248,558 2,176,295 2,082,320 1,955,267 1,819,223 1,753,126 1,743,195 1,727,065 1,663,442 1,596,307
Akita-ken 1,085,997 1,145,501 1,189,279 1,213,667 1,227,478 1,254,032 1,256,745 1,232,481 1,241,376 1,279,835 1,335,580 1,348,871 1,309,031 1,283,710
Yamagata-ken 1,168,924 1,216,181 1,244,147 1,256,958 1,258,390 1,261,662 1,251,917 1,220,302 1,225,618 1,263,103 1,320,664 1,353,649 1,357,347 1,346,492
Fukushima-ken 2,029,064 2,091,319 2,126,935 2,133,592 2,104,058 2,080,304 2,035,272 1,970,616 1,946,077 1,983,754 2,051,137 2,095,237 2,062,394 2,026,482
Ibaraki-ken 2,969,770 2,975,167 2,985,676 2,955,530 2,845,382 2,725,005 2,558,007 2,342,198 2,143,551 2,056,154 2,047,024 2,064,037 2,039,418 2,044,578
Tochigi-ken 2,007,683 2,016,631 2,004,817 1,984,390 1,935,168 1,866,066 1,792,201 1,698,003 1,580,021 1,521,656 1,513,624 1,547,580 1,550,462 1,557,860
Gunma-ken 2,008,068 2,024,135 2,024,852 2,003,540 1,966,265 1,921,259 1,848,562 1,756,480 1,658,909 1,605,584 1,578,476 1,613,549 1,601,380 1,608,894
Saitama-ken 7,194,556 7,054,243 6,938,006 6,759,311 6,405,319 5,863,678 5,420,480 4,821,340 3,866,472 3,014,983 2,430,871 2,262,623 2,146,445 2,132,221
Chiba-ken 6,216,289 6,056,462 5,926,285 5,797,782 5,555,429 5,148,163 4,735,424 4,149,147 3,366,624 2,701,770 2,306,010 2,205,060 2,139,037 2,140,511
Tōkyō-to[8] 13,159,388 12,576,601 12,064,101 11,773,605 11,855,563 11,829,363 11,618,281 11,673,554 11,408,071 10,869,244 9,683,802 8,037,084 6,277,500 5,417,871
Kanagawa-ken 9,048,331 8,791,597 8,489,974 8,245,900 7,980,391 7,431,974 6,924,348 6,397,748 5,472,247 4,430,743 3,443,176 2,919,497 2,487,665 2,317,551
Niigata-ken 2,374,450 2,431,459 2,475,733 2,488,364 2,474,583 2,478,470 2,451,357 2,391,938 2,360,982 2,398,931 2,442,037 2,473,492 2,460,997 2,435,451
Toyama-ken 1,093,247 1,111,729 1,120,851 1,123,125 1,120,161 1,118,369 1,103,459 1,070,791 1,029,695 1,025,465 1,032,614 1,021,121 1,008,790 998,349
Ishikawa-ken 1,169,788 1,174,026 1,180,977 1,180,068 1,164,628 1,152,325 1,119,304 1,069,872 1,002,420 980,499 973,418 966,187 957,279 941,772
Fukui-ken 806,314 821,592 828,944 826,996 823,585 817,633 794,354 773,599 744,230 750,557 752,696 754,055 752,374 733,374
Yamanashi-ken 863,075 884,515 888,172 881,996 852,966 832,832 804,256 783,050 762,029 763,194 782,062 807,044 811,369 815,485
Nagano-ken 2,152,449 2,196,114 2,215,168 2,193,984 2,156,627 2,136,927 2,083,934 2,017,564 1,956,917 1,958,007 1,981,433 2,021,292 2,060,831 2,079,682
Gifu-ken 2,080,773 2,107,226 2,107,700 2,100,315 2,066,569 2,028,536 1,960,107 1,867,978 1,758,954 1,700,365 1,638,399 1,583,605 1,544,538 1,524,812
Shizuoka-ken 3,765,007 3,792,377 3,767,393 3,737,689 3,670,840 3,574,692 3,446,804 3,308,799 3,089,895 2,912,521 2,756,271 2,650,435 2,471,472 2,407,102
Aichi-ken 7,410,719 7,254,704 7,043,300 6,868,336 6,690,603 6,455,172 6,221,638 5,923,569 5,386,163 4,798,653 4,206,313 3,769,209 3,390,585 3,226,116
Mie-ken 1,854,724 1,866,963 1,857,339 1,841,358 1,792,514 1,747,311 1,686,936 1,626,002 1,543,083 1,514,467 1,485,054 1,485,582 1,461,197 1,451,100
Shiga-ken 1,410,777 1,380,361 1,342,832 1,287,005 1,222,411 1,155,844 1,079,898 985,621 889,768 853,385 842,695 853,734 861,180 872,775
Kyōto-fu 2,636,092 2,647,660 2,644,391 2,629,592 2,602,460 2,586,574 2,527,330 2,424,856 2,250,087 2,102,808 1,993,403 1,935,161 1,832,934 1,784,753
Ōsaka-fu 8,865,245 8,817,166 8,805,081 8,797,268 8,734,516 8,668,095 8,473,446 8,278,925 7,620,480 6,657,189 5,504,746 4,618,308 3,857,047 3,515,225
Hyōgo-ken 5,588,133 5,590,601 5,550,574 5,401,877 5,405,040 5,278,050 5,144,892 4,992,140 4,667,928 4,309,944 3,906,487 3,620,947 3,309,935 3,156,888
Nara-ken 1,400,728 1,421,310 1,442,795 1,430,862 1,375,481 1,304,866 1,209,365 1,077,491 930,160 825,965 781,058 776,861 763,883 778,677
Wakayama-ken 1,002,198 1,035,969 1,069,912 1,080,435 1,074,325 1,087,206 1,087,012 1,072,118 1,042,736 1,026,975 1,002,191 1,006,819 982,113 979,982
Tottori-ken 588,667 607,012 613,289 614,929 615,722 616,024 604,221 581,311 568,777 579,853 599,135 614,259 600,177 592,863
Shimane-ken 717,397 742,223 761,503 771,441 781,021 794,629 784,795 768,886 773,575 821,620 888,886 929,066 912,551 903,576
Okayama-ken 1,945,276 1,957,264 1,950,828 1,950,750 1,925,877 1,916,906 1,871,023 1,814,305 1,707,026 1,645,135 1,670,454 1,689,800 1,661,099 1,650,285
Hiroshima-ken 2,860,750 2,876,642 2,878,915 2,881,748 2,849,847 2,819,200 2,739,161 2,646,324 2,436,135 2,281,146 2,184,043 2,149,044 2,081,967 2,045,923
Yamaguchi-ken 1,451,338 1,492,606 1,527,964 1,555,543 1,572,616 1,601,627 1,587,079 1,555,218 1,511,448 1,543,573 1,602,207 1,609,839 1,540,882 1,505,532
Tokushima-ken 785,491 809,950 824,108 832,427 831,598 834,889 825,261 805,166 791,111 815,115 847,274 878,109 878,511 869,290
Kagawa-ken 995,842 1,012,400 1,022,890 1,027,006 1,023,412 1,022,569 999,864 961,292 907,897 900,845 918,867 943,823 946,022 934,123
Ehime-ken 1,431,493 1,467,815 1,493,092 1,506,700 1,515,025 1,529,983 1,506,637 1,465,215 1,418,124 1,446,384 1,500,687 1,540,628 1,521,878 1,481,106
Kōchi-ken 764,456 796,292 813,949 816,704 825,034 839,784 831,275 808,397 786,882 812,714 854,595 882,683 873,874 866,385
Fukuoka-ken 5,071,968 5,049,908 5,015,699 4,933,393 4,811,050 4,719,259 4,553,461 4,292,963 4,027,416 3,964,611 4,006,679 3,859,764 3,530,169 3,312,577
Saga-ken 849,788 866,369 876,654 884,316 877,851 880,013 865,574 837,674 838,468 871,885 942,874 973,749 945,082 931,336
Nagasaki-ken 1,426,779 1,478,632 1,516,523 1,544,934 1,562,959 1,593,968 1,590,564 1,571,912 1,570,245 1,641,245 1,760,421 1,747,596 1,645,492 1,565,558
Kumamoto-ken 1,817,426 1,842,233 1,859,344 1,859,793 1,840,326 1,837,747 1,790,327 1,715,273 1,700,229 1,770,736 1,856,192 1,895,663 1,827,582 1,786,058
Ōita-ken 1,196,529 1,209,571 1,221,140 1,231,306 1,236,942 1,250,214 1,228,913 1,190,314 1,155,566 1,187,480 1,239,655 1,277,199 1,252,999 1,245,689
Miyazaki-ken 1,135,233 1,153,042 1,170,007 1,175,819 1,168,907 1,175,543 1,151,587 1,085,055 1,051,105 1,080,692 1,134,590 1,139,384 1,091,427 1,052,483
Kagoshima-ken[9] 1,706,242 1,753,179 1,786,194 1,794,224 1,797,824 1,819,270 1,784,623 1,723,902 1,729,150 1,853,541 1,963,104 2,044,112 1,804,118 1,766,514
Okinawa-ken[10] 1,392,818 1,361,594 1,318,220 1,273,440 1,222,398 1,179,097 1,106,559 1,042,572
Japan 128,057,352 127,767,994 126,925,843 125,570,246 123,611,167 121,048,923 117,060,396 111,939,643 103,720,060 98,274,961 93,418,501 89,275,529 83,199,637 80,216,896
Ryūkyū[10] 945,111 934,176 883,122 801,065 917,875
Total 128,057,352 127,767,994 126,925,843 125,570,246 123,611,167 121,048,923 117,060,396 111,939,643 104,665,171 99,209,137 94,301,623 90,076,594 84,117,512 80,216,896

1920 to 1947[edit]

Population in the following table is given according to the de facto population concept for enumerating the people.

