List of countries and territories by land borders

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of countries and territories by land borders. For each country or territory, the number of unique land boundaries and the identity of other countries and territories that neighbour it are listed. The length of each land border is included, as is the sum total of each country and territory's total land boundaries.

Countries or territories that are connected only by bridges or other man-made causeways are not considered to have land borders. Footnotes are provided to provide clarity regarding the status of certain countries and territories.

Land borders[edit]

Country or territory
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
Total length
of land borders (km)[citation needed][2]
No. of unique
land borders
No. of unique
land neighbours
Land border neighbours and border length
(Territories without full sovereignty[1] in italics)
(#) = No. of unique land boundaries with that country or territory
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Adélie Land[3][4] (France) 2 1 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia) (2)
 Afghanistan 5,529 6 (7) 6 (7)  People's Republic of China: 76 km

 Iran: 936 km
 Pakistan: 2,430 km
 Tajikistan: 1,206 km
 Turkmenistan: 744 km
 Uzbekistan: 137 km
United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom) 152 5[6] 1  Cyprus (5):[6] 152
 Albania 720 4 4  Greece: 282 km
 Kosovo:[7] 112 km
 Macedonia: 151 km
 Montenegro: 172 km
 Algeria 6,343 7 7  Libya: 982 km
 Mali: 1,376 km
 Mauritania: 463 km
 Morocco: 1,559 km
 Niger: 956 km
 Tunisia: 965 km
 Western Sahara:[8] 42 km
 American Samoa[9] (United States) 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Amsterdam Island and Île Saint-Paul[4] (France) 0 0 0
 Andorra 120.3 2 2  France: 56.6 km
 Spain: 63.7 km
 Angola 5,198 5 4  Democratic Republic of the Congo (2): 2,511 km[10]
 Republic of the Congo: 201 km
 Namibia: 1,376 km
 Zambia: 1,110 km
 Anguilla[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Antártica Chilena Province[3] (Chile) 2 2  Argentine Antarctica[3][11] (Argentina)
 British Antarctic Territory[3][11] (United Kingdom)
 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 0
 Argentina 9,665 6 5  Bolivia: 832 km
 Brazil: 1,224 km
 Chile (2): 5,300 km[12]
 Paraguay: 1,880 km
 Uruguay: 579 km
 Armenia 1,254 5 4  Azerbaijan (6): 787 km[13]
 Georgia: 164 km
 Iran: 35 km
 Turkey: 268 km
 Aruba[14] (Netherlands) 0 0 0
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Australia 0 0 0
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia) 0 4 3 French Southern and Antarctic Lands Adélie Land[3] (France) (2)
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway)
New Zealand Ross Dependency[3] (New Zealand)
 Austria 2,562 8 8  Czech Republic: 362 km
 Germany: 784 km
 Hungary: 366 km
 Italy: 430 km
 Liechtenstein: 35 km
 Slovakia: 91 km
 Slovenia: 330 km
  Switzerland (2): 164 km
 Azerbaijan 2,013 7 5  Armenia (6): 787 km[13]
 Georgia: 322 km
 Iran (2):[16] 432 km
 Russia: 284 km
 Turkey:[17] 9 km
 Azores[18] (Portugal) 0 0 0
 Bahamas 0 0 0
 Bahrain 0 0 0
United States Baker Island[9] and Howland Island[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Bangladesh 4,246 2 2  Burma: 193 km
 India (199):[19] 4,053 km
 Barbados 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island[4][20] (France) 0 0 0
 Belarus 2,900 5 5  Latvia: 141 km
 Lithuania: 502 km
 Poland: 407 km
 Russia: 959 km
 Ukraine: 891 km
 Belgium 1,385 4 4  France: 620 km
 Germany (6):[21] 167 km
 Luxembourg: 148 km
 Netherlands (31):[22] 450 km
 Belize 516 2 2  Guatemala: 266 km
 Mexico: 250 km
 Benin 1,989 4 4  Burkina Faso: 306 km
 Niger: 266 km
 Nigeria: 773 km
 Togo: 644 km
 Bermuda[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Bhutan 1,075 2 2  People's Republic of China: 470 km
 India: 605 km
 Bolivia 6,743 5 5  Argentina: 832 km
 Brazil: 3,400 km
 Chile: 861 km
 Paraguay: 750 km
 Peru: 900 km
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,459 5 3  Croatia (2): 932 km
 Montenegro: 225 km
 Serbia (2):[23] 302 km
 Botswana 4,015 4 4  Namibia: 1,360 km
 South Africa: 1,840 km
 Zambia: 0.15 km
 Zimbabwe: 813 km
 Bouvet Island[24] 0 0 0
 Brazil 14,691 10 10  Argentina: 1,224 km
 Bolivia: 3,400 km
 Colombia: 1,643 km
 French Guiana[25] (France): 673 km
 Guyana: 1,119 km
 Paraguay: 1,290 km
 Peru: 1,560 km
 Suriname: 597 km
 Uruguay: 985 km
 Venezuela: 2,200 km
 British Antarctic Territory[3] (United Kingdom) 3 3  Antártica Chilena Province[3][11] (Chile)
