Vernon Township, New Jersey

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Vernon Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Vernon
Map of Vernon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Vernon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Vernon Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Vernon Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°11′52″N 74°29′04″W / 41.197847°N 74.48458°W / 41.197847; -74.48458Coordinates: 41°11′52″N 74°29′04″W / 41.197847°N 74.48458°W / 41.197847; -74.48458[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Sussex
Established April 8, 1793
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[7]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Victor J. Marotta (term ends December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • Administrator Wlliam I Zuckerman[5]
 • Clerk Susan S. Nelson[6]
Area[2]
 • Total 70.587 sq mi (182.819 km2)
 • Land 68.234 sq mi (176.725 km2)
 • Water 2.353 sq mi (6.094 km2)  3.33%
Area rank 15th of 566 in state
1st of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[8] 571 ft (174 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 23,943
 • Estimate (2012[12]) 23,562
 • Rank 102nd of 566 in state
1st of 24 in county[13]
 • Density 350.9/sq mi (135.5/km2)
 • Density rank 466th of 566 in state
12th of 24 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07462[14]
Area code(s) 862/973
FIPS code 3403775740[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882258[17][2]
Website www.vernontwp.com

Vernon Township is a township in Sussex County, New Jersey. It is located about one hour's drive from New York City and is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 23,943,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 743 (-3.0%) from the 24,686 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,475 (+16.4%) from the 21,211 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] It is both the most populous municipality and the largest in area in the county.[2]

Vernon is home to Mountain Creek (formerly Great Gorge and Vernon Valley), a ski resort and water park, the Hidden Valley ski resort, as well as the Crystal Springs Resort's Minerals Hotel and Elements Spa. The Great Gorge Playboy Club was located in the Vernon community of McAfee, but was sold and turned into a hotel, now called the Legends Resort & Country Club.

History[edit]

The independent township of Vernon was established on April 8, 1793, from portions of Hardyston Township, and the township was formally incorporated on February 21, 1798.[19] The 68 square miles (180 km2) which marked the town's borders over 200 years ago have not changed since. However, the population of Vernon, which was 1,548 people as recently as 1950, has steadily grown since the 1960s, when the ski industry was introduced to the area. Additional growth has come as home prices have soared in the near suburbs of New York City and property buyers seek the better values available from real estate developments in the area.

Iron mining in the town of Vernon was prevalent during the mid-to-late 19th century. Mines such as the Canistear Mine, Williams Mine, and the Pochuk Mine created industry which spawned local businesses, and brought rail travel to the town.

It is not known how Vernon Township got its name, but author Ronald J. Dupont, Jr., posits that the township could have been named after:

  • Admiral Edward Vernon. Dupont writes that this is very possible because of two things: 1. the township was created in 1792, the year that George Washington was reelected as President, and 2. because Vernon Township's first Masonic Lodge in 1820 was named Mount Vernon (Washington was also a Freemason during his life), likely after Washington's Virginia residence. The residence, in turn, got its name because Washington's brother Lawrence Washington served with Admiral Vernon.[20]
  • A family named Vernon. Not likely, Dupont says, although he notes that a Nathaniel Vernon was a licensed tavernkeeper in Sussex County in 1756. However, the tavern was likely elsewhere, and not in what is now present-day Vernon.[20]
  • The Latin root "Vernus." One form of "vernus" is "vernal," as in vernal equinox ("spring"), and so Vernon "had connotations of spring: green, lush, fresh, fertile, etc., and hence was an attractive name for a place."[20]

Dupont, Jr., also writes that in the late 19th century two places named Vernon existed, the one in Sussex County and another in Essex County. When the Essex County community was granted a post office, they found out that another Vernon existed, and so they eventually named the community Verona.[21]

Geography[edit]

Vernon Township is located at 41°11′52″N 74°29′04″W / 41.197847°N 74.48458°W / 41.197847; -74.48458 (41.197847,-74.48458). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 70.587 square miles (182.819 km2), of which, 68.234 square miles (176.725 km2) of it is land and 2.353 square miles (6.094 km2) of it (3.33%) is water.[2][1]

Highland Lakes (2010 Census population of 4,933[22]), Vernon Center (2010 Census population of 1,713[23]) and Vernon Valley (1,626 as of 2010[24]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communitys located within Vernon Township.[25][26][27]

The township is bordered by Hardyston Township and Wantage Township, all of which are within Sussex County. Vernon borders Orange County, New York with the Town of Warwick. Vernon also shares a border with West Milford Township in Passaic County.

