List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal

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The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Portugal adopted the convention on 30 September 1980, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Portugal were first inscribed on the list at the 7th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Florence, Italy, in 1983. Four sites were added: the "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroísmo in the Azores", the "Monastery of Batalha", the "Convent of Christ in Tomar", and the joint inscription of the "Monastery of the Hieronymites and the Tower of Belém in Lisbon".[3] As of 2013, Portugal has 15 sites inscribed on the list, 14 of which are cultural and one is natural, according to the selection criteria. Three sites are located in the Azores and Madeira archipelagos, while one is shared with Spain.[2] The most recent inscription is the University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia site in Coimbra, during the 37th Session in Phnom Penh.[4]

List of sites[edit]

  • Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
  • Location: city or province of site
  • Period: time period of significance, typically of construction
  • UNESCO data: site's reference number; year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; criteria the site was listed under (the column sorts by inscription year);[nb 1] site (plus buffer zone) areas (in ha)
  • Description: brief description of the site (from UNESCO)

Inscribed sites[edit]

Name Image Location Period UNESCO data Description Ref
Alto Douro Wine Region A river with terraced vineyards Douro Region
41°6′6″N 7°47′56″W / 41.10167°N 7.79889°W / 41.10167; -7.79889 (Alto Douro Wine Region)
N/A 1046; 2001; iii, iv, v; 24,600 ha (225,400 ha) [5]
Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores Coastal town with white houses and churches with red roofs Terceira Island, Azores
38°39′18″N 27°13′12″W / 38.65500°N 27.22000°W / 38.65500; -27.22000 (Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores)
15th century 206; 1983; iv, vi [6]
Convent of Christ in Tomar Christian religious building with a bell Tomar
39°36′17″N 8°25′3″W / 39.60472°N 8.41750°W / 39.60472; -8.41750 (Convent of Christ in Tomar)
12th to 15th centuries 265; 1983; i, vi [7]
Cultural Landscape of Sintra Buildings with red roofs on a hillside Sintra
38°47′0″N 9°25′0″W / 38.78333°N 9.41667°W / 38.78333; -9.41667 (Cultural Landscape of Sintra)
19th century 723; 1995; ii, iv, v; 946 ha (3,641 ha) [8]
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Ramparts of Elvas Elvas
38°52′50″N 7°9′48″W / 38.88056°N 7.16333°W / 38.88056; -7.16333 (Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications)
17th to 19th centuries 1367; 2012; iv; 179 ha (608 ha) [9]
Historic Centre of Évora Ruins of a classical columned temple Évora
38°34′23″N 7°54′28″W / 38.57306°N 7.90778°W / 38.57306; -7.90778 (Historic Centre of Évora)
1st to 18th centuries 361; 1986; ii, iv [10]
Historic Centre of Guimarães A square palace complex with white walls and many chimneys Guimarães, Minho Province
41°26′27″N 8°17′41″W / 41.44083°N 8.29472°W / 41.44083; -8.29472 (Historic Centre of Guimarães)
12th to 19th centuries 1031; 2001; ii, iii, iv; 16 ha (45 ha) [11]
Historic Centre of Oporto Metal bridge across a river and city centre built on a hillside Porto
41°8′30″N 8°37′0″W / 41.14167°N 8.61667°W / 41.14167; -8.61667 (Historic Centre of Oporto)
8th to 19th centuries 755; 1996; iv [12]
Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Vineyards with low walls built of boulders and the sea in the distance Pico Island, Azores
38°30′48″N 28°32′28″W / 38.51333°N 28.54111°W / 38.51333; -28.54111 (Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture)
15th century 1117; 2004; iii, v; 190 ha (2,445 ha) [13]
Laurisilva of Madeira A foggy picture of the top of a very dense forest Madeira
32°46′0″N 17°0′0″W / 32.76667°N 17.00000°W / 32.76667; -17.00000 (Laurisilva of Madeira)
N/A 934; 1999; ix, x; 15,000 ha [14]
Monastery of Alcobaça Church facade integrated into a complex of white buildings with red roofs Alcobaça
39°33′0″N 8°58′36″W / 39.55000°N 8.97667°W / 39.55000; -8.97667 (Monastery of Alcobaça)
12th to 18th centuries 505; 1989; i, iv [15]
Monastery of Batalha Gothic church Batalha
39°39′28″N 8°49′37″W / 39.65778°N 8.82694°W / 39.65778; -8.82694 (Monastery of Batalha)
14th century 264; 1983; i, ii; 0.98 ha (86 ha) [16]
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon
White tower near the sea
Lisbon
38°41′31″N 9°12′57″W / 38.69194°N 9.21583°W / 38.69194; -9.21583 (Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon)
16th to 17th centuries 263; 1983, 2008 (extended);[nb 2] iii, iv; 2.66 ha (103 ha) [17]
Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde Rock carvings of animals including a horse Douro Region (shared with Spain)
40°41′51″N 6°39′40″W / 40.69750°N 6.66111°W / 40.69750; -6.66111 (Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde)
Paleolithic 866; 1998, 2010 (extended);[nb 3] i, iii [18]
University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia Coimbra
40°12′28.12″N 8°25′32.79″W / 40.2078111°N 8.4257750°W / 40.2078111; -8.4257750 (University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia)
12th to 20th centuries 1387; 2013; ii, iii, iv, vi; 36 ha (82 ha) [19]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[20] As of 2013, Portugal recorded 11 sites on its tentative list.[2]

