List of Prime Ministers of Australia

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Below is a list of Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The parties shown are those to which the prime ministers belonged at the time they held office and the electoral divisions shown are those they represented while in office. Several prime ministers belonged to parties other than those given and represented other electorates before and after their time as Prime Ministers.

List[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)

  Labor
No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Party Term of office Electorate Served Elections Won Ministry Ref
1 Sir Edmund Barton
(1849–1920)
Edmund Barton.jpg Protectionist 1 January
1901
24 September
1903
MP for Hunter, NSW,
1901–1903 (resigned)
1901 Barton [1]
2 Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Protectionist 24 September
1903
27 April
1904
MP for Ballaarat, Vic,[Notes 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
1903 1st Deakin [2]
3 Chris Watson
(1867–1941)
ChrisWatsonSepia.jpg Labour 27 April
1904
18 August
1904
MP for Bland, NSW,
19011906
MP for South Sydney, NSW,
1906–1910 (retired)
Watson [3]
4 Sir George Reid
(1845–1918)
George Reid cph.3c31684.jpg Free Trade 18 August
1904
5 July
1905
MP for East Sydney, NSW,
1901–1909 (resigned)
Reid [4]
(2) Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Protectionist 5 July
1905
13 November
1908
MP for Ballaarat, Vic,[Notes 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
2nd Deakin
1906 3rd Deakin
5 Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
AndrewFisher3.jpg Labour 13 November
1908
2 June
1909
MP for Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1st Fisher [5]
(2) Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Commonwealth Liberal 2 June
1909
29 April
1910
MP for Ballaarat, Vic,[Notes 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
4th Deakin
(5) Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
AndrewFisher3.jpg Labor 29 April
1910
24 June
1913
MP for Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1910 2nd Fisher
6 Joseph Cook
(1860–1947)
JosephCookPEO.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 24 June
1913
17 September
1914
MP for Parramatta, NSW,
1901–1921 (resigned)
1913 Cook [6]
(5) Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
AndrewFisher3.jpg Labor 17 September
1914
27 October
1915
MP for Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1914 3rd Fisher
Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
Hughes15-16.jpg Labor 27 October
1915
14 November
1916
MP for West Sydney, NSW,
19011917
MP for Bendigo, Vic,
19171922
MP for North Sydney, NSW,
19221949
MP for Bradfield, NSW,
1949–1952 (died)
1st Hughes [7]
National Labor 14 November
1916
17 February
1917
2nd Hughes
7 Nationalist 17 February
1917
9 February
1923
3rd Hughes
1917 4th Hughes
1919 5th Hughes
8 Stanley Bruce
(1883–1967)
StanleyBruce2.jpg Nationalist
(Coalition)
9 February
1923
22 October
1929
MP for Flinders, Vic,
1918–1929 (defeated) ;
1931–1933 (resigned)
1922 1st Bruce [8]
1925 2nd Bruce
1928 3rd Bruce
9 James Scullin
(1876–1953)
Portrait of the Right Hon. J. H. Scullin.png Labor 22 October
1929
6 January
1932
MP for Yarra, Vic,
1910–1949 (retired)
1929 Scullin [9]
10 Joseph Lyons
(1879–1939)
Joseph Lyons 1.jpg United Australia
(Coalition)
6 January
1932
7 April
1939
MP for Wilmot, Tas,
1929–1939 (died)
1931 1st Lyons [10]
1934 2nd Lyons
3rd Lyons
1937 4th Lyons
11 Sir Earle Page
(1880–1961)
EarlePage.jpg Country
(Coalition)
7 April
1939
26 April
1939
MP for Cowper, NSW
19191961 (defeated)
Page [11]
12 Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
RobertMenzies.jpg United Australia
(Coalition)
26 April
1939
28 August
1941
MP for Kooyong, Vic,
1934–1966 (resigned)
1st Menzies [12]
2nd Menzies
1940 3rd Menzies
13 Arthur Fadden
(1894–1973)
StateLibQld 1 196899 Sir Arthur William Fadden, November 1949.jpg Country
(Coalition)
28 August
1941
7 October
1941
MP for Darling Downs, Qld
1936–1949
MP for McPherson, Qld
1949–1958 (retired)
Fadden [13]
14 John Curtin
(1885–1945)
JohnCurtin.jpg Labor 7 October
1941
5 July
1945
MP for Fremantle, WA,
19281931 (defeated) ;
1934–1945 (died)
1st Curtin
1943 2nd Curtin
15 Frank Forde
(1890–1983)
Frankforde.jpg Labor 6 July
1945
13 July
1945
MP for Capricornia, Qld,
19221946 (defeated)
Forde
16 Ben Chifley
(1885–1951)
Benchifley.jpg Labor 13 July
1945
19 December
1949
MP for Macquarie, NSW,
19281931 (defeated) ;
1940–1951 (died)
1st Chifley
1946 2nd Chifley
(12) Sir Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
RobertMenzies.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
19 December
1949
26 January
1966
MP for Kooyong, Vic,
1934–1966 (resigned)
1949 4th Menzies
1951 5th Menzies
1954 6th Menzies
1955 7th Menzies
1958 8th Menzies
1961 9th Menzies
1963 10th Menzies
17 Harold Holt
(1908–1967)
HaroldHoltPortrait1953.JPG Liberal
(Coalition)
26 January
1966
19 December
1967
MP for Fawkner, Vic,
1935–1949

