List of tallest buildings in Africa

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Lagos, Africa's largest city and economic capital.
Cairo, Egypt.
Johannesburg, city with a high number of skyscrapers.
The skyline of Nairobi, Kenya.
Durban, South Africa.
Port Louis, Mauritius.
Cape Town, South Africa.
Harare, Zimbabwe.
Pretoria, South Africa.
Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Khartoum, Sudan.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
Windhoek, Namibia.
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Sandton, South Africa.

This article ranks skyscrapers on the African continent by height. While skyscrapers remain more sparse in Africa than in Asia and North America, a significant number of African cities possess distinguishable skylines. Initially, only a small number of major financial and commercial centers boasted large skylines, such as Lagos, Johannesburg, Nairobi, Harare and Abidjan. However, since the 2000s, skyscrapers have been constructed in many other African cities, including Maputo, Abuja, Kampala, Cape Town, Durban, Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam, Luanda and Port Louis.

Since 1973, the tallest skyscraper in Africa has been Johannesburg's Carlton Centre, which stands 223 metres (732 ft) tall. However, several taller buildings are proposed.

Tallest buildings[edit]

This list ranks African buildings that stand at least 100 m (328 ft) tall, based on standard height measurements. This includes spires and architectural details, but does not include antenna masts. Buildings over 150 m (492 ft) tall are highlighted.

