Italian Navy

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Italian Navy
Marina Militare
CoA Marina Militare Italiana.svg
Active 1946 – Present
(1861 as Regia Marina)
Country  Italy
Type Navy
Size 30,923 personnel
60 ships
70 aircraft [1]
Motto Italian: Patria e Onore
"Country and Honour"
March La Ritirata (Retreat March) by Tommaso Mario
Anniversaries June 10 - Sinking of the Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent István by Luigi Rizzo
Decorations 1 Cavalier Cross of the Military Order of Savoy
3 Cavalier's Crosses of the Military Order of Italy
2 Gold Medals of Military Valor
1 Silver Medal of Military Valor
1 Gold Medal for Merited Public Honor
Commanders
capo di stato maggiore della marina
(Chief of Naval General Staff)
ammiraglio di squadra
Giuseppe De Giorgi
sottocapo di stato maggiore della marina ammiraglio di squadra
Claudio Gaudiosi
Insignia
Naval Aviation roundels LV Italian Air Force roundel.svgRoundel of Italy (Naval Aviation).svg
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Italy.svg
Jack Naval Jack of Italy.svg

The Italian Navy (Marina Militare) is the navy of the Italian Republic. It is one of the four branches of Italian Armed Forces and was formed in 1946 from what remained of the Regia Marina (Royal Navy) after World War 2. As of 2008, the Italian Navy had a strength of 35,200 active personnel with approximately 62 ships in commission (excluding minor auxiliary vessels) and around 80 aircraft. The total displacement of the navy was around 295,000 tonnes in 2002.[2]

History[edit]

Main article: Regia Marina

Before and during World War II[edit]

The Regia Marina was formed on 17 March 1861, after the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy. The Italian Navy assumed its present name after the Italian monarchy was abolished following a popular referendum held on 2 June 1946.

After World War II[edit]

At the end of its five years involvement in World War II, Italy was a devastated nation. After the end of hostilities the Regia Marina, which at the beginning of the war was the fourth largest navy in the world with a mix of modernised and new battleships, started a long and complex rebuilding process. The important combat contributions of the Italian naval forces after the signing of the armistice with the Allies on 8 September 1943, and the subsequent cooperation agreement on 23 September 1943, left the Regia Marina in a poor condition, with much of its infrastructure and bases unusable and its ports mined and blocked by sunken ships. However, a large number of its naval units had survived the war, albeit in a low efficiency state, which was due to the conflict and the age of many vessels. The vessels that remained were:

  • 5 battleships
  • 10 cruisers
  • 10 destroyers
  • 20 frigates
  • 20 corvettes
  • 50 fast coastal patrol units
  • 50 minesweepers
  • 19 amphibious operations vessels
  • 5 school ships
  • 1 support ship and plane transport
  • various submarine units

The peace treaty[edit]

The peace treaty signed on 10 February 1947 in Paris was onerous for Regia Marina. Apart from territorial and material losses, also the following restrictions were imposed:

  • A ban on owning, building or experimenting with atomic weapons, self-propulsion projectiles or relative launchers, etc.…
  • A ban on owning Battleships, Aircraft carriers, Submarines and Amphibious Assault units.
  • A ban on operating military installations on the islands of Pantelleria, Pianosa and on the archipelago of Pelagie Islands.

The treaty also ordered Italy to put the following ships at the disposals of the victorious nations United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, Greece, Yugoslavia and Albania as war compensation:

  • 3 Battleships: Giulio Cesare, Italia, Vittorio Veneto;
  • 5 Cruisers: Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta, Attilio Regolo, Scipione Africano, Eugenio di Savoia and Eritrea;
  • 7 Destroyers, 5 of the "Soldati" class and Augusto Riboty and Alfredo Oriani;
  • 6 Minesweepers: like Aliseo and Fortunale;
  • 8 Submarines: 3 of the "Acciaio" class;
  • 1 Sailing School ship: Cristoforo Colombo.

The total displacement, battleships excluded, of the future navy was not allowed to be greater than 67,500 tons, while the staff was capped at 25,000 men.

The entry into NATO[edit]

La Spezia, 1951: R.N. Aquila just before being scrapped.

Great changes in the international political situation, which were developing into the Cold War, convinced the United Kingdom and United States to discontinue the transfer of Italy's capital ships as war reparations. Some had already been dismantled in La Spezia between 1948 and 1955, including the flagship aircraft carrier "Aquila". However, the Soviet Union demanded the surrender of the warship "Giulio Cesare" and other naval units designated for transfer. The cruisers "Attilio Regolo" and "Scipione Africano" became the French "Chateaurenault" and "Guichen", while the "Eugenio di Savoia" became the Greek "Helli". After break up and/or transfers, only a small part of the fleet remained to be recommissioned into the Marina. As Western attention turned to the Soviets and the Mediterranean Sea, Italian seas became one of the main sites of confrontation between the two superpowers, contributing to the re-emergence of Italy’s naval importance thanks to her strategic geographical position.