Name Image Location Period UNESCO data Description Ref
Historic Centre of Santarém Santarém
39°14′12.27″N 8°41′8.91″W / 39.2367417°N 8.6858083°W / 39.2367417; -8.6858083 (Historic Centre of Santarém)
N/A 562; 1996; mixed [21]
Algar do Carvão Terceira Island, Azores
38°43′44″N 27°11′7″W / 38.72889°N 27.18528°W / 38.72889; -27.18528 (Algar do Carvão)
N/A 565; 1996; natural [22]
Furna do Enxofre Graciosa Island, Azores N/A 566; 1996; natural [23]
Town of Marvão and the craggy mountain on which it is located Marvão
39°23′39″N 7°22′36″W / 39.39417°N 7.37667°W / 39.39417; -7.37667 (Marvão)
N/A 1428; 2000; (iv), (v) [24]
Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands) Funchal, Madeira
30°5′43.9″N 15°56′45.7″W / 30.095528°N 15.946028°W / 30.095528; -15.946028 (Savage Islands)
N/A 1742; 2002; (x) [25]
The Southwest Coast Alentejo and Algarve
37°27′0″N 8°46′0″W / 37.45000°N 8.76667°W / 37.45000; -8.76667 (Southwest Coast)
N/A 1979; 2004; (viii), (ix), (x) [26]
Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon Lisbon
38°42′41″N 9°8′14″W / 38.71139°N 9.13722°W / 38.71139; -9.13722 (Pombaline Downtown of Lisbon)
18th century 1980; 2004; (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (vi) [27]
Mafra Palace, Convent and Royal Hunting Park Mafra
38°56′12″N 9°19′35″W / 38.93667°N 9.32639°W / 38.93667; -9.32639 (Mafra Palace)
18th century 1981; 2004; (i), (ii), (iv) [28]
Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco Buçaco
40°21′0″N 8°21′0″W / 40.35000°N 8.35000°W / 40.35000; -8.35000 (Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco)
17th century 1984; 2004; mixed [29]
Arrábida Setúbal District
35°30′7.2″N 8°59′27.6″W / 35.502000°N 8.991000°W / 35.502000; -8.991000 (Arrábida Natural Park)
Paleolithic 1985; 2004; (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) [30]
Icnitos de Dinossáurios Ourém and Sesimbra Upper and Middle Jurassic 5255; 2008; (vii), (viii) [31]

Location[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Criteria i–vi are cultural and criteria vii–x are natural
  2. ^ Extension of the buffer zone of the Tower of Belém in 2008.
  3. ^ In 2010, it was extended to include 645 engravings in the archaeological zone of Siega Verde in Spain.
  4. ^ Group of islets located halfway between Madeira and Canary Islands.
  5. ^ Comprises the coastline stretching from São Torpes, in Alentejo, to Burgau, in the Algarve.
References
  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Portugal – Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Report of the rapporteur" (PDF). UNESCO. January 1984. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Qatar and Fiji get their first World Heritage sites as World Heritage Committee makes six additions to UNESCO List". UNESCO. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Alto Douro Wine Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Convent of Christ in Tomar". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Sintra". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Historic Centre of Évora". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Historic Centre of Guimarães". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Historic Centre of Oporto". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Laurisilva of Madeira". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "Monastery of Alcobaça". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  16. ^ "Monastery of Batalha". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  18. ^ "Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  19. ^ "University of Coimbra – Alta and Sofia". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Historic Centre of Santarém". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Algar do Carvão". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "Furna do Enxofre". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "Town of Marvão and the craggy mountain on which it is located". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "The Southwest Coast". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  27. ^ "Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  28. ^ "Mafra Palace, Convent and Royal Hunting Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  29. ^ "Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  30. ^ "Arrábida". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Icnitos de Dinossáurios". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 

External links[edit]