  • Source: Extraordinary Census of Japan (as of October 1, 1947),
Population Census of Japan (as of April 26, 1946, November 1, 1945 and February 22, 1944),
Census of Japan (as of October 1 for the years of 1940, 1935, 1930, 1925 and 1920).
Prefectures Oct 1,

1947

Apr 26,

1946

Nov 1,

1945

Feb 22,

1944

Oct 1,

1940

Oct 1,

1935

Oct 1,

1930

Oct 1,

1925

Oct 1,

1920

Hokkaidō[11] 3,852,821 3,488,013 3,518,389 3,256,157 3,272,718 3,068,282 2,812,335 2,498,679 2,359,183
Aomori-ken 1,180,245 1,089,232 1,083,250 1,009,104 1,000,509 967,129 879,914 812,977 756,454
Iwate-ken 1,262,743 1,217,154 1,227,789 1,104,049 1,095,793 1,046,111 975,771 900,984 845,540
Miyagi-ken 1,566,831 1,462,100 1,462,254 1,275,862 1,271,238 1,234,801 1,142,784 1,044,036 961,768
Akita-ken 1,257,398 1,195,813 1,211,871 1,048,769 1,052,275 1,037,744 987,706 936,408 898,537
Yamagata-ken 1,335,653 1,294,934 1,326,350 1,083,569 1,119,338 1,116,822 1,080,034 1,027,297 968,925
Fukushima-ken 1,992,460 1,918,746 1,957,356 1,599,392 1,625,521 1,581,563 1,508,150 1,437,596 1,362,750
Ibaraki-ken 2,013,735 1,940,833 1,944,344 1,656,678 1,620,000 1,548,991 1,487,097 1,409,092 1,350,400
Tochigi-ken 1,534,311 1,503,619 1,546,355 1,203,679 1,206,657 1,195,057 1,141,737 1,090,428 1,046,479
Gunma-ken 1,572,787 1,524,635 1,546,081 1,319,517 1,299,027 1,242,453 1,186,080 1,118,858 1,052,610
Saitama-ken 2,100,453 2,028,553 2,047,261 1,647,625 1,608,039 1,528,854 1,459,172 1,394,461 1,319,533
Chiba-ken 2,112,917 2,008,568 1,966,862 1,659,345 1,588,425 1,546,394 1,470,121 1,399,257 1,336,155
Tōkyō-to[12] 5,000,777 4,183,072 3,488,284 7,271,001
Tōkyō-fu[12] 7,354,971 6,369,919 5,408,678 4,485,144 3,699,428
Kanagawa-ken 2,218,120 2,019,943 1,865,667 2,474,354 2,188,974 1,840,005 1,619,606 1,416,792 1,323,390
Niigata-ken 2,418,271 2,326,811 2,389,653 1,994,817 2,064,402 1,995,777 1,933,326 1,849,807 1,776,474
Toyama-ken 979,229 932,669 953,834 819,614 822,569 798,890 778,953 749,243 724,276
Ishikawa-ken 927,743 877,197 887,510 743,672 757,676 768,416 756,835 750,854 747,360
Fukui-ken 726,264 695,703 724,856 621,933 643,904 646,659 618,144 597,899 599,155
Yamanashi-ken 807,251 796,973 839,057 634,897 663,026 646,727 631,042 600,675 583,453
Nagano-ken 2,060,010 2,028,648 2,121,050 1,650,511 1,710,729 1,714,000 1,717,118 1,629,217 1,562,722
Gifu-ken 1,493,644 1,444,000 1,518,649 1,266,008 1,265,024 1,225,799 1,178,405 1,132,557 1,070,407
Shizuoka-ken 2,353,005 2,260,059 2,220,358 2,027,856 2,017,860 1,939,860 1,797,805 1,671,217 1,550,387
Aichi-ken 3,122,902 2,919,085 2,857,851 3,280,206 3,166,592 2,862,701 2,567,413 2,319,494 2,089,762
Mie-ken 1,416,494 1,371,858 1,394,286 1,209,266 1,198,783 1,174,595 1,157,407 1,107,692 1,069,270
Shiga-ken 858,367 831,306 860,911 691,972 703,679 711,436 691,631 662,412 651,050
Kyōto-fu 1,739,084 1,621,998 1,603,796 1,635,528 1,729,993 1,702,508 1,552,832 1,406,382 1,287,147
Ōsaka-fu 3,334,659 2,976,140 2,800,958 4,412,953 4,792,966 4,297,174 3,540,017 3,059,502 2,587,847
Hyōgo-ken 3,057,444 2,826,192 2,821,892 3,224,376 3,221,232 2,923,249 2,646,301 2,454,679 2,301,799
Nara-ken 779,935 744,381 779,685 606,789 620,509 620,471 596,225 583,828 564,607
Wakayama-ken 959,999 933,231 936,006 847,388 865,074 864,087 830,748 787,511 750,411
Tottori-ken 587,606 557,429 563,220 476,284 484,390 490,461 489,266 472,230 454,675
Shimane-ken 894,267 848,995 860,275 729,819 740,940 747,119 739,507 722,402 714,712
Okayama-ken 1,619,622 1,538,621 1,564,626 1,333,300 1,329,358 1,332,647 1,283,962 1,238,447 1,217,698
Hiroshima-ken 2,011,498 1,901,430 1,885,471 1,962,950 1,869,504 1,804,916 1,692,136 1,617,680 1,541,905
Yamaguchi-ken 1,479,244 1,375,496 1,356,491 1,357,368 1,294,242 1,190,542 1,135,637 1,094,544 1,041,013
Tokushima-ken 854,811 829,405 835,763 703,260 718,717 728,748 716,544 689,814 670,212
Kagawa-ken 917,673 872,312 863,700 713,134 730,394 748,656 732,816 700,308 677,852
Ehime-ken 1,453,887 1,380,700 1,361,484 1,186,491 1,178,705 1,164,898 1,142,122 1,096,366 1,046,720
Kōchi-ken 848,337 797,876 775,578 693,053 709,286 714,980 718,152 687,478 670,895
Fukuoka-ken 3,178,134 2,906,644 2,746,855 3,066,472 3,094,132 2,755,804 2,527,119 2,301,668 2,188,249
Saga-ken 917,797 856,692 830,431 705,651 701,517 686,117 691,565 684,831 673,895
Nagasaki-ken 1,531,674 1,417,977 1,318,589 1,490,890 1,370,063 1,296,883 1,233,362 1,163,945 1,136,182
Kumamoto-ken 1,765,726 1,631,976 1,556,490 1,371,005 1,368,179 1,387,054 1,353,993 1,296,086 1,233,233
Ōita-ken 1,233,651 1,149,501 1,124,513 973,707 972,975 980,458 945,771 915,136 860,282
Miyazaki-ken 1,025,689 957,856 913,687 839,556 840,357 824,431 760,467 691,094 651,097
Kagoshima-ken 1,746,305 1,629,760 1,538,466 1,594,009 1,589,467 1,591,466 1,556,690 1,472,193 1,415,582
Okinawa-ken[13] 590,480 574,579 592,494 577,509 557,622 571,572
Karafuto-fu[14] 391,825
Japan Proper 78,101,473 73,114,136 71,998,104 73,456,141 73,114,308 69,254,148 64,450,005 59,736,822 55,963,053

1884 to 1918[edit]

Population in the following tables is given according to the A-type de facto population concept for enumerating the people, based on koseki registration systems.

  • Source: Imperial Japan Static Population Statistics (as of December 31 for the years of 1918, 1913, 1908 and 1903),
Imperial Japan Population Statistics (as of December 31, 1898),
Imperial Japan Registered Household Tables (as of December 31 for the years of 1897, 1896, 1895, 1894, 1893, 1892, 1891, 1890, 1889, 1888, 1887 and 1886),
Japan Registered Household Tables (as of January 1, 1886),
Japan Household Tables (as of January 1 for the years of 1885 and 1884).
Prefectures Dec 31,

1918

Dec 31,

1913

Dec 31,

1908

Dec 31,

1903

Dec 31,

1898

Dec 31,

1897

Dec 31,

1896

Dec 31,

1895

Dec 31,

1894

Dec 31,

1893

Hokkaidō[11] 2,177,700 1,817,705 1,459,424 1,089,503 859,534 755,837 698,144 647,883 594,143 537,953
Aomori-ken 797,841 764,485 721,127 665,691 617,531 600,294 589,557 584,459 574,235 567,002
Iwate-ken 869,652 835,415 776,714 748,752 718,737 702,750 694,867 702,915 693,730 690,456
Miyagi-ken 954,571 927,337 893,365 905,883 851,210 833,113 821,257 817,805 802,927 790,079
Akita-ken 977,212 943,628 892,650 837,665 781,129 757,041 748,358 737,922 726,974 720,871
Yamagata-ken 987,053 965,356 913,445 879,564 827,138 811,039 800,831 790,779 781,727 778,280
Fukushima-ken 1,389,609 1,303,501 1,234,281 1,175,224 1,098,002 1,061,013 1,041,294 1,022,780 1,005,381 994,825
Ibaraki-ken 1,407,735 1,328,329 1,259,995 1,200,475 1,149,594 1,115,269 1,101,540 1,085,445 1,069,316 1,058,369
Tochigi-ken 1,103,333 1,044,177 977,437 912,274 829,630 798,946 781,864 767,478 751,874 744,426
Gunma-ken 1,082,141 1,020,853 961,026 904,046 830,223 806,277 797,870 792,575 778,729 766,687
Saitama-ken 1,391,712 1,343,674 1,284,502 1,240,280 1,175,697 1,152,823 1,147,133 1,137,773 1,119,126 1,109,604
Chiba-ken 1,395,746 1,401,587 1,358,445 1,316,547 1,275,376 1,245,874 1,239,660 1,230,385 1,221,631 1,215,742
Tōkyō-fu[15] 3,719,335 3,145,365 3,053,946 2,532,677 2,101,784 1,948,581 1,907,174 1,867,913 1,829,583 1,790,731
Kanagawa-ken[15] 1,323,026 1,228,254 1,178,098 1,051,433 926,884 870,256 852,283 834,624 811,986 799,862
Niigata-ken 1,916,017 1,911,308 1,822,239 1,780,123 1,745,625 1,733,629 1,736,456 1,731,329 1,719,562 1,713,384
Toyama-ken 803,191 805,613 770,665 776,851 766,407 754,799 762,892 764,399 763,450 764,196
Ishikawa-ken 802,835 805,266 780,150 768,155 751,320 749,775 755,734 754,120 752,202 753,871
Fukui-ken 636,847 651,513 630,439 635,881 621,468 612,620 619,273 618,203 613,486 610,550
Yamanashi-ken 633,224 608,969 573,341 540,657 506,497 492,689 489,412 482,349 474,959 471,480
Nagano-ken 1,564,354 1,484,205 1,402,072 1,348,556 1,264,918 1,231,859 1,221,113 1,210,435 1,189,936 1,179,234
Gifu-ken 1,120,482 1,094,961 1,031,156 1,020,765 977,922 960,713 960,502 960,062 949,235 941,523
Shizuoka-ken 1,591,772 1,483,712 1,376,048 1,293,470 1,200,322 1,175,982 1,162,613 1,148,653 1,128,584 1,117,127
Aichi-ken 2,140,077 2,073,224 1,886,739 1,752,042 1,639,611 1,592,733 1,577,320 1,553,447 1,529,349 1,512,420
Mie-ken 1,114,891 1,101,573 1,077,295 1,044,323 996,646 967,406 963,668 960,773 950,038 943,376
Shiga-ken 703,944 697,369 694,370 716,920 694,606 688,343 689,723 690,043 686,715 682,455
Kyōto-fu 1,383,890 1,288,213 1,155,671 1,055,119 997,488 957,260 957,775 951,825 937,383 924,093
Ōsaka-fu 2,888,492 2,461,067 2,144,030 1,823,456 1,600,923 1,503,771 1,456,176 1,422,750 1,400,308 1,380,768
Hyōgo-ken 2,321,053 2,143,791 1,982,983 1,833,957 1,717,634 1,652,366 1,631,241 1,610,829 1,595,428 1,581,525
Nara-ken 594,482 600,711 569,772 558,314 535,619 524,562 521,918 518,025 512,181 508,963
Wakayama-ken 795,400 770,293 723,357 697,766 672,225 656,025 651,021 644,983 636,699 634,494
Tottori-ken 465,281 470,674 441,142 435,959 421,020 412,965 411,585 407,650 404,111 404,321
Shimane-ken 717,530 758,754 738,048 731,295 716,586 709,065 706,028 705,674 700,921 702,301
Okayama-ken 1,285,590 1,261,142 1,223,207 1,188,244 1,135,826 1,108,393 1,100,984 1,094,551 1,083,743 1,084,423
Hiroshima-ken 1,687,926 1,691,699 1,598,755 1,508,713 1,449,622 1,405,674 1,388,193 1,367,820 1,346,327 1,342,484
Yamaguchi-ken 1,099,048 1,089,791 1,044,926 1,015,156 979,596 961,065 952,300 948,234 939,940 938,158
Tokushima-ken 744,088 742,320 720,888 707,545 688,123 676,694 675,570 674,976 670,745 679,046
Kagawa-ken 714,374 759,556 729,563 711,603 694,280 676,681 673,378 674,600 671,638 675,237
Ehime-ken 1,128,039 1,097,989 1,057,547 1,034,962 995,441 971,955 964,079 956,166 945,101 942,632
Kōchi-ken 708,710 693,548 670,910 646,008 622,950 609,005 600,865 598,011 590,875 587,428
Fukuoka-ken 2,112,596 1,926,417 1,721,084 1,571,158 1,425,625 1,357,777 1,333,423 1,313,777 1,285,082 1,275,050
Saga-ken 679,322 693,611 671,531 654,593 618,679 599,679 596,275 587,287 579,844 577,175
Nagasaki-ken 1,230,249 1,134,700 1,103,590 1,015,364 902,455 845,441 832,616 820,338 803,713 795,461
Kumamoto-ken 1,311,325 1,303,405 1,236,361 1,198,486 1,156,270 1,122,068 1,108,802 1,105,932 1,097,299 1,084,165
Ōita-ken 920,994 926,936 880,290 854,982 835,917 819,996 814,064 805,374 796,456 794,050
Miyazaki-ken 651,151 597,472 542,088 501,926 464,510 455,535 450,416 447,126 439,273 436,067
Kagoshima-ken 1,462,497 1,397,387 1,275,465 1,184,143 1,104,220 1,083,745 1,069,752 1,058,171 1,042,962 1,036,863
Okinawa-ken 580,940 534,415 502,309 476,230 460,221 449,112 442,834 439,578 432,078 421,769
Japan Proper 58,087,277 55,131,270 51,742,486 48,542,736 45,403,041 43,978,495 43,499,833 43,048,226 42,430,985 42,060,976
Prefectures Dec 31,