Building Pinnacle Height Floors Year Country City
Carlton Centre 223 m (732 ft) 50 1973  South Africa Johannesburg
Ponte City Apartments 173 m (568 ft) 54 1975 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
NECOM House[1] 160 m (520 ft) 32 1979  Nigeria Lagos
PSPF Towers - Tower A[2][3] 152.7 m (501 ft) 35 2014  Tanzania Dar Es Salaam
PSPF Towers - Tower B[4][5] 152.7 m (501 ft) 35 2014 Tanzania Tanzania Dar Es Salaam
Marble Towers 152 m (499 ft) 32 1973 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Pearl Dawn[6] 152 m (499 ft) 31 2010 South Africa South Africa Durban
South African Reserve Bank Building[7] 150 m (490 ft) 38 1988 South Africa South Africa Pretoria
Metlife Centre[8] 150 m (490 ft) 28 1993 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
88 on Field[9] 147 m (482 ft) 26 1985 South Africa South Africa Durban
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building[10] 143 m (469 ft) 39 1994  Egypt Cairo
El Gezira Tower Movenpick Hotel[11] 142 m (466 ft) 43 1996 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Grand Hyatt Cairo[12] 142 m (466 ft) 41 2002 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Nile City South Tower[13] 142 m (466 ft) 34 2003 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Nile City North Tower[14] 142 m (466 ft) 34 2002 Egypt Egypt Cairo
KwaDukuza eGoli Hotel Tower 1[15] 140 m (460 ft) 40 1970 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Times Tower[16] 140 m (460 ft) 33 2000  Kenya Nairobi
Michelangelo Towers[17] 140 m (460 ft) 34 2005 South Africa South Africa Sandton
Trust Bank Building[18] 140 m (460 ft) 34 1970 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
El Maadi Residential Tower 13[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 14[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 15[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 16[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 17[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 18[19] 140 m (460 ft) 42 1985 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Maroc Telecom HQ[21] 139 m (456 ft) 20 2012  Morocco Rabat
Standard Bank Building[22] 139 m (456 ft) 34 1968 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Portside Tower 139 m (456 ft) 32 2014 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
Southern Life Center[23] 138 m (453 ft) 30 1973 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
San Stefano Grand Plaza 135 m (443 ft) 35 2006 Egypt Egypt Alexandria [24]
Monte Blanc[25] 133 m (436 ft) 40 1985 South Africa South Africa Durban
ABSA Tower Pretoria[26] 132 m (433 ft) 38 1976 South Africa South Africa Pretoria
Bank Misr Building[27] 130 m (430 ft) 29 1985 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa
NTC Tower[20] 140 m (460 ft) 29 2009 Sudan Sudan Khartoum
Old Mutual Centre[27] 130 m (430 ft) 33 1995 South Africa South Africa Durban
Tour CNPS[28] 130 m (430 ft) 32 1982 Cameroon Cameroon Yaoundé
209 Smit Street[29] 128 m (420 ft) 30 1976 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Four Seasons Hotel Cairo at Nile Plaza[30] 127 m (417 ft) 31 1999 Egypt Egypt Cairo
1 Thibault Square[31] 126.5 m (415 ft) 32 1972 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
Bank of Mauritius Tower[31] 124 m (407 ft) 26 2006  Mauritius Port Louis
Union Bank Building (Lagos)[32] 124 m (407 ft) 28  ?? Nigeria Nigeria Lagos
Kine Centre[33] 123 m (404 ft) 27 1974 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
New Reserve Bank Tower[34] 120 m (390 ft) 28 1997 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Harare
Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel[35] 120 m (390 ft) 28 2003 Libya Libya Tripoli
Nessco Building[36] 120 m (390 ft) 26 2007 Libya Libya Tripoli
Al Fatah Tower[37] 120 m (390 ft) 25 2006 Libya Libya Tripoli
Embassy Building[38] 120 m (390 ft) 28 1991 South Africa South Africa Durban
Teleposta Towers[39] 120 m (390 ft) 27 2000 Kenya Kenya Nairobi
La Cité Administrative Tour D[40] 120 m (390 ft) 30 1984  Ivory Coast Abidjan
Atterbury House [41] 119 m (390 ft) 29 1976 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
Carlton Center Hotel [42] 119 m (390 ft) 30 1973 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Holiday Inn Durban - Marine Parade[43] 118 m (387 ft) 28 1985 South Africa South Africa Durban
Holiday Inn Garden Court North Beach[44] 118 m (387 ft) 33 1978 South Africa South Africa Durban
Residences Roda Island[45] 118 m (387 ft) 39  ?? Egypt Egypt Cairo
ABSA Centre Cape Town [46] 117 m (384 ft) 33 1970 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
The Spinnaker[47] 117 m (384 ft) 27 2007 South Africa South Africa Durban
Casablanca Twin Center (Tour 1) 115 m (377 ft) 28 1999 Morocco Morocco Casablanca
Casablanca Twin Center (Tour 2) 115 m (377 ft) 28 1999 Morocco Morocco Casablanca
320 West Street[48] 111 m (364 ft) 30 1973 South Africa South Africa Durban
