Lancia Epsilon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lancia 20-30 HP
Lancia Torpedo Type Epsilon 1912 Mulhouse FRA 001.JPG
1912 Lancia Epsilon with torpedo body
Overview
Manufacturer Lancia
Also called Lancia Epsilon
Production 1911–1912
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 4,080 cc I4 (petrol)
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,740, 2,932, 3,227 mm (107.9, 115.4, 127.0 in)
Width 1,615 mm (63.6 in)
Kerb weight 900–990 kg (1,984–2,183 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Lancia 20-30 HP Delta
Successor Lancia 35 HP Theta

The Lancia 20/30 HP (Tipo 58), later known as Lancia Epsilon,[a] is a passenger car produced by Italian car manufacturer Lancia between 1911 and 1912. The car was quite similar to the previous 20/30 HP Delta model.[1] In total 357 were made.[1]

Models[edit]

Three wheelbase lengths were offered, resulting in a choice of five different models—depending on the desired body style:

  • Type A: normal wheelbase, for phaetons, landaulets, limousines and coupés
  • Type B: long wheelbase, for phaetons, landaulets and limousines
  • Type C: short wheelbase Corsa, for competition two- or three-seaters
  • Type D: normal wheelbase, for torpedoes
  • Type E: long wheelbase, for torpedoes and cabriolets

Specifications[edit]

The Epsilon was powered by a Tipo 58 side valve monobloc inline-four, displacing 4,080 cc, which produced 60 hp at 1,500 rpm.[1] Top speed was 115 km/h (71 mph).[1]

The separate body was built on a ladder frame; front and rear there were solid axles on semi-elliptic springs at the front and three-quarter elliptic springs at the rear. The brakes were on the transmission and on the rear wheels. The transmission was a 4-speed gearbox with a multi-plate wet clutch.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ All early Lancia models were named after their tax horsepower rating, as was common practice; when in 1919 Lancia began naming its passenger cars with Greek alphabet letters, all earlier models were posthumously renamed in order of appearance—from the 1907 Alfa to the 1913 Theta.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Amatori, Franco et al. (1992). Storia della Lancia — Impresa Tecnologie Mercati 1906–1969. Milan: Fabbri Editori. p. 350.