London International Airport

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This article is about the airport in London, Ontario, Canada. For other uses, see London Airport.
London international Airport
London Metropolitan Area Airport
LIAPLOGO.svg
YXU control tower.jpg
London International Airport control tower
IATA: YXUICAO: CYXU
WMO: 71623
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada[1]
Operator Greater London International Airport Authority
Serves London, Ontario
Location London, Ontario
Time zone EST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL 912 ft / 278 m
Coordinates 43°01′59″N 081°09′04″W / 43.03306°N 81.15111°W / 43.03306; -81.15111Coordinates: 43°01′59″N 081°09′04″W / 43.03306°N 81.15111°W / 43.03306; -81.15111
Website www.londonairport.on.ca
Map
CYXU is located in Ontario
CYXU
CYXU
Location in Ontario
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15/33 8,800 2,682 Asphalt
09/27 6,300 1,920 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Aircraft movements 77,464
Number of Passengers 465,746
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[2]
Environment Canada[3]
Movements from Statistics Canada[4]
Passenger statistics from Statistics Canada.[5]

London International Airport or London Metropolitan Area Airport (IATA: YXUICAO: CYXU) is located 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) northeast of the city of London, Ontario, Canada.

In 2009, the airport handled 501,835 passengers,[5] and, in 2011, was the 20th busiest in Canada in terms of aircraft movements, with 94,747.[4] Air Canada Express, United Express (operated by SkyWest Airlines), and WestJet all serve London International Airport. It also provides services for cargo airlines.

The airport is classified as an airport of entry by NAV CANADA and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. CBSA officers at this airport currently can handle aircraft with no more than 180 passengers; however, they can handle up to 450 if the aircraft is unloaded in stages.[2]

History[edit]

London Airport, 1929-1942[edit]

In January 1927 the City of London selected a site for an airfield at Lambeth, Ontario near 42°55′00″N 081°17′00″W / 42.91667°N 81.28333°W / 42.91667; -81.28333 (London Airport 1929). A group of local businessmen acquired the site in 1928 and by 03 May 1929 an airport license was issued to London Airport Ltd..[6] The London Flying Club was formed in 1928 and became a tenant of the new airport.[note 1] The airfield was used for flying instruction, private aviation, and for air mail. By 1933 it had become too small for some commercial aircraft.

The London Flying Club continued to use the Lambeth airfield until 7 August 1942.

London City Airport, 1940-1945[edit]

In 1935 the city decided to replace the original London Airport. Site surveys and consultations took place and on 9 September 1939, at the start of World War II, work began on a new airport located near Crumlin. The city leased the new airport to the Government of Canada, Department of Transport on 24 January 1940 for the duration of the war. Runways 14-32 and 05-23 were paved and ready for use by July 1940 and the Royal Canadian Air Force established RCAF Station Crumlin on part of the airport.[7][8] This air station was host to No. 3 Elementary Flying School and No. 4 Air Observer School, both part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.

The airport remained under civilian management and was used for civil and military aviation during the war years. The license for London City Airport was issued on 06 May 1941. Improvements made during this time include:

  • main terminal building (civilian) opened in July 1942
  • Trans-Canada Airlines began serve to the airport in July 1942.
  • runway 08-26 added in 1943.

Commonwealth Air Training Plan operations ended on 31 December 1944 with the closure of No. 4 Air Observer School.

After the war the airport remained under the control of the Department of Transport.[note 2]


Postwar RCAF operations 1945-1961[edit]

The Canadair T-33 aircraft mounted in front of the main terminal building

After World War II RCAF reserve or auxiliary squadrons were given the task of defending Canada's major cities.[9]420 Squadron reformed as City of London 420 (Fighter) Auxiliary Squadron at the airport in September 1948. Initially equipped with Harvard aircraft, the squadron upgraded to Mustangs in 1952 and CT-133 jets in 1954. The squadron disbanded in 1957. Air Defence Command reformed 2420 Aircraft Control and Warning (Auxiliary) Squadron at London on 1 July 1956. 2420 trained Fighter Control operators and disbanded on 31 May 1961.