1892

Dec 31,

1891

Dec 31,

1890

Dec 31,

1889

Dec 31,

1888

Dec 31,

1887

Dec 31,

1886

Jan 1,

1886

Jan 1,

1885

Jan 1,

1884

Hokkaidō[11] 493,024 452,152 414,430 378,188 347,950 326,614 309,121 284,040
Nemuro-ken[11] 17,224 13,172
Sapporo-ken[11] 109,781 95,744
Hakodate-ken[11] 146,335 140,959
Aomori-ken 559,391 551,389 545,026 538,110 530,292 523,226 515,779 499,549 495,182 493,137
Iwate-ken 682,996 676,665 671,956 667,115 656,047 651,989 641,395 628,591 622,426 615,616
Miyagi-ken 776,378 758,013 751,830 760,291 736,628 720,075 688,124 665,345 651,401 644,417
Akita-ken 712,738 703,482 697,298 690,122 682,928 662,917 654,037 644,367 639,259 640,575
Yamagata-ken 773,015 764,701 756,909 750,840 741,896 732,913 722,978 717,252 709,145 705,507
Fukushima-ken 980,310 964,578 952,489 934,449 913,459 893,954 870,822 855,079 861,428 857,833
Ibaraki-ken 1,046,682 1,034,620 1,025,497 1,014,354 998,976 980,803 967,480 948,161 938,377 929,747
Tochigi-ken 731,893 722,510 713,362 699,121 684,341 670,042 655,880 641,420 635,751 627,441
Gunma-ken 759,617 749,030 738,061 722,865 718,215 690,880 667,931 648,329 640,871 636,082
Saitama-ken 1,098,947 1,087,361 1,081,121 1,069,144 1,054,483 1,039,376 1,015,824 1,004,020 994,704 985,889
Chiba-ken 1,205,153 1,196,785 1,191,353 1,184,062 1,172,138 1,159,287 1,141,621 1,125,375 1,118,109 1,113,651
Tōkyō-fu[15] 1,519,583 1,500,026 1,486,671 1,628,551 1,559,517 1,509,757 1,455,647 1,276,506 1,233,843 1,217,542
Kanagawa-ken[15] 1,015,481 992,047 979,756 960,069 947,766 923,178 896,948 865,976 848,682 831,151
Niigata-ken 1,711,968 1,700,427 1,693,727 1,681,985 1,665,378 1,652,736 1,632,257 1,628,650 1,601,796 1,589,304
Toyama-ken 763,105 759,040 754,105 745,248 738,445 726,078 715,384 712,532 706,014 701,622
Ishikawa-ken 753,886 753,445 753,337 751,605 745,110 737,224 728,974 739,141 740,362 735,478
Fukui-ken 607,450 605,014 603,444 602,342 596,704 590,548 585,776 592,331 591,669 583,065
Yamanashi-ken 467,337 463,263 458,534 452,781 445,182 437,475 430,996 425,898 419,444 416,497
Nagano-ken 1,171,819 1,158,936 1,146,071 1,128,690 1,111,946 1,095,998 1,074,069 1,057,494 1,048,065 1,043,341
Gifu-ken 936,219 930,604 932,658 918,456 909,226 899,311 889,739 884,848 880,277 873,020
Shizuoka-ken 1,105,875 1,094,476 1,084,562 1,070,841 1,058,226 1,038,941 1,019,301 1,002,693 991,127 982,512
Aichi-ken 1,497,791 1,483,744 1,473,099 1,456,294 1,444,011 1,429,486 1,404,106 1,386,473 1,373,419 1,370,576
Mie-ken 936,465 931,687 926,376 918,369 909,702 901,698 892,654 883,462 879,353 877,666
Shiga-ken 681,145 678,775 677,502 671,788 667,563 661,323 654,558 648,339 645,519 639,634
Kyōto-fu 914,700 903,189 894,928 887,031 875,084 866,743 849,362 848,761 853,058 851,246
Ōsaka-fu[16] 1,370,232 1,357,358 1,348,317 1,324,216 1,281,150 1,245,695 1,695,196 1,691,243 1,681,935 1,653,157
Hyōgo-ken 1,576,970 1,562,323 1,551,367 1,541,731 1,521,817 1,499,704 1,480,685 1,466,102 1,458,647 1,448,199
Nara-ken[16] 506,304 502,033 500,742 498,871 496,431 489,213
Wakayama-ken 633,771 630,667 630,373 627,332 623,842 621,554 613,862 619,343 618,026 612,505
Tottori-ken 405,725 403,589 401,697 399,060 394,333 390,061 386,083 383,241 381,838 381,300
Shimane-ken 703,256 700,665 697,878 695,782 692,101 688,127 684,257 684,856 682,536 678,813
Okayama-ken 1,082,745 1,076,391 1,072,706 1,068,086 1,062,155 1,051,333 1,043,029 1,045,669 1,040,280 1,037,239
Hiroshima-ken 1,336,145 1,324,538 1,319,507 1,303,457 1,289,109 1,278,537 1,276,461 1,272,876 1,272,105 1,259,148
Yamaguchi-ken 937,036 929,629 927,015 922,497 914,083 911,859 897,557 899,606 900,339 897,296
Tokushima-ken 682,398 682,225 683,994 681,863 676,154 670,963 661,548 656,064 651,731 651,109
Kagawa-ken[17] 675,940 673,004 672,557 668,548 660,484
Ehime-ken[17] 940,009 933,510 926,972 921,708 906,414 1,557,257 1,533,988 1,529,375 1,527,562 1,511,820
Kōchi-ken 584,569 580,330 577,937 575,852 569,874 562,066 557,776 552,513 548,638 546,977
Fukuoka-ken 1,258,058 1,244,912 1,236,015 1,224,551 1,209,295 1,188,877 1,159,294 1,148,328 1,139,986 1,135,496
Saga-ken[18] 569,831 568,925 565,568 560,594 553,423 547,832 534,981 527,244 522,697 519,712
Nagasaki-ken[18] 786,416 776,779 773,095 762,812 752,402 739,825 729,042 719,082 712,631 707,604
Kumamoto-ken 1,075,301 1,064,885 1,057,646 1,052,478 1,042,281 1,030,261 1,020,460 1,003,777 1,000,911 1,001,011
Ōita-ken 792,912 790,063 792,085 788,635 781,554 773,101 762,275 761,476 757,747 752,161
Miyazaki-ken[19] 431,693 424,033 416,824 412,729 407,827 403,810 394,261 386,299 383,769 381,879
Kagoshima-ken[19] 1,024,598 1,014,560 1,005,816 998,153 985,271 962,219 943,088 941,063 933,196 935,094
Okinawa-ken 419,970 412,354 406,622 381,142 374,266 375,280 378,809 373,587 367,874 364,701
Japan 41,696,847 41,268,732 40,968,835 40,692,808 40,105,479 39,510,146 38,833,415 38,276,376 37,975,069 37,687,645

1872 to 1883[edit]

Population in the following table is given according to the original family registries (本籍 honseki?) population concept for enumerating the people, based on koseki registration system.[20]

  • Source: Japan Household Tables (as of January 1 for the years of 1883, 1882, 1878 and 1877),
Japan Population Tables (as of January 1 for the years of 1881 and 1880),
Japan Gun Ku Population Tables (as of January 1, 1879),
Japan Registered Population Tables (as of January 1, for the years of 1876, 1875, 1874 and 1873; and as of March 8, 1872).
Prefectures Japanese Jan 1,

1883

Jan 1,

1882

Jan 1,

1881

Jan 1,

1880

Jan 1,

1879[21]

Jan 1,

1878

Jan 1,

1877

Jan 1,

1876

Jan 1,

1875

Jan 1,

1874

Jan 1,

1873

Mar 8,

1872[22]

