Lancia Flavia

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This article is about the 1961 to 1970 Flavia. For the 2012 Flavia, see Chrysler 200.
Lancia Flavia
MHV Lancia Flavia 01.jpg
Lancia Flavia Series 1 Coupé
Overview
Manufacturer Lancia
Production 1961–1971 (Flavia)
1971-1975 (2000)
105,848 produced
Designer Pietro Castegnero (Berlina)[1]
Pininfarina (Coupé)
Giovanni Michelotti at Vignale (Convertible)[2]
Ercole Spada[3] at Zagato (Sport)
Body and chassis
Class Executive car / Mid-size
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupé
2-door cabriolet
Layout FF layout
Related Lancia 2000
Powertrain
Engine 1.5 L (1488 cc) Lancia H4
1.8 L (1800 cc) Lancia H4
2.0 L (1991 cc) Lancia H4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 104 in (2,600 mm) [4]
Length 180 in (4,600 mm) [4]
Width 63.5 in (1,610 mm) [4]
Height 58 in (1,500 mm) [4]
Chronology
Successor Lancia 2000

The Lancia Flavia (Tipo 815/819/820) is a medium-sized executive car launched with a 1500 cc engine at the 1960 Turin Motor Show by Lancia and introduced in major European markets during the next twelve months. Coupe and convertible versions developed by Pininfarina and Vignale quickly followed, together with one or two low volume 'specials' including an eye-catching Zagato coupe. Performance improved over the next ten years as the engine size increased, progressively, to 2000 cc. The car remained in production until 1970 when it was updated and renamed as the Lancia 2000.

In 2011, Fiat announced that the Chrysler 200 convertible would be sold in Europe (LHD markets only) by Lancia under the Flavia name from early 2012.

Chronology[edit]

Early Flavia saloon

The Lancia Flavia was developed by Professor Antonio Fessia in the late 1950s, and introduced for sale in the UK in 1961. Initially available only as a four-door saloon, it featured a 1.5 L aluminium boxer engine, Dunlop disc brakes on all four wheels, front-wheel drive and front suspension by unequal-length wishbones.[5] This model was soon joined by a two-door coupé, designed by Pininfarina on a shortened platform. Vignale built 1,601 two-door convertibles, while Zagato designed an outlandish-looking light weight two-door sport version.[6] The sport version has twin carburetors for extra power (just over 100 hp/75 kW); however, this version of the engine was notoriously difficult to keep in tune. Even the single-carburettor engine suffered from the problem of timing chain stretch. Sprockets with vernier adjusters were fitted to allow for chain wear, and the cam timing was supposed to be checked every 6000 miles. Early cars also suffered from corrosion of the cylinder heads caused by using copper gaskets on aluminium heads; nevertheless, the car was quite lively for its day, considering the cubic capacity. When leaving the factory Flavias originally fitted either Pirelli Cinturato 165HR14 tyres (CA67) or Pirelli Cinturato 155HR15 tyres (CA67).

Rear view of Flavia 1.8 Coupé
Zagato-bodied Flavia Sport

Later development of the engine included an enlargement to 1.8 L, a mechanical injection version using the Kugelfischer system, and a five-speed manual gearbox.[6] Towards the end of the 1960s, when Fiat took control of the company, the Vignale and Zagato versions were discontinued. The coupé and saloon versions received new bodywork, first presented in March 1969 at the Geneva Motor Show.[7] The engine increased to 2.0 L in capacity, available with carburetor or injection, and four- or five-speed gearbox. The 2.0 L models were only made with revised Pininfarina Coupe and revised Lancia Sedan bodies.

Lancia 2000[edit]

Main article: Lancia 2000
Lancia Flavia 2000 Saloon

The Flavia was revised and renamed the Lancia 2000 in 1971. The 2000 featured Girling disc brakes (replacing the Flavia 2000's Dunlop), Stainless steel bumpers and, for the fuel-injected models, Bosch D-jetronic Analog-electrovalve fuel injection. These were built to 1973 or 1974 although brand new models remained in stock until 1975. As with the Flavia 2000, the 2000 was only made with Pininfarina Coupe and Lancia Sedan bodies.[8]

Build and ride quality were superb, and the durability of these cars are excellent considering the relatively modest performance specifications. The meticulous engineering makes maintenance of these oldies simple, although it can be quite expensive due to the scarcity of parts.

Engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Displacement Power Fuel system
Berlina 1960-62 Lancia H4 ohv 1500 cc 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) single carburetor
Coupé, Cab, Sport 1962 Lancia H4 ohv 1500 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) double carburetor
1500 1963-68 Lancia H4 ohv 1488 cc 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) single carburetor
1800 1963-68 Lancia H4 ohv 1800 cc 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) single carburetor
1800 Sport 1963-67 Lancia H4 ohv 1800 cc 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) double carburetor
1800 Iniezione 1965-68 Lancia H4 ohv 1800 cc 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) fuel injection
1500 1969-70 Lancia H4 ohv 1490 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) single carburetor
1800 1969-70 Lancia H4 ohv 1816 cc 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) single carburetor
2000 1969-74 Lancia H4 ohv 1991 cc 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp) single carburetor
2000 Iniezione 1969-74 Lancia H4 ohv 1991 cc 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp) fuel injection

Performance[edit]

The British "Motor" magazine tested a 1500 cc car in 1961 and found it had a top speed of 92.6 mph (149.0 km/h) and acceleration from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 18.6 seconds. A "touring" fuel consumption of 30.0 miles per imperial gallon (9.4 L/100 km; 25.0 mpg-US) was recorded. On the British market it cost £1499 including taxes of £688.[4]

By 1967 the engine size had grown to 1800 cc. Testing a four-door Flavia, rival Autocar magazine recorded a top speed of 103 mph (166 km/h), a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 15.0 seconds and an overall fuel consumption of 30.0 miles per imperial gallon (9.4 L/100 km; 25.0 mpg-US).[9] This put it behind the rival BMW 1800 TI for performance, though slightly ahead on fuel consumption. The testers commended the smoothness of the engine but found it lacked low speed punch. Overall they thought the performance pleasingly 'deceptive' because the car was 'faster than it feels'. The UK car market was still insulated by tariffs, but with the BMW 1800 TI retailing at £1498 and the Flavia's recommended retail price now £1909, sales volumes were clearly not a Lancia priority. From the dominant UK domestic market player, the mechanically less sophisticated Ford Corsair 2000E was retailing at £1008.

Models[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lancia Story". lanciastory.pl. 
  2. ^ "Registro Vignale". vignale.org. 
  3. ^ Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "The Lancia Flavia". The Motor. 23 August 1961. 
  5. ^ "In Depth: The Lancia Flat Fours Part I: Birth of the Flavia". VeloceToday.com. 26 October 2005. Retrieved 28 December 2013. "The Flavia was the brainchild of Professor Fessia, the genius who - besides having had an important input in the FIAT 500 'Topolino,' the FIAT 600 and the Lancia Flaminia - was responsible for the design of the Caproni Cemsa that was first shown in 1947 at the Turin Autosalon." 
  6. ^ a b "In Depth: The Lancia Flat Fours Part II: Variants and Series". VeloceToday.com. 2 November 2005. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "New Lancia Flavia Coupe". Autocar. 130 (nbr 3813): page 5. 13 March 1969. 
  8. ^ "Sidebar: Lancia Flavia Second and Third Series Flavia Berlinas". VeloceToday.com. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Lancia Flavia Injection". Autocar. 127 (nbr 3740): 131–134. 19 October 1967. 

External links[edit]