 Argentine Antarctica[3][11] (Argentina)
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway)
 British Indian Ocean Territory[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 British Virgin Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Brunei 381 2 1  Malaysia (2): 381 km
 Bulgaria 1,808 5 5  Greece: 494 km
 Macedonia: 148 km
 Romania: 608 km
 Serbia: 318 km
 Turkey: 240 km
 Burkina Faso 3,193 6 6  Benin: 306 km
 Côte d'Ivoire: 584 km
 Ghana: 549 km
 Mali: 1,000 km
 Niger: 628 km
 Togo: 126 km
 Burma 5,876 5 5  Bangladesh: 193 km
 People's Republic of China: 2,185 km
 India: 1,463 km
 Laos: 235 km
 Thailand: 1,800 km
 Burundi 974 3 3  Democratic Republic of the Congo: 233 km
 Rwanda: 290 km
 Tanzania: 451 km
 Cambodia 2,572 3 3  Laos: 541 km
 Thailand: 803 km
 Vietnam: 1,228 km
 Cameroon 4,591 6 6  Central African Republic: 797 km
 Chad: 1,094 km
 Republic of the Congo: 523 km
 Equatorial Guinea: 189 km
 Gabon: 298 km
 Nigeria: 1,690 km
 Canada 8,893 2 1  United States (2): 8,893 km[26]
 Cape Verde 0 0 0
 Cayman Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Central African Republic 5,213 6 6  Cameroon: 797 km
 Chad: 1,197 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 1,577 km
 Republic of the Congo: 467 km
 South Sudan: 692 km
 Sudan: 483 km
 Chad 5,968 6 6  Cameroon: 1,094 km
 Central African Republic: 1,197 km
 Libya: 1,055 km
 Niger: 1,175 km
 Nigeria: 87 km
 Sudan: 1,360 km
 Chile 6,171 4 3  Argentina (2): 5,300 km[12]
 Bolivia: 861 km
 Peru: 160 km
 People's Republic of China[27] 22,147 19 16  Afghanistan: 76 km
 Bhutan: 470 km
 Burma: 2,185 km
 Hong Kong[28] (PR China): 30 km
 India (3): 3,380 km
 Kazakhstan: 1,533 km
 North Korea: 1,416 km
 Kyrgyzstan: 858 km
 Laos: 423 km
 Macau[29] (PR China): 0.34 km
 Mongolia: 4,677 km
   Nepal: 1,236 km
 Pakistan:[30] 523 km
 Russia (2): 3,645 km
 Tajikistan: 414 km
 Vietnam: 1,281 km
 Christmas Island[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Clipperton Island[31] (France) 0 0 0
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Colombia 6,004 5 5  Brazil: 1,643 km
 Ecuador: 590 km
 Panama: 225 km
 Peru: 1,496 km
 Venezuela: 2,050 km
 Comoros 0 0 0
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 10,730 10 9  Angola (2): 2,511 km[10]
 Burundi: 233 km
 Central African Republic: 1,577 km
 Republic of the Congo: 2,410 km
 Rwanda: 217 km
 South Sudan: 628 km
 Tanzania: 459 km
 Uganda: 765 km
 Zambia: 1,930 km
 Republic of the Congo 5,504 5 5  Angola: 201 km
 Cameroon: 523 km
 Central African Republic: 467 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2,410 km
 Gabon: 1,903 km
 Cook Islands[32] 0 0 0
 Costa Rica 639 2 2  Nicaragua: 309 km
 Panama: 330 km
 Côte d'Ivoire 3,110 5 5  Burkina Faso: 584 km
 Ghana: 668 km
 Guinea: 610 km
 Liberia: 716 km
 Mali: 532 km
 Croatia 2,197 6 5  Bosnia and Herzegovina (2): 932 km
 Hungary: 329 km
 Montenegro: 25 km
 Serbia: 241 km
 Slovenia: 670 km
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Crozet Islands[4] (France) 0 0 0
 Cuba 0[33] 0[33] 0[33]
 Curaçao[14] (Netherlands) 0 0 0
 Cyprus 152 km 5[6] 1 United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5] (United Kingdom) (5)[6]
 Northern Cyprus[34] 2 2 United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia[5][35] (United Kingdom)
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic 1,881 4 4  Austria: 362 km
 Germany: 815 km[36]
 Poland: 658 km
 Slovakia: 215 km
 Denmark 68 1 1  Germany
 Djibouti 516 3 3  Eritrea: 109 km
 Ethiopia: 349 km
 Somalia: 58 km
 Dominica 0 0 0
 Dominican Republic 360 1 1  Haiti
 East Timor 228 2 1  Indonesia (2): 228 km
 Ecuador 2,010 2 2  Colombia: 590 km
 Peru: 1,420 km
 Egypt 2,665 4 4  Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories):[37] 11 km
 Israel: 266 km
 Libya: 1,115 km
 Sudan: 1,273 km
 El Salvador 545 2 2  Guatemala: 203 km
 Honduras: 342 km
 Equatorial Guinea 539 2 2  Cameroon: 189 km
 Gabon: 350 km
 Eritrea 1,626 3 3  Djibouti: 109 km
 Ethiopia: 912 km
 Sudan: 605 km
 Estonia 633 2 2  Latvia: 339 km
 Russia: 294 km
 Ethiopia 5,328 6 6  Djibouti: 349 km
 Eritrea: 912 km
 Kenya: 861 km
 Somalia: 1,600 km
 South Sudan: 883 km
 Sudan: 723 km
 European Union 13,180 24 19  Albania: 282 km
 Andorra: 120.3 km
 Belarus: 1,050 km
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 932 km
 Brazil:[38] 673 km
 Liechtenstein: 34.9 km
 Macedonia: 394 km
 Moldova: 450 km
 Monaco: 4.4 km
 Montenegro: 25 km
 Morocco (3): 16 km
 Norway: 2,348 km