With the new elections in 1946, the Kingdom of Italy became a Republic, and the Regia Marina took the name of Marina Militare (Military Navy). As the Marshall Plan began to rebuild Italy and Europe was rapidly being divided into two geo-politically antagonistic blocs, Italy began talks with the United States to guarantee adequate security considerations. The US government in Washington wished to keep its own installations on the Italian Peninsula and relaxed the Treaty restrictions by including Italy in the Mutual Defense Assistance Programme (MDAP). On 4 April 1949, Italy joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and, in order for the navy to contribute actively in the organization, the Treaty restrictions were definitively repealed by the end of 1951, with the consent of all of Western nations.

Within NATO, the Marina Militare was assigned combat control of the Adriatic Sea and Strait of Otranto, as well as the defence of the naval routes through the Tyrrhenian Sea. To ensure these tasks a "Studio sul potenziamento della Marina italiana in relazione al Patto Atlantico" (Study about the development of the Italian Navy with reference to the Atlantic Pact) was undertaken, which researched the structures and the methods for the development of the Marina Militare. This solution required a great economic effort to rebuild and transform the fleet; it also required aid from the United States to reach the necessary standards. Progress was slow due to economic pressures on Italy (because of the tremendous resources needed for post-war rebuilding of Italy and its military-industrial complex) and due to opposition from other European governments. These nations were concerned at seeing an Italian Navy capable of rivaling the Western naval forces, so they imposed political obstacles to slow Italian naval development.[citation needed]

Naval ensign[edit]

Naval ensign of Italy.

The ensign of the Italian Navy is the Italian tricolour defaced with the coat of arms of the Marina Militare. The quarters refer to the four Medieval Italian Thalassocracies, or "Maritime Republics" (Italian: Repubbliche Marinare):

The shield has a golden crown, that distinguishes military vessels from merchant: the crown, "corona rostrata", was proposed in 1939 by Admiral Domenico Cavagnari to the Government, as an acknowledgement of the Italian Navy's origin in Roman times. In the proposal, Adm. Cavagnari wrote that "in order to recall the common origin [of the Navy] from the Roman sailorship, the Insignia will be surmounted by the towered Crown with rostra, the emblem of honour and valour the Roman Senate awarded to the leaders of naval victories, conquerors of lands and cities across the seas".

A further difference is that St. Mark's lion, symbolising the Republic of Venice, does not hold the gospel in its paw (as it does on the civil ensign, where the book is open at the words "Pax tibi Marce, evangelista meus", meaning "Peace to you Mark, my Evangelist") and is wielding a sword instead: such an image is consistent with the pictorial tradition from Venetian history, in which the book is shown open during peacetime and closed during wartime.

Equipment[edit]

Ships and submarines[edit]

The Cavour aircraft carrier in 2008
Cavour aircraft carrier in Indian Ocean, 2013

Today's Marina Militare is a modern navy with ships of every type. The fleet is in continuous evolution and as of August 2014 ocean going fleet units include: two aircraft carriers, three amphibious assault ships, four destroyers, fourteen frigates and six attack submarines. Patrol and littoral warfare units include: six corvettes and fourteen patrol vessels. Ten mine countermeasure vessels and a varied fleet of auxiliary ships are also in service.

Aircraft[edit]

Model Origin Picture Version Quantity[3] Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II  United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy

Others
An F-35B Lightning II aircraft lands aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp (LHD 1).jpg F-35B 0 Order of 15 F-35 B, They are planned to be operated from the aircraft carrier Cavour.[4]
Boeing AV-8B Harrier II  United States
 United Kingdom
Marina Militare AV-8B Harrier II.jpg AV-8B [5]
TAV-8B
14
2
- Operated from the aircraft carriers
- 2 TAV-8B and 16 AV-8B delivered between 1994 and 1998
- 13 was assembled in Italy
Breguet BR-1150 Atlantic  France
 Belgium
 Germany
 Italy
 Netherlands
Breguet.atlantic.fairford.arp.jpg BR-1150 Atlantic 4 - 18 Delivered between 1972 and 1974
- aircrafts operated by 41° Stormo Antisom of Italian Air Force but with mixed crew, from Italian Navy too
Piaggio P.180M Avanti  Italy MM62211 (8491330939).jpg Piaggio P.180M Avanti II 3 Delivered in 2003
Helicopters
Agusta-Bell 212 ASW  Italy
 United States
MM81176 7-59 an Agusta-Bell AB.212ASW.jpg AB-212ASW [6]
AB-212NLA
16
6
64 delivered in 4 batches since 1976 to end years '80 [7]
being replaced by SH90/NH90 SH90/NH90
NHIndustries NH90  Italy
 France
 Germany
 Netherlands
NH Industries NH-90NFH, Italy - Navy JP7306250.jpg SH90 NFH
NH90 TTH
10
0
36 on order
10 on order
Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D Sea King [8]  Italy  United States 551-sh3d-esDragon-Hammer92.jpg ASH-3DNLA [9] 2 24 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D Sea King delivered between 1968 and 1974
6 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D/H Sea King delivered between 1981 and 1982
6 Agusta-Sikorsky SH-3D/H Sea King delivered to end years '80
being replaced by AgustaWestland AW101
AgustaWestland AW101 [10]  Italy Agusta-Westland EH-101-410 Merlin, Italy - Navy JP7306257.jpg 110-ASW
410-ASH/413-TTH
112-AEW
10
8
4
delivered between 2000 and 2009
UAVs
Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV [11]  Austria Schiebel Camcopter S-100 at ILA 2010.jpg S-100 [12] 2 Delivered in 2014
Boeing ScanEagle UAV  United States US Navy 060823-N-8547M-040 An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) called Scan Eagle launches from a pneumatic wedge catapult launcher.jpg Scaneagle [13] 2 Delivered in 2013

