Italian Navy

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Italian Navy
Marina Militare
CoA Marina Militare Italiana.svg
Active 1946 – Present
(1861 as Regia Marina)
Country  Italy
Type Navy
Size 35,200 personnel
65 ships
79 aircraft
Motto Italian: Patria e Onore
"Country and Honour"
March La Ritirata (Retreat March) by Tommaso Mario
Anniversaries June 10 - Sinking of the Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István by Luigi Rizzo
Decorations 1 Cavalier Cross of the Military Order of Savoy
3 Cavalier's Crosses of the Military Order of Italy
2 Gold Medals of Military Valor
1 Silver Medal of Military Valor
1 Gold Medal for Merited Public Honor
Commanders
capo di stato maggiore della marina
(Chief of Naval General Staff)
ammiraglio di squadra
Giuseppe De Giorgi
sottocapo di stato maggiore della marina ammiraglio di squadra
Claudio Gaudiosi
Insignia
Naval Aviation roundels LV Italian Air Force roundel.svgRoundel of Italy (Naval Aviation).svg
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Italy.svg
Jack Naval Jack of Italy.svg

The Italian Navy (Marina Militare) is the navy of the Italian Republic. It is one of the four branches of Italian Armed Forces and was formed in 1946 from what remained of the Regia Marina (Royal Navy) after World War 2. As of 2008, the Italian Navy had a strength of 35,200 active personnel with approximately 62 ships in commission (excluding minor auxiliary vessels) and around 80 aircraft. The total displacement of the navy was around 295,000 tonnes in 2002.[1]

History[edit]

Main article: Regia Marina

Before and during World War II[edit]

The Regia Marina was formed on 17 March 1861, after the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy. The Italian Navy assumed its present name after the Italian monarchy was abolished following a popular referendum held on 2 June 1946.

After World War II[edit]

At the end of its five years involvement in World War II, Italy was a devastated nation. After the end of hostilities the Regia Marina, which at the beginning of the war was the fourth largest navy in the world with a mix of modernised and new battleships, started a long and complex rebuilding process. The important combat contributions of the Italian naval forces after the signing of the armistice with the Allies on 8 September 1943, and the subsequent cooperation agreement on 23 September 1943, left the Regia Marina in a poor condition, with much of its infrastructure and bases unusable and its ports mined and blocked by sunken ships. However, a large number of its naval units had survived the war, albeit in a low efficiency state, which was due to the conflict and the age of many vessels. The vessels that remained were:

  • 5 battleships
  • 10 cruisers
  • 10 destroyers
  • 20 frigates
  • 20 corvettes
  • 50 fast coastal patrol units
  • 50 minesweepers
  • 19 amphibious operations vessels
  • 5 school ships
  • 1 support ship and plane transport
  • various submarine units

The peace treaty[edit]

The peace treaty signed on 10 February 1947 in Paris was onerous for Regia Marina. Apart from territorial and material losses, also the following restrictions were imposed:

  • A ban on owning, building or experimenting with atomic weapons, self-propulsion projectiles or relative launchers, etc.…
  • A ban on owning Battleships, Aircraft carriers, Submarines and Amphibious Assault units.
  • A ban on operating military installations on the islands of Pantelleria, Pianosa and on the archipelago of Pelagie Islands.

The treaty also ordered Italy to put the following ships at the disposals of the victorious nations United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, Greece, Yugoslavia and Albania as war compensation:

  • 3 Battleships: Giulio Cesare, Italia, Vittorio Veneto;
  • 5 Cruisers: Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta, Attilio Regolo, Scipione Africano, Eugenio di Savoia and Eritrea;
  • 7 Destroyers, 5 of the "Soldati" class and Augusto Riboty and Alfredo Oriani;
  • 6 Minesweepers: like Aliseo and Fortunale;
  • 8 Submarines: 3 of the "Acciaio" class;
  • 1 Sailing School ship: Cristoforo Colombo.

The total displacement, battleships excluded, of the future navy was not allowed to be greater than 67,500 tons, while the staff was capped at 25,000 men.

The entry into NATO[edit]

La Spezia, 1951: R.N. Aquila just before being scrapped.