Nemuro-ken[11] 根室県 5,642
Sapporo-ken[11] 札幌県 61,144
Hakodate-ken[11] 函館県 117,063
Kaitaku-shi 開拓使 177,901 168,084 163,355 158,615 151,735 150,667 149,554 149,008 146,443 123,668 123,668
Aomori-ken 青森県 488,505 487,687 484,274 475,413 468,517 464,985 462,865 489,245 484,428 473,098 473,317 473,244
Iwate-ken[23] 岩手県 611,735 605,538 598,132 591,881 592,294 579,249 578,297 327,924 323,434 321,871 320,731 319,486
Iwai-ken[23] 磐井県 385,031
Mizusawa-ken[23] 水沢県 380,409 379,170 376,079 372,562
Miyagi-ken[23] 宮城県 633,194 629,286 625,332 619,120 616,881 594,684 591,524 421,960 419,135 410,437 408,088 404,577
Akita-ken 秋田県 633,203 628,435 625,506 618,833 621,130 616,148 613,389 609,420 604,114 596,641 581,859 582,297
Tsurugaoka-ken[24] 鶴岡県 207,939
Sakata-ken[24] 酒田県 207,902 208,107 206,859 203,676
Yamagata-ken[24] 山形県 695,533 693,360 687,718 682,929 681,180 662,913 657,613 312,313 309,837 307,535 302,743 299,291
Okitama-ken[24] 置賜県 132,341 131,935 131,910 131,162 130,293
Fukushima-ken[23] 福島県 840,241 829,990 823,120 808,937 804,866 774,707 765,115 281,824 281,302 270,679 268,959 268,576
Iwasaki-ken[23] 磐前県 258,080 249,553 244,703 242,941 242,906
Wakamatsu-ken[23] 若松県 215,624 212,052 209,671 206,053 203,722
Ibaraki-ken[25] 茨城県 920,876 916,739 906,073 894,376 887,957 875,491 867,701 858,927 378,269 375,172 368,560 366,505
Niihari-ken[25] 新治県 485,119 478,940 474,170 470,509
Tochigi-ken[26] 栃木県 609,000 600,627 593,383 581,358 570,843 550,271 543,245 665,724 648,503 636,348 392,106 388,934
Utsunomiya-ken[26] 宇都宮県 234,888 234,124
Gunma-ken[26] 群馬県 613,410 604,182 593,625 581,556 573,984 554,888 547,991 384,796 382,697
Kumagaya-ken[26] 熊谷県 842,717 828,420 808,913
Saitama-ken[26] 埼玉県 970,598 962,717 952,689 933,955 929,939 912,528 901,714 455,891 440,433 435,436 429,094 426,989
Iruma-ken[26] 入間県 414,824 410,952
Chiba-ken[25] 千葉県 1,124,085 1,117,696 1,108,678 1,103,292 1,099,676 1,078,635 1,071,142 1,061,664 1,055,373 1,043,189
Inba-ken[25] 印旛県 578,927 574,652
Kisarazu-ken[25] 木更津県 458,619 456,689
Tōkyō-fu[15] 東京府 999,623 987,911 979,109 957,144 953,776 881,443 877,049 873,646 855,270 830,935 813,504 779,361
Ogasawara-tō[15] 小笠原島 156 194
Kanagawa-ken[15] 神奈川県 800,925 790,735 772,903 757,462 754,610 715,258 707,272 497,677 507,928 502,504 479,180 492,714
Ashigara-ken[15] 足柄県 355,880 353,609 344,132 342,298 339,582
Niigata-ken[27] 新潟県 1,586,599 1,581,168 1,564,312 1,546,338 1,530,712 1,504,601 1,500,061 1,388,812 1,388,353 1,368,782 637,576 635,484
Aikawa-ken[27] 相川県 104,764 104,630 104,405 103,553 103,098
Kashiwazaki-ken[27] 柏崎県 719,646 718,249
Niikawa-ken[28] 新川県 649,458 638,822 629,006 623,977 480,638
Ishikawa-ken[28] 石川県 1,428,073 1,412,802 1,856,402 1,833,778 1,852,811 1,825,507 1,806,509 696,429 691,735 686,249 669,647 403,357
Nanao-ken[28] 七尾県 397,511
Fukui-ken[28] 福井県 582,210 577,717
Tsuruga-ken[28] 敦賀県 553,425 548,833 547,582 200,832 199,819
Asuwa-ken[28] 足羽県 339,210 346,700
Yamanashi-ken 山梨県 410,246 409,929 404,299 395,447 391,123 381,229 377,944 374,250 369,255 364,345 362,973 360,068
Nagano-ken[29] 長野県 1,033,969 1,022,408 1,012,142 1,000,414 986,077 973,959 965,677 486,812 481,351 474,141 469,032 466,652
Chikuma-ken[29] 筑摩県 570,701 564,332 556,959 554,657 550,841
Gifu-ken[29] 岐阜県 868,333 855,575 849,221 839,613 831,887 818,984 806,158 692,218 683,050 672,627 668,148 660,896
Shizuoka-ken[15] 静岡県 985,881 980,793 972,265 970,022 980,766 976,405 968,814 382,814 378,076 372,674 369,731 368,505
Hamamatsu-ken[15] 浜松県 421,342 420,513 414,721 416,543 414,928
Aichi-ken[30] 愛知県 1,354,996 1,332,050 1,317,792 1,303,812 1,295,452 1,267,206 1,250,839 1,244,711 1,234,003 1,217,521 1,217,444 604,116
Nukata-ken[30] 額田県 606,252
Mie-ken[31] 三重県 870,137 857,887 850,791 842,113 834,893 830,415 818,877 429,986 427,831 417,439 419,068 413,865
Watarai-ken[31] 度会県 380,475 369,479 363,563 364,565 363,732
Shiga-ken[28] 滋賀県 639,961 633,447 745,133 738,211 729,893 721,099 711,802 589,747 584,756 579,704 578,099 305,232
Inukami-ken[28] 犬上県 271,332
Kyōto-fu[17] 京都府 840,951 835,227 831,012 822,112 814,273 798,911 792,042 574,918 571,192 572,763 569,733 567,334
Ōsaka-fu[16] 大阪府 1,585,696 1,572,333 586,729 582,668 578,270 553,777 551,950 549,280 545,035 535,409 530,885 530,885
Sakai-ken[16] 堺県 960,711 957,407 955,748 923,030 911,738 470,596 466,048 455,450 451,442 446,852
Hyōgo-ken[17] 兵庫県 1,433,355 1,419,421 1,406,613 1,391,928 1,370,720 1,357,377 1,343,758 204,141 201,389 197,512 200,058 198,559
Toyo'oka-ken[17] 豊岡県 513,079 508,027 507,815 507,465 505,073
Shikama-ken[17] 飾磨県 659,643 651,033 641,946 639,576 635,791
Nara-ken[16] 奈良県 433,938 430,734 427,635 423,004 418,326
Wakayama-ken 和歌山県 610,182 606,754 603,723 601,236 602,075 591,668 584,976 579,112 572,436 565,696 562,410 556,919
Tottori-ken[32] 鳥取県 379,747 380,915 395,632 392,589 388,861 386,186 385,531
Shimane-ken[32] 島根県 674,984 669,410 1,043,865 1,037,260 1,034,581 1,023,678 1,017,361 342,621 340,398 340,065 340,222 340,042
Hamada-ken[32] 浜田県 270,804 268,455 263,955 262,035 259,611
Okayama-ken[33] 岡山県 1,029,567 1,019,674 1,007,054 1,000,570 1,001,220 984,621 976,774 961,035 335,592 333,575 333,714 387,459
Hokujō-ken[33] 北条県 218,605 217,362 215,792 215,676 215,602
Oda-ken[33] 小田県 619,647 608,353 605,666 546,430
Hiroshima-ken[33] 広島県 1,252,811 1,243,032 1,225,057 1,213,152 1,207,947 1,197,835 1,190,069 964,337 942,827 941,978 925,962 919,047
Yamaguchi-ken 山口県 897,370 888,442 883,885 877,614 875,607 855,618 850,608 844,550 838,946 836,419 830,060 827,536
Tokushima-ken[17] 徳島県 649,616 642,172 637,550
Myōdō-ken[17] 名東県 787,160 1,349,672 1,335,364 755,533 750,985
Kagawa-ken[17] 香川県 591,584 564,351 559,712
Ehime-ken[17] 愛媛県 1,491,614 1,472,680 1,453,472 1,438,895 1,432,627 1,403,693 1,394,091 793,214 791,522 786,408
Ishizuchi-ken[17] 石鉄県 420,303 418,561
Kamiyama-ken[17] 神山県 358,253 357,413
Kōchi-ken[17] 高知県 549,184 546,642 550,686 1,179,247 1,185,764 1,164,723 1,160,235 534,070 531,863 528,728 526,285 524,511
Fukuoka-ken[18] 福岡県 1,128,289 1,118,652 1,109,475 1,097,215 1,087,604 1,070,244 1,064,050 457,335 450,965 448,628 445,278 441,175
Kokura-ken[18] 小倉県 322,156 317,108 312,539 307,535 304,574
Mizuma-ken[18] 三潴県 400,504 396,903 396,371 393,656 391,535
Saga-ken[18] 佐賀県 491,260 487,008 486,946 480,034 506,667
Nagasaki-ken[18] 長崎県 1,212,157 1,204,449 1,196,065 1,190,335 1,192,134 1,173,263 1,167,367 672,278 668,974 668,482 665,123 630,487
Kumamoto-ken[34] 熊本県 997,830 993,373 995,673 986,695 981,341 980,976 980,642
Shirakawa-ken[34] 白川県 976,753 965,242 957,790 950,389 513,593
Yatsushiro-ken[34] 八代県 439,444
Ōita-ken[18] 大分県 746,411 741,201 740,009 731,964 728,115 718,816 714,234 583,740 580,347 578,163 565,460 562,318
Miyazaki-ken[19] 宮崎県 388,508 384,071 388,083 382,564
Mimitsu-ken[19] 美々津県 201,798
Miyakonojō-ken[19] 都城県 310,121
Kagoshima-ken 鹿児島県 1,291,586 1,290,281 1,279,631 1,270,463 1,261,909 1,219,942 1,218,383 820,654 813,692 812,327 806,902 670,864
Okinawa-ken[35] 沖縄県 360,770 358,880 356,801 310,545 310,545
Ryūkyū-han[35] 琉球藩 168,064 167,822 167,572 167,320 167,073 166,789 166,789
Japan 日本 37,017,302 36,700,118 36,358,994 35,928,821 35,768,556 34,898,576 34,628,365 34,338,404 33,997,449 33,625,678 33,300,675 33,110,825

1868 to 1871[edit]

Several demographic data remain for three urban prefectures ( fu]?),(i.e. Kyōto-fu, Ōsaka-fu and Tōkyō-fu), 266 domains ( han?), 40 prefecturess ( ken?) and one commission (使 shi?) (i.e. Kaitaku-shi only in Hokkaidō) that existed for short time between Meiji Restoration and the Abolition of the han system, though not thoroughly surveyed. Prefectural system was only introduced to imperial territories (天領 tenryō?) which the Meiji government gained from Tokugawa shogunate or the revolted feudal lords (大名 daimyo?), while many areas still belonged to local lordship governments. The table below summarizes demographic data from three sources.

Source': (ref.1): Table of households for shi, fu and ken (Meiji-shi-yō).

(ref.2): Kokudaka and Population Table of fu, han and ken (Ōkuma Shigenobu collection).
(ref.3): Bunzo Kure, "Estate population Table of fu, han and ken" Tōkei Shūshi (Statistics Bulletin) no. 8 pp. 96–107 (1882). Estate populations were also given.