Bahia Center 1 111 m (364 ft) 31 2014 Algeria Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 2 111 m (364 ft) 31 2014 Algeria Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 3 111 m (364 ft) 31 2014 Algeria Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 4 111 m (364 ft) 31 2014 Algeria Algeria Oran
Mauritius Telecom Tower [49] 110 m (360 ft) 30 1990 Mauritius Mauritius Port Louis
Ramses Hilton & World Trade Center[50] 110 m (360 ft) 36 1980 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Hilton World Trade Center Residences I[51] 110 m (360 ft) 32  ?? Egypt Egypt Cairo
Schlesinger Building[52] 110 m (360 ft) 21 1965 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Golden Acre[53] 110 m (360 ft) 28 1979 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
Protea Hotel Landmark Lodge [54] 110 m (360 ft) 31 1976 South Africa South Africa Durban
The Parade[55] 110 m (360 ft) 30 1986 South Africa South Africa Durban
Loch Logan Park [56] 110 m (360 ft) 27 1986 South Africa South Africa Bloemfontein
Semiramis Inter-Continental Hotel[57] 107 m (351 ft) 29  ?? Egypt Egypt Cairo
Nabemba Tower[58] 106 m (348 ft) 30 1986 Republic of the Congo Congo Brazzaville
Tour Postel 2001[57] 105 m (344 ft) 26 1984 Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Abidjan
Ivoire InterContinental Abidjan Hotel Tower I[57] 105 m (344 ft) 24 1969 Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Abidjan
Immeuble CAISTAB[59] 105 m (344 ft) 25 1984 Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Abidjan
Cocoa House[59] 105 m (344 ft) 26 1965 Nigeria Nigeria Ibadan
Southern Sun Cape Sun[60] 105 m (344 ft) 32 1983 South Africa South Africa Cape Town
Highpoint Hillbrow [61] 105 m (344 ft) 25 1972 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Kenyatta International Conference Centre[62] 105 m (344 ft) 33 1974 Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Intercontinental Luanda[63][64] 104 m (341 ft) 25 2014  Angola Luanda
NSSF Building[65] 103 m (338 ft) 28 1973 Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Independence House[66] 103 m (338 ft) 23 1960 Nigeria Nigeria Lagos
Nani Tower[67] 103 m (338 ft) 22 2004 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Four Seasons Cairo at First Residence[68] 103 m (338 ft) 30  ?? Egypt Egypt Cairo
RTNC Congo Building[69] 103 m (338 ft) 22  ?? Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Immeuble CCIC[70] 103 m (338 ft) 22  ?? Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Gecamines Commercial Building (SOZACOM)[70] 103 m (338 ft) 22 1977 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
2 Fevrier Sofitel Hotel[71] 102 m (335 ft) 36 1980 Togo Togo Lome
Intercontinental Hotel & Casino[72] 104 m (341 ft) 25 2011 Angola Angola Luanda
Belmont Building[73] 102 m (335 ft) 32 1954 Egypt Egypt Cairo
ESCOM Building[74] 102 m (335 ft) 24 2009 Angola Angola Luanda
InterContinental Lagos[75] 100 m (330 ft) 22 2013  Nigeria Lagos
Old Mutual Namibia Headquarters[76] 100 m (330 ft) 21 2010 Namibia Namibia Windhoek
Huda Tower[77] 100 m (330 ft) 22 2004 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa
I & M Bank Tower[78] 100 m (330 ft) 18 2001 Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Alexandria City Centre Tower I[79] 100 m (330 ft) 30 2003 Egypt Egypt Alexandria
Radio & Television Building[80] 100 m (330 ft) 30 1957 Egypt Egypt Cairo
El Gezira Sheraton Hotel[81] 100 m (330 ft) 30 1984 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Conrad International Cairo Hotel[82] 100 m (330 ft) 30 1999 Egypt Egypt Cairo
The Fairmont Cairo[83] 100 m (330 ft) 25 2007 Egypt Egypt Cairo
Deneys Reitz[84] 100 m (330 ft) 24 2010 South Africa South Africa Johannesburg
Hotel InterContinental Kinshasa Tower II[85] 100 m (330 ft) 20  ?? Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
La Cité Administrative Tour E[59] 100 m (330 ft) 24 1984 Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Abidjan
La Cité Administrative Tour C[59] 100 m (330 ft) 24 1984 Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Abidjan
Bank of Tanzania South Tower[86] 100 m (330 ft) 20 2006 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Bank of Tanzania North Tower[87] 100 m (330 ft) 20 2006 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam
NRZ Headquarters[88] 100 m (330 ft) 23 1985 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Bulawayo
Immeuble Kébé[89] 100 m (330 ft) 21 1973 Senegal Senegal Dakar
Park Avenue[90] 100 m (330 ft) 24 1973 South Africa South Africa Pietermaritzburg
Sanport 140[91] 100 m (330 ft) 22 1976 South Africa South Africa Port Elizabeth
Rita Tower[92][93] N/A 30 2014 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Millenium Tower[94][95] N/A 27 2014 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Uhuru Heights[96][97] N/A 27 2012 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Edificio Kanhangulo[98] N/A 25 2013 Angola Angola Luanda