ROV, AUV, UUV and USV[edit]

Model Origin Picture Commissioned Embarked Note
ROV
Gaymarine ROV Pluto  Italy Pluto 11 Forum Marinum 1.JPG 4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
Anteo (A5309) [14]
on phase out, replaced by Gaymarine RROV Pluto Plus and ROV Pluto GIGAS
SAAB Seaeye Falcon  Italy 2 in 2002/2003 [15] Anteo (A5309) 2005, 2011 [16][17]
Gruppo Operatori Subacquei COMSUBIN
Gaymarine RROV Pluto Plus  Italy ROV Pluto.jpg 12 almost for minehunters
2 for PACS in 2013
4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
2 for harbor protection project (PACS) [18]
Gaymarine ROV Pluto GIGAS [19]  Italy 4 in 1994
2 in 2008 [20]
1 in 2010 [21]
5 more almost
- on Lerici class minehunter

- One unit has been delivered in a portable configuration to be used aboard Craft-Of-Opportunity (COOP) [22]

Ageotec Pegaso  Italy 1 on 15.4.2014 [23] Gruppo Operatori Subacquei COMSUBIN [24]
AUV
Hydroid REMUS 100[25]  Norway REMUS 100 Merivoimien vuosipäivä 2014 01.JPG 1 in 2009 for MHC tests [26]
5 in 2010 [27]
1 in 2013 [28]
2 in 2013 for PACS
on some 8 Gaeta minehunter class [29]
2 for port protection project PACS [30]
Kongsberg AUV HUGIN 1000  Norway Katanpää Hugin 1000 Merivoimien vuosipäivä 2014 04.JPG 1 in 2013 Vieste (M5553) Minehunter [31]
USV
SIEL USV USS-10A [32]  Italy 2 in 2013 port protection project PACS [33]

Retired vessels after 1949[edit]

Submarines[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Submarines
Sauro [34]
Italy
Sauro class.jpg Leonardo da Vinci (S 520) II Batch [35]
Guglielmo Marconi (S 521) II Batch [36]
Carlo Feccia di Cossato (S 519) I Batch [37]
Nazario Sauro (S 518) I Batch [38]
1,641 23.10.1981

11.9.1982


5.11.1979

12.2.1980
30.6.2010

1.10.2003


1.4.2005

1.5.2002
Nazario Sauro (S 518) preserved to Galata Museo Mare, Genoa
Toti [39]
Italy
Enrico Toti submarine.jpg Attilio Bagnolini (S 505) [40]
Enrico Toti (S 506) [41]
Enrico Dandolo (S 513) [42]
Lazaro Mocenigo (S 514) [43]
591
16.6.1968

22.1.1968

29.9.1968

28.12.1968

5.7.1991

30.9.1997

30.9.1996

15.10.1993
Enrico Toti (S 506) preserved to Museo della Scienza e della Tecnologia di Milano

Enrico Dandolo (S 513) preserved to Museo Storico Navale di Venezia
Tang (Piomarta)
United States
USS Harder (SS-568).jpg Livio Piomarta (S 515)[44]
Romeo Romei (S 516) [45]
2,700
2,743
10.7.1973
22.2.1974
28.2.1986
31.05.1988
Launched 14.6.1951 as USS Trigger (SS-564)
Launched 3.12.1951 as USS Harder (SS-568)
Tench (Gazzana Priaroggia)
United States
USS Pickerel;140854.jpg Primo Longobardo (S 501) [46]
Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia (S 502) [47]
2,480 18.8.1972
18.8.1972
31.1.1980
31.5.1981
Launched 15.12.1944 as USS Pickerel (SS-524)
Launched 21.5.1948 as USS Volador (SS-490)
Balao (Torricelli)
United States
Torricelli (S-512);0837310.jpg Alfredo Cappellini (S 507)[48]
Evangelista Torricelli (S 512)[49]
Francesco Morosini (S 508)[50]
2,424

2,466

2,460
5.3.1966

9.1.1960

31.3.1966
1.11.1977

30.9.1976

30.11.1973
Launched 2.12.1943 as USS Capitaine (SS-336)
Launched 14.3.1944 as USS Lizardfish (SS-373)

Launched 27.2.21944 as USS Besugo (SS-321)
Gato (Tazzoli)
United States
USS Barb (SS-220)cropped;0822011.jpg Enrico Tazzoli (S 511)[51]
Leonardo da Vinci (S 510)[52]
2,463 13.12.1954
31.1.1955
28.02.1973
1.5.1973
Launched 2.4.1942 as USS Barb (SS-220)
Launched 25.4.1943 as USS Dace (SS-247)
Flutto
Italy
Vortice (S 502) [53][54]
Pietro Calvi (S 503) [55][56]
1,095
1,107
21.6.1943
16.12.1961
1.8.1967
1971
ex PV-1
ex Bario
Acciaio
Italy
Giada (S 501) [57][58] 865 8.12.1941 1.6.1966 ex PV-2
DSRV
Italy Cantieri Navali Breda USEL/MSM-1S [59] 13,2 1977 2000 ? Operated by ITS Anteo (A5309)
Maximun operating depth: 300 m
Capacity: 10 rescuees
Replaced by SRV-300 and stored to La Spezia Naval Base

