List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS

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This list of the military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) includes experimental, prototype, and operational types regardless of era. It also includes both native Soviet designs, Soviet-produced copies of foreign designs, and foreign-produced aircraft that served in the military of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its successor states of the CIS. The service time frame begins with the year the aircraft entered military service (not the date of first flight, as reported by some sources). Stated production quantities, which are often very approximate, include all variants of the aircraft type produced for the USSR, unless otherwise noted.

Wikipedia convention is to use the Soviet or Russian names and designations for these aircraft, not the post-World War II NATO reporting names, although these will be used as redirects to guide the reader to the desired article. The reporting names assigned by Western intelligence agencies listed here are provided for ease of reference; they are by no means complete. Further details on the NATO Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC) reporting names can be found here.

Fighters[edit]

Fighters
Alekseyev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-21/211/215 3 - None *
Grigorovich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-1 1 - None *
I-2 & I-2bis 211 1924-? None *
DI-3 1 - None *
I-Z 73 1933-1936 None *
IP-1 91 ca. 1936-1940 None *
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-21 2 - None *
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
LaGG-1 c.100 1940-1945? None *
LaGG-3 6,258 1940?-1945 None Produced in 66 variants.
Lavochkin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
La-5 9,920 1942-late 1940s None Variants include the La-5UTI dedicated trainer version.
La-7 5,753 1944-?? Fin Variants include the La-7UTI trainer.
La-9 1,559-1,895 1946-?? Fritz Variants include the field-expedient La-9UTI two-seat trainer.
La-11 1,182 1948-?? Fang *
La-15 235 1949-1954 Fantail *
Mikoyan-Gurevich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
MiG-1 100 1940-?? None *
MiG-3 3,120 1941-1945 None Production total includes the original, propeller-driven "MiG-9" (not to be confused with the MiG-9 'Fargo' jet fighter).
MiG-9 550 1946-?? Fargo Variants include the MiG-9UTI two-seat trainer.
I-250 (N) 10-20 - None aka "MiG-13"; older sources claim 50 served 1946-1950, but recent sources report only 10-20 built and no service.
MiG-15 c.12,000 1949-?? Fagot Variants include the MiG-15UTI 'Midget' trainer.
MiG-17 10,000 1952-1970s Fresco Several thousand were built in all variants.
MiG-19 c.8,500 1955-?? Farmer Production total includes license-built examples produced by other countries.
MiG-21 > 10,000 1959-date Fishbed Variants include MiG-21U 'Mongol' trainer; production includes those built under license in other countries.
MiG-23 c.5,000 1970-date Flogger Ground-attack version given the separate designation MiG-27.
I-75 1 -  ? Prototype interceptor; program cancelled in favor of Sukhoi T-43 (to become Su-9).
MiG-25P 1,190 1972-2007 Foxbat Variants include MiG-25PU and MiG-25RU conversion trainers.
MiG-27 1,070 1975-date Flogger D/J
MiG-29 1,600+ 1983-date Fulcrum Variants include MiG-29UB conversion trainer.
MiG-31 c.500 1982-date Foxhound *
MiG-33 - - Fulcrum E No longer used "marketing designation" for the MiG-29M.
MiG-35 - - Fulcrum F Prototype advanced MiG-29, incorporating elements of the MiG-29M/M2, MiG-29K and MiG-29OVT; being offered for export to India.
MiG LMFS 1.27 - - Liogkiy Mnogofunktsionalniy Frontovoi Samolyet (Light Multi-function Frontal Aircraft), continuation of LFS program. Expected to be light-weight, single engine, stealth 5th generation fighter, to join PAK FA in service.
Ye-152A 1 1960-1965 Flipper Final and most advanced evolution of the MiG-21 line. A single experimental model, lost in 1965.
Polikarpov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-15 "Chaika" > 7,175 1935-1944 None *
I-16 "Ishak" > 9,004 1935-late 1940s None Some sources report at least 7364 fighters and 1895 Polikarpov UTI-2 and UTI-4 conversion trainers were built.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-1 1 1940 None aka "I-330", high-altitude fighter aircraft prototype.
Su-3 1 1941 None aka "I-360", second prototype of the Su-1 with revised wing. It did not fly.
Su-5 1 1945 None aka "I-107", mixed-power (propeller and motorjet) fighter prototype.
Su-7 (1944) 1 1944-1945 None Mixed-power high-altitude interceptor developed from ground attack Su-6.
Su-7 < 200 1956-?? Fitter-A Original swept-wing 'Fitter' model.
Su-9 < 1,100 1959-c.1970 Fishpot-A/B *
Su-11 108 1964-1983 Fishpot-C Uprated Su-9; some Su-9 are believed to have also been upgraded to this standard.
Su-15 < 1,500 1967-1992 Flagon Variants include the Su-15UT and Su-15UM two-seat conversion trainers. (Note: "Su-21" has been reported as the designation for the late-model Su-15TM, but this appears to be erroneous.)
Su-27 c.680 1984-date Flanker Variants include Su-27UB two-seat conversion trainer; production includes export aircraft.
Su-30 5 1992-date Flanker-F (Variant 1) Interceptor development of Su-27; originally designated Su-27PU.
Su-33 24 1994-date Flanker-D Carrier-capable Su-27; was designated Su-27K; quantity built includes the Su-33UB trainer.
Su-35 5-10 1997-date Flanker-E (Variant 1) Land-based version of the Su-33; originally designated Su-27M; about 5-10 production Su-35 delivered; program status is unclear.
Su-37 - - Flanker-E (Variant 2) Thrust-vectoring, multirole evolution of the Su-35 Flanker; being offered as an interim fighter, pending availability of the PAK-FA in 2015 or later.
Su-47 - - Firkin Technology demonstrator for Russia's fifth-generation fighter utilizing a tandem-triplane layout, thrust vectoring, forward swept wings, improved stealth features, advanced combat avionics, and rearward facing radar antennas.
PAK-FA/T-50 3 - - Russia's planned fifth-generation fighter, currently in development; first flew in 2009, with production deliveries planned for 2012-2015 (or later).
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-4 369 1928-1933 None First Soviet all-metal fighter; first plane designed by Pavel Sukhoi.
Tu-28/Tu-128 198 1965-1992 Fiddler-A/B This long-range interceptor was the world's largest fighter aircraft; the Tu-128 was the definitive production version; variants include the Tu-128UT trainer.
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-1 c.8,720 1940-1945 None Variants include two-seat trainers.
Yak-3 4,848 1944-1945 None Variants include the Yak-3UTI two-seat conversion trainer.
Yak-9 16,769 1942-?? Frank Variants include the Yak-9UV and Yak-9V trainers.
Yak-15 c.280 1947-?? Feather *
Yak-17 430 1948-?? Feather Variants include the Yak-17UTI 'Magnet' conversion trainer.
Yak-23 310 1949-late 1950s Flora Only 310 built, mostly for export; quickly replaced by the MiG-15.
Yak-25 480 1955-1967 Flashlight *
Yak-28P c.1,700 1967-early 1980s Firebar *
Yak-38 231 1976-1991 Forger VTOL carrier borne fighter