Great changes in the international political situation, which were developing into the Cold War, convinced the United Kingdom and United States to discontinue the transfer of Italy's capital ships as war reparations. Some had already been dismantled in La Spezia between 1948 and 1955, including the flagship aircraft carrier "Aquila". However, the Soviet Union demanded the surrender of the warship "Giulio Cesare" and other naval units designated for transfer. The cruisers "Attilio Regolo" and "Scipione Africano" became the French "Chateaurenault" and "Guichen", while the "Eugenio di Savoia" became the Greek "Helli". After break up and/or transfers, only a small part of the fleet remained to be recommissioned into the Marina. As Western attention turned to the Soviets and the Mediterranean Sea, Italian seas became one of the main sites of confrontation between the two superpowers, contributing to the re-emergence of Italy’s naval importance thanks to her strategic geographical position.

With the new elections in 1946, the Kingdom of Italy became a Republic, and the Regia Marina took the name of Marina Militare (Military Navy). As the Marshall Plan began to rebuild Italy and Europe was rapidly being divided into two geo-politically antagonistic blocs, Italy began talks with the United States to guarantee adequate security considerations. The US government in Washington wished to keep its own installations on the Italian Peninsula and relaxed the Treaty restrictions by including Italy in the Mutual Defense Assistance Programme (MDAP). On 4 April 1949, Italy joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and, in order for the navy to contribute actively in the organization, the Treaty restrictions were definitively repealed by the end of 1951, with the consent of all of Western nations.

Within NATO, the Marina Militare was assigned combat control of the Adriatic Sea and Strait of Otranto, as well as the defence of the naval routes through the Tyrrhenian Sea. To ensure these tasks a "Studio sul potenziamento della Marina italiana in relazione al Patto Atlantico" (Study about the development of the Italian Navy with reference to the Atlantic Pact) was undertaken, which researched the structures and the methods for the development of the Marina Militare. This solution required a great economic effort to rebuild and transform the fleet; it also required aid from the United States to reach the necessary standards. Progress was slow due to economic pressures on Italy (because of the tremendous resources needed for post-war rebuilding of Italy and its military-industrial complex) and due to opposition from other European governments. These nations were concerned at seeing an Italian Navy capable of rivaling the Western naval forces, so they imposed political obstacles to slow Italian naval development.[citation needed]

Naval ensign[edit]

Naval ensign of Italy.

The ensign of the Italian Navy is the Italian tricolour defaced with the coat of arms of the Marina Militare. The quarters refer to the four Medieval Italian Thalassocracies, or "Maritime Republics" (Italian: Repubbliche Marinare):

The shield has a golden crown, that distinguishes military vessels from merchant: the crown, "corona rostrata", was proposed in 1939 by Admiral Domenico Cavagnari to the Government, as an acknowledgement of the Italian Navy's origin in Roman times. In the proposal, Adm. Cavagnari wrote that "in order to recall the common origin [of the Navy] from the Roman sailorship, the Insignia will be surmounted by the towered Crown with rostra, the emblem of honour and valour the Roman Senate awarded to the leaders of naval victories, conquerors of lands and cities across the seas".

A further difference is that St. Mark's lion, symbolising the Republic of Venice, does not hold the gospel in its paw (as it does on the civil ensign, where the book is open at the words "Pax tibi Marce, evangelista meus", meaning "Peace to you Mark, my Evangelist") and is wielding a sword instead: such an image is consistent with the pictorial tradition from Venetian history, in which the book is shown open during peacetime and closed during wartime.

Equipment[edit]

Ships and submarines[edit]

The new Cavour aircraft carrier.

Today's Marina Militare is a modern navy with ships of every type. The fleet is in continuous evolution and as of August 2014 ocean going fleet units include: one aircraft carrier, one helicopter carrier, three amphibious assault ships, four destroyers, fourteen frigates and six attack submarines. Patrol and littoral warfare units include: six corvettes and fourteen patrol vessels. Ten mine countermeasure vessels and a varied fleet of auxiliary ships are also in service.