Statistical data were given as of August 29, 1871 (29th day of the 8th month, Meiji 4) for (1), as of February 2, 1869 (1st day of the 1st month, Meiji 2) for (2) or uncertain for (3), although all these populations seemed to be collected from several koseki populations surveyed in 1869 and 1870. Naotarō Sekiyama noted that the population of Japan as of August, 1870 (7th month, Meiji 3) was 32,794,897 (Kinsei Nihon jinkō-no kenkyū (Study of the Population of Japan in the Early Modern Period) (1948)).

Fu, han and ken Japanese Population
(ref.1)
Population
(ref.2)
Population
(ref.3)
Number of
counties
for each province
Number of
outlands
Kyōto-fu 京都府 373,704 374,496 373,688 8 in Yamashiro 5
Ōsaka-fu 大阪府 427,395 427,395 427,395 3 in Settsu 2
Tōkyō-fu 東京府 674,269 674,447 674,269 3 in Musashi 1
Three urban prefectures (fu) total 1,475,368 1,476,338 1,475,352 8
Yodo-han 淀藩 65,439 64,728 72,786 4 in Yamashiro,
1 in Settsu,
3 in Kawachi,
3 in Izumi,
8 in Ōmi,
4 in Shimōsa,
1 in Hitachi
41
Kōriyama-han 郡山藩 99,970 102,420 102,427 7 in Yamato,
2 in Kawachi,
5 in Ōmi
14
Tawaramoto-han 田原本藩 4,363 4,363 4,521 1 in Yamato 1
Takatori-han 高取藩 22,250 22,250 22,390 5 in Yamato 5
Kujira-han 櫛羅藩 5,140 5,140 5,384 3 in Yamato 3
Yanagimoto-han 柳本藩 6,479 6,479 6,728 3 in Yamato 4
Yagyū-han 柳生藩 6,844 7,018 6,587 2 in Yamato,
1 in Yamashiro
4
Shibamura-han 芝村藩 7,338 7,338 7,401 2 in Yamato,
1 in Settsu
2
Tannan-han 丹南藩 8,746 8,766 8,823 3 in Kawachi,
1 in Shimotsuke
2
Kishiwada-han 岸和田藩 66,134 66,334 67,622 2 in Izumi 1
Hakata-han 伯太藩 11,240 11,204 11,211 2 in Izumi,
3 in Kawachi,
4 in Ōmi
9
Koizumi-han 小泉藩 9,367 9,367 9,230 1 in Izumi,
2 in Yamato,
2 in Yamashiro,
1 in Settsu,
1 in Kawachi
7
Amagasaki-han 尼崎藩 52,325 49,403 49,614 4 in Settsu,
3 in Harima
9
Takatsuki-han 高槻藩 25,426 26,055 54,928 3 in Settsu 4
Sanda-han 三田藩 21,811 21,891 21,898 1 in Settsu,
1 in Tamba
2
Asada-han 麻田藩 10,756 10,756 10,806 2 in Settsu,
3 in Bitchū
9
Tsu-han 津藩 244,252 224,418 244,243 8 in Ise,
4 in Iga,
1 in Yamashiro,
4 in Yamashiro,
1 in Shimōsa
12
Kuwana-han 桑名藩 64,868 64,866 65,783 3 in Ise 1
Kameyama-han 亀山藩 45,696 45,591 45,597 3 in Ise,
2 in Bitschū
4
Hisai-han 久居藩 38,842 38,842 37,883 6 in Iga,
1 in Yamashiro,
5 in Yamato
11
Nagashima-han 長島藩 15,764 15,764 15,771 1 in Iga,
1 in Kazusa
2
Kambe-han 神戸藩 10,397 10,397 10,603 3 in Ise,
1 in Kawachi
3
Komono-han 菰野藩 10,064 10,064 10,067 1 in Ise,
1 in Ōmi
3
Toba-han 鳥羽藩 54,233 4,233 52,797 2 in Shima,
3 in Ise
1
Nagoya-han 名古屋藩 917,497 921,517 918,141 8 in Owari,
1 in Mikawa,
20 in Mino,
1 in Ōmi,
1 in Shinano
13
Inuyama-han 犬山藩 53,732 53,617 53,540 8 in Owari,
3 in Mino
13
Toyohashi-han 豊橋藩 76,108 76,108 77,030 5 in Mikawa,
3 in Ōmi,
1 in Kazusa
9
Nishio-han 西尾藩 55,850 57,060 54,347 5 in Mikawa,
3 in Echizen,
1 in Awa
11
Okazaki-han 岡崎藩 52,960 52,958 52,819 3 in Mikawa 1
Shigehara-han 重原藩 34,789 34,789 34,897 4 in Mikawa 4
Hambara-han 半原藩 15,071 15,122 15,117 2 in Mikawa,
1 in Kōzuke,
1 in Musashi,
4 in Settsu,
2 in Tamba
9
Kariya-han 刈谷藩 27,821 27,821 27,843 1 in Mikawa 1
Koromo-han 挙母藩 14,954 14,954 19,674 2 in Mikawa,
2 in Mimasaka
5
Tahara-han 田原藩 22,989 22,887 23,600 1 in Mikawa 1
Nishi-Ōhira-han 西大平藩 7,358 7,318 7,272 4 in Mikawa,
1 in Sagami
5
Nishibata-han 西端藩 12,826 12,781 12,812 1 in Mikawa,
2 in Izu,
2 in Kazusa,
2 in Shimōsa,
2 in Kōzuke,
1 in Musashi
11
Horie-han 堀江藩 7,739 7,739 7,695 3 in Tōtōmi 5
Shizuoka-han 静岡藩 813,886 813,886 876,819 7 in Suruga,
2 in Tōtōmi,
6 in Mikawa
7
Odawara-han 小田原藩 92,883 92,833 92,837 5 in Sagami,
2 in Izu
6
Ogino-Yamanaka-han 荻野山中藩 12,982 12,957 13,018 3 in Sagami 2
Oshi-han 忍藩 113,703 110,305 114,003 7 in Musashi,
3 in Ise,
3 in Harima
14
Kawagoe-han 川越藩 61,994 61,994 62,760 1 in Musashi,
1 in Hitachi,
1 in Mikawa,
4 in Ōmi
7
Iwatsuki-han 岩槻藩 40,585 40,802 41,234 7 in Musashi,
1 in Hitachi,
1 in Kōzuke,
1 in Shimōsa
13
Mutsuura-han 六浦藩 11,915 11,915 12,860 2 in Musashi,
2 in Sagami,
2 in Shimotsuke
6
Nagao-han 長尾藩 73,283 75,487 76,351 4 in Awa,
1 in Kazusa
5
Hanabusa-han 花房藩 63,282 63,472 64,505 2 in Awa,
4 in Kazusa
5
Kachiyama-han 加知山藩 16,827 16,084 16,829 1 in Awa,
1 in Echizen
1
Tateyama-han 館山藩 23,850 23,850 23,680 1 in Awa 1
Tsurumai-han 鶴舞藩 63,858 63,413 62,611 4 in Kazusa,
1 in Harima
4
Matsuo-han 松尾藩 47,584 47,584 47,034 2 in Kazusa 1
Kikuma-han 菊間藩 74,069 74,069 73,624 1 in Kazusa,
2 in Mikawa,
1 in Echigo,
3 in Izu
13
Kururi-han 久留里藩 23,098 23,032 22,900 1 in Kazusa 1
Ōtaki-han 大多喜藩 22,649 22,678 22,686 1 in Kazusa 1
Iino-han 飯野藩 23,080 23,080 23,205 1 in Kazusa 1
Sanuki-han 佐貫藩 17,732 17,652 17,639 1 in Kazusa 1
Tsurumaki-han 鶴牧藩 20,689 20,689 21,586 2 in Kazusa,
3 in Tamba
8
Ichinomiya-han 一宮藩 14,533 14,533 14,541 1 in Kazusa,
2 in Shimōsa,
2 in Kōzuke
3
Sakurai-han 桜井藩 13,387 13,087 13,364 2 in Kazusa 1
Kokubo-han 小久保藩 9,761 9,761 9,781 2 in Kazusa 1
Sakura-han 佐倉藩 119,129 119,129 119,132 5 in Kazusa,
2 in Hitachi,
2 in Shimotsuke,
4 in Musashi,
3 in Sagami
20
Koga-han 古河藩 83,432 83,432 83,578 2 in Shimōsa,
5 in Settsu,
3 in Harima,
1 in Mimasaka,
5 in Musashi,
3 in Shimotsuke
24
Sekiyado-han 関宿藩 49,057 49,057 48,755 3 in Shimōsa,
1 in Hitachi,
2 in Shimotsuke
9
Yūki-han 結城藩 18,436 18,580 18,445 1 in Shimōsa,
2 in Kazusa,
2 in Hitachi,
2 in Shimotsuke
8
Tako-han 多古藩 8,249 8,251 7,896 1 in Shimōsa,
2 in Shimotsuke,
2 in Iwaki
5
Takaoka-han 高岡藩 8,284 8,294 8,289 3 in Shimōsa,
2 in Kazusa
5
Omigawa-han 小見川藩 8,289 8,289 8,221 2 in Shimōsa,
1 in Iwaki
3
Oyumi-han 生実藩 10,330 10,330 10,311 2 in Shimōsa,
3 in Kazusa,
2 in Sagami
6
Sogano-han 曾我野藩 10,612 10,606 10,612 2 in Shimōsa 2
Mito-han 水戸藩 259,344 264,256 281,225 6 in Hitachi,
1 in Shimotsuke
1
Tsuchiura-han 土浦藩 78,278 78,278 74,799 4 in Hitachi,
1 in Shimōsa
2
Kasama-han 笠間藩 47,832 47,832 47,839 2 in Hitachi,
3 in Iwaki
4
Matsuoka-han 松岡藩 12,319 11,848 12,329 1 in Hitachi 1
Shimodate-han 下館藩 15,196 15,196 12,764 1 in Hitachi,
2 in Kawachi
3
Ishioka-han 石岡藩 18,102 18,002 18,113 3 in Hitachi,
1 in Iwashiro
3
Motegi-han 茂木藩 13,480 13,480 13,170 1 in Hitachi,
1 in Shimotsuke
2
Ryūgasaki-han 龍崎藩 9,642 9,642 9,649 3 in Kazusa,
4 in Shimōsa,
3 in Musashi,
1 in Hitachi
12
Ushiku-han 牛久藩 8,674 8,604 9,070 1 in Hitachi,
3 in Shimōsa
5
Asō-han 麻生藩 9,283 9,317 9,092 3 in Hitachi 3
Shizuku-han 志筑藩 5,479 5,479 5,785 1 in Hitachi 2
Shishido-han 宍戸藩 6,309 6,309 6,188 1 in Hitachi 2
Shimotsuma-han 下妻藩 8,786 8,806 8,815 1 in Hitachi,
2 in Musashi,
1 in Shimotsuke
4
Hikone-han 彦根藩 172,545 173,691 189,946 6 in Ōmi,
1 in Shimotsuke,
1 in Musashi
4
Zeze-han 膳所藩 45,684 45,701 45,706 6 in Ōmi,
3 in Kawachi
9
Minakuchi-han 水口藩 20,621 20,621 21,768 3 in Ōmi 3
Ōmizo-han[36] 大溝藩 abolished 12,319 12,461 2 in Ōmi 2