Attack[edit]

Attack
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-2 "Sturmovik" 29,937 1941-late 1950s Bark Production quantity excludes 6,226 Il-10.
Il-10 5,026 1944-1956 Beast Variants include the Il-10U trainer; production quantity excludes 1,200 B/CB-33 license-built examples produced by Aero of Czechoslovakia after World War II.
Il-40 2 - Brawny Two prototypes completed in 1953; did not enter production.
Mikoyan-Gurevich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
MiG-23 5,047 1970-1998 Flogger Production quantity includes 3,630 fighter versions and the MiG-23UB conversion trainer variant, but excludes the MiG-27 variants.
MiG-25BM c.100 1982?-?? Foxbat-F Suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) variant.
MiG-27 925 1975-date Flogger-D/J Ground-attack evolution of the MiG-23. Excludes 150 assembled/modified in India.
Polikarpov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-15 "Chaika" > 7,175 1935-1944 None *
I-16 "Ishak" > 9,004 1935-late 1940s None Some sources report at least 7,364 fighters and 1,895 Polikarpov UTI-2 and UTI-4 conversion trainers were built.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-2 > 500 1940-1942 None Subsequently served as squadron hacks.
Su-7B 1,700 - 1,800 1961-1986 Fitter-A Includes also two-seat trainer variants. Includes around 600 built for export.
Su-17 "Strizh" 2,867 1971-date Fitter Including over 500 for export; variants include the two-seat Su-17UM-2 and Su-17UM-3 conversion trainers.
Su-24 "Chemodan" 1,400 1974-date Fencer Over 700 Su-24 were built for the USSR, including at least 110 reconnaissance variants.
Su-25 "Grach" >580 1981-date Frogfoot Over 580 were built for the USSR in all variants, including the Su-25UB, Su-25UTG, and Su-25UBP two-seat conversion trainers; around 80 are being upgraded to the Su-25SM.
Su-25T/Su-25TM (Su-39) 20 1996-date Frogfoot 20 Su-25T production models were built; 8 were later were improved to the Su-39TM (renamed Su-39).
Su-30M 4+ 1996?-date Flanker-F (Variant 2) Multirole evolution of the Su-27; Russia is believed to have built at least 4 Su-30M (perhaps all as prototypes).
Su-34 (58) - Fullback Deliveries to begin in late 2006, with 58 to be delivered through 2015; formerly designated Su-27IB and Su-32FN.
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yakovlev Yak-7 6,339 1942-?? None Variants include the Yak-7U two-seat trainer.
Yakovlev Yak-38 231 1976-c.1994 Forger Naval VTOL fighter-bomber.