Aircraft[edit]

Model Origin Picture Version Quantity[2] Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II  United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy

Others
An F-35B Lightning II aircraft lands aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1).jpg F-35B 0 Order of 15 F-35 B, They are planned to be operated from the aircraft carrier "Cavour".[3]
Boeing AV-8B Harrier II  United States
 United Kingdom
Marina Militare AV-8B Harrier II.jpg AV-8B [4]
TAV-8B
14
2
- Operated from the aircraft carriers
- 2 TAV-8B and 16 AV-8B delivered between 1994 and 1998
- 13 was assembled in Italy
Breguet BR-1150 Atlantic  France
 Belgium
 Germany
 Italy
 Netherlands
Breguet.atlantic.fairford.arp.jpg BR-1150 Atlantic 4 - 18 Delivered between 1972 and 1974
- aircrafts operated by 41° Stormo Antisom of Italian Air Force but with mixed crew, from Italian Navy too
Piaggio P.180M Avanti  Italy MM62211 (8491330939).jpg Piaggio P.180M Avanti II 3 Delivered in 2003
Helicopters
Agusta-Bell 212 ASW  Italy MM81176 7-59 an Agusta-Bell AB.212ASW.jpg AB-212ASW [5]
AB-212NLA
16
6
64 delivered in 4 batches since 1976 to end years '80 [6]
being replaced by SH90/NH90
NHIndustries NH90  Italy NH Industries NH-90NFH, Italy - Navy JP7306250.jpg SH90 NFH
NH90 TTH
10
0
36 on order
10 on order
Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D Sea King [7]  Italy 551-sh3d-esDragon-Hammer92.jpg ASH-3DNLA [8] 2 24 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D Sea King delivered between 1968 and 1974
6 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D/H Sea King delivered between 1981 and 1982
6 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D/H Sea King delivered to end years '80
being replaced by AgustaWestland AW101
AgustaWestland AW101 [9]  Italy Agusta-Westland EH-101-410 Merlin, Italy - Navy JP7306257.jpg 110-ASW
410-ASH/413-TTH
112-AEW
10
8
4
delivered between 2000 and 2009
UAVs
Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV [10]  Austria Schiebel Camcopter S-100 at ILA 2010.jpg S-100 [11] 2 Delivered in 2014
Boeing ScanEagle UAV  United States US Navy 060823-N-8547M-040 An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) called Scan Eagle launches from a pneumatic wedge catapult launcher.jpg Scaneagle [12] 2 Delivered in 2013

ROV, AUV, UUV and USV[edit]

Model Origin Picture Commissioned Embarked Note
ROV
Gaymarine ROV Pluto  Italy Pluto 11 Forum Marinum 1.JPG 4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
Anteo (A5309) [13]
on phase out, replaced by Gaymarine RROV Pluto Plus and ROV Pluto GIGAS
SAAB Seaeye Falcon  Italy 2 in 2002/2003 [14] Anteo (A5309) 2005, 2011 [15][16]
Gruppo Operatori Subacquei COMSUBIN
SMIN ROV MIN Mk2  Italy 12 in 1992 4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
Had replaced Whitehead-Riva Calzoni ROV MIN-77 on 4 Lerici minehunter class
phased out, replaced by Gaymarine ROV Pluto
Gaymarine RROV Pluto Plus  Italy ROV Pluto.jpg 12 almost for minehunters
2 for PACS in 2013
4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
2 for harbor protection project (PACS) [17]
Gaymarine ROV Pluto GIGAS [18]  Italy 4 in 1994
2 in 2008 [19]
1 in 2010 [20]
5 more almost
- on Lerici class minehunter

- One unit has been delivered in a portable configuration to be used aboard Craft-Of-Opportunity (COOP) [21]

Ageotec Pegaso  Italy 1 on 15.4.2014 [22] Gruppo Operatori Subacquei COMSUBIN [23]
AUV
Hydroid REMUS 100[24]  Norway REMUS 100 Merivoimien vuosipäivä 2014 01.JPG 1 in 2009 for MHC tests [25]
5 in 2010 [26]
1 in 2013 [27]
2 in 2013 for PACS
on some 8 Gaeta minehunter class [28]
2 for port protection project PACS [29]
Kongsberg AUV HUGIN 1000  Norway Katanpää Hugin 1000 Merivoimien vuosipäivä 2014 04.JPG 1 in 2013 Vieste (M5553) Minehunter [30]
USV
SIEL USV USS-10A [31]  Italy 2 in 2013 port protection project PACS [32]

Retired vessels[edit]