Nishi-Ōji-han 西大路藩 8,681 8,926 8,841 2 in Ōmi,
1 in Kawachi
3
Yoshimi-han 吉見藩 13,783 14,011 14,149 3 in Ōmi,
2 in Izumi,
1 in Kazusa
6
Yamakami-han 山上藩 9,813 9,813 10,246 5 in Ōmi,
1 in Tamba
6
Miyagawa-han 宮川藩 7,192 7,159 7,166 6 in Ōmi 6
Asahiyama-han 朝日山藩 26,206 n.a. n.a. 1 in Ōmi 1
Ōgaki-han 大垣藩 78,901 78,901 78,709 7 in Mino 2
Gujō-han 郡上藩 57,641 57,563 54,850 1 in Mino,
3 in Echizen
6
Kanō-han 加納藩 29,484 29,494 29,475 1 in Mino,
1 in Kawachi
2
Iwamura-han 岩村藩 36,909 36,909 37,145 6 in Mino 6
Imao-han 今尾藩 18,734 18,734 18,747 3 in Mino,
5 in Owari
12
Nomura-han 野村藩 8,771 9,243 8,566 1 in Mino,
2 in Mikawa
2
Naegi-han 苗木藩 25,034 25,034 25,183 2 in Mino 1
Takatomi-han 高富藩 6,708 6,708 6,712 3 in Mino,
1 in Shimotsuke
5
Matsushiro-han 松代藩 148,589 148,589 148,642 4 in Shinano 2
Matsumoto-han 松本藩 127,739 127,739 123,153 2 in Shinano 1
Ueda-han 上田藩 62,240 61,333 62,230 2 in Shinano 2
Takatō-han 高遠藩 47,883 47,883 47,888 2 in Shinano 1
Takashima-han 高島藩 66,883 62,945 65,356 2 in Shinano 1
Iiyama-han 飯山藩 32,325 32,438 32,639 1 in Shinano 1
Komoro-han 小諸藩 31,910 31,910 31,918 2 in Shinano 1
Iida-han 飯田藩 28,396 28,175 28,393 1 in Shinano 1
Tatsuoka-han[37] 龍岡藩 abolished 13,534 13,652 1 in Shinano,
2 in Mikawa
3
Iwamurata-han 岩村田藩 10,606 9,979 10,200 2 in Shinano 1
Suzaka-han 須坂藩 11,324 11,315 11,324 1 in Shinano 1
Maebashi-han 前橋藩 176,149 176,149 178,302 8 in Kōzuke,
2 in Shimotsuke,
10 in Musashi,
3 in Ōmi
28
Takasaki-han 高崎藩 91,473 94,276 97,800 3 in Kōzuke,
1 in Echigo,
1 in Shimōsa,
1 in Musashi
5
Tatebayashi-han 館林藩 72,985 72,985 76,747 3 in Kōzuke 2
Numata-han 沼田藩 21,428 21,402 41,047 2 in Kōzuke,
2 in Kawachi,
3 in Mimasaka
7
Annaka-han 安中藩 27,125 27,042 27,427 2 in Kōzuke,
3 in Shimōsa
3
Obata-han 小幡藩 14,007 14,007 14,204 3 in Kōzuke 1
Isesaki-han 伊勢崎藩 20,986 20,986 21,663 2 in Kōzuke 1
Nanukaichi-han 七日市藩 6,992 6,992 7,024 1 in Kōzuke 2
Utsunomiya-han 宇都宮藩 58,761 58,366 60,180 4 in Shimotsuke 4
Mibu-han 壬生藩 25,962 24,372 25,956 1 in Shimotsuke,
5 in Shimōsa,
2 in Sagami,
1 in Yamato,
2 in Harima
14
Karasuyama-han 烏山藩 28,494 28,494 27,686 2 in Shimotsuke,
4 in Sagami,
2 in Shimōsa
9
Sano-han 佐野藩 12,995 12,995 13,012 2 in Shimotsuke,
2 in Kōzuke,
1 in Ōmi
5
Ōtawara-han 大田原藩 11,531 11,465 12,535 4 in Shimotsuke 6
Ashikaga-han 足利藩 18,704 3,866 18,719 3 in Shimotsuke 3
Fukiage-han 吹上藩 6,834 6,834 6,914 3 in Shimotsuke,
3 in Ise
6
Kurobane-han 黒羽藩 19,493 19,493 19,532 2 in Shimotsuke 3
Tanagura-han 棚倉藩 30,451 30,451 30,606 2 in Iwaki 1
Nakamura-han 中村藩 63,110 63,110 63,893 3 in Iwaki 3
Miharu-han 三春藩 36,769 36,774 36,762 1 in Iwaki 1
Iwaki-Taira-han 磐城平藩 16,339 15,422 15,377 2 in Iwaki 1
Matsukawa-han 松川藩 17,631 16,896 17,404 1 in Iwaki,
2 in Hitachi
3
Izumi-han 泉藩 17,025 10,725 10,351 1 in Iwaki,
1 in Musashi
2
Yunagaya-han 湯長谷藩 8,265 8,265 8,235 2 in Iwaki,
2 in Tamba
4
Nihonmatsu-han 二本松藩 37,307 37,335 37,348 1 in Iwashiro 1
Sendaih-han 仙台藩 204,964 204,902 239,897 6 in Rikuzen 3
Ichinoseki-han 一関藩 27,399 27,397 26,197 1 in Rikuchū 1
Hirosaki-han 弘前藩 288,842 288,842 255,131 1 in Mutsu 1
Tate-han 館藩 79,742 79,742 77,805 1 in Oshima,
1 in Iwashiro,
1 in Uzen
3
Tonami-han 斗南藩 75,467 n.a. n.a. 3 in Mutsu 4
Hachinohe-han 八戸藩 42,603 42,603 68,195 1 in Mutsu,
2 in Rikuchū
2
Kuroishi-han 黒石藩 15,932 15,932 15,949 1 in Mutsu,
1 in Iwashiro
2
Shichinohe-han 七戸藩 15,527 15,527 15,530 1 in Mutsu 1
Yonezawa-han 米沢藩 129,753 129,753 128,765 1 in Uzen 1
Ōizumi-han 大泉藩 95,356 95,327 95,347 1 in Uzen 1
Shinjō-han 新庄藩 57,173 52,173 52,179 1 in Uzen 1
Kaminoyama-han 上山藩 31,449 31,449 31,517 1 in Uzen,
2 in Echigo
3
Tendō-han 天童藩 13,403 13,393 12,389 1 in Uzen 1
Akita-han 秋田藩 435,267 435,267 412,647 6 in Ugo,
2 in Shimotsuke
2
Matsumine-han 松嶺藩 23,100 23,100 23,159 1 in Ugo,
2 in Uzen,
1 in Kōzuke
2
Honjō-han 本荘藩 26,241 26,241 26,257 1 in Ugo 1
Kameda-han 亀田藩 23,894 23,878 23,804 2 in Ugo,
1 in Tamba
2
Yashima-han 矢島藩 15,280 14,590 15,285 1 in Ugo 1
Iwasaki-han 岩崎藩 18,469 18,469 18,486 1 in Ugo 1
Obama-han 小浜藩 111,975 105,434 113,612 3 in Wakasa,
3 in Echizen,
1 in Ōmi
6
Fukui-han 福井藩 202,511 279,529 284,542 7 in Echizen 2
Maruoka-han 丸岡藩 22,791 22,791 21,702 3 in Echizen 3
Ōno-han 大野藩 30,629 30,629 31,115 3 in Echizen 3
Sabae-han 鯖江藩 30,167 30,167 30,275 2 in Echizen 2
Katsuyama-han 勝山藩 18,612 18,612 18,657 1 in Echizen 1
Kanazawa-han 金沢藩 1,065,910 1,080,210 1,086,159 3 in Kaga,
3 in Etchū,
4 in Noto,
1 in Ōmi
5
Daishōji-han 大聖寺藩 48,736 48,036 48,766 2 in Kaga 1
Toyama-han 富山藩 132,415 132,415 116,750 2 in Etchū 1
Takada-han 高田藩 171,056 171,056 168,842 1 in Echigo,
1 in Iwashiro,
1 in Iwaki
2
Shibata-han 新発田藩 192,591 192,591 192,604 1 in Echigo,
1 in Iwashiro
5
Murakami-han 村上藩 83,004 80,034 80,004 3 in Echigo 3
Muramatsu-han 村松藩 36,980 36,980 37,192 1 in Echigo 2
Yoita-han 与板藩 22,530 22,530 22,531 3 in Echigo 3
Mineoka-han 峰岡藩 11,145 11,135 11,881 1 in Echigo 1
Kiyosaki-han 清崎藩 21,930 21,930 22,106 2 in Echigo 2
Shiiya-han 椎谷藩 10,911 10,918 10,812 1 in Echigo,
2 in Shinano
3
Mikkaichi-han 三日市藩 8,419 8,419 9,061 1 in Echigo 1
Kurokawa-han 黒川藩 9,757 9,755 9,179 1 in Echigo 1
Sasayama-han 篠山藩 58,507 58,507 58,734 5 in Tamba,
1 in Settsu,
1 in Tajima
7
Kameoka-han 亀岡藩 49,572 49,228 51,814 3 in Tamba,
1 in Bitchū
4
Fukuchiyama-han 福知山藩 31,037 29,304 31,136 1 in Tamba,
1 in Ōmi
2
Sonobe-han 園部藩 36,895 36,895 35,828 3 in Tamba 4
Kaibara-han 柏原藩 18,475 18,475 18,551 3 in Tamba 5
Ayabe-han 綾部藩 18,516 18,511 18,425 3 in Tamba 3
Yamaga-han 山家藩 11,661 11,661 11,670 1 in Tamba 1
Miyazu-han 宮津藩 71,831 73,674 71,136 4 in Tamba,
4 in Ōmi
6
Maizuru-han 舞鶴藩 49,117 48,978 48,893 1 in Tango 1
Mineyama-han 峰山藩 10,055 10,055 10,775 1 in Tango,
1 in Ōmi,
1 in Hitachi,
1 in Shimōsa
4
Izushi-han 出石藩 35,316 35,316 35,213 4 in Tajima 3
Toyo'oka-han 豊岡藩 19,036 19,518 19,036 2 in Tajima 2
Muraoka-han 村岡藩 15,482 15,476 15,690 1 in Tajima 1
Tottori-han 鳥取藩 378,734 373,065 371,654 8 in Inaba,
6 in Hōki,
3 in Harima
3
Matsue-han 松江藩 296,750 291,694 295,823 10 in Izumo 1
Hirose-han 広瀬藩 26,370 26,370 26,364 2 in Izumo 2
Mori-han 母里藩 8,205 8,215 8,225 1 in Izumo,
2 in Shimotsuke
3
Tsuwano-han[38] 津和野藩 abolished 65,263 69,267 4 in Iwami 4
Himeji-han 姫路藩 222,661 222,661 223,762 5 in Harima 7
Akashi-han 明石藩 76,004 76,004 76,173 2 in Harima,
1 in Mimasaka
2
Tatsuno-han 龍野藩 50,879 50,879 51,051 3 in Harima,
1 in Mimasaka
6
Akō-han 赤穂藩 34,643 34,643 35,558 2 in Harima 1
Mikazuki-han 三日月藩 19,455 19,455 19,640 3 in Harima 2
Hayashida-han 林田藩 11,795 11,795 n.a. 1 in Harima 1
Mikusa-han 三草藩 9,371 9,371 9,353 4 in Harima 3
Ono-han 小野藩 8,146 8,146 8,167 1 in Harima 1
Anji-han 安志藩 9,812 9,812 9,386 3 in Harima 3
Yamasaki-han 山崎藩 10,247 10,247 10,410 1 in Harima 1