Bombers[edit]

Bombers
Archangelski
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Ar-2  ??-?? 1940-1941 None Refinement of the Tupolev SB
Douglas
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
A-20 2,908 1940s Box provided by the USA through lend-lease.
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
DB-3 1,528 1936-?? None Production quantity excludes the Il-4.
Il-4 5,256 1941-early 1950s Bob Variants include the two-seat Il-2U trainer.
Il-28 > 2,000 1950-1980s Beagle Quantity excludes Chinese-produced Hong H-5 version.
Il-54/Il-149 1 - Blowlamp Single prototype produced in 1955 before program was canceled.
Myasishchev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
M-4 "Molot" - 1955-early 1960s Bison 93 built all variants, only a few M-4 entered service; most later converted to Myasishchev M-4-2 tankers.
M-50/M-52 2 1957 Bounder Only prototypes. No production.
North American
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
B-25 866 1940s Bank Models of types C/D/S/G/J were provided by the USA through lend-lease.
Petlyakov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Pe-2 "Peschka" 11,427 1941-early 1950s Buck Variants include the Pe-2UTI dedicated trainer version.
Pe-8 c.95 1941-late 1950s None aka "TB-7"; 93 or 96 were built (including 2 prototypes).
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
SB "Katyusha" 6,656 1936-1944 None Variants include a few USB conversion trainers.
TB-1 212 1929-?? None *
TB-3 818 1930-1942 None Strategic bomber; also used as a mothership for parasite I-16s
Tu-2 2,527 1943-1950 Bat *
Tu-4 847 1949-1960s Bull reverse-engineered Boeing B-29 Superfortress.
Tu-12 4 1947-1950 None aka Tu-77. Last derivative of Tu-2, Soviet Union's first jet bomber. No production.
Tu-14 c.100 1949-?? Bosun Variants include the Tu-14R reconnaissance and Tu-14T jet torpedo bomber versions; most to Soviet navy.
Tu-16 1,507+ 1954-1993 Badger *
Tu-22 "Shilo" c.250-300 1962-date Blinder Variants include the Tu-22U 'Blinder-D' trainer; production excludes Tu-22M 'Backfire'.
Tu-22M c.500 1972-date Backfire *
Tu-73 1 1947-1948 None Three engined, enlarged Tu-72 naval bomber proposal. No production.
Tu-80 1 1949 None Modernized Tu-4. No production.
Tu-82 1 - Butcher Provisionally designated Tu-22. First Soviet bomber with swept wings; 1 prototype built in 1949. No production.
Tu-85 2 - Barge Final refinement of Tu-4; 2 prototypes built in 1951. No production.
Tu-91 - - Boot Prototype naval bomber built 1954-1956; no production.
Tu-95 > 300 1956-1997 Bear Variants include Tu-95MS 'Bear-H' (see below) and the Tu-95U trainer.
Tu-95MS - 1984-date Bear-H Based on the Tu-142 airframe.
Tu-98 2 - Backfin Two technology demonstrator prototypes produced in 1955; not intended for production.
Tu-160 16 1987-date Blackjack Variants include the Tu-160M2
Tu PAK DA - 2015? - No known prototypes present
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-2 111 1940-?? None *
Yak-4 90 1941-1945 None Initially used as night bomber, but reassigned to high-altitude reconnaissance.
Yak-26 9  ??-?? Flashlight-B Bomber derivative of Yak-25 interceptor.
Yak-28 c.700 1960-c.1994 Brewer *
Yermolayev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yer-2 c.320 1941-?? None *