Submarines[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Submarines
Sauro [33] Sauro class.jpg Leonardo da Vinci (S 520) II Batch [34]
Guglielmo Marconi (S 521) II Batch [35]
Carlo Feccia di Cossato (S 519) I Batch [36]
Nazario Sauro (S 518) I Batch [37]
1,641 23.10.1981

11.9.1982


5.11.1979

12.2.1980
30.6.2010

1.10.2003


1.4.2005

1.5.2002
Nazario Sauro (S 518) preserved to Galata Museo Mare, Genoa
Toti [38] Enrico Toti submarine.jpg Attilio Bagnolini (S 505) [39]
Enrico Toti (S 506) [40]
Enrico Dandolo (S 513) [41]
Lazaro Mocenigo (S 514) [42]
591
16.6.1968

22.1.1968

29.9.1968

28.12.1968

5.7.1991

30.9.1997

30.9.1996

15.10.1993
Enrico Toti (S 506) preserved to Museo della Scienza e della Tecnologia di Milano

Enrico Dandolo (S 513) preserved to Museo Storico Navale di Venezia
Tang (Piomarta) USS Harder (SS-568).jpg Livio Piomarta (S 515)[43]
Romeo Romei (S 516) [44]
2,700
2,743
10.7.1973
22.2.1974
28.2.1986
31.05.1988
Launched 14.6.1951 as USS Trigger (SS-564)
Launched 3.12.1951 as USS Harder (SS-568)
Tench (Gazzana Priaroggia) USS Pickerel;140854.jpg Primo Longobardo (S 501) [45]
Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia (S 502) [46]
2,480 18.8.1972
18.8.1972
31.1.1980
31.5.1981
Launched 15.12.1944 as USS Pickerel (SS-524)
Launched 21.5.1948 as USS Volador (SS-490)
Balao (Torricelli) Torricelli (S-512);0837310.jpg Alfredo Cappellini (S 507)[47]
Evangelista Torricelli (S 512)[48]
Francesco Morosini (S 508)[49]
2,424

2,466

2,460
5.3.1966

9.1.1960

31.3.1966
1.11.1977

30.9.1976

30.11.1973
Launched 2.12.1943 as USS Capitaine (SS-336)
Launched 14.3.1944 as USS Lizardfish (SS-373)

Launched 27.2.21944 as USS Besugo (SS-321)
Gato (Tazzoli) USS Barb (SS-220)cropped;0822011.jpg Enrico Tazzoli (S 511)[50]
Leonardo da Vinci (S 510)[51]
2,463 13.12.1954
31.1.1955
28.02.1973
1.5.1973
Launched 2.4.1942 as USS Barb (SS-220)
Launched 25.4.1943 as USS Dace (SS-247)
Flutto Vortice (S 502)[52]
Pietro Calvi (S 503)[53]
1,095
1,107
21.6.1943
16.12.1961
1.8.1967
1971
ex PV-1
ex Bario
Acciaio Giada (S 501)[54] 865 8.12.1941 1.6.1966 ex PV-2

Cruisers[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile cruisers
Vittorio Veneto (incrociatore).jpg Vittorio Veneto (550) 8,850 12.07.1969 29.06.2006
Andrea Doria Caio Duilio cruiser 1963.jpg Andrea Doria (553)
Caio Duilio (554)
6,500 23.02.1964
30.11.1964
30.09.1992
15.11.1989



Converted into training ship since 1980
Condottieri (Duca degli Abruzzi) Garibaldi1961.jpg Giuseppe Garibaldi (551) 11,350 1961 1971 First commissioned in 1937, then converted into a guided missile cruiser by 1961
light cruisers
Condottieri Duca-degli-Abruzzi.jpg Luigi di Savoia Duca degli Abruzzi [55][56] 11,735 1937 1961 First launched 21.4.1936, then refitted since 1953
Condottieri Raimondo Montecuccoli SLV Green.jpg Luigi di Savoia Duca degli Abruzzi [57][58] 8,994 30.6.1935 1.6.1964 refitted since 1949 to serve as training cruiser
Alberto da Giussano Luigi Cadorna [59][60] 7,113 30.9.1931 1951