Battleship[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Battleships
Caio Duilio
Italy
Duilio 1948.jpg Andrea Doria (B 51) [60][61]
Caio Duilio (B 50)[62]
25,200
29,000
13.3.1916
10.5.1915
16.9.1956
15.9.1956
Andrea Doria was used as a gunnery training ship, after May 1953

Cruisers[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile cruisers
Italy Vittorio Veneto (incrociatore).jpg Vittorio Veneto (550) 8,850 12.07.1969 29.06.2006
Andrea Doria
Italy
Caio Duilio cruiser 1963.jpg Andrea Doria (553)
Caio Duilio (554)
6,500 23.02.1964
30.11.1964
30.09.1992
15.11.1989



Converted into training ship since 1980
Condottieri (Duca degli Abruzzi)
Italy
Garibaldi1961.jpg Giuseppe Garibaldi (551) 11,350 1961 1971 First commissioned in 1937, then converted into a guided missile cruiser by 1961
light cruisers
Condottieri
Italy
Duca-degli-Abruzzi.jpg Luigi di Savoia Duca degli Abruzzi [63][64] 11,735 1937 1961 First launched 21.4.1936, then refitted since 1953
Condottieri
Italy
Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli (C552) c1962.jpg Raimondo Montecuccoli [65][66] 8,994 30.6.1935 1.6.1964 refitted since 1949 to serve as training cruiser
Alberto da Giussano
Italy
Incrociatore Bartolomeo Colleoni a Venezia.jpg Luigi Cadorna [67][68] 7,113 30.9.1931 1951

Destroyers[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile destroyers
Audace
Italy
Cacciatorpediniere Ardito e Audace in disarmo.jpg Audace (D551) [69]
Ardito (D550) [70]
4,554 16.11.1972
5.12.1972
28.09.2006
28.09.2006
Impavido
Italy
Impavido DN-SC-92-01098.jpg Impavido (D570) [71]
Intrepido (D571) [72]
3,940 16.11.1963
28.07.1964
1992
1991
destroyers
Fletcher (Fante)
United States
USS Prichett (DD-561).jpg Fante (D561) [73]
Geniere (D555) [74]
Lanciere (D560) [75]
2,050 2.07.1969
17.01.1970
2.07.1969
1977
1975
1.971
Launched 31.08.1942 as USS Walker (DD-517)
Launched 20.07.1942 as USS Prichett (DD-561)
Launched 28.8.1941 as USS Taylor (DD-468)
She was cannibalized to maintain her sister ships still serving
Indomito
Italy
Impetuoso (D558) [76]
Indomito (D559) [77]
3,810 25.01.1958
23.02.1958
1983
1980
Capitani Romani (San Giorgio)[78]
Italy
Italian destroyer San marco (D562) underway c1959.jpg San Giorgio (D562) [79][80]
San Marco (D563) [81][82]
5,420 1955
1956
1980
1971
Launched in 1943 as Pompeo Magno
Converted between 1951/1955
Refitted as cadet training ship between 1963/1965 [83]
Launched in 1941 as Giulio Germanico
converted between 1950/1956
Benson (Artigliere)
United States
USS Benson DD-421 01.jpg Artigliere (D553) [84] 2,619 11.06.1951 1.1971 Launched 30.04.1941 as USS Woodworth (DD-460)
than refitted as training ship
Gleaves (Aviere)
United States
USS-Gleaves.jpg Aviere (D554) [85] 2,520 15.01.1951 1975 Launched 1.11.1939 as USS Nicholson (DD-442)
Since 1970 refitted as experimental ship and coded A 5302

Frigates[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
guided missile frigates
Soldati
Italy
Artigliere F582.jpg Artigliere (F 582) [86] 2,506 29.10.1994 29.09.2013 Launched 21.01.1983 for Iraqi Navy but never delivered
Lupo
Italy
MM Sagittario Distant Drum 1983.jpg Lupo (F 564) [87]
Sagittario (F 565) [88]
Perseo (F 566) [89]
Orsa (F 567) [90]
2,525
20.09.1977

18.11.1978


1.03.1980

1.03.1980

2003

2005


2005

2002
Lupo sold in 2004 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Palacios (FM-56)
Perseo sold in 2006 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Quiñónes (FM-58)
Perseo sold in 2006 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Bolognesi (FM-57)
Orsa sold in 2004 to Peruvian Navy as BAP Aguirre (FM-55)
Antisom frigates
Alpino
Italy
F581 Carabiniere.jpg Alpino (F 580) [91][92]
Carabiniere (F 581)[93][94]
2,689 14.01.1968
28.04.1968
31.03.2006
19.11.2008
By end of '90 years converted to minehunter support ship as A5384
Converted to experimental ship in 1993-1994
Luigi Rizzo
Italy
Italian frigate Luigi Rizzo (F596) c1962.jpg Luigi Rizzo (F 596) [95][96]
Carlo Margottini (F 595) [97][98]
Virginio Fasan (F 594) [99][100]
Carlo Bergamini (F 593) [101][102]
1,650 15.12.1961