Timeline of tallest skyscrapers in Africa[edit]

Name City Years as tallest Metres Feet Floors Photo
Carlton Centre Johannesburg 1973–present 223 H 732 50 CarltonCentreExterior.jpg
KwaDukuza eGoli Hotel Tower 1, Trust Bank Building Johannesburg 1970–1973 140 459 31 KwaDukuza2.jpg
Standard Bank Building Johannesburg 1968–1970 138.8 455 34 Joburg top.jpg
Schlesinger Building Johannesburg 1965–1968 110 361 21 Schlesinger2.jpg
Naspers Centre Cape Town 1962–1965 93 205 22 Naspers Building, Cape Town.jpg
Mutual Heights Building Cape Town 1940–1962 91 298 18
Chamber of Mines Building Johannesburg 1936–1940 80 262 18
Union Buildings Pretoria 1913–1936 60 196 10 Uniegebou.jpg

Tallest under construction, approved or proposed[edit]

Luanda, Angola, is undergoing massive reconstruction due to the end of the Angolan Civil War.
Artist's impression of the Neotown development in Port Louis, Mauritius.

Under construction[edit]

This list ranks buildings currently under construction in Africa that will stand at least 100 metres (328 ft) tall.

Name Height Floors Year Country City Notes
The Great Mosque of Algiers 265 m (869 ft) N/A 2016  Algeria Algiers [99]
FinanceCom Complex 199 m (653 ft) 33 2016  Morocco Casablanca [citation needed]
Britam Tower 193 m (633 ft) 31 2016  Kenya Nairobi [100][101]
Hazina Trade Centre 180 m (590 ft) 40 2015 Kenya Kenya Nairobi [102]
Millennium Tower 170 m (560 ft) 42 2015  Nigeria Abuja [103][104]
JW Marriott Hotel 167 m (548 ft) 42 2016 Morocco Morocco Casablanca [105][citation needed]
Abuja World Trade Centre 158 m (518 ft) 37 2015  Nigeria Abuja [106][107]
IMOB Business Tower 145 m (476 ft) 35 2015 Angola Angola Luanda [108][109]
MNF SQUARE 145 m (476 ft) 35 2015  Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [citation needed]
MNF SQUARE 145 m (476 ft) 35 2015 Tanzania Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [citation needed]
Mzizima Towers 145 m (476 ft) 35 2015 Tanzania Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [citation needed]
Mzizima Towers 143 m (469 ft) 33 2015 Tanzania Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [citation needed]
UAP Park Tower 143m(470 ft) 33 2015 Kenya Kenya Nairobi [110][111]
Casa Finance City Tour 140 m (460 ft) 33 2017 Morocco Morocco Casablanca [112][citation needed]
Prism tower 130 m (430 ft) 32 2016 Kenya Kenya Nairobi [113]
Banco de Mocambique Tower 1 130 m (430 ft) 31 2014 Mozambique Mozambique Maputo [114]
Kianda Towers 107 m (351 ft) 27 2014 Angola Angola Luanda [115][116]
Kingdom Kampala Centre N/A 34 2014 Uganda Uganda Kampala [117]
Congo Office des Routes N/A 32 2015 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa [118]
CIF Tower II N/A 30 2014 Angola Angola Luanda [119]

On-hold, approved or proposed[edit]

This section lists skyscrapers that are on-hold, approved or proposed in Africa, and are planned to rise over 100 m (328 ft) tall.