 Russia (3): 2,257 km
 San Marino: 39 km
 Serbia: 1,186 km
 Suriname:[38] 510 km
  Switzerland: 1,811 km
 Turkey: 446 km
 Ukraine (2): 1,257 km
  Vatican City: 3.2 km
 Falkland Islands[5][39] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Faroe Islands[40] (Denmark) 0 0 0
 Fiji 0 0 0
 Finland 2,690 3 3  Norway: 736 km
 Sweden: 614 km
 Russia: 1,340 km
 France[41] 2,889 9 8  Andorra: 56.6 km
 Belgium: 620 km
 Germany: 451 km
 Italy: 488 km
 Luxembourg: 73 km
 Monaco: 4.4 km
 Spain (3):[42] 623 km
  Switzerland: 573 km
 France (including French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories)
→includes:
 Clipperton Island
 French Guiana
 French Polynesia
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[43]
 Guadeloupe
 Martinique
 Mayotte
 New Caledonia
 Réunion
 Saint Barthélemy
 Saint Martin
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Wallis and Futuna
4,082 12 11  Andorra: 56.6 km
 Belgium: 620 km
 Brazil:[38] 673 km
 Germany: 451 km
 Italy: 488 km
 Luxembourg: 73 km
 Monaco: 4.4 km
 Sint Maarten[14][44] (Netherlands): 10.2 km
 Spain (3):[42] 623 km
 Suriname:[38] 510 km
  Switzerland: 573 km
 French Guiana[25] (France) 1,183 2 2  Brazil: 673 km
 Suriname: 510 km
 French Polynesia[45] (France) 0 0 0
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[43][46] (France) 0 0 0
 Gabon 2,551 3 3  Cameroon: 298 km
 Republic of the Congo: 1,903 km
 Equatorial Guinea: 350 km
 The Gambia 740 1 1  Senegal: 740 km
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories)[37] 62 2 2  Egypt: 11 km
 Israel: 51 km
 Georgia 1,461 4 4  Armenia: 164 km
 Azerbaijan: 322 km
 Russia: 723 km
 Turkey: 252 km
 Germany 3,621 9 9  Austria: 784 km
 Belgium (6):[21] 167 km
 Czech Republic: 815 km[36]
 Denmark: 68 km
 France: 451 km
 Luxembourg: 138 km
 Netherlands: 577 km
 Poland: 456 km
  Switzerland (2):[47] 334 km
 Ghana 2,094 3 3  Burkina Faso: 549 km
 Côte d'Ivoire: 668 km
 Togo: 877 km
 Gibraltar[5] (United Kingdom) 1.2 1 1  Spain: 1.2 km
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Glorioso Islands[4][48] (France) 0 0 0
 Greece 1,228 4 4  Albania: 282 km
 Bulgaria: 494 km
 Turkey: 206 km
 Macedonia: 246 km
 Greenland[40] (Denmark) 0 0 0
 Grenada 0 0 0
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[43][46] (France) 0 0 0
 Guadeloupe[25] (France) 0 0 0
 Guam[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Guatemala 1,687 4 4  Belize: 266 km
 El Salvador: 203 km
 Honduras: 256 km
 Mexico: 962 km
 Guernsey[49] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Guinea 3,399 6 6  Côte d'Ivoire: 610 km
 Guinea-Bissau: 386 km
 Liberia: 563 km
 Mali: 858 km
 Senegal: 330 km
 Sierra Leone: 652 km
 Guinea-Bissau 724 2 2  Guinea: 386 km
 Senegal: 338 km
 Guyana 2,462 3 3  Brazil: 1,119 km
 Suriname: 600 km
 Venezuela: 743 km
 Haiti 360 1 1  Dominican Republic: 360 km
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Honduras 1,520 3 3  Guatemala: 256 km
 El Salvador: 342 km
 Nicaragua: 922 km
 Hong Kong[28] (People's Republic of China) 30 1 1  People's Republic of China: 30 km
United States Howland Island[9] and Baker Island[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Hungary 2,171 7 7  Austria: 366 km
 Croatia: 329 km
 Romania: 443 km
 Serbia: 151 km
 Slovakia: 677 km
 Slovenia: 102 km
 Ukraine: 103 km
 Iceland 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Île Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Island[4] (France) 0 0 0
 India 14,103.1 9 (10) 7 (8)  Bangladesh (199):[19] 4,053 km
 Bhutan: 605 km
 Burma: 1,463 km
 People's Republic of China (3): 3,380 km
   Nepal: 1,690 km
 Pakistan : 2,912 km
 Sri Lanka: 0.1 km[50]
 Indonesia 2,830 4 3  East Timor (2): 228 km
 Malaysia: 1,782 km
 Papua New Guinea: 820 km
 Iran 5,440 8 7  Afghanistan: 936 km
 Armenia: 35 km
 Azerbaijan (2):[16] 432 km
 Iraq: 1,458 km
 Pakistan: 909 km
 Turkey: 499 km
 Turkmenistan: 992 km
 Iraq 3,650 6 6  Iran: 1,458 km
 Jordan: 181 km
 Kuwait: 240 km
 Saudi Arabia: 814 km
 Syria: 605 km
 Turkey: 352 km
 Ireland 360 1 1  United Kingdom: 360 km
 Isle of Man[49] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Israel 1,017 6[51] 5[52]  Egypt: 266 km
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories):[37] 51 km
 Jordan: 238 km
 Lebanon: 79 km
 Syria: 76 km
 West Bank (Palestinian territories):[37] 307 km
 Italy 1,932 6 6  Austria: 430 km
 France: 488 km
 San Marino: 39 km
 Slovenia: 232 km
  Switzerland (2):[53] 740 km
  Vatican City: 3.2 km
 Jamaica 0 0 0
 Japan 0 0 0