5.5.1962

10.10.1962

23.6.1962
30.11.1980


31.5.1988

7.12.1988

11.1981
first history's escort ships fitted with helicopters
Centauro
Italy
Italian frigate Castore (D573) underway c1959.jpg Canopo (F 551) [103][104]
Castore (F 553) [105][106]
Centauro (F 554) [107][108]
Cigno (F 555) [109][110]
2,184 4.5.1958


14.7.1957

4.4.1957

7.3.1957
30.9.1982


1.1.1983

31.5.1985

31.10.1983

Corvettes[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Corvettes
Minerva class
Italy
Sibilla F558.jpg Minerva (F 551) [111]
Sibilla (F 558) [112][113][114]
1,285 10.6.1987
16.5.1991
2013
1.10.2012
Cannon (Aldebaran)
United States
BRP Rajah Humabon (PF 11).jpg Aldebaran (F 590) [115]
Altair (F 591) [116][117]
Andromeda (F 592) [118]
1,796 10.1.1951
10.1.1951
10.1.1951
1976
1971
1.1972
launched 30.12.1943 as USS Thornhill (DE-195); initially classified as destroyer escort AD, since 1957 coded as frigate, then corvette
launched 12.12.1943 as USS Gandy (DE-764);initially classified as destroyer escort AT, since 1957 coded as frigate, then corvette
launched 17.10.1943 as USS Wesson (DE-184);initially classified as destroyer escort AN, since 1957 coded as frigate, then corvette
Spica, Climene batch [119]
Italy
Cassiopea-RM.jpg Cassiopea (F 553) [120][121] 1,010 1936 1959 Commissioned as Torpedo boats between 1950 and 1952 became fast Corvettes; since 1953 coded as F
Spica, Alcione batch
Italy [122]
Libra (F 552) [123][124]
Aretusa (F 556)
Clio (F 555)
Calliope (F 551)
1,050 19.1.1938
1938
1938
1938
1.4.1964
1.8.1958
1959
1.8.1958
Commissioned as Torpedo boats between 1950 and 1952 became fast Corvettes; since 1953 coded as F
Spica, Perseo batch
Italy [125]
Sirio (F 554) <
Sagittario (F 557)
1,000 1936
1936
1959
1964
Commissioned as Torpedo boats between 1950 and 1952 became fast Corvettes; since 1953 coded as F
Antisom Corvettes
Pietro de Cristofaro
Italy
Pietro de Cristofaro (F 540)
Salvatore Todaro (F 550)
Umberto Grosso (F 541)
Licio Visintini (F 546)
994 1965
1966
1966
1966
1994
1994
1994
1994
Albatross
Italy
Italian corvette Airone (F545) underway c1962.jpg Albatros (F 543) [126][127]
Alcione (F 544) [128][129]
Airone (F 545) [130][131]
Aquila (F542) [132][133]
950 1.6.1955
23.10.1955
29.12.1955
18.10.1961
30.4.1989
1991
1991
1991
Albatros launched 18.7.1954, financed by USA on MDAP program as PC-1619
Alcione launched 19.9.1954, financed by USA on MDAP program as PC-1620
Airone launched 21.11.1954, financed by USA on MDAP program as PC-1621
Aquila financed by USA on MDAP program as PC-1626;launched 31.7.1954 as Lynx F 923 for Netherlands Navy
Le Fougueux
P.C. 1610]
United States
France
Vedetta (F 597) [134][135] 450 5.11.1959 1.5.1978 Financed by USA with MDAP program
Launched 30.9.1954 in France
Delivery 23.8.1955 to Germany Navy
Delivery 2.1.1957 to Ethiopian Navy as Belay Deress
Returned in summer 1957 to USA, as U.S.S. P.C. 1616
Gabbiano
Italy
Gabbiano (F 571) [136]
Cormorano (F 575) [137]
Pellicano (F 574) [138]
Folaga (F 576) [139]
Gru (F 566) [140]
Ibis (F 561) [141]
740 3.10.1942
6.3.1943
15.4.1943
16.2.1943
29.4.1943
3.4.1943
1971
1966
1.1.1970
1.8.1965
1.8.1971
1972
Gabbiano, Ape batch
Italy
Crisalide (F 547) [142]
Farfalla (F 548) [143]
740 25.9.1952
12.2.1953
1972
1972
Farfalla since begin '60 was fitted for use RPV Meteor P1
Gabbiano, Artemide batch
Italy
Pomona (F 573) [144]
Driade (F 568) [145]
Danaide (F 563) [146]
Minerva (F 562) [147]
Flora (F 572) [148]
Sibilla (F 565) [149]
Urania (F 570) [150]
Chimera (F 569) [151]
Sfinge (F 579) [152]
Fenice (F 577) [153]
740 4.4.1943
14.1.1943
27.2.1943
25.2.1943
25.4.1943
5.6.1943
7.8.1943
26.5.1943
12.5.1943
1.6.1965
1.7.1966
1.1.1968
1.7.1969
1.1.1970
1973
1972
1977
1975
Sibilla since begin '60 was fitted for use RPV Meteor P1
Gabbiano, Scimitarra batch
Italy
Baionetta (F 578)
Scimitarra (F 564) [154]
Bombarda (F549) [155]
740 28.7.1943
28.7.1943
21.4.1951
1971
1971
1975
Algerine
United Kingdom
HMS Algerine FL472.jpg Alabarda F560 [156][157] 1,250 1950 1968 Launched 2.9.1943 as H.M.S.”Larne”
M40 (Antilope)
Germany
Antilope (F 540) [158]
Daino (F 542) [159][160]
Gazzella (F 541) [161]
775 1949
1949
1949
1958
1966
1966
ex German minesweeper B1 (M328)
ex German minesweeper B2 (M803), since 1960 converted to survey ship (A 5308)
ex German minesweeper B3 (M801), converted to training ship since 1960 [162]