Reconnaissance[edit]

Reconnaissance
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-30 - 1974-date Clank Aerial survey aircraft; only a few built.
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-28R -  ??-?? Beagle *
Mikoyan-Gurevich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
MiG-21R - 1965-date Fishbed-H *
MiG-25R - 1970-date Foxbat Recce variants; 1190 built in all variants, including the MiG-25PU and MiG-25RU conversion trainers.Indian version phased out in 2007.
Myasishchev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
M-17/M-55 "Geofizika" 6+ 1982-date Mystic-A/B Originally developed as an ELINT aircraft, but sole survivor now used for high-altitude meteorological research; at least 6 built.
Neman
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
R-10 490 1937-1943 None *
Polikarpov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
R-1 & R-2 2,800+ 1924–1934 None Redesigned Airco DH.9A. Also used as light bomber.
R-5 490 1928-1944 None Used as mail-carriers after World War II.
R-Z 1,031 1935-1941? None Improved R-5.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-17R "Strizh" -  ??-date Fitter A small number of Su-17M aircraft were equipped to carry reconnaissance pods. (Note: The Su-20R version was an export model only.)
Su-24MR 110+ 1985-date Fencer-E Over 700 Su-24 were built for the USSR, including at least 110 reconnaissance variants.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
R-6 > 7,000 1929-?? None More than 7,000 built in all variants.
Tu-16R 1,507+  ??-?? Badger-E *
Tu-22R 127 1962-?? Blinder-C *
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-4 90 1941-1945 None Initially served as a night bomber, but was soon reassigned to the high-altitude reconnaissance role.
Yak-25RV 165 1959-1974 Mandrake Variants include two unmanned versions.
Yak-27R c.160-180 1960-?? Mangrove *
Yak-28R 220+ mid-1960s-c.1992-94 Brewer-D At least 220 reconnaissance variants built.

Maritime Patrol[edit]

Maritime Patrol
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-72P - 1987-date Coaler *
Beriev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Be-2/KOR-1 - 1938-1942 Mote A small catapult-launched float biplane operated from naval cruisers.
Be-4/KOR-2 - 1941-?? Mug Flying boat.
Be-6 - 1949-late 1960s Madge Flying boat.
Be-10/M-10 - 1956-?? Mallow Jet-engined flying boat; only a few were produced.
Be-12/M-12 "Chaika" - 1961-date Mail ASW/SAR amphibian.
Be-42/A-40 "Albatros" - 1989-date Mermaid Search and rescue amphibian; largest amphibious aircraft in the world.
Be-44 -  ??-?? Mermaid ASW, maritime patrol and minelaying version of the Be-42/A-40.
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-38 c.100 1971-date May Examples serving in Indian Navy.
Myasishchev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
3M/3MD "Molot" 93 1956-late 1980s Bison-B/C Most survivors of this naval variant were later converted to Myasishchev 3MS-2 and 3MN-2 tankers.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-24MR 110+ 1985-date Fencer-E Over 700 were built for the USSR, including at least 110 reconnaissance variants.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Tu-16PL/R/RM/SP 1,507+  ??-1994 Badger-D/E/F Maritime reconnaissance, ASW, and torpedo.
Tu-95MR 12 1973?-date Bear-E *
Tu-142/Tu-142M - 1972-date Bear-F ASW.

Airborne Early Warning and Control[edit]

Airborne Early Warning and Control
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-71 3 1985-1991 Madcap Cancelled after fall of the Soviet Union
Beriev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
A-50 "Shmel" c.40 1986-date Mainstay AEW. Modified version of the Ilyushin IL-76
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-18D/V 7+  ??-?? Coot-B Airborne command post; at least 5 Il-18D and 2 Il-18V built.
Il-18D-36 "Bizon" 13+ early 1970s-?? Coot-B Airborne command post.
Il-22M-11 "Zebra" 21+ c.1987-date Coot-B Airborne command post.
Il-76VKP 2 early 1990s-date - aka "Il-82"; air command post.
Il-86VKP 4+ early 1990s-date Maxdome aka "Il-87 Aimak"; strategic airborne command post.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Tu-126 8 1968-mid-1980s Moss 8 Tu-114 airliners converted to AEW.
Tu-142MR 10+ 1980-date Bear-J TACAMO equivalent.