Tsuyama-han 津山藩 106,337 106,437 106,462 11 in Mimasaka,
Shōdo-shima in Sanuki
3
Tazuta-han 鶴田藩 32,573 32,567 33,613 5 in Mimasaka 2
Mashima-han 真島藩 27,159 26,796 25,975 2 in Mimasaka 1
Okayama-han 岡山藩 358,327 358,337 350,897 8 in Bizen,
5 in Bitchū
7
Ikusaka-han 生坂藩 9,097 9,097 10,126 3 in Bizen 2
Ashimori-han 足守藩 17,453 17,452 17,509 2 in Bitchū 3
Kamogata-han 鴨方藩 27,481 27,693 27,796 3 in Bitchū 1
Niwase-han 庭瀬藩 21,502 21,502 21,886 3 in Bitchū 2
Takahashi-han 高梁藩 26,245 26,245 26,332 4 in Bitchū 1
Niimi-han 新見藩 17,278 17,278 17,179 4 in Bitchū 3
Nariwa-han 成羽藩 17,930 17,835 17,397 1 in Bitchū 1
Okada-han 岡田藩 17,472 17,465 17,480 1 in Bitchū,
1 in Mino,
1 in Settsu,
1 in Kawachi
4
Asao-han 浅尾藩 7,177 7,246 7,182 3 in Bitchū,
1 in Kawachi,
1 in Settsu
10
Fukuyama-han 福山藩 187,300 180,534 185,863 6 in Bingo 1
Hiroshima-ken 広島藩 914,157 514,157 914,172 8 in Aki,
8 in Bingo
1
Yamaguchi-han 山口藩 608,475 552,671 565,368 6 in Suō,
5 in Nagato
14
Iwakuni-han 岩国藩 87,635 87,951 90,393 2 in Suō 1
Tokuyama-han[39] 徳山藩 abolished 54,479 55,853 2 in Suō 2
Toyoura-han 豊浦藩 75,218 75,218 76,887 2 in Nagato 2
Kiyosue-han 清末藩 11,062 10,946 11,052 1 in Nagato 1
Wakayama-han 和歌山藩 528,408 528,408 540,952 7 in Kii,
7 in Ise,
2 in Yamato
6
Shingū-han 新宮藩 54,474 54,474 61,677 4 in Kii 6
Tanabe-han 田辺藩 55,076 55,076 63,103 4 in Kii 3
Tokushima-han 徳島藩 714,022 714,022 123,028 All in Awa,
all in Awaji
2
Takamatsu-han 高松藩 299,223 293,775 305,197 8 in Sanuki 1
Matsuyama-han 松山藩 211,882 211,882 211,881 10 in Iyo 2
Uwajima-han 宇和島藩 169,512 169,512 169,525 1 in Iyo 1
Ōzu-han 大洲藩 104,259 104,248 97,758 5 in Iyo 3
Imabari-han 今治藩 74,994 74,994 75,102 2 in Iyo 1
Yoshida-han 吉田藩 53,913 53,913 54,160 1 in Iyo 5
Saijō-han 西条藩 58,388 58,398 61,034 3 in Iyo 1
Niiya-han 新谷藩 14,351 14,351 14,357 3 in Iyo 3
Komatsu-han 小松藩 15,165 15,165 15,155 2 in Iyo 2
Kōchi-han 高知藩 516,867 516,866 516,545 All in Tosa 1
Fukuoka-han 福岡藩 388,409 366,924 367,478 14 in Chikuzen 1
Akizuki-han 秋月藩 33,084 33,084 33,587 3 in Chikuzen 1
Kurume-han 久留米藩 262,085 262,085 241,495 5 in Chikugo 1
Yanagawa-han 柳河藩 119,708 120,180 127,323 5 in Chikugo 1
Miike-han 三池藩 9,039 9,039 9,092 1 in Chikugo,
1 in Iwashiro
2
Toyotsu-han 豊津藩 117,835 111,397 117,843 5 in Buzen 1
Nakatsu-han 中津藩 100,403 100,403 99,147 3 in Buzen,
1 in Bingo,
1 in Chikuzen
3
Chitsuka-han 千束藩 5,804 5,792 5,866 1 in Buzen 1
Oka-han 岡藩 76,404 76,404 77,581 3 in Bungo 2
Usuki-han 臼杵藩 78,244 27,923 78,986 3 in Bungo 3
Kitsuki-han 杵築藩 51,535 51,535 52,247 2 in Bungo 1
Hiji-han 日出藩 20,829 20,925 20,936 1 in Bungo 1
Funai-han 府内藩 33,224 33,224 33,326 1 in Bungo 1
Saiki-han 佐伯藩 67,554 67,550 67,687 1 in Bungo 1
Mori Domain 森藩 14,244 14,212 14,249 3 in Bungo 2
Saga-han 佐賀藩 425,762 425,762 n.a. 9 in Hizen 4
Ogi-han 小城藩 41,183 41,183 33,438 3 in Hizen 3
Shimabara-han 島原藩 175,044 174,296 175,051 1 in Hizen,
1 in Bungo,
1 in Buzen
3
Hirado-han 平戸藩 149,143 149,143 145,825 2 in Hizen,
all in Iki
3
Karatsu-han 唐津藩 62,706 62,705 63,229 1 in Hizen 1
Hasunoike-han 蓮池藩 31,359 31,359 31,461 5 in Hizen 4
Ōmura-han 大村藩 125,039 122,174 120,549 2 in Hizen 2
Kashima-han 鹿島藩 13,792 13,723 13,771 2 in Hizen 2
Fukue-han 福江藩 62,275 62,056 45,747 5 in Hizen,
1 in Gotō, Hizen
1
Kumamoto-han 熊本藩 719,990 719,990 730,528 10 in Higo,
3 in Bungo
4
Hitoyoshi-han 人吉藩 53,577 53,577 54,152 1 in Higo 1
Nobeoka-han 延岡藩 122,277 122,277 125,750 2 in Hyūga,
3 in Bungo
6
Obi-han 飫肥藩 48,181 48,181 48,837 2 in Hyūga 1
Sadowara-han 佐土原藩 26,420 26,420 26,755 1 in Hyūga 1
Takanabe-han 高鍋藩 43,334 43,334 43,349 4 in Hyūga 3
Kagoshima-han[40] 鹿児島藩 896,808 772,354 896,817 All in Satsuma,
all in Ōsumi,
1 in Hyūga
1
Izuhara-han 厳原藩 83,771 83,771 83,792 2 in Tsushima,
3 in Hizen,
1 in Chikugo,
2 in Buzen
7
265 Domains (han) total 21,987,004 21,332,853 21,182,473 1,007
Nara-ken 奈良県 158,728 158,728 158,728 13 in Yamato 44
Gojō-ken 五條県 136,060 136,060 136,060 2 in Yamato,
2 in Kawachi,
2 in Kii
6
Sakai-ken 堺県 249,523 249,523 249,523 4 in Izumi,
1 in Settsu,
2 in Kii,
15 in Kawachi
40
Hyōgo-ken 兵庫県 224,124 224,124 224,124 9 in Settsu,
7 in Harima
37
Watarai-ken 度会県 92,004 92,004 96,625 8 in Ise 15
Kōfu-ken 甲府県 352,900 352,900 352,900 4 in Kai 1
Nirayama-ken 韮山県 250,708 250,708 250,603 4 in Izu,
4 in Musashi
4
Kanagawa-ken 神奈川県 421,690 421,690 421,690 4 in Musashi,
9 in Sagami
2
Urawa-ken 浦和県 280,530 280,530 280,274 6 in Musashi 11
Shinagawa-ken 品川県 188,650 188,650 188,650 5 in Musashi 6
Kosuge-ken 小菅県 162,067 16,267 162,067 4 in Musashi,
1 in Shimōsa
1
Miyazaku-ken 宮谷県 281,077 281,077 281,077 7 in Kazusa,
3 in Shimōsa,
1 in Awa,
4 in Hitachi
15
Katsushika-ken 葛飾県 230,614 230,614 229,714 1 in Musashi,
7 in Shimōsa
14
Wakamori-ken 若森県 149,976 149,976 17,676 5 in Hitachi,
3 in Shimōsa
8
Ōtsu-ken 大津県 244,114 211,334 211,334 11 in Ōmi 24
Kasamatsu-ken 笠松県 188,139 188,139 188,139 21 in Mino 30
Takayama-ken 高山県 118,604 98,366 97,160 3 in Hida 1
Ina-ken 伊那県 193,264 188,999 189,899 2 in Shinano,
7 in Mikawa
15
Nakano-ken 中野県 183,291 n.a. n.a. 6 in Shinano 14
Iwahana-ken 岩鼻県 358,640 358,640 358,640 13 in Kōzuke,
6 in Musashi
18
Nikkō-ken 日光県 217,588 415,706 217,588 7 in Shimotsuke 5
Shirakawa-ken 白河県 106,388 16,388 106,298 4 in Iwaki,
1 in Iwashiro
9
Kakuda-ken 角田県 83,017 83,017 83,017 4 in Iwaki,
1 in Rikuzen
1
Wakamatsu-ken 若松県 199,211 199,211 199,211 5 in Iwashiro,
1 in Echigo,
1 in Shimotsuke
1
Fukushima-ken 福島県 119,668 119,668 119,666 3 in Iwashiro 2
Tome-ken 登米県 115,874 115,874 222,518 7 in Rikuzen 1
Isawa-ken 胆沢県 138,167 138,167 138,167 3 in Rikuchū,
1 in Rikuzen
2
Esashi-ken 江刺県 237,550 237,550 n.a. 5 in Rikuchū,
1 in Rikuzen,
1 in Mutsu
2
Morioka-han 盛岡県 137,825 137,825 137,825 4 in Rikuchū 0
Yamagata-ken 山形県 318,467 331,941 32,261 3 in Uzen,
3 in Ugo
0
Hombo-ken 本保県 70,709 n.a. n.a. 8 in Echizen 0
Kashiwazaki-ken 柏崎県 437,923 418,711 418,711 5 in Echigo 9
Niigata-ken 新潟県 259,600 259,600 259,600 2 in Echigo 2
Sado-ken 佐渡県 102,337 12,337 102,337 3 in Sado 1
Kumihama-ken 久美浜県 166,586 166,586 166,586 5 in Tango,
4 in Tamba,
6 in Tajima
64
Ikuno-ken 生野県 94,387 94,387 94,387 1 in Tajima,
1 in Tamba,
6 in Harima,
2 in Mimasaka
0
Hamada-ken 浜田県 298,126 228,863 228,863 6 in Iwami,
4 in Oki
2
Kurashiki-ken 倉敷県 237,680 237,506 214,594 10 in Bitchū,
2 in Bingo,
3 in Mimasaka,
3 counties and 3 islands in Sanuki
33
Marugame-ken 丸亀県 135,102 135,096 134,284 4 in Sanuki,
1 in Harima,
2 in Ōmi
4
Hita-ken 日田県 195,455 195,455 195,455 7 in Bungo,
3 in Buzen,
1 in Chikuzen,
5 in Hyūga
14
Nagasaki-ken 長崎県 267,654 265,946 264,259 3 in Hizen,
1 in Higo,
1 in Chikugo
5
40 Prefectures (ken) total 8,404,017 7,888,163 7,430,510 463
Total (except Kaitaku-shi) 31,866,389 30,697,354 30,088,335 1,478

