Lafayette Township, New Jersey

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Lafayette Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lafayette
Map of Lafayette Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Lafayette Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lafayette Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lafayette Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°06′47″N 74°40′32″W / 41.113067°N 74.675675°W / 41.113067; -74.675675Coordinates: 41°06′47″N 74°40′32″W / 41.113067°N 74.675675°W / 41.113067; -74.675675[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated April 14, 1845
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Richard Hughes (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • clerk AnnaRose Fedish[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 18.049 sq mi (46.748 km2)
 • Land 17.962 sq mi (46.522 km2)
 • Water 0.087 sq mi (0.226 km2)  0.48%
Area rank 157th of 566 in state
13th of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 535 ft (163 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,538
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 2,509
 • Rank 470th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 141.3/sq mi (54.6/km2)
 • Density rank 528th of 566 in state
21st of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07848[12][13]
Area code(s) 973[14]
FIPS code 3403737440[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882260[17]
Website www.lafayettetwp.org

Lafayette Township is a Township located in the Skylands Region of Sussex County, New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 2,538,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 238 (+10.3%) from the 2,300 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 398 (+20.9%) from the 1,902 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Lafayette was formed as a Township based on an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 14, 1845, from part of Frankford Township and Newton Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day.[19] The township was the first in the country to be named for Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, the French general and statesman who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.[20][21]

It is crossed by Route 15 and Route 94.

Geography[edit]

Lafayette Township is located at 41°06′47″N 74°40′32″W / 41.113067°N 74.675675°W / 41.113067; -74.675675 (41.113067,-74.675675). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.049 square miles (46.748 km2), of which, 17.962 square miles (46.522 km2) of it was land and 0.087 square miles (0.226 km2) of it (0.48%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 928
1860 919 −1.0%
1870 884 −3.8%
1880 781 −11.7%
1890 742 −5.0%
1900 717 −3.4%
1910 683 −4.7%
1920 634 −7.2%
1930 735 15.9%
1940 803 9.3%
1950 836 4.1%
1960 1,100 31.6%
1970 1,202 9.3%
1980 1,614 34.3%
1990 1,902 17.8%
2000 2,300 20.9%
2010 2,538 10.3%
Est. 2012 2,509 [10] −1.1%
Population sources:
1850-1920[22] 1850-1870[23]
1850[24] 1870[25] 1880-1890[26]
1890-1910[27] 1910-1930[28]
1930-1990[29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,538 people, 875 households, and 721 families residing in the township. The population density was 141.3 per square mile (54.6 /km2). There were 919 housing units at an average density of 51.2 per square mile (19.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.43% (2,422) White, 1.58% (40) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.75% (19) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.63% (16) from other races, and 1.62% (41) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.08% (129) of the population.[7]

There were 875 households, of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 13.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.12.[7]

In the township, 23.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $96,369 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,553) and the median family income was $98,750 (+/- $11,241). Males had a median income of $71,607 (+/- $22,034) versus $56,964 (+/- $13,270) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,364 (+/- $3,922). About 6.4% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,300 people, 771 households, and 647 families residing in the township. The population density was 127.6 people per square mile (49.3/km2). There were 799 housing units at an average density of 44.3 per square mile (17.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.04% White, 1.04% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.35% of the population.[30][31]

There were 771 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.4% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.0% were non-families. 12.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.20.[30][31]

In the township the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.[30][31]

The median income for a household in the township was $82,805, and the median income for a family was $87,650. Males had a median income of $61,307 versus $38,816 for females. The per capita income for the township was $30,491. About 1.2% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[30][31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lafayette Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Lafayette Township Committee are Richard Bruning (R, term on township committee ends on December 31, 2016),Gregory Corcoran (R, 2014), John D'Angeli (R, 2015) Alan Henderson (R, 2014) and Richard Hughes (R, 2016).[4][33][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lafayette Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[8][38][39]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[43][44]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[45][46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[49] As of 2013, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2013),[50] Deputy Director Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[51] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2013),[52] Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015)[53] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[54][49] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[55] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott,[56] Sheriff Michael F. Strada[57] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[58][55] The County Administrator is John Eskilson[59]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,738 registered voters in Lafayette Township, of which 228 (13.1% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 781 (44.9% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 727 (41.8% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[60] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 68.5% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 89.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[60][61]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 867 votes here (65.7% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 431 votes (32.7% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.4% vs. 2.1%), among the 1,319 ballots cast by the township's 1,815 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[62] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 921 votes here (67.3% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 417 votes (30.5% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.3% vs. 1.5%), among the 1,368 ballots cast by the township's 1,740 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.6% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 883 votes here (67.4% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 404 votes (30.8% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.4% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,311 ballots cast by the township's 1,583 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.8% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 635 votes here (66.2% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 214 votes (22.3% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 94 votes (9.8% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 14 votes (1.5% vs. 1.3%), among the 959 ballots cast by the township's 1,702 registered voters, yielding a 56.3% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[65]