 Jarvis Island[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Jersey[49] 0 0 0
 Johnston Atoll[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Jordan 1,635 5 5  Iraq: 181 km
 Israel: 238 km
 Saudi Arabia: 744 km
 Syria: 375 km
 West Bank (Palestinian territories):[37] 97 km
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Juan de Nova Island, Bassas da India, and Europa Island[4][20] (France) 0 0 0
 Kazakhstan 12,012 5 5  People's Republic of China: 1,533 km
 Kyrgyzstan: 1,051 km
 Russia: 6,846 km
 Turkmenistan: 379 km
 Uzbekistan: 2,203 km
 Kenya 3,477 5 5  Ethiopia: 861 km
 Somalia: 682 km
 South Sudan: 232 km
 Tanzania: 769 km
 Uganda: 933 km
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Kerguelen Islands[4] (France) 0 0 0
 Kingman Reef[9] and Palmyra Atoll[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Kiribati 0 0 0
 North Korea 1,673 3 3  People's Republic of China: 1,416 km
 South Korea: 238 km
 Russia: 19 km
 South Korea 238 1 1  North Korea: 238 km
 Kosovo[7] 701 4 4  Albania: 112 km
 Macedonia: 159 km
 Montenegro: 79 km
 Serbia: 352 km
 Kuwait 462 2 2  Iraq: 240 km
 Saudi Arabia: 222 km
 Kyrgyzstan 3,878 4 4  People's Republic of China: 858 km
 Kazakhstan: 1,051 km
 Tajikistan (3):[54] 870 km
 Uzbekistan (6):[55] 1,099 km
 Laos 5,083 5 5  Burma: 235 km
 Cambodia: 541 km
 People's Republic of China: 423 km
 Thailand: 1,754 km
 Vietnam: 2,130 km
 Latvia 1,150 4 4  Belarus: 141 km
 Estonia: 339 km
 Lithuania: 453 km
 Russia: 217 km
 Lebanon 454 2 2  Israel: 79 km
 Syria: 375 km
 Lesotho 909 1 1  South Africa: 909 km
 Liberia 1,585 3 3  Guinea: 563 km
 Côte d'Ivoire: 716 km
 Sierra Leone: 306 km
 Libya 4,348 6 6  Algeria: 982 km
 Chad: 1,055 km
 Egypt: 1,115 km
 Niger: 354 km
 Sudan: 383 km
 Tunisia: 459 km
 Liechtenstein 76 2 2  Austria: 34.9 km
  Switzerland: 41.1 km
 Lithuania 1,273 4 4  Belarus: 502 km
 Latvia: 453 km
 Poland: 91 km
 Russia:[56] 227 km
 Luxembourg 359 3 3  Belgium: 148 km
 France: 73 km
 Germany: 138 km
 Macau[29] (People's Republic of China) 0.34 1 1  People's Republic of China: 0.34 km
 Macedonia 766 5 5  Albania: 151 km
 Bulgaria: 148 km
 Greece: 246 km
 Kosovo:[7] 159 km
 Serbia: 62 km
Australia Macquarie Island[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Madagascar 0 0 0
 Madeira[18] (Portugal) 0 0 0
 Malawi 2,881 3 3  Mozambique: 1,569 km
 Tanzania: 475 km
 Zambia: 837 km
 Malaysia 3,147 4 3  Brunei (2): 381 km
 Indonesia: 1,782 km
 Thailand: 506 km
 Maldives 0 0 0
 Mali 7,243 7 7  Algeria: 1,376 km
 Burkina Faso: 1,000 km
 Guinea: 858 km
 Côte d'Ivoire: 532 km
 Mauritania: 2,237 km
 Niger: 821 km
 Senegal: 419 km
 Malta 0 0 0
 Marshall Islands 0 0 0
 Martinique[25] (France) 0 0 0
 Mauritania 5,074 4 4  Algeria: 463 km
 Mali: 2,237 km
 Senegal: 813 km
 Western Sahara:[8] 1,561 km
 Mauritius 0 0 0
 Mayotte[45] (France) 0 0 0
 Mexico 4,353 3 3  Belize: 250 km
 Guatemala: 962 km
 United States: 3,141 km
 Federated States of Micronesia 0 0 0
 Midway Atoll[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Moldova 1,389 2 2  Romania: 450 km
 Ukraine: 939 km
 Monaco 4.4 1 1  France: 4.4 km
 Mongolia 8,220 2 2  People's Republic of China: 4,677 km
 Russia: 3,543 km
 Montenegro 625 5 5  Albania: 172 km
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 225 km
 Croatia: 25 km
 Kosovo:[7] 79 km
 Serbia: 124 km
 Montserrat[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Morocco 2,018 5 3  Algeria: 1,559 km
 Western Sahara:[8] 443 km
 Spain (3): 17 km[57]
 Mozambique 4,571 6 6  Malawi: 1,569 km
 South Africa (2): 491 km
 Swaziland: 105 km
 Tanzania: 756 km
 Zambia: 419 km
 Zimbabwe: 1,231 km
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[58] 3 3  Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Iran
 Namibia 3,936 4 4  Angola: 1,376 km
 Botswana: 1,360 km
 South Africa: 967 km
 Zambia: 233 km
 Nauru 0 0 0
 Navassa Island[9][59] (United States) 0 0 0
   Nepal 2,926 2 2  People's Republic of China: 1,236 km
 India: 1,690 km
 Netherlands[60] 1,027 2 2  Belgium (31):[22] 450 km
 Germany: 577 km
 Netherlands, Kingdom of the
→includes:
 Aruba
 Curaçao
 Netherlands (including Caribbean Netherlands)
 Sint Maarten
1037 3 3  Belgium: 450 km
 Germany: 577 km
 Saint Martin[45] (France): 10.2 km
 New Caledonia[61] (France) 0 0 0
 New Zealand 0 0 0
 Nicaragua 1,231 2 2  Costa Rica: 309 km
 Honduras: 922 km
 Niger 5,697 7 7

 Algeria: 956 km
 Benin: 266 km
 Burkina Faso: 628 km
 Chad: 1,175 km
 Libya: 354 km
 Mali: 821 km
 Nigeria: 1,497 km

 Nigeria 4,047 4 4  Benin: 773 km
 Cameroon: 1,690 km