Electronic Warfare[edit]

Electronic Warfare
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-12B-PP and An-12BK-IS/-PP/-PPS > 150 1964-date Cub-A/B/C/D Over 150 EW variants produced.
An-26M -  ??-?? Curl ELINT; 1398 An-26 built in all variants.
An-26RM/RTR/RR 42+  ??-date Curl-B SIGINT/COMINT variants.
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-20RT - 1978-date Coot-A ELINT variant.
Mikoyan-Gurevich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
MiG-25RB -  ??-?? Foxbat ELINT variants; 1190 MiG-25 built in all variants, including the MiG-25PU and MiG-25RU conversion trainer variants.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-24MP 12-24 early 1980s-date Fencer-F ELINT variant.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Tu-16Ye/P/SPS and "Elka" -  ??-1994 Badger-A/H/J/K/L *
Tu-22P 47  ??-?? Blinder-E *
Tu-22MR 20+ 1998?-date Backfire At least 20 converted to this variant.
Tu-95RT 45 1967?-?? Bear-D *
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-28PP 120+ 1970-c.1992/94 Brewer-E Escort jammer variant.

Transport and Liaison[edit]

Transport and Liaison
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-2 "Annushka" - 1947-date Colt The USSR built over 5,000 of this utility biplane in all variants, but foreign production raised total to more than 17,000.
An-8 151 1956-2004 Camp *
An-10 "Ukraine" 108 1957-1972 Cat Turboprop passenger transport version of the simultaneously developed An-12 cargo.
An-12 1,253 1959-date Cub *
An-14 "Pchelka" c.300 1958-?? Clod Utility transport; most were built for Aeroflot, but a small quantity was supplied to the military.
An-22 "Antei" 66 1967-date Cock World's largest turboprop aircraft – and world's largest aircraft prior to introduction of the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy.
An-24 c.1,465 1963-date Coke *
An-26 1,398 1969-date Curl *
An-28 191 1969-date Cash Turboprop transport aircraft, developed from the An-14M, it was licence-built in Poland by PZL-Mielec-Mielec.
An-30 123  ??-date Clank Development of the An-24 and An-26 equipped for aerial cartography.
An-32 357 1977-date Cline Basically a re-engined An-26.
An-70 - - - Russia and the Ukraine plan to order 164 and 65, respectively.
An-72A "Cheburashka" - 1987-date Coaler-C Over 180 An-72 and An-74 built; production continues.
An-74 "Cheburashka" - 1991?-date Coaler-B Over 180 An-72 and An-74 built; production continues.
An-124 "Ruslan" 56 1986-date Condor World's largest mass-produced aircraft.
An-225 "Mriya" 1 1989-1990 Cossack 1 built (plus another unfinished); world's largest operational aircraft. Operated commercially since 2001. Antonov Bureau planning to rebuild unfinished frame, c. 2006
Douglas
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
C-47 707 1940s-?? Cab provided by the US through lend-lease for use against Germany
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-12 663 1945-?? Coach Developed for Aeroflot, it also served Soviet Air Force and Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force.
Il-14 > 1,000 1953-?? Crate Enhanced version of Il-12. Over 1,000 were built (perhaps more than 3,500).
Il-18 c.800 1965-?? Coot Approximately 25 have served as VIP transports.
Il-62M > 270 1974-date Classic More than 270 Il-62 in all variants were built, of which at least 20 were acquired by the military.
Il-76 + 900 1978-date Candid More than 900 in all variants built.
Il-86 103 1977-1994 Camber First Soviet widebody airliner.
Il-96PU 2 2003-date - 1 Il-96-300 and 1 Il-96M converted in 2003 to serve as the Russian president's equivalent of "Air Force One".
Il-112VT - - - Selected in 2003 as new tactical transport; development to be completed in 2011; patrol and surveillance version also to be produced.
Lisunov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Li-2 > 2,000 - Cab License-built DC-3.
Polikarpov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Po-2 ~ 30,000 1929-?? Mule Utility biplane, most produced biplane ever.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Tu-104 200 1955-?? Camel Twin-engined medium-range turbojet-powered airliner, developed from Tu-16 bomber. Some also served as military transports.
Tu-110 3 1957 Cooker Four-engined prototype version of the Tu-104, did not enter production. The only 3 built later served as Soviet Air Force flying testbeds.
Tu-114 "Rossiya" 31 1957-1975 Cleat Turboprop powered long-range airliner, developed from Tu-95 strategic bomber. Some also served as military transports.
Tu-124 165 1960-?? Cookpot Short range twinjet airliner, developed from Tu-104. Some also served as military transports and navigation trainers (Tu-124Sh-1 and Sh-2).
Tu-134 -  ??-date Crusty 852 airliners delivered from 1966, with a few Tu-134BSh/UBL in military service to train Tu-22M and Tu-160 aircrews.
Tu-154 -  ??-2006 Careless More than 1,000 airliners delivered from 1972, and small numbers of Tu-154M have served as air force and naval VIP transports.
Tu-204 68 1995-date - Including the Tupolev Tu-214.
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-6 381 1942-1950 Crib Twin engined utility aircraft (used both as short range light bomber and transport).
Yak-10 40(?) 1945-1947 Crow Originally designated Yak-14.
Yak-12 3,801 1947-?? Creek Evolution of Yak-10.
Yak-14 413 1948-?? None Medium transport military glider.
Yak-16 - 1948-?? Cork Civil transport. Some also served as military trainers and liaison aircraft.
Yak-40 - 1968-date Codling More than 1,000 built, including a few dozen for the military.
Yak-42 - 1980-date Clobber Mid-range passenger jet designed as a replacement of the Tu-134. Some also served as military transports.