Destroyers[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile destroyers
Audace Cacciatorpediniere Ardito e Audace in disarmo.jpg Audace (D551) [61]
Ardito (D550) [62]
4,554 16.11.1972
5.12.1972
28.09.2006
28.09.2006
Impavido Impavido DN-SC-92-01098.jpg Impavido (D570) [63]
Intrepido (D571) [64]
3,940 16.11.1963
28.07.1964
1992
1991
destroyers
Fante Fante (D561) [65]
Geniere (D555) [66]
Lanciere (D560) [67]
2,050 2.07.1969
17.01.1970
2.07.1969
1977
1975
1.971
Launched 31.08.1942 as USS Walker (DD-517)
Launched 20.07.1942 as USS Prichett (DD-561)
Launched 28.8.1941 as USS Taylor (DD-468)
She was cannibalized to maintain her sister ships still serving
Indomito Impetuoso (D558) [68]
Indomito (D559) [69]
3,810 25.01.1958
23.02.1958
1983
1980
Capitani Romani (San Giorgio)[70] Italian destroyer San marco (D562) underway c1959.jpg San Giorgio (D562) [71] [72]
San Marco (D563) [73] [74]
5,420 1955
1956
1980
1971
Launched in 1943 as Pompeo Magno
Converted between 1951/1955
Refitted as cadet training ship between 1963/1965 [75]
Launched in 1941 as Giulio Germanico
converted between 1950/1956
Artigliere Artigliere (D553) [76]
Aviere (D554) [77]
2,619
2,520
11.06.1951
15.01.1951
1.1971
1975
Launched 30.04.1941 as USS Woodworth (DD-460)
than refitted as training ship
Launched 1.11.1939 as USS Nicholson (DD-442)
Since 1970 refitted as experimental ship

Frigates[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile frigates
Soldati Artigliere F582.jpg Artigliere (F 582) [78] 2,506 29.10.1994 29.09.2013 Launched 21.01.1983 for Iraqi Navy but never delivered
Lupo MM Sagittario Distant Drum 1983.jpg Lupo (F 564) [79]
Sagittario (F 565) [80]
Perseo (F 566) [81]
Orsa (F 567) [82]
2,525
20.09.1977

18.11.1978


1.03.1980

1.03.1980

2003

2005


2005

2002
Lupo sold in 2004 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Palacios (FM-56)
Perseo sold in 2006 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Quiñónes (FM-58)
Perseo sold in 2006 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Bolognesi (FM-57)
Orsa sold in 2004 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Aguirre (FM-55)
Antisom frigates
Alpino F581 Carabiniere.jpg Alpino (F 580) [83][84]
Carabiniere (F 581)[85][86]
2,689 14.01.1968
28.04.1968
31.03.2006
19.11.2008
By end of '90 years converted to minehunter support ship as A5384
Converted to experimental ship in 1993-1994
Luigi Rizzo Italian frigate Luigi Rizzo (F596) c1962.jpg Luigi Rizzo (F 596) [87][88]
Carlo Margottini (F 595) [89][90]
Virginio Fasan (F 594) [91][92]
Carlo Bergamini (F 593) [93][94]
1,650 15.12.1961


5.5.1962

10.10.1962

23.6.1962
30.11.1980


31.5.1988

7.12.1988

11.1981
first history's escort ships fitted with helicopters
Centauro Italian frigate Castore (D573) underway c1959.jpg Canopo (F 551) [95][96]
Castore (F 553) [97][98]
Centauro (F 554) [99][100]
Cigno (F 555) [101][102]
2,184 4.5.1958


14.7.1957

4.4.1957

7.3.1957
30.9.1982


1.1.1983

31.5.1985

31.10.1983

Corvettes[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Corvettes
Spica Libra (F 552) [103][104] 1,050 19.1.1938 1.4.1964 Commissioned as Torpedo boat
Between 1950 and 1952 became fast Corvette
Since 1953 coded as F552
Antisom Corvettes
Pietro de Cristofaro Pietro de Cristofaro (F 540)
Salvatore Todaro (F 550)
Umberto Grosso (F 541)
Licio Visintini (F 546)
994 1965
1966
1966
1966
1994
1994
1994
1994
Albatross Italian corvette Airone (F545) underway c1962.jpg Albatros (F 543) [105][106]
Alcione (F 544) [107][108]
Airone (F 545) [109][110]
Aquila (F542) [111][112]
950 1.6.1955
23.10.1955
29.12.1955
18.10.1961
30.4.1989
1991
1991
1991
Aquila was launched 31.7.1954 as Lynx F 923 Netherlands Navy