 Chad: 87 km
 Niger: 1,497 km
 Niue[62] 0 0 0
 Norfolk Island[15] (Australia) 0 0 0
 Northern Mariana Islands[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Norway 2,551 3 3  Finland: 736 km
 Sweden: 1,619 km
 Russia: 196 km
 Oman 1,374 6 3  Saudi Arabia: 676 km
 United Arab Emirates (4): 410 km
 Yemen: 288 km
 Pakistan 6,774 4 4  Afghanistan: 2,430 km
 People's Republic of China:[30] 523 km
 India: 2,912 km
 Iran: 909 km
 Palau 0 0 0
 Palestinian territories[37] 466 4 3  Egypt: 11 km
 Israel (2): 358  km[63]
 Jordan: 97 km
United States Palmyra Atoll[9] and Kingman Reef[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Panama 555 2 2  Colombia: 225 km
 Costa Rica: 330 km
 Papua New Guinea 820 1 1  Indonesia: 820 km
 Paraguay 3,920 3 3  Argentina: 1,880 km
 Bolivia: 750 km
 Brazil: 1,290 km
 Peru 5,536 5 5  Bolivia: 900 km
 Brazil: 1,560 km
 Chile: 160 km
 Colombia: 1,496 km
 Ecuador: 1,420 km
Norway Peter I Island[3] 0 0 0
 Philippines 0 0 0
 Pitcairn Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Poland 2,788 7 7  Belarus: 407 km
 Czech Republic: 658 km
 Germany: 456 km
 Lithuania: 91 km
 Russia:[56] 206 km
 Slovakia: 444 km
 Ukraine: 526 km
 Portugal 1,214 1 1  Spain: 1,214 km
 Puerto Rico[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Qatar 60 1 (2) 1 (2)  Saudi Arabia: 60 km
 United Arab Emirates:[64] 19 km.
Norway Queen Maud Land[3] (Norway) 2 2 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia)
 British Antarctic Territory[3] (United Kingdom)
 Réunion[25] (France) 0 0 0
 Romania 2,508 6 5  Bulgaria: 608 km
 Hungary: 443 km
 Moldova: 450 km
 Serbia: 476 km
 Ukraine (2): 531 km[65]
New Zealand Ross Dependency[3] (New Zealand) 1 1 Australia Australian Antarctic Territory[3] (Australia)
 Russia 20,017 15 14  Azerbaijan: 284 km
 Belarus: 959 km
 People's Republic of China (2): 3,645 km
 Estonia: 294 km
 Finland: 1,340 km
 Georgia: 723 km
 Kazakhstan: 6,846 km
 North Korea: 19 km
 Latvia: 217 km
 Lithuania:[56] 227 km
 Mongolia: 3,485 km
 Norway: 196 km
 Poland:[56] 206   km
 Ukraine: 1,576 km
 Rwanda 893 4 4  Burundi: 290 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 217 km
 Tanzania: 217 km
 Uganda: 169 km
 Saint Barthélemy[45] (France) 0 0 0
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0
 Saint Lucia 0 0 0
 Saint Martin[45] 10.2 1 1  Sint Maarten[14] (Netherlands): 10.2 km
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[45] (France) 0 0 0
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0
 Samoa 0 0 0
 San Marino 39 1 1  Italy: 39 km
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0 0 0
 Saudi Arabia 4,431 7 7  Iraq: 814 km
 Jordan: 744 km
 Kuwait: 222 km
 Oman: 676 km
 Qatar: 60 km
 United Arab Emirates: 457 km
 Yemen: 1,458 km
 Senegal 2,640 5 5  The Gambia: 740 km
 Guinea: 330 km
 Guinea-Bissau: 338 km
 Mali: 419 km
 Mauritania: 813 km
 Serbia 2,027 8 8  Bosnia and Herzegovina (2):[23] 302 km
 Bulgaria: 318 km
 Croatia: 241 km
 Hungary: 241 km
 Kosovo:[7] 352 km
 Macedonia: 62 km
 Montenegro: 124 km
 Romania: 476 km
 Seychelles 0 0 0
 Sierra Leone 958 2 2  Guinea: 652 km
 Liberia: 306 km
 Singapore 0[66] 0[66] 0[66]
 Sint Maarten[14] (Netherlands) 10.2 1 1  Saint Martin[45] (France): 10.2 km
 Slovakia 1,524 5 5  Austria: 91 km
 Czech Republic: 215 km
 Hungary: 677 km
 Poland: 444 km
 Ukraine: 97 km
 Slovenia 1,334 4 4  Austria: 330 km
 Croatia: 670 km
 Italy: 232 km
 Hungary: 102 km
 Solomon Islands 0 0 0
 Somalia 2,340 3 3  Djibouti: 58 km
 Ethiopia: 1,600 km
 Kenya: 682 km
 Somaliland[67] 3 3  Djibouti: 58 km
 Ethiopia
 Somalia
 South Africa 4,862 6 6  Botswana: 1,840 km
 Lesotho: 909 km
 Mozambique (2): 491 km
 Namibia: 967 km
 Swaziland: 430 km
 Zimbabwe: 225 km
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 South Sudan 4,797 6 6  Central African Republic: 682 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 628 km
 Ethiopia: 883 km
 Kenya: 232 km
 Sudan: 1,937 km
 Uganda: 435 km
 Spain 1918 9 5  Andorra: 63.7 km
 France (3):[42] 623 km
 Gibraltar: 1.2 km
 Portugal: 1,214 km
 Morocco (3): 17 km[57]
 Sri Lanka 0.1 1 1  India: 0.1 km
 Sudan 6,764 7 7  Central African Republic: 483 km
 Chad: 1,360 km
 Egypt: 1,273 km
 Eritrea: 605 km
 Ethiopia: 723 km
 Libya: 383 km
 South Sudan: 1,937 km
 Suriname 1,707 2 2  Brazil: 597 km
 French Guiana[25] (France): 510 km
 Guyana: 600 km
 Svalbard[68] (Norway) 0 0 0
 Swaziland 535 2 2  Mozambique: 105 km
 South Africa: 430 km
 Sweden 2,233 2 2  Finland: 614 km
 Norway: 1,619 km
  Switzerland 1,852 5 5  Austria (2): 164 km