Elevation varies greatly due to the valleys, rolling hills, and mountains. The United States Geological Survey places Glenwood at 580 feet (180 m), McAfee at 435 feet (133 m), and Highland Lakes at 1,260 feet (380 m).

The township is located in the Kittatinny Valley which is a section of the Great Appalachian Valley that stretches 700 miles (1,100 km) from Canada to Alabama.

Communities and neighborhoods[edit]

Communities and neighborhoods in Vernon Township include the following sections:

  • Vernon Village "Town Center"
  • Vernon Valley a.k.a. "The Valley"
  • Vernon Valley Lake
  • Highland Lakes
  • Cliffwood Lake
  • Pleasant Valley Lake
  • Barry Lakes
  • Glenwood
  • McAfee
  • Lake Wallkill
  • Lake Panorama
  • Old Orchard
  • Scenic Lakes

Glenwood and McAfee are located in the western portion of the township, McAfee to the South and Glenwood to the North. Highland Lakes is in the Eastern portion of the township. Pleasant Valley Lake is in the southwest portion of the township. Four of these sections have a post office. Vernon also has many developments.

Vernon is home to many lake communities, including Highland Lakes, Barry Lakes, Cliffwood Lake, High Breeze, Lake Conway, Lake Wanda, Laurel Lake, Lake Wildwood, Lake Glenwood, Lake Panorama, Lake Pochung, Lake Wallkill, Pleasant Valley Lake, Scenic Lakes, and Vernon Valley Lake.

Other name places are Owens, Glenwood, De Kays, Prices Switch, Maple Grange, Independence Corners, Sand Hills, Waywayanda, Vernon, Cherry Ridge, and the lost village of Canistear (now under the Canistear Reservoir). Portions of the township are owned by the City of Newark, Essex County, for their Pequannock River Watershed, which provides water to the city.

Transportation[edit]

Roadways passing through Vernon Township include Route 94, County Route 515, County Route 517 and County Route 565. County Route 644 and County Route 641 also pass through the township. In addition, direct access to Interstate 80 is offered via Route 94, and County Route 565 to Route 23 to Interstate 84, which passes through the northern tip of New Jersey. New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway passes through Vernon, but only freight service is offered.

Vernon is the site of a wrong-way concurrency at the intersection of NJ 94 and CR 517 in McAfee.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,708
1820 2,096 22.7%
1830 2,380 13.5%
1840 2,395 0.6%
1850 2,649 10.6%
1860 2,190 −17.3%
1870 1,979 −9.6%
1880 1,811 −8.5%
1890 1,756 −3.0%
1900 1,738 −1.0%
1910 1,675 −3.6%
1920 1,433 −14.4%
1930 1,279 −10.7%
1940 1,407 10.0%
1950 1,548 10.0%
1960 2,155 39.2%
1970 6,059 181.2%
1980 16,302 169.1%
1990 21,211 30.1%
2000 24,686 16.4%
2010 23,943 −3.0%
Est. 2012 23,562 [12] −1.6%
Population sources:
1810-1920[28] 1840[29] 1850-1870[30]
1850[31] 1870[32] 1880-1890[33]
1890-1910[34] 1910-1930[35]
1930-1990[36] 2000[37][38] 2010[9][10][11]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,943 people, 8,622 households, and 6,596 families residing in the township. The population density was 350.9 per square mile (135.5 /km2). There were 10,958 housing units at an average density of 160.6 per square mile (62.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.18% (22,790) White, 1.39% (332) Black or African American, 0.17% (40) Native American, 0.78% (186) Asian, 0.03% (8) Pacific Islander, 1.10% (263) from other races, and 1.35% (324) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.41% (1,534) of the population.[9]