MP for Higgins, Vic,
1949–1967 (died)

1st Holt
1966 2nd Holt
18 John McEwen
(1900–1980)
Sir John McEwen.jpg Country
(Coalition)
19 December
1967
10 January
1968
MP for Echuca, Vic,
19341937
MP for Murray, Vic,
1949–1971 (resigned)
McEwen
19 John Gorton
(1911–2002)
JohnGortonWW21941.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
10 January
1968
10 March
1971
Senator 1950–1968 (resigned)[Notes 2]

MP for Higgins, Vic,
19681975 (retired)[Notes 3]

1st Gorton
1969 2nd Gorton
20 William McMahon
(1908–1988)
WilliamMcMahonAHeadshot.gif Liberal
(Coalition)
10 March
1971
5 December
1972
MP for Lowe, NSW,
1949–1982 (resigned)
McMahon
21 Gough Whitlam
(1916– )
Whitlam1955.jpg Labor 5 December
1972
11 November
1975
MP for Werriwa, NSW,
1952–1978 (resigned)
1972 1st Whitlam
2nd Whitlam
1974 3rd Whitlam
22 Malcolm Fraser
(1930– )
Fraser1966.JPG Liberal
(Coalition)
11 November
1975
11 March
1983
MP for Wannon, Vic,
1955–1983 (resigned)
1st Fraser
1975 2nd Fraser
1977 3rd Fraser
1980 4th Fraser
23 Bob Hawke
(1929– )
BobHawke(cropped).jpg Labor 11 March
1983
20 December
1991
MP for Wills, Vic,
1980–1992 (resigned)
1983 1st Hawke
1984 2nd Hawke
1987 3rd Hawke
1990 4th Hawke
24 Paul Keating
(1944– )
Paul Keating - 2007.jpg Labor 20 December
1991
11 March
1996
MP for Blaxland, NSW,
1969–1996 (resigned)
1st Keating
1993 2nd Keating
25 John Howard
(1939– )
John Howard May 2006.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
11 March
1996
3 December
2007
MP for Bennelong, NSW,
1974–2007 (defeated)
1996 1st Howard
1998 2nd Howard
2001 3rd Howard
2004 4th Howard
26 Kevin Rudd
(1957– )
Kevin Rudd official portrait.jpg Labor 3 December
2007
24 June
2010
MP for Griffith, Qld,
1998-2013 (resigned)
2007 1st Rudd
27 Julia Gillard
(1961– )
Julia Gillard 2010.jpg Labor 24 June
2010
27 June
2013
MP for Lalor, Vic,
1998–2013 (retired)
1st Gillard
2010 2nd Gillard
(26) Kevin Rudd
(1957– )
Kevin Rudd official portrait.jpg Labor 27 June
2013
18 September
2013
MP for Griffith, Qld,
1998-2013 (resigned)
2nd Rudd
28 Tony Abbott
(1957– )
Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
18 September
2013
Incumbent MP for Warringah, NSW,
since 1994
2013 Abbott

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Electoral Division of Ballaarat was spelled with a double a until 1977.
  2. ^ Gorton was elected to the Senate at the general election of 10 December 1949, but his term did not commence until 22 February 1950. He was appointed Prime Minister on 10 January 1968; resigned from the Senate on 1 February; and was elected to the House of Representatives at a by-election on 24 February.
  3. ^ Gorton retired from the House of Representatives at the double dissolution of 11 November 1975, and stood for an Australian Capital Territory Senate seat as an independent at the general election of 13 December 1975, but was unsuccessful.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rutledge, Martha. "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849–1920)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  2. ^ Norris, R. (1981). "Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  3. ^ Nairn, Bede (1990). "Watson, John Christian (1867–1941)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  4. ^ McMinn, W. G. "Reid, Sir George Houstoun (1845–1918)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  5. ^ Murphy, D. J. "Fisher, Andrew (1862–1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  6. ^ Crowley, F. K. "Cook, Sir Joseph (1860–1947)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  7. ^ Fitzhardinge, L. F. "Hughes, William Morris (Billy) (1862–1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  8. ^ Radi, Heather (1979). "Bruce, Stanley Melbourne [Viscount Bruce] (1883–1967)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  9. ^ Robertson, J. R. (1988). "Scullin, James Henry (1876–1953)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  10. ^ Hart, P. R. (1986). "Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (1879–1939)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  11. ^ Bridge, Carl. "Page, Sir Earle Christmas Grafton (1880–1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  12. ^ Martin, A. W. "Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (Bob) (1894–1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  13. ^ Cribb, Margaret Bridson. "Fadden, Sir Arthur William (1894–1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 

External links[edit]