 France: 573 km
 Italy (2):[53] 740 km
 Liechtenstein: 41 km
 Germany (2):[47] 334 km
 Syria 2,253 5 5  Iraq: 605 km
 Israel: 76 km
 Jordan: 375 km
 Lebanon: 375 km
 Turkey: 822 km
 Taiwan[69] 0 0 0
 Tajikistan 3,651 4 4  Afghanistan: 1,206 km
 People's Republic of China: 414 km
 Kyrgyzstan (3):[54] 870 km
 Uzbekistan (2):[70] 1,161 km
 Tanzania 3,861 8 8  Burundi: 451 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 459 km
 Kenya: 769 km
 Malawi: 475 km
 Mozambique: 756 km
 Rwanda: 217 km
 Uganda: 396 km
 Zambia: 338 km
 Thailand 4,863 4 4  Burma: 1,800 km
 Cambodia: 803 km
 Laos: 1,754 km
 Malaysia: 506 km
 Togo 1,647 3 3  Benin: 644 km
 Burkina Faso: 126 km
 Ghana: 877 km
 Tokelau[71] (New Zealand) 0 0 0
 Tonga 0 0 0
 Transnistria[72] 2 2  Moldova
 Ukraine
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Tromelin Island[4][73] (France) 0 0 0
 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
 Tunisia 1,424 2 2  Algeria: 965 km
 Libya: 459 km
 Turkey 2,648 8 8  Armenia: 268 km
 Azerbaijan:[17] 9 km
 Bulgaria: 240 km
 Georgia: 252 km
 Greece: 206 km
 Iran: 499 km
 Iraq: 352 km
 Syria: 822 km
 Turkmenistan 3,736 4 4  Afghanistan: 744 km
 Iran: 992 km
 Kazakhstan: 379 km
 Uzbekistan: 1,621 km
 Turks and Caicos Islands[5] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0
 Tuvalu 0 0 0
 Uganda 2,698 5 5  Democratic Republic of the Congo: 765 km
 Kenya: 933 km
 Rwanda: 169 km
 South Sudan: 435 km
 Tanzania: 396 km
 Ukraine 4,663 8 7  Belarus: 891 km
 Hungary: 103 km
 Moldova: 939 km
 Poland: 526 km
 Romania (2): 531 km[65]
 Russia: 1,576 km
 Slovakia: 97 km
 United Arab Emirates 867 5 (6) 2 (3)  Oman (4): 410 km
 Qatar:[64] 19 km
 Saudi Arabia: 457 km
 United Kingdom[74] 360 1 1  Ireland: 360 km
 United Kingdom (plus British overseas territories and Crown dependencies)
→including:
United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia
 Anguilla
 Bermuda
 British Indian Ocean Territory
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Falkland Islands
 Gibraltar
 Guernsey
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Turks and Caicos Islands
513 7 3  Cyprus (5):[6] 152 km
 Ireland: 360 km
 Spain: 1.2 km
 United States 12,034 3 2  Canada (2): 8,893 km[26]
 Mexico: 3,141 km
 United States Virgin Islands[9] (United States) 0 0 0
 Uruguay 1,564 2 2  Argentina: 579 km
 Brazil: 985 km
 Uzbekistan 6,221 5 5  Afghanistan: 137 km
 Kazakhstan: 2,203 km
 Kyrgyzstan (6):[55] 1,099 km
 Tajikistan (2):[70] 1,161 km
 Turkmenistan: 1,621 km
 Vanuatu 0 0 0
  Vatican City 3.2 1 1  Italy: 3.2 km
 Venezuela 4,993 3 3  Brazil: 2,200 km
 Colombia: 2,050 km
 Guyana: 743 km
 Vietnam 4,639 3 3  Cambodia: 1,228 km
 People's Republic of China: 1,281 km
 Laos: 2,130 km
 Wake Island[75] (United States) 0 0 0
 Wallis and Futuna[45] (France) 0 0 0
 West Bank (Palestinian territories)[37] 404 2 2  Israel: 307 km
 Jordan: 97 km
 Western Sahara[8] 2046 3 3  Algeria: 42 km
 Mauritania: 1,561 km
 Morocco: 443 km
 Yemen 1,746 2 2  Oman: 288 km
 Saudi Arabia: 1,458 km
 Zambia 5,667 8 8  Angola: 1,111 km
 Botswana: 0.15 km
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 1,930 km
 Malawi: 837 km
 Mozambique: 419 km
 Namibia: 233 km
 Tanzania: 338 km
 Zimbabwe: 797 km
 Zimbabwe 3,066 4 4  Botswana: 813 km
 Mozambique: 1,231 km
 South Africa: 225 km
 Zambia: 797 km

Extremes[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The concept of state sovereignty is somewhat imprecise and there are disagreements about whether certain territories are sovereign. There are currently 194 states that are generally regarded as "fully" sovereign: this includes the 193 member states of the United Nations plus Vatican City. Some of these states have under their jurisdiction territories, dependencies, or collectivities that are clearly non-sovereign geographical areas. These territories are generally regarded as being subsumed within the overarching sovereignty of the governing state. For example, the United Kingdom holds sovereignty over the territory of Gibraltar, even though Gibraltar is not considered to be part of the United Kingdom. There are a few territories in the world that are neither clearly sovereign nor clearly subsumed under another state's sovereignty. Often, these territories have declared themselves to be sovereign, but they are either not widely recognized as such or lack some of the necessary conditions for sovereign statehood. In these cases, explanatory footnotes indicate how the territory is treated for the purposes of this list.