Torpedo boats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Torpedo boats
CRDA 60t - MS 472[163][164]
Italy
MS 471 [165]
MS 472 [166]
MS 473
MS 474 [167]
MS 475 [168]
MS 481
MS 482
MS 483 [169]
MS 484 [170]
68,8 29.4.1942
24.6.1942
16.7.1942
24.3.1943
30.6.1943
23.3.1943
24.3.1943
24.5.1943
11.6.1943
1.5.1965
1974
1974
1979
31.12.1962
1979
1.3.1963
1962
1.3.1963
Launched 31.1.1942 as MS 11 > 1.1.1949 as MV 611 > 1.11.1952 as MS 611 > 1.1.1954 as MS 471 [171]
Launched 3.6.1942 as MS 24 > 1.1.1949 as MV 612 > 1.11.1952 as MS 612 > 1.1.1954 as MS 472;[172] preserved to Marina di Ravenna
Launched 9.6.1942 as MS 31 > 1.1.1949 as MV 613 > 1.11.1952 as MS 613 > 1.1.1954 as MS 473;[173] preserved to Museo Storico Navale di Venezia
Launched 28.10.1942 as MS 54 > 1.1.1949 as MV 614 > 1.11.1952 as MS 614 > 1.1.1954 as MS 474 [174]
Launched 15.5.1943 as MS 74 > 1.1.1949 as MV 619 > 1.11.1952 as MS 619 > 1.1.1954 as MS 475 [175]
Launched 4.11.1942 as MS 55 > 1.1.1949 as MV 615 > 1.11.1952 as MS 615 > 1.1.1954 as MS 481 [176]
Launched 11.11.1942 as MS 56 > 1.1.1949 as MV 616 > 1.11.1952 as MS 616 > 1.1.1954 as MS 482 [177]
Launched 21.3.1943 as MS 72 > 1.1.1949 as MV 617 > 1.11.1952 as MS 617 > 1.1.1954 as MS 483;[178] in 1964 converted to auxiliary vessel (for torpedo recovery) as MEN 204
Launched 18.3.1943 as MS 73 > 1.1.1949 as MV 618 > 1.11.1952 as MS 618 > 1.1.1954 as MS 484 [179]
Higgins 78 foot [180]
United States
Italian motor torpedo boat in the Adriatic Sea c1960.jpg MS 441 [181]
MS 442 [182]
MS 443 [183]
MS 444 [184]
MS 451
MS 452 [185]
MS 453 [186]
56 4.4.1948
4.4.1948
4.4.1948
1950
2.1947
2.1947
2.1947
31.10.1985
1.4.1972
31.10.1985
1985
12.3.1966
12.3.1966
1980
Launched 21.11.1942 as USS PT-92;delivered to Italy as GIS 0023, since 1.4.1951 as GIS-841, since 1.11.1952 as MS 841 and since 1.11.1954 as MS 441; in 1962/1963 converted as special forces tender (68 tonnes)
Launched 23.10.1942 as USS PT-88; delivered to Italy as GIS 0021, since 1.4.1951 as GIS 842, since 1.11.1952 as MS 842 and since 1.11.1954 as MS 442; 12.3.1966 delivered to Guardia di Finanza as Brigadiere Giannotti;returned in 1969
Launched 28.10.1942 as USS PT-90; delivered to Italy as GIS 0022, since 1.4.1951 as GIS 843, since 1.11.1952 as MS 843 and since 1.11.1954 as MS 443; in 1962/1963 converted as special forces tender (68 tonnes)
Launched 20.11.1942 as USS PT-94;delivered to Italy as GIS 0024, since 1.4.1951 as GIS 844, since 1.11.1952 as MS 844 and since 1.11.1954 as MS 444;since 1964 used as training vessel to La Maddalena
Launched 16.10.1942 as USS PT-206; delivered to Italy as GIS 0025, since 1.4.1951 GIS 851, since 1.11.1952 as MS 851 and since 1.11.1954 as MS 451; 12.3.1966 delivered to Guardia di Finanza as Tenente Lombardo; returned in 1969
Launched 24.10.1942 as USS PT-210; delivered to Italy as GIS 0026 > MS 852 > MS 452; 12.3.1966 delivered to Guardia di Finanza as Finanziere Feliciani; returned in 1974
Launched 31.12.1942 as USS PT-215; delivered to Italy as GIS 0027, since 1.4.1951 GIS 853, since 1.11.1952 MS 853, since 1.11.1954 as MS 453; converted as special forces tender (68 tonnes)
Vosper 70 foot [187]
United States
MS 421
MS 422
MS 423
MS 424 [188]
MS 431
MS 432
MS 433 [189]
MS 434 [190]
MS 454 [191]
MS 461 [192]
MS 462 [193]
MS 463
MS 464
53 4.4.1948
4.4.1948
4.4.1948
21.7.1948
4.4.1948
4.4.1948
4.4.1948
4.4.1948
1951
24.3.1948
1.2.1948
1.2.1948
1.2.1948
1958
30.9.1960
31.12.1958
30.6.1959
31.10.1961
31.12.1961
31.12.1958
30.6.1959
31.12.1958
30.6.1959
30.4.1960
30.4.1960
30.5.1959
Launched 17.7.1943 as USS BPT-68 delivered to Italy as GIS-0017 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 821 > 1.11.1952 as MS 841 > 1.1.1954 as MS 421
Launched 9.3.1944 as USS PT-392 delivered to Italy as GIS-0013 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 822 > 1.11.1952 as MS 822 > 1.1.1954 as MS 422
Launched 7.8.1944 as USS PT-397 delivered to Italy as GIS-0008 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 823 > 1.11.1952 as MS 823 > 1.1.1954 as MS 423
Launched 1.9.1944 as USS PT-399 delivered to Italy as GIS-0028 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 824 > 1.11.1952 as MS 824 > 1.1.1954 as MS 424
Launched 13.6.1944 as USS PT-393 delivered to Italy as GIS-0005 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 831 > 1.11.1952 as MS 831 > 1.1.1954 as MS 431
Launched 19.5.1944 as USS PT-394 delivered to Italy as GIS-0006 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 832 > 1.11.1952 as MS 832 > 1.1.1954 as MS 432
Launched 22.8.1944 as USS PT-398 delivered to Italy as GIS-0007 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 833 > 1.11.1952 as MS 833 > 1.1.1954 as MS 433
Launched 28.7.1944 as USS PT-396 delivered to Italy as GIS-0011 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 834 > 1.11.1952 as MS 834 > 1.1.1954 as MS 434
Launched 15.10.1943 as USS PT-386 delivered to Italy as GIS-0012 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 854 > 1.11.1952 as MS 854 > 1.1.1954 as MS 454
Launched 17.12.1943 as USS PT-388 delivered to Italy as GIS-0001 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 811 > 1.11.1952 as MS 811 > 1.1.1954 as MS 461
Launched 14.1.1944 as USS PT-389 delivered to Italy as GIS-0002 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 812 > 1.11.1952 as MS 812 > 1.1.1954 as MS 462
Launched 13.4.1944 as USS PT-391 delivered to Italy as GIS-0003 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 813 > 1.11.1952 as MS 813 > 1.1.1954 as MS 463
Launched 22.1.1940 as USS PT-390 delivered to Italy as GIS-0004 > 1.4.1951 as GIS 814 > 1.11.1952 as MS 814 > 1.1.1954 as MS 464
Elco 77 foot
United States
GIS 0019 [194]
GIS 0020
40 2.1947
2.1947
1948 ?
1948 ?
Laid down 12.6.1941 as USS PT-49 delivered to Italian Air Force as MA 1053 in airport-SAR role
Laid down 18.7.1941 as USS PT-57 delivered to Italian Air Force as MA 1056 in airport-SAR role