Tankers[edit]

Tankers
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-76MDK - - - Planned tanker conversion of Il-76MD transports to similar standard as Il-78M 'Midas' (not to be confused with earlier Il-76MDK cosmonaut weightlessness trainer).
Il-78/Il-78M up to 30 c.1989-date Midas Tanker conversion of Il-76MD transport; perhaps 30 produced.
Myasishchev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
3MS-2/3MN-2 "Molot" -  ??-1994? Bison Tanker conversion of the naval Myasishchev 3M bomber; 93 built of all Bison variants.
M-4-2 "Molot" -  ??-1994 Bison Tanker conversion of the Myasishchev M-4 bomber; 93 built of all Bison variants.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Tu-16D/N/Z -  ??-1996 Badger-A More than 1,507 Tu-16 built in all variants.

Trainers[edit]

Trainers
Aero
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
L-29 "Delphin" > 2,000 1963-date? Maya Over 2000 of this Czechoslovak-designed jet trainer were delivered to the USSR.
L-39 "Albatros" - 1972-date None *
Ilyushin
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Il-28U -  ??-1980s Mascot *
Mikoyan-Gurevich
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
MiG-15UTI -  ??-1970s Midget *
MiG-21U - 1962-date Mongol *
Polikarpov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
U-2 ~ 30,000 1929-?? Mule Most produced biplane ever.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-7U -  ??-1980s Moujik *
Su-9U c.50 1962-1970s Maiden *
Su-11U -  ??-1983 Maiden *
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
UT-2 7,243 1937-1950s Mink Standard Soviet basic trainer during World War II.
Yak-7U 6,399  ??-?? Mark *
Yak-11 4,566 1946-1962 Moose *
Yak-17UTI c.430  ??-?? Magnet Variants include the Yak-17UTI 'Magnet' conversion trainer.
Yak-18 > 9,000 1946-date Max Over 9,000 have been built to date.
Yak-28U -  ??-c.1992/94 Maestro About 700 Yak-28 built in all variants.
Yak-30 4 - Magnum Four prototypes produced in 1960. Beaten by the Czechoslovak L-29 Delfin in the 1960 Warsaw Pact multi-purpose jet trainer aircraft competition.
Yak-52 c.1,800 1976-date None *
Yak-130 - - Mitten Selected in 2002 as new advanced jet trainer; 200 required with deliveries to begin 2006-2008; Yak-133 light attack version under consideration, with possible reconnaissance and EW variants.

Helicopters[edit]