There were 8,622 households, of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.18.[9]

In the township, 24.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 34.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $81,129 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,949) and the median family income was $87,215 (+/- $4,152). Males had a median income of $62,462 (+/- $3,163) versus $41,917 (+/- $2,121) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,649 (+/- $1,365). About 3.2% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.[39]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 24,686 people, 8,368 households, and 6,610 families residing in the township. The population density was 360.9 people per square mile (139.4/km²). There were 9,994 housing units at an average density of 146.1 per square mile (56.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.56% White, 0.76% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.60% of the population.[37][38]

There were 8,368 households out of which 45.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.35.[37][38]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the township was $67,566, and the median income for a family was $72,609. Males had a median income of $50,084 versus $33,292 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,250. About 2.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

In a November 2010 referendum, 70% of voters approved a change from the Faulkner Act (Council-Manager) form of government to a Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) form. Under the new plan, a mayor directly elected by the voters oversees the day-to-day operation of the township with the aid of a business manager, subject to the oversight of a five-member Township Council. The Mayor and Council took office after elections in May 2011, replacing the previously existing council.[40]

The Mayor and all five members of the Township Council are directly elected by the voters on an at-large basis to four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election in odd-numbered years.[7] Under the current plan, Vernon has a "strong mayor" system of government in which the mayor heads the executive branch, overseeing township functions, enforcing all ordinances and other regulations, appoints department heads and prepares a budget, with the assistance of a business administrator. The Township Council is the legislative branch, responsible for enacting ordinances, approving the mayor's department head appointments, can remove employees for cause and can modify the mayor's budget by majority vote, though budget increases require a ⅔ majority. The mayor has the option to attend and speak at council meetings but is not given a vote.[4][41]

As of 2013, the Mayor is Victor J. Marotta, the township's first mayor directly elected by voters, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[4] Members of the Vernon Township Council are Council President Brian Lynch (2015), Eddie Dunn (2013), Dan Kadish (2015), Patrick Rizzuto (2013) and Richard Wetzel (2013).[41] All of the members of the governing body were elected in May 2011 and took office on July 1, 2011.[42][43]

Emergency services[edit]

Vernon Township is serviced by the Vernon Police Department, two ambulance squads and four fire departments. Vernon Fire Department covers a significant portion of "the Valley", Highland Lakes Fire Department covers "the mountain", McAfee Fire Department covers the Pleasant Valley Lake area and Pochuck Valley covers most of the Glenwood section.[44] The Vernon Township Ambulance Squad is split between two buildings, "the Mountain" and "the Valley" respectively, while the Glenwood section is partially covered by the Glenwood Pochuck Volunteer Ambulance Corps.[45] Other than the Police Department, the rest of the emergency services are made up of volunteers.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Vernon Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[46] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[10][47][48]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[50][51] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[52][53]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[54][55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[58] As of 2013, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2013),[59] Deputy Director Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[60] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2013),[61] Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015)[62] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[63][58] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[64] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott,[65] Sheriff Michael F. Strada[66] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[67][64] The County Administrator is John Eskilson[68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,476 registered voters in Vernon Township, of which 2,425 (15.7% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 5,489 (35.5% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 7,538 (48.7% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 24 voters registered to other parties.[69] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 64.6% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 85.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[69][70]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 6,111 votes here (56.8% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 4,322 votes (40.2% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 281 votes (2.6% vs. 2.1%), among the 10,753 ballots cast by the township's 15,729 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.4% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 6,778 votes here (58.3% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 4,603 votes (39.6% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 184 votes (1.6% vs. 1.5%), among the 11,620 ballots cast by the township's 15,195 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.5% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 6,826 votes here (62.4% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 3,921 votes (35.8% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 149 votes (1.4% vs. 1.3%), among the 10,939 ballots cast by the township's 14,249 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.8% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[73]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 4,441 votes here (59.5% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,106 votes (28.2% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 732 votes (9.8% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 124 votes (1.7% vs. 1.3%), among the 7,458 ballots cast by the township's 15,109 registered voters, yielding a 49.4% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[74]