Gunboats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Gunboats
Fulmine (P 499) [113] [114] 334,1 20.9.1956 1.5.1970 Ordered as VAS 470
Before launched, recoded as P 470 Sentinella
Launched 13.11.1955 as P499
Recoded F598 in October 1956
Refitted between 1960/1965 and classified Gunboat P499 Fulmine
Support gunboats
LCS(L)(3) (Alano) Alano (L 9851) [115]
Bracco (L 9852) [116]
Mastino (L 9853) [117]
Molosso (L9854) [118]
Segugio (L 9855) [119]
Spinone (L 9856) [120]
254 25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
1.8.1971
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
Launched 16.9.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-34
Launched 1.10.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-38
Launched 23.10.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-62
Launched 2.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-63
Launched 7.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-64
Launched 6.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-118

Hydrofoil missile boats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
hydrofoil missile boats
Sparviero [121] Sparviero DN-ST-84-03940.jpg Sparviero (P 420) [122]
Nibbio (P 421) [123]
Falcone (P 422)
Astore (P 423)
Grifone (P 424)
Gheppio (P 425)
Condor (P 426)
60,6



62,5



15.7.1974
7.3.1980
7.3.1982
5.2.1983
5.2.1983
20.9.1983
7.4.1984
30.9.1991
1.2.1998
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005

Aircraft[edit]

Model Origin Picture Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
Helicopters

Structure and organisation[edit]

Structure[edit]

Marina Militare is divided into seven corps (by precedence):

  • Corpo di stato maggiore - Corps of Staff Officers (SM) (line officers)
  • Corpo del genio navale - Corps of Naval Engineering (GN)
  • Corpo delle armi navali - Corps of the Naval Arms (AN)
  • Corpo sanitario militare marittimo - Maritime Military Medical Corps (MD) for medics; (FM) for Pharmacists
  • Corpo di commissariato militare marittimo - Corps of Military Maritime Commissariat (CM) (administration)
  • Corpo delle capitanerie di porto - Corps of the Port Captaincies (CP) the coast guard
  • Corpo degli equipaggi militari marittimi - Corps of the Military Maritime Crews (CEMM)

Organization[edit]

  • Capo di Stato Maggiore della Marina (Navy Chief of Staff)- Ammiraglio di squadra Giuseppe de Giorgi
  • Sottocapo di Stato Maggiore della Marina (Navy Deputy Chief of Staff)- Ammiraglio di squadra Claudio Gaudiosi
  • Fleet Command - Comandante in Capo della Squadra Navale (CINCNAV) Ammiraglio di squadra Filippo Maria Foffi
    • Comando Forze d'Altura COMFORAL (based in Taranto): ships Garibaldi, Espero, Etna, Durand de la Penne, Mimbelli, San Giorgio, San Marco, San Giusto, Elettra
      • COMSQUAFR 1 (based in Taranto): ships Aliseo, Euro, Zefiro, Espero, Artigliere, Bersagliere, Granatiere, Aviere, Stromboli
      • COMSQUAFR 2 (based in La Spezia): ships Maestrale, Grecale, Libeccio, Scirocco, Vesuvio
    • Comando delle Forze da Pattugliamento per la Sorveglianza e la Difesa Costiera COMFORPAT (based in Augusta):
      • COMSQUACORV: ships Minerva, Urania, Danaide, Sfinge, Chimera, Driade, Fenice, Sibilla
      • COMSQUAPAT 1: ships Cassiopea, Libra, Spica, Vega
      • COMSQUAPAT 2: ships Cigala Fulgosi, Borsini, Foscari, Bettica, Sirio, Orione
    • Comando delle Forze Anfibie COMFORSBARC (based in Brindisi):
    • Comando Forze Subacquee COMFORSUB (based in Taranto):
      • COMGRUPSOM: submarines Da Vinci, Pelosi, Prini, Longobardo, Gazzana, Todaro, Scirè
    • Centro di Addestramento Aeronavale MARICENTADD
    • Comando Forze Aeree COMFORAER (based in Santa Rosa)
    • Centro per le Telecomunicazioni e l'Informatica MARITELE (based in Roma)
    • Comando delle Forze di Contromisure Mine COMFORDRAG (based in La Spezia):
      • COMSQUADRAG 53: ships Numana, Rimini, Sapri, Termoli, Viareggio, Vieste
      • COMSQUADRAG 54: ships Alghero, Chioggia, Crotone, Gaeta, Lerici, Milazzo
    • Quartier Generale Marina QUARTGENMARINA (based in Roma)