It is quite apparent that the above demographic data contain many textual errors, but could not be corrected because the original unpublished reports preserved at the office of the Ministry of Interior of Japan were burned by a fire after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.

For demographic data during the Edo period, see Demographics of Japan before Meiji Restoration.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Population estimates for October 1, 2011 are according to those reported by the Statistics Bureau of Japan. Area estimates for October 1, 2011 are according to those reported by the Geographical Survey Institute of Japan. See Area of Japanese Prefectures as of October 1, 2011 (Japanese only).
  2. ^ Census population for October 1, 2010 is according to the 2010 Population Census of Japan.
  3. ^ Population density of Hokkaidō is calculated excluding the areas of islands of Habomai-guntō (99.94 km²), Shikotan-tō (253.33 km²), Kunashiri-tō (1498.83 km²) and Etorofu-tō (3184.04 km²) (including the attached islands). Population density of Shimane-ken is calculated excluding the area of Take-shima (0.21 km²). Population density of Japan is calculated excluding these areas.
  4. ^ A population of 73 living at the disputed boundary between Nagano-ken and Gifu-ken is included in the total population of Japan. The 1960 Census of Ryūkyū was taken as of December 1.
  5. ^ The 1955 Extraordinary Census of Ryūkyū was taken as of December 1.
  6. ^ The 1950 Census of Ryūkyū was taken as of December 1 based on de facto population concept. Population of Ryūkyū includes 219,048 persons of Amami Islands.
  7. ^ Population of Okinawa was not surveyed.
  8. ^ Includes Ogasawara Islands since June 26, 1968.
  9. ^ Includes Amami Islands since December 25, 1953; Southern Tokara Islands (Toshima-mura, Ōshima-gun) since February 10, 1952. Data for 1948 exclude Northern Tokara Islands (Mishima, although they were already part of Kagoshiwa.
  10. ^ a b Okinawa under the government of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands was reverted to Japan as Okinawa-ken on May 15, 1972.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kaitaku-shi (Development Commission) was split into three prefectures of Sapporo-, Hakodate- and Nemuro-ken on February 8, 1882, but was reunited to Hokkaidō-chō (Hokkaidō Agency) on January 26, 1886. Hokkaidō became equal with other prefectures on May 3, 1947 with the abolishment of Hokkaidō-chō, but has been simply called Hokkaidō since the era of Hokkaidō-chō.
  12. ^ a b Tōkyō-fu (urban prefecture) became Tōkyō-to (metropolitan) on July 1, 1943.
  13. ^ Okinawa-ken was occupied and became subject to the United States Military Government at the end of the World War II.
  14. ^ Karafuto-fu was incorporated to Japan Proper on March 26, 1943, but was occupied and annexed to Soviet Russia at the end of the World War II.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ashigara-ken was split and annexed to Kanagawa- and Shizuoka-ken on April 18, 1876. Hamamatsu-ken was annexed to Shizuoka-ken on August 21, 1876. Annexation of Ogasawara-tō to Japan was acknowledged internationally by the year of 1876. Seven Islands of Izu were relegated from Shizuoka-ken to Tōkyō-fu (about the same with the present-day special 23 wards of Tōkyō) on January 11, 1878. Ogasawara-tō became an administrative region of Tōkyō-fu on October 8, 1880. Three districts of Tama were relegated from Kanagawa-ken to Tōkyō-fu on April 1, 1893.
  16. ^ a b c d e Nara-ken (same with the present-day Nara-ken) was annexed to Sakai-ken on April 18, 1876. Sakai-ken was annexed to Ōsaka-fu on February 7, 1881. Nara-ken was split from Ōsaka-fu on November 4, 1887.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ishizuchi- and Kamiyama-ken were united to Ehime-ken on February 20, 1873. On the same day, Kagawa-ken (same with the present-day Kagawa-ken) was annexed to Myōdō-ken, but was split from Myōdō-ken on September 5, 1875. Toyo'oka-ken was split and annexed to Hyōgo-ken and Kyōto-fu on August 21, 1876. On the same day, Shikama-ken was annexed to Hyōgo-ken. On the same day, Myōdō-ken was split and annexed to Kōchi-ken and Hyōgo-ken (the region of Myōdō-ken annexed to Kōchi-ken is the same with the present-day Tokushima-ken, while that annexed to Hyōgo-ken is the former Awaji Province). On the same day, Kagawa-ken was annexed to Ehime-ken. Tokushima-ken was split from Kōchi-ken on March 2, 1880. Kagawa-ken was split from Ehime-ken on December 3, 1888.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Kokura-ken was annexed to Fukuoka-ken on April 18, 1876. On the same day, Saga-ken (same with the present-day Saga-ken) was annexed to Mizuma-ken. Mizuma-ken was split and annexed to Nagasaki- and Fukuoka-ken, while small part of Fukuoka-ken was annexed to Ōita-ken on August 21, 1876. Saga-ken was split from Nagasaki-ken on May 9, 1883.
  19. ^ a b c d e Miyakonojō-ken was split and annexed to Kagoshima- and Miyazakia-ken on January 15, 1873. Miyazaki-ken was annexed to Kagoshima-ken on August 21, 1876, but was split from Kagoshima-ken on May 9, 1883.
  20. ^ Honseki population here includes imperial families.
  21. ^ Population of Okinawa-ken is that surveyed in 1880. Introduction of Japanese registration system to Okinawa-ken confirmed that more than half of the inhabitants were suppressed.
  22. ^ Population of Kaitaku-shi and Ryūkyū-han are those surveyed in 1873. The date of March 8, 1872 corresponds to the 29 day of the 1st month, Meiji 5 according to the traditional Japanese calendar expired on December 31, 1872.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Mizusawa-ken was renamed to Iwai-ken on November 22, 1875. Iwai-ken was split and annexed to Iwate- and Miyazaki-ken on April 18, 1876. Iwasaki-ken was split and annexed to Fukushima- and Miyagi-ken on August 21, 1876. On the same day, Wakamatsu-ken was annexed to Fukushima-ken.
  24. ^ a b c d Sakata-ken was renamed to Tsuruoka-ken on August 31, 1875. Tsuruoka-ken and Okitama-ken were annexed to Yamagata-ken on August 21, 1876.
  25. ^ a b c d e Inba- and Kisarazu-ken were united to Chiba-ken on June 15, 1873. Niihari-ken was split and annexed to Ibaraki- and Chiba-ken on May 7, 1875.
  26. ^ a b c d e f Utsunomiya-ken was annexed to Tochigi-ken on June 15, 1873. On the same day, Gunma-ken and Iruma-ken were united to Kumagaya-ken. Tochigi-, Kumagaya- and Saitama-ken were reorganized into Tochigi- (composed of majority of former Tochigi-ken), Gunma- (composed of part of former Kumagaya-ken and part of former Tochigi-ken) and Saitama-ken (composed of former Saitama-ken and part of former Kumagaya-ken) on August 21, 1876.
  27. ^ a b c Kashiwazaki-ken was annexed to Niigata-ken on June 10, 1873. Aikawa-ken was annexed to Niigata-ken on April 18, 1876.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h Nanao-ken was split and annexed to Niikawa- and Ishikawa-ken on October 27, 1872 (25th day of the 9th month, Meiji 5). Inukami-ken was annexed to Shiga-ken on October 30, 1872 (28th day of the 9th month, Meiji 5). Asuwa-ken was annexed to Tsuruga-ken on January 4, 1873. Niikawa-ken (same with the present-day Toyama-ken) was annexed to Ishikawa-ken on April 18, 1876. Tsuruga-ken (same with the present-day Fukui-ken) was split and annexed to Ishikawa- and Shiga-ken on August 21, 1876, but was split from Ishikawa- and Shiga-ken to reunite into Fukui-ken on February 7, 1881. Toyama-ken was split from Ishikawa-ken on May 9, 1883.
  29. ^ a b c Chikuma-ken was split and annexed to Nagano- and Gifu-ken on August 21, 1876.
  30. ^ a b Nukata-ken was annexed to Aichi-ken on December 27, 1872 (27th day of the 11th month, Meiji 5).
  31. ^ a b Watari-ken was annexed to Mie-ken on April 18, 1876.
  32. ^ a b c Hamada-ken was annexed to Shimane-ken on April 18, 1876. Tottori-ken was annexed to Shimane-ken on August 21, 1876, but was split from Shimane-ken on September 12, 1881.
  33. ^ a b c d Oda-ken was annexed to Okayama-ken on December 10, 1875. Hokujō-, Okayama- and Hiroshima-ken were reorganized into Okayama-ken (composed of former Hokujō-ken and majority of Okayama-ken) and Hiroshima-ken (composed of former Hiroshima-ken and part of Okayama-ken) on April 18, 1876.
  34. ^ a b c Yatsushiro-ken was annexed to Shirakawa-ken on January 15, 1873. Shirakawa-ken was renamed to Kumamoto-ken on February 22, 1876
  35. ^ a b Ryūkyū Kingdom was officially annexed to Japan on March 11, 1879, though Meiji government treated Ryūkyū as a part of Japan before that.
  36. ^ Abolished on August 9, 1871 (23th[clarification needed] day of the 6th month, Meiji 4) and was annexed to Ōtsu-ken.
  37. ^ Abolished on July 19, 1871 (2nd day of the 6th month, Meiji 4) and was divided and annexed to Ina-ken and Nakano-ken.
  38. ^ Abolished on August 11, 1871 (25th day of the 6th month, Meiji 4) and was annexed to Hamada-ken.
  39. ^ Abolished on August 5, 1871 (19th day of the 6th month, Meiji 4) and was annexed to Yamaguchi-han.
  40. ^ Populations by references (1) and (3) includes those in the Ryūkyū-koku, while the population by reference (2) does not. According to "Hansei-ichiran", population of Ryūkyū is 124,454 (51,751 samurai plus 72,703 commons), while that of mainland is 772,354 (192,949 samurai plus 579,405 commons), affording 896,808 (244,700 samurai plus 652,108 commons) in total.