Leukotriene-A4 hydrolase

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leukotriene-A4 hydrolase
Identifiers
EC number 3.3.2.6
CAS number 90119-07-6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO
leukotriene A4 hydrolase
1HS6.png
Crystallographic structure of LTA4H (rainbow colored N-terminus = blue, C-terminus = red) complexed with the protease inhibitor bestatin (space-filling model, carbon = white, oxygen = red, nitrogen = blue) based on the PDB 1HS6 structure.
Identifiers
Symbol LTA4H
Entrez 4048
HUGO 6710
OMIM 151570
PDB 1SQM (RCSB PDB PDBe PDBj)
RefSeq NM_000895
UniProt P09960
Other data
Locus Chr. 12 q22

Leukotriene A4 hydrolase, also known as LTA4H is a human gene.[1][2][3] The protein encoded by this gene is a bifunctional enzyme (EC 3.3.2.6) which converts leukotriene A4 to leukotriene B4 and acts as an aminopeptidase.[4]

Function[edit]

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on ether bonds (ether hydrolases). The systematic name of this enzyme class is (7E,9E,11Z,14Z)-(5S,6S)-5,6-epoxyicosa-7,9,11,14-tetraenoate hydrolase. Other names in common use include LTA4 hydrolase, LTA4H, and leukotriene A4 hydrolase. This enzyme participates in arachidonic acid metabolism.

Catalyzed reaction[edit]

The chemical reaction catalyzed by LTA4H.


Structure[edit]

As of late 2007, 4 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GW6, 1H19, 1HS6, and 1SQM.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minami M, Ohno S, Kawasaki H, Rådmark O, Samuelsson B, Jörnvall H, Shimizu T, Seyama Y, Suzuki K (October 1987). "Molecular cloning of a cDNA coding for human leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Complete primary structure of an enzyme involved in eicosanoid synthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (29): 13873–6. PMID 3654641. 
  2. ^ FFunk CD, Rådmark O, Fu JY, Matsumoto T, Jörnvall H, Shimizu T, Samuelsson B (October 1987). "Molecular cloning and amino acid sequence of leukotriene A4 hydrolase". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (19): 6677–81. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.19.6677. PMC 299146. PMID 2821541. 
  3. ^ Mancini JA, Evans JF (July 1995). "Cloning and characterization of the human leukotriene A4 hydrolase gene". Eur. J. Biochem. 231 (1): 65–71. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.tb20671.x. PMID 7628486. 
  4. ^ Rudberg PC, Tholander F, Andberg M, Thunnissen MM, Haeggström JZ (June 2004). "Leukotriene A4 hydrolase: identification of a common carboxylate recognition site for the epoxide hydrolase and aminopeptidase substrates". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (26): 27376–82. doi:10.1074/jbc.M401031200. PMID 15078870. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans JF, Dupuis P, Ford-Hutchinson AW (1985). "Purification and characterisation of leukotriene A4 hydrolase from rat neutrophils". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 840 (1): 43–50. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(85)90160-6. PMID 3995081. 
  • Shimizu T, Seyama Y, Suzuki K (1987). "Molecular cloning of a cDNA coding for human leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Complete primary structure of an enzyme involved in eicosanoid synthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (29): 13873–6. PMID 3654641. 
  • Haeggstrom J, Meijer J, Radmark O (1986). "Leukotriene A4. Enzymatic conversion into 5,6-dihydroxy-7,9,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid by mouse liver cytosolic epoxide hydrolase". J. Biol. Chem. 261 (14): 6332–7. PMID 3009453. 
  • Newman JW, Morisseau C, Hammock BD (2005). "Epoxide hydrolases: their roles and interactions with lipid metabolism". Prog. Lipid. Res. 44 (1): 1–51. doi:10.1016/j.plipres.2004.10.001. PMID 15748653. 
  • Fretland AJ, Omiecinski CJ (2000). "Epoxide hydrolases: biochemistry and molecular biology". Chem. Biol. Interact. 129 (1–2): 41–59. doi:10.1016/S0009-2797(00)00197-6. PMID 11154734. 
  • Orning L, Gierse JK, Fitzpatrick FA (1994). "The bifunctional enzyme leukotriene-A4 hydrolase is an arginine aminopeptidase of high efficiency and specificity". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (15): 11269–73. PMID 8157657. 
  • S, Yotsumoto H, Takaku F, Shimizu T (1987). "Leukotriene A4 hydrolase in the human lung. Inactivation of the enzyme with leukotriene A4 isomers". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (21): 10200–5. PMID 3038871. 

External links[edit]