Name Height Floors Country
City Status Notes
Al Noor Tower 540 m (1,770 ft) 114  Morocco Casablanca Proposed [120]
Centurion Symbio-City 447 m (1,467 ft) 110 South Africa South Africa Centurion Proposed This proposal may be the tallest building in Africa. It will be flanked by 2 towers of 60 and 80 floors[121]
Hope City 270 m (890 ft) 72 Ghana Ghana Accra Proposed Upon completion will have one of its six towers being the tallest in Africa[122]
The One Nairobi 270 m (890 ft) 70 Kenya Kenya Nairobi Proposed [123]
Stratosphere ~260 m (850 ft) 64 Nigeria Nigeria Abuja Proposed [124]
International Finance Centre 1 ~250 m (820 ft) 60 South Africa South Africa Sandton Proposed [125]
Jabavu village tower 212 m (696 ft) 45 Kenya Kenya Nairobi approved Upon compeletion will be the tallest tower in Nairobi [126]
Jabavu village tower 137 m (449 ft) 30 Kenya Kenya Nairobi approved [127]
Congo Towers - Tower A ~180 m (590 ft) 44 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Proposed [128]
International Finance Centre 2 ~180 m (590 ft) 42 South Africa South Africa Sandton Proposed [125]
Mutual Place ~180 m (590 ft) 41 South Africa South Africa Sandton Proposed [125]
Angola World Trade Center Tower A 170 m (560 ft) 42 Angola Angola Luanda Proposed [129]
Commercial Bank of Ethiopia Headquarters 165 m (541 ft) 42 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [130]
Kgoro - The Gateway A ~165 m (541 ft) 45 South Africa South Africa Sandton Proposed [125]
Kgoro - The Gateway B ~165 m (541 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Sandton Proposed [125]
75 on Maude ~160 m (520 ft) 40 South Africa South Africa Sandton On Hold [125]
Angola World Trade Center Tower B 150 m (490 ft) 37 Angola Angola Luanda Proposed [129]
Mexico Square Tower ~150 m (490 ft) 35 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [128]
Congo Towers - Tower B ~140 m (460 ft) 33 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Proposed [128]
Tour Minam 1 140 m (460 ft) 33 Senegal Senegal Dakar Proposed [131]
Tour Minam 2 140 m (460 ft) 33 Senegal Senegal Dakar Proposed [131]
Langa Sun Hotel 135 m (443 ft) 32 South Africa South Africa Durban Proposed [132]
Strand on Adderley - Tower 1 ~125 m (410 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Cape Town Proposed [125]
Strand on Adderley - Tower 2 ~125 m (410 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Cape Town Proposed [125]
Tanzania Port Authority HQ 145 m (476 ft) 35 Tanzania Tanzania Dar es Salaam Complete [133]
Abyssinia Bank Tower ~120 m (390 ft) 34 Ethiopia Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [134]
Sandown Tower ~120 m (390 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Durban Proposed [125]
Crystal Towers ~120 m (390 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Pretoria Proposed [125]
Village Walk Tower 110 m (360 ft) 30 South Africa South Africa Sandton Approved [125]
Luanda Tower 110 m (360 ft) 23 Angola Angola Luanda Proposed [125]
Euro Africa Tower 110 m (360 ft) 23 Angola Angola Luanda Proposed [135]
Edifício Rocha Monteiro 105 m (344 ft) 24 Angola Angola Luanda Approved [134]
Phomella Towers ~100 m (330 ft) 28 South Africa South Africa Pretoria Proposed [125]
Kampala Tower ~222 m (728 ft) 60 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
Movement House ~100 m (330 ft) 27 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
Kingdom Kampala ~100 m (330 ft) 34 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
Kampala Hilton Hotel ~100 m (330 ft) 26 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
NSSF Towers ~100 m (330 ft) 25 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
Mapeera House ~100 m (330 ft) 18 Uganda Uganda Kampala Proposed [125]
Emakhosini Centre ~100 m (330 ft) 25 South Africa South Africa Durban Proposed [125]
Gare Centrale Twin Tower A 100 m (330 ft) 32 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa On Hold [136] Upon completion, this twin complex will be the tallest twin towers in central Africa.
Gare Centrale Twin Tower B 100 m (330 ft) 32 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa On Hold [137]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ PSPF Commercial Tower A at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  3. ^ SkyscraperPage: PSPF Commercial Towers - Tower A