Gunboats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Gunboats
MC 493 Freccia [195]
Italy
P 493 Freccia [196]
P 494 Saetta [197]
200 6.7.1965
25.4.1966
15.9.1984
15.5.1986
Launched 9.1.1965 as MC 590 > 1.9.1965 as P 493 Freccia
Laid down 11.6.1964 as MC 591;launched 11.4.1965 as P 494 Saetta; since 1966 embarked Nettuno/Sea Killer AsuW missile system
MC 491 Lampo [198]
Italy
P 491 Lampo [199]
P 492 Baleno [200]
190 27.4.1963
16.7.1965
15.4.1985
31.5.1985
Launched 22.11.1960 as MC 491 > 1.9.1965 as P 491 Lampo
Launched 10.6.1964 as MC 492 > 1.9.1965 as P 492 Baleno
P 490 Folgore [201]
Italy
P 490 Folgore [202][203][204] 198 1.8.1955 15.10.1976 Launched 21.1.1954 as MC 490 > 1.9.1965 P 490 Folgore
Fulmine
Italy
Italian patrol boat Sentinella (F598) with four MTBs in the Adriatic Sea c1960.jpg P 499 Fulmine [205][206][207][208] 344 20.9.1956 1.5.1970 Ordered as VAS 470
Laid down 21.1.1954 as P 470 Sentinella
Launched 13.11.1955 as P 499 Sentinella
Recoded 29.9.1956 as F 598 Sentinella
Refitted between 1960/1965, since 1.5.1965 classified Gunboat
since 1.9.1965 P 499 Fulmine
used for testing first OTO Melara 76/62 mm gun, Compatto type
Schnellboot Lűrssen S 38 - MC 485
Germany
MC 485 [209][210][211] 124 1952 1.7.1964 Launched 23.10.1941 as S-67; in 1952 classified MV 621 > 1.11.1952 as MS 621 > 1.1.1954 as MS 485 > 10.9.1954 as MC 485
Support gunboats
LCS(L)(3) (Alano)
United States
Alano (L 9851) [212]
Bracco (L 9852) [213]
Mastino (L 9853) [214]
Molosso (L9854) [215]
Segugio (L 9855) [216]
Spinone (L 9856) [217]
387 25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
25.7.1951
1.8.1971
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
31.7.1974
Launched 16.9.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-34
Launched 1.10.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-38
Launched 23.10.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-62
Launched 2.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-63
Launched 7.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-64
Launched 6.11.1944 as USS LCS(L)(3)-118