  2. ^ Note: land border lengths will vary depending on the scale by which they are measured, and therefore these figures without a source accompanied by an explanation of how they were measured and at what scale makes comparisons impossible; for more information see coastline paradox.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s This is a territorial claim in Antarctica. Territorial claims in Antarctica have been recognized only between the few countries making claims in the area. Because some of the claims overlap and there is a low number of recognition for these claims, Antarctic territorial claims are not included in this chart when listing countries' neighbouring countries and territories. The specific Antarctic claims are included in this chart, but only in reference to each other.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i This territory is part of the widely dispersed French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas territory of France.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o This territory is not sovereign but is a British overseas territory. Its territory constitutes part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom but strictly speaking is not part of the United Kingdom itself.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Akrotiri shares one border with Cyprus. Dhekelia shares one main boundary with Cyprus, but there are three separate enclaves of Cyprus within the main Dhekelia–Cyprus border, which creates three additional borders.
  7. ^ a b c d e In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Although Kosovo's sovereignty has been recognized by 108 UN member states, it is not a member of the United Nations and Serbia disputes its sovereignty, claiming that Kosovo remains one of its provinces. For purposes of this list, Kosovo is considered to be a sovereign country. If Kosovo is considered part of Serbia, some numbers in the table would be reduced by one (e.g., when a state borders both Serbia and Kosovo). Other numbers would remain the same (e.g., when a state borders Kosovo but not Serbia).
  8. ^ a b c d Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the largely unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim sovereignty over the entire territory (see Legal status of Western Sahara). For purposes of this list, Western Sahara is considered to be a sovereign country.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q This territory is not sovereign, but is an insular area of the United States. U.S. territories are considered to be part of the sovereign territory of the United States.
  10. ^ a b 225 km via Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province.
  11. ^ a b c d Claims to territory overlap.
  12. ^ a b 5,150 km via the long continental border and 150 km via the border on Tierra del Fuego.
  13. ^ a b 566 km with Azerbaijan-proper and 221 km with the Nakhichevan exclave. Additionally, in Armenia, there exist three Azerbaijani exclaves: Barxudarlı, Yuxarı Əskipara and Karki (located north of the region of Nakhchivan) Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian exclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan. This makes a total of 6 separate borders, including the 2 major borders.
  14. ^ a b c d e This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For purposes of this list, Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Netherlands are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  15. ^ a b c d e f This territory is not sovereign but is part of the sovereign territory of Australia.
  16. ^ a b One via Azerbaijan-proper and one via the Nakhichevan exclave.
  17. ^ a b Via the Nakhichevan exclave.
  18. ^ a b This territory is not sovereign but is an autonomous region of Portugal. Its territory constitutes a constituent part of the sovereign territory of Portugal.
  19. ^ a b On the India-Bangladesh border in the Indian district of Cooch-Behar, there are 92 Bangladeshi exclaves, with a total area of 47.7 km². Similarly, there are 106 Indian exclaves inside Bangladesh, with a total area of 69.5 km². Twenty-one of the Bangladeshi exclaves are within Indian exclaves, and three of the Indian exclaves are within Bangladeshi exclaves. The largest Indian exclave, Balapara Khagrabari, surrounds a Bangladeshi exclave, Upanchowki Bhajni, which itself surrounds an Indian exclave called Dahala Khagrabari, of less than one hectare. These 198 exclave borders plus the main border give a total of 199 sections of border.
    "The end of the enclaves". The Economist. September 7, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b Madagascar claims sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  21. ^ a b Germany has a group of 5 enclaves created by the Vennbahn railway trackbed between the towns of Roetgen and Monschau (south of Aachen) that was granted Belgian sovereignty. Belgium therefore has 5 borders with these exclaves and one border with the rest of Germany.
  22. ^ a b c The town of Baarle in the southern Netherlands is made up of the municipality of Baarle-Hertog, a group of 22 Belgian enclaves within the Netherlands; and of the Dutch municipality of Baarle-Nassau, which itself has one enclave in the main body of Belgium and 7 counter-enclaves inside two of the Belgian enclaves. There are therefore 30 separate enclave border sections, plus the main border for a total of 31 distinct sections.
  23. ^ a b The town of Sastavci (part of Rudo municipality, Foča Region) is completely surrounded by the Serbian municipality of Priboj, in Zlatibor District.
  24. ^ This territory is not sovereign and is a dependent territory of Norway. It is not part of the Kingdom of Norway, but it is considered to be part of the sovereign territory of Norway.
  25. ^ a b c d e f This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas department and an overseas region of France. As such, it is sovereign French territory that is an integral part of the French Republic.
  26. ^ a b c 6,416 km via the contiguous 48 states and 2,477 km via Alaska.
  27. ^ For information on the Republic of China, see the listing in this table under "Taiwan".
  28. ^ a b Hong Kong is not sovereign but since 1997 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  29. ^ a b Macau is not sovereign but since 1999 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Macau has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  30. ^ a b Pakistan borders China only via Kashmir, a territory disputed between Pakistan and India. If India's territorial claims are accepted, China and Pakistan do not border one another.
  31. ^ Clipperton Island is not sovereign but is property of the government of France; as such, it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  32. ^ The Cook Islands is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. The Cook Islands controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, the Cook Islands is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Cook Island people being New Zealand citizens.
  33. ^ a b c Cuba has a 29 km border with the United States Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay. However, the naval base is sovereign Cuban territory and subject to treaty is leased perpetually by the U.S. government; therefore, this does not constitute an international border.