RCAF Station London opened in 1950 to support a NATO Induction and Training Centre, later moved to Centralia. The station closed on 30 September 1958.

As a tribute to this period, a Canadair T-33 aircraft in former Royal Canadian Air Force livery is mounted in front of the main terminal building.

The Development of London International Airport 1950-[edit]

The airport has been continuously improved since World War II as navigation and air traffic control systems evolved, and as commercial aircraft became larger and larger. These improvements include:

  • 1950, installation of the Instrument Landing System (ILS) on runway 14-32
  • 1955, runway 14-32 lengthened to 6,000 feet to accommodate the Vickers Viscount
  • 1960, Meteorological Branch weather station opened
  • 1965, new terminal building opened
  • 1968, Air Canada begins DC-9 jet service
  • 1974, runway 14-32 lengthened to 8,800 feet to accommodate DC-8, Boeing 707 and 747, and L-1011 aircraft
  • 1988, runway 05-23 decommissioned
  • 1990, new radar system installed
  • 1998, control of the airport was transferred from Transport Canada to the Greater London International Airport Authority
  • 2003, main terminal building completely renovated and expanded

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Canada Express Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson
Air Transat Seasonal: Cancún (begins December 25, 2014), Punta Cana (begins December 24, 2014)
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Varadero
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Newark
WestJet Calgary
Seasonal: Cancún, Orlando, Varadero, Winnipeg

Other tenants[edit]

  • CHC HelicopterOrnge (Ontario Air Ambulance)
  • Jet Aircraft Museum - The Jet Aircraft Museum currently operates 6 Canadair T-33 Silver Stars - otherwise known as the T-bird
  • Flightexec — Executive aircraft charter and air ambulance
  • Executive Aviation — Esso-affiliated fixed base operator
  • Trek Aviation - Aircraft Maintenance and Consulting Services [10]
  • B&W Aviation — Shell-affiliated fixed base operator
  • Diamond Aircraft — Light aircraft manufacturer
  • Discovery Air — Niche flight services
  • Diamond Flight Centre - Flight training school
  • Forest City Flight Centre — Flight training school [11]
  • AFS Aerial Photography — Aerial photography services
  • Aero Academy (Recently closed)
  • 427 (London) Wing - Air Force Association of Canada [12]

London International Airport Fire Crash and Rescue Station provides fire and rescue operations a the airport with 3 crash tenders at their based on Blair Boulevard.

Ground transportation[edit]

Shuttle service is available for passengers wishing to connect to flights at Toronto Pearson International Airport in Toronto.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In 1927 the Government of Canada started a program to stimulate the growth of civil aviation through the creation of flying clubs. Groups that could provide a suitable airfield with facilities and at least 30 members were supplied with two aircraft and awarded $100 for each member who qualified as a pilot. The London Flying Club was established under this program.
  2. ^ Many municipalities in Canada declined to accept responsibility for their airports after the war and so the Government of Canada, Department of Transport became the operator of most of the larger airports in the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport Divestiture Status Report
  2. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  3. ^ Synoptic/Metstat Station Information
  4. ^ a b Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers
  5. ^ a b Passengers enplaned and deplaned on selected services — Top 50 airports
  6. ^ McGrath, T.M. (1992). History of Canadian Airports (2nd ed.). Ottawa: Lugus Publications in co-operation with Transport Canada. ISBN 0-921633-11-4. 
  7. ^ Hatch, F. J. (1983).The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, 1939-1945. Ottawa: Directorate of History, Department of National Defence. ISBN 0660114437>
  8. ^ Military Bruce Historical Writings by Bruce Forsyth
  9. ^ anonymous. "Air Reserve". http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 19 Nov 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.trekaviation.com
  11. ^ http://forestcityflightcentre.com/
  12. ^ http://427wing.com/

External links[edit]