Education[edit]

The Vernon Township School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[75]) are Walnut Ridge Primary School[76] (grades K-1; 551 students), Cedar Mountain Primary School[77] (2-5; 394), Rolling Hills Primary School[78] (2-5; 469), Lounsberry Hollow Middle School[79] (5&6; 324), Glen Meadow Middle School[80] (7&8; 332) and Vernon Township High School[81] (9-12; 1,114).[82][83]

Corporate residents[edit]

The primary satellite uplink earth terminal facility for Sirius XM Radio is located in Vernon,[84] as is the Vernon Valley uplink facility for SES Americom.

Places of interest[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Vernon Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Mayor's Office, Vernon Township. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  5. ^ Business Administrator, Vernon Township. Accessed July 24, 2012.
  6. ^ Township Clerk, Vernon Township. Accessed July 24, 2012.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 109.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Vernon, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Vernon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Vernon township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Vernon, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 232. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c Dupont, Jr., Ronald J. Vernon 200--A Bicentennial History of the Township of Vernon, New Jersey: 1792-1992. (The Friends of the Dorothy E. Henry Library, McAfee, NJ, 1992) pg. 53
  21. ^ Verona New Jersey Historical Photographs and History, First Baptist Church of Bloomfield. Accessed June 13, 2006.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Highland Lakes CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  23. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Vernon Center CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  24. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Vernon Valley CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  25. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  26. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  27. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  28. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 22, 2013.
  29. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  30. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 271, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed February 26, 2013. "Vernon is the extreme north-eastern township. It is extremely mountainous, the Pochuck, Hamburgh and Wawayanda mountains passing through its entire length from north to south. Its population in 1850 was 2,619; in 1860, 2,190; and in 1870, 1,979."
  31. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  32. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  33. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 24, 2012.
  34. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  35. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  36. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  37. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Vernon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  38. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Vernon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 24, 2012.
  39. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Vernon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  40. ^ Molnar, Phillip. "Vernon votes for change in form of government", New Jersey Herald, November 2, 2010. Accessed July 25, 2011. "A May election will now decide an elected mayor and a new five-person council. The new Township Council will be seated July 1, and would appoint a new township administrator. Vernon's current Faulkner Act council-manager form of government, in which the township manager makes most decisions for the township (after council approval), will now become a mayor-council form, in which an elected mayor will be the executive in the township."
  41. ^ a b 2012 Township Council Roster, Vernon Township. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Molnar, Phillip. "Marotta wins Vernon race for mayor", New Jersey Herald, May 10, 2011. Accessed July 25, 2011.
  43. ^ Vernon Municipal Election - May 10, 2011, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date May 11, 2011. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  44. ^ Fire Department, Vernon Township. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  45. ^ Ambulance Squad, Vernon Township. Accessed February 26, 2013.
  46. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  47. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  49. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  50. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  52. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  53. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  54. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  55. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  56. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  57. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  58. ^ a b Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  59. ^ Richard A. Vohden, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  60. ^ Phillip R. Crabb, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  61. ^ George Graham, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed April 25, 2013.
  62. ^ Dennis J. Mudrick, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  63. ^ Gail Phoebus, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 10, 2013.
  64. ^ a b Miller, Jennifer Jean. "George Graham Chosen as Freeholder at Sussex County Republican Convention", TheAlternativePress.com, April 13, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013. "Graham will fill the freeholder seat that New Jersey Assemblyman Parker Space left to take his new position. Space recently took the seat, which formerly belonged to Gary Chiusano, who in turn, was appointed to the spot of Sussex County Surrogate, following the retirement of Surrogate Nancy Fitzgibbons."
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