  4. ^ PSPF Commercial Tower B at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  5. ^ SkyscraperPage: PSPF Commercial Towers - Tower B
  6. ^ emporis.com - Pearl Dawn, Durban
  7. ^ emporis.com - South African Reserve Bank Building, Pretoria
  8. ^ Metlife Centre, Cape Town
  9. ^ emporis.com - 88 on Field
  10. ^ emporis.com - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cairo
  11. ^ El Gezira Tower Movenpick Hotel, Cairo
  12. ^ Grand Hyatt Cairo, Cairo
  13. ^ Nile City South Tower, Cairo
  14. ^ Nile City North Tower, Cairo
  15. ^ Kwa Dukuza eGoli Hotel
  16. ^ New Central Bank Tower, Nairobi
  17. ^ Michelangelo Towers
  18. ^ Trust Bank Building (Johannesburg)
  19. ^ a b c d e f emporis.com - El Maadi Residential Complex
  20. ^ a b NTC Tower
  21. ^ [2]. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
  22. ^ Standard Bank Building
  23. ^ Southern Life Center
  24. ^ [3]
  25. ^ Monte Blanc
  26. ^ ABSA Tower Pretoria
  27. ^ a b Old Mutual Centre
  28. ^ [4]
  29. ^ [5]
  30. ^ [6]
  31. ^ a b [7]
  32. ^ [8]
  33. ^ [9]
  34. ^ [10]
  35. ^ [11]
  36. ^ [12]
  37. ^ [13]
  38. ^ [14]
  39. ^ [15]
  40. ^ [16]
  41. ^ Shell House
  42. ^ Carlton Center Hotel
  43. ^ Holiday Inn Durban - Marine Parade
  44. ^ Holiday Inn Garden Court North Beach
  45. ^ [17]
  46. ^ ABSA Centre Cape Town
  47. ^ The Spinnaker
  48. ^ The Spinnaker
  49. ^ mauritius telecom
  50. ^ [18]
  51. ^ [19]
  52. ^ Schlesinger Building
  53. ^ Golden Acre
  54. ^ Protea Hotel Landmark Lodge
  55. ^ The Parade
  56. ^ [20]
  57. ^ a b c [21]
  58. ^ [22]
  59. ^ a b c d [23]
  60. ^ Holiday Inn Cape Town
  61. ^ Highpoint Hillbrow
  62. ^ [24]
  63. ^ [25]
  64. ^ Intercontinental Hotel & Casino at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  65. ^ [26]
  66. ^ [27]
  67. ^ [28]
  68. ^ [29]
  69. ^ [30]
  70. ^ a b [31]
  71. ^ [32]
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  75. ^ "Fashola Unveils N30 Billion Tallest Hotel In W/Africa". channelstv.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  76. ^ [35]
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  82. ^ [41]
  83. ^ [42]
  84. ^ Deneys Reitz
  85. ^ [43]
  86. ^ [44]
  87. ^ [45]
  88. ^ [46]
  89. ^ [47]
  90. ^ [48]
  91. ^ [49]
  92. ^ Rita Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  93. ^ SkyscraperPage: Rita Tower
  94. ^ SkyscraperPage: Millennium Tower
  95. ^ Millenium Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  96. ^ SkyscraperPage: Uhuru Heights
  97. ^ Uhuru Heights at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  98. ^ SkyscraperPage: Edificio Kanhangulo
  99. ^ [50]
  100. ^ SkyscraperPage: Britam Tower
  101. ^ Britam Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  102. ^ Hazina Trade Centre at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  103. ^ Editor, Sun Publishing (August 20, 2006). "Abuja’s grandiose Tower". Daily SunSun Publishing. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  104. ^ "Construction starts on Nigerian art and nature complex". World Architecture News. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  105. ^ [51]
  106. ^ [52]
  107. ^ Abuja World Trade Centre at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  108. ^ SkyscraperPage: IMOB Business Tower
  109. ^ IMOB Business Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  110. ^ SkyscraperPage: UAP Park Towers
  111. ^ UAP Park Towers at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  112. ^ [53]
  113. ^ Prism tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  114. ^ Banco de Mocambique Tower 1 at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  115. ^ SkyscraperPage: Kianda Towers
  116. ^ Edificio Kilamba at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  117. ^ SkyscraperPage: Kingdom Kampala Centre
  118. ^ SkyscraperPage: Congo Office des Routes
  119. ^ SkyscraperPage: CIF Tower II
  120. ^ [54]
  121. ^ [55]
  122. ^ [56]
  123. ^ [57]
  124. ^ [58]
  125. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t [59]
  126. ^ [60]
  127. ^ [61]
  128. ^ a b c [62]
  129. ^ a b [63]
  130. ^ [64]
  131. ^ a b [65]
  132. ^ [66]
  133. ^ [67]
  134. ^ a b [68]
  135. ^ [69]
  136. ^ [70]
  137. ^ [71]