Rank structure[edit]

Main article: Italian Navy ranks

Future of the Italian Navy[edit]

  • As of July 2014, four FREMM multipurpose frigates have been launched, with three more currently undergoing construction, a further one financed within June 2013 and last two (ninth and tenth) authorized on June 18, 2014 to contract (with AAW & ATBM capabilities and with A70 VLS for cruise missiles). These ships will replace the eight Maestrale class and four Lupo class frigates, the latter already phased out.
  • Two Type 212 submarines are under construction to replace older types currently in service (Sauro III class), by 2015 and 2016.
  • An ARS (USSP) - about 10.000 t, 127 m length, 23 m width, 18 kts max speed, 6.000 nm range, 80 crew with accommodation for 180, hangar for 2 helicopters NH90/AW101, DVRS 650 - rescue and command ship for submarines (Auxiliary Rescue Ship / Nave Appoggio Incursori), with hydrographic and artic capability, is scheduled for commissioning in 2018, financed since 2013 with initial 5 million Euro in budget, on about 300 million Euro, total cost.
  • 1 improved squadron replenishment ships (Logistic Support Ship, 23,000 ton, double hull, hangar for 2 x AW101, crew 80, 300 million Euros) to replace Stromboli and Vesuvio, in about 2018. Already financed in 2014.
  • 6 (+4 in option) new PPA (Pattugliatore Polivalente d'Altura, previously defined MSS Maritime Security Ships or UPAD) to replace Cassiopea & Minerva classes (4,500/5,500-ton, 135 m length, 16,5 m width x 10,5 m, 1 x OTO Melara 127/64 mm Vulcano, 1 OTO Melara 76/62 mm Strales, hangar for 2 helos NH-90 or 1 AW-101, crew 30 (Light version, without helos personnel) accommodation for 200, 25 kts cruiser speed (diesels only), 35 kts max speed with TAG & diesel engines (WAP), range 5,000 miles to 15 kts, 2/3 RHIBS or special forces boats up to 15 m, 25 x 15 x 5 m internal area for UAV, UUV or other modular systems (MHC, rescue & relief, emergency hospital, etc.): in service from 2017, one per year. First five will be "Light" version, fitted for but not with missiles. 4 of 10 PPA (beginning since the sixth) will be fitted as frigate, to replace Soldati & De la Penne classes, with 16 VLS A70 for Aster 15, Aster 30 & Scalp Navale cruise missiles; 8 x Teseo missiles (ASuW and land attack); 2 x MU-90s torpedo launchers, MFRA AESA 4 fixed flats radar. First 6 PPA financed by 2014, with 4 more in option; PPA Full will have ATBM capability (beginning with Aster 30 Bloch 1NT).
  • 2 advanced vessels for special forces use: about 60/70 m length and 60/70 kts max speed, already financed in 2014.
  • 1 20,000-ton amphibious assault ship (LHD), which will start replacing the two LPD San Giorgio from 2018/2020; 190 m length, 5 spot for helos, 25 kts max speed, 100 crew + 100 staff command + 800 landing force, 2 x 76/62 mm Strales + air defence system with Aster 15 missiles. The stern floodable dock will can accommodate four LCM or one LCAC; financed by 2014.

In addition, the Navy is planning, for middle years '20s:

  • Another improved squadron replenishment ships (Logistic Support Ship, 23,000 ton)
  • Another LHD vessel, notionally configured as an LHA is also planned for replace the Giuseppe Garibaldi (551).[124]
  • 6/10 COV Cacciamine Oceanico Veloce (OPV/MHC), to replace Comandanti, Sirio & Gaeta classes
  • Another 2 SSK, to replace Sauro IV class
  • Further 16 AW-101 helos

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]