  34. ^ Northern Cyprus declared independence in 1983, shortly after Turkey invaded the island in response to a coup d'état by Greek Cypriots that was backed by Greece. Cyprus disputes the declaration of sovereignty and considers Northern Cyprus to be part of its territory. The United Nations and the European Union also do not recognize the sovereignty of Northern Cyprus. The only sovereign state that recognizes Northern Cyprus's sovereignty is Turkey. Northern Cyprus also lacks some of the indicators of legal sovereignty, relying heavily on Turkey for its continuing existence separate from Cyprus. Because of these factors, Northern Cyprus is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  35. ^ Northern Cyprus borders Dhekelia only, not Akrotiri.
  36. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook -- Czech Republic". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. May 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  37. ^ a b c d e f g In 1988, the Palestinian Liberation Organization declared as sovereign the State of Palestine. Although Palestinian sovereignty is recognized by about 130 countries, Palestine is not a member of the United Nations and lacks other indicators of legal sovereignty. The State of Palestine/Palestinian territories consist of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In this list, for purposes of counting bordering states, the Palestinian territories are considered to be a single sovereign entity.
  38. ^ a b c d Via French Guiana
  39. ^ Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, which is a British overseas territory.
  40. ^ a b This territory is not sovereign, but is a country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For purposes of this list, Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  41. ^ Excluding French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories.
  42. ^ a b c The town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory. France has one border with it and two sections of border with the rest of Spain (separated by Andorra).
  43. ^ a b c Excluding Adélie Land.
  44. ^ Via Saint Martin.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h This territory is not sovereign, but is an overseas collectivity of France, and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  46. ^ a b This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas territory of France.
  47. ^ a b Büsingen, Germany is an exclave in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. Switzerland has one border with it and one border with the rest of Germany.
  48. ^ Madagascar claims sovereignty over the Glorioso Islands.
  49. ^ a b c This territory is not sovereign but it a British Crown Dependency. Crown Dependencies are possessions of the British Crown but strictly speaking are not part of the United Kingdom.
  50. ^ Sri Lanka borders India on one of the many shoals of Rama's Bridge.
  51. ^ (4 not including the Palestinian Territories)
  52. ^ (6 if the West Bank and Gaza strip are counted separately; 4 if they are not counted)
  53. ^ a b Campione d'Italia is enclaved in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, although in practice it is administered as part of Switzerland. It is part of Swiss customs, uses the Swiss franc, its inhabitants have to pay income tax to Italy, though in a reduced measure, and it is under Italian sovereignty. Switzerland therefore has one border with it and one border with the rest of Italy.
  54. ^ a b The Tajik village of Vorukh, along with another small piece of land near Kairagach are embodied in Kyrgyz land. There are therefore 3 sections of border between the two countries.
  55. ^ a b Barak, a small Kyrgyz village, is surrounded by Uzbekistan. Reciprocally, the Uzbek towns of So'x (39°58′N 71°08′E / 39.967°N 71.133°E / 39.967; 71.133) and Shohimardon as well as the two tiny territories of Qal'acha and Khalmion (north of So'x) are all surrounded by Kyrgyz territory. There are therefore 5 enclave borders in addition to the main Kyrgyz/Uzbek border for a total of 6.
  56. ^ a b c d Via Kaliningrad.
  57. ^ a b 6.3 km via Ceuta; 9.6 km via Melilla; 85 m via Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
  58. ^ The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic declared independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. However, neither Azerbaijan nor any other state or international organization has recognized Nagorno-Karabakh as a sovereign state. For this reason, Nagorno-Karabakh is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  59. ^ Haiti claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, which is a United States insular area.
  60. ^ Does not include Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
  61. ^ New Caledonia is not sovereign but is a sui generis collectivity of France and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  62. ^ Niue is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. Niue controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, Niue is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Niuean people being New Zealand citizens.
  63. ^ 51 km via the Gaza Strip and 307 km via the West Bank.
  64. ^ a b The United Arab Emirates borders Qatar only via territory claimed by Saudi Arabia
  65. ^ a b Consisting of one border of 362 km and another of 169 km.
  66. ^ a b c Singapore is connected to  Malaysia by a causeway and a bridge.
  67. ^ Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991. However, neither Somalia nor any other state or international organization has recognized Somaliland as a sovereign state. For this reason, Somaliland is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  68. ^ This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent part of the Kingdom of Norway.
  69. ^ In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the government and leaders of the Republic of China (ROC), led by Chiang Kai-shek, retreated from mainland China to the island of Taiwan. In Taiwan, the ROC continues to claim sovereignty over all China, including the mainland and Taiwan. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which has governed mainland China since the ROC government retreated, also claims to be the sole representative of all China, including Taiwan. Even though the ROC government in Taiwan has never asserted that Taiwan's sovereignty is separate from that of China's, for many practical purposes Taiwan is treated by other countries and international organizations as a country that is separate from the PRC. However, Taiwan is not considered to be a sovereign entity that is separate from China for purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  70. ^ a b The Tajik village of Sarvan is in Uzbek territory. Uzbekistan has one border with it, and another with the rest of Tajikistan.
  71. ^ Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory within the Realm of New Zealand. For purposes of this list, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Niue are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  72. ^ In the early 1990, Transnistria attempted to separate itself, first from the Moldavian SSR and then from sovereign Moldova. Moldova disputes Transnistrian sovereignty and considers it to be part of its territory. There are no sovereign states that recognize Transnistria's sovereignty. Because of the lack of international recognition, Transnistria is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  73. ^ Madagascar claims sovereignty over Tromelin Island.
  74. ^ The United Kingdom does not include British overseas territories or Crown dependencies.
  75. ^ The Marshall Islands claims sovereignty over Wake Island, which is an insular area of the United States.
  76. ^ Via the 48 contiguous states.
  77. ^ These segments are separated by 198 enclaves.

See also[edit]

References[edit]