Helicopters
Kamov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Ka-15/Ka-18 - - Hen *
Ka-20 - - Harp *
Ka-22 "Vintokryl" - - Hoop *
Ka-25 140 1966?-date Hormone Soviet navy received 140 built in all variants.
Ka-26 816+ 1970-?? Hoodlum-A Production quantity includes military and civilian examples.
Ka-226 "Sergei" (c.10) - Hoodlum-C About 10 on order for Russian navy.
Ka-27/Ka-29 267 1982-date Helix 267 built in all variants, with 59 being the Ka-29 troop transport variant.
Ka-31 -  ??? 2003 Helix 'B' Naval Versions - Airborne Surveillance Platform
Ka-32 170+ 1981 (prototype) - in production c.2006 Helix 'C' Based upon the military Ka-27 and with multiple variants. Ka 32T-general purpose, Ka 32S-IFR equipped maritime support and Ka 32K0-flying crane
Ka-50 "Chernaya Akula" 8 - Hokum-A 8 pre-series models delivered 1996-2000; production recommenced in 2006.
Ka-52 (12) - - Sometimes misidentified as the Ka-136; 12 on order for the Russian air force.
Mil
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Mi-1 < 1,800 1951-?? Hare Up to 1,800 built in the USSR before production was transferred to Poland's PZL.
Mi-2 > 5,250 1965-date Hoplite Over 5,250 built for military and civilian users.
Mi-4 < 3,500 1953-?? Hound Production quantity includes examples built for military and civil use.
Mi-6/Mi-22 c.860 c.1960/61-date Hook Produced for military and civil use.
Mi-8 > 17,000 1967-date Hip More than 17,000 built in all variants, including the Mi-17 (see below).
Mi-9/Mi-19 - 1977-date Hip-G/? Airborne command post variants of the Mi-8/Mi-17, respectively.
Mi-10 55+ 1963-date Harke Currently in use by Russian Operator, NPO-Vzylot
Mi-14 c.75-100 1975-date Haze "Amphibious" helicopter (capable of landing on water); probably some 75-100 built.
Mi-17 > 17,000 1977-date Hip-H aka "Mi-8M"; more than 17,000 built in all variants, including the Mi-8 (see above).
Mi-24 "Krokodil" > 5,200 1973-date Hind Attack helicopter. Possibly the most successful attack helicopter of its type. Variants include, A, D, P, V. Mil Mi-24V Hind E version also referred to as Mil Mi-35
Mi-26 c.300 1982-date Halo World's heaviest helicopter.
Mi-28 (50) - Havoc Russia plans to acquire 50 Mi-28N 'Havoc-B' by 2010; productions deliveries began in 2004 and expected to enter service in 2006.
Mi-34 - - Hermit Could be procured to replace Mi-2 trainers.
Mi-38 - - - Prototype cargo helicopter intended to replace Mi-6 and Mi-8/17.
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-24 c.100 1952-?? Horse *

Experimental[edit]

Experimental
Antonov
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
An-74 AEW 1 - Madcap aka "An-71"; cancelled prototype AEW variant of the 1980s.
Beriev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
A-60 2 - - Experimental Il-76MD-based aircraft armed with a laser weapon; first flew with laser in 1983, but was written off after a ground fire in 1988; a second prototype languished for lack of funding until it flew in 2002; current status unknown.
Bisnovat
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Bisnovat 5 2 - - 2 prototype rocket-powered, high-speed research aircraft; flew 1948-1949 before program was abandoned.
Mikoyan-Gurevich / Mikoyan
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-270 2 - None 2 prototype rocket-powered interceptor aircraft developed in 1945 for the point-defense role, but both crashed and the program was cancelled.
MiG 1.44 1 - Flatpack Fighter technology demonstrator.
Mil
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Mi-12 2 - Homer Only 2 prototypes built of this late-1960s tail-rotor-less design; world's largest helicopter.
Myasishchev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
M-50/M-52 2 - Bounder 1 prototype of each supersonic intercontinental bomber was built and flown before the program was cancelled in 1960.
OKB-1
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
EF 140 1 - - Prototype bomber and reconnaissance aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by captured German engineers from the Junkers factory; 1 prototype produced and flown in 1949.
Sukhoi
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Su-47 "Berkut" 1 - Firkin Forward-swept wing technology demonstrator; formerly designated S-37.
T-4 1 - - A supersonic reconnaissance-strike aircraft, with a secondary interceptor role; similar to the North American B-70 Valkyrie; only 1 prototype flew before the program was canceled ca. 1974-1975.
Tupolev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
I-12 1 - - An attack fighter armed with two recoilless 76 mm cannons incorporated in its two hollow tail booms; a single prototype was built in 1931.
Yakovlev
Designation Total In Service NATO Name Remarks
Yak-36 4 - Freehand Experimental supersonic multirole VTOL aircraft of the 1960s; 4 built, but only 2 as flying prototypes; led to the Yak-38 'Forger'.
Yak-141 4 - Freestyle Technology demonstrator for a multirole VTOL aircraft; 4 built, but only 2 as flying prototypes; program cancelled in 1991 due to lack of funds.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]