Education[edit]

Public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Lafayette Township School District, which served 256 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[66]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend High Point Regional High School, which also students from Branchville, Frankford Township, Sussex Borough and Wantage Township.[67][68] The school had an enrollment of 1,132 as of the 2010-11 school year.[69]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Committees and Departments, Lafayette Township. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 110.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lafayette, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lafayette township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lafayette township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lafayette, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Sussex, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 231. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  20. ^ History of Lafayette Township, NY-NJ-CT Botany Online. Accessed April 8, 2008.
  21. ^ Home Page, Lafayette Township. Accessed February 21, 2013. "Lafayette Township was incorporated in 1845 and is the first town in the United States to be named after the Marquis de LaFayette."
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  23. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 271, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed February 21, 2013. "Lafayette is the most central township in the county and contained in 1850, 928 inhabitants; in 1860, 919; and in 1870, 884."
  24. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  25. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  26. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  27. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  28. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 7194. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  29. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 21, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lafayette township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  31. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lafayette township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  32. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lafayette township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 1, 2013.
  33. ^ January 7, 2013 Reorganization Meeting Minutes, Lafayette Township. Accessed February 21, 2013. "The Clerk called for nominations for Mayor for 2013. Corcoran nominated Hughes; and Bruning seconded the nomination. The Clerk called for further nominations and there being none the nominations were closed; and Mr. Hughes was declared Mayor for 2013.... Mayor Hughes called for nominations for Deputy Mayor. Corcoran nominated D'Angeli; and Bruning seconded the nomination. Further nominations were called for and there being none Mr. D’Angeli was declared Deputy Mayor for 2013."
  34. ^ County Election Summary - General election November 2, 2010, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 8, 2010. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  35. ^ Summary Report - Group detail / General Election November 8, 2011, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 10, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  36. ^ County Summary With Detail - General Election: November 6, 2012, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  46. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ a b Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  50. ^ Richard A. Vohden, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  51. ^ Phillip R. Crabb, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  52. ^ George Graham, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  53. ^ Dennis J. Mudrick, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  54. ^ Gail Phoebus, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  55. ^ a b Miller, Jennifer Jean. "George Graham Chosen as Freeholder at Sussex County Republican Convention", TheAlternativePress.com, April 13, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013. "Graham will fill the freeholder seat that New Jersey Assemblyman Parker Space left to take his new position. Space recently took the seat, which formerly belonged to Gary Chiusano, who in turn, was appointed to the spot of Sussex County Surrogate, following the retirement of Surrogate Nancy Fitzgibbons."
  56. ^ Home Page, Sussex County Clerk's Office. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  57. ^ Sheriff's Office, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  58. ^ Surrogate's Court, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  59. ^ County Administrator, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  60. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Sussex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  61. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  62. ^ General Election November 6, 2012: District Report - Group Detail, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  63. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  64. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  65. ^ 2009 Governor: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  66. ^ Data for the Lafayette Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 21, 2013.
  67. ^ Home page, High Point Regional High School. Accessed September 14, 2013. "High Point Regional High School is located in rural Sussex County, New Jersey, where over one thousand students attend from the five municipalities of Branchville, Frankford, Lafayette, Sussex and Wantage. "
  68. ^ High Point Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 12, 2014. "High Point Regional High School is a comprehensive high school serving the diversified needs of the three surrounding K through 8 school districts of Lafayette, Frankford, and Sussex-Wantage. "
  69. ^ Data for High Point Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 14, 2013.

Reading List[edit]

McCabe, Wayne T. and Kate Gordon. A Penny A View...An Album of Postcard Views...Lafayette, N.J. (Newton, NJ: Historic Preservation Alternatives, 1993).

External links[edit]