Hydrofoil missile boats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
hydrofoil missile boats
Sparviero [218]
Italy
Sparviero DN-ST-84-03940.jpg Sparviero (P 420) [219]
Nibbio (P 421) [220]
Falcone (P 422) [221]
Astore (P 423)
Grifone (P 424)
Gheppio (P 425) [222]
Condor (P 426)
60,6



62,5



15.7.1974
7.3.1980
7.3.1982
5.2.1983
5.2.1983
20.9.1983
7.4.1984
30.9.1991
1.2.1998
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005
1.8.2005

Minesweeper[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
MSO - Oceanic Minesweepers
Salmone [223]
United States
Salmone (A 5430) [224][225][226]
Storione (M 5431) [227][228]
Sgombro (M 5432)[229][230]
Squalo (M 5433) [231][232]
750 23.2.1956
23.2.1956
12.3.1957
20.6.1957
1990
1.3.1997
3.10.2000
3.10.2000
Salmone launched 19.2.1955 as MSO-507
Storione launched 13.11.1954 as MSO-506
Launched 21.6.1956 as MSO-517; by 1991 classified as P-5432
Launched 3.12.1956 as MSO-518; by 1991 classified as P-5433
MSC - Coastal Minesweepers
Adjutant
(Mandorlo)
[233]
United States
Mandorlo (M 5519)[234] 411 16.12.1960 30.11.1993 Launched 29.10.1959 as USS MSC-280, built for Italy
Initially named "Salice (M 5518)"
In 1975 first Italian vessel converted to minehunter
Adjutant
(Legni, Abete batch)
[235]
United States
Italian minesweeper Ontano (M5513) c1962.jpg Abete (M 5501) [236]
Acacia (M 5502) [237]
Betulla (M 5503) [238]
Castagno(M5504)[239]
Cedro (M 5505) [240]
Ciliegio (M 5506)
Faggio (M 5507) [241]
Frassino (M 5508) [242]
Gelso (M 5509) [243]
Larice (M 5510) [244]
Noce (M 5511)
Olmo (M 5512) [245]
Ontano (M 5513) [246]
Pino (M 5514) [247]
Pioppo (M 5515) [248]
Platano (M 5516) [249]
Quercia (M 5517) [250]
405 1953
1953
6.7.1953
2.2.1954
26.10.1954
4.8.1953
15.9.1953
23.10.1953
29.12.1953
1953
6.5.1954
30.3.1954
1954
13.5.1954
30.6.1954
9.9.1954
4.11.1954
1977
1974
1974
10.10.1995
1995
1974
1980
1996
10.10.1995
1988
1983
1983
1980
1980
1999
29.9.1995
1981
Abete Launched 13.1.1953 as USS AMS-72, then MSC-72
Acacia Launched as USS AMS-79, then MSC-79
Betulla Launched as USS AMS-73, then MSC-73
Castagno Launched as USS AMS-74, then MSC-74;between 1978 and 1984 converted to minehunter; transferred in 1995 to Greek Navy as Erato (M-60)
Cedro Launched as USS AMS-88, then MSC-88;between 1978 and 1984 converted to minehunter
Ciliegio Launched as USS AMS-80, then MSC-80
Faggio Launched as USS MSC-81
Frassino Launched as USS AMS-89, then MSC-89;between 1978 and 1984 converted to minehunter
Gelso Launched as USS AMS-75, then MSC-75;between 1978 and 1984 converted to minehunter;transferred in 1995 to Greek Navy as Evniki (M61)
Larice Launched as USS AMS-82, then MSC-82
Olmo Launched as USS AMS-90, then MSC-90
Noce Launched as USS MSC-133
Ontano Launched as USS AMS-76, then MSC-76
Pino Launched as USS MSC-134
Pioppo Launched 15.8.1953 as USS AMS-135, then MSC-135;in 1973 converted to survey vessel as A 5307 [251]
Platano Launched as USS MSC-136;between 1978 and 1984 converted to minehunter
Quercia Launched as USS AMS-137, then MSC-137
Adjutant
(Legni, Agave batch)
[252]
Italy
Italian minesweepers at Naples in 1961.jpg Agave (M 5531)[253]
Alloro (M 5532)
Edera (M 5533) [254]
Gaggia (M 5534) [255]
Gelsomino(M5535)[256]
Giaggiolo (M 5536)
Glicine (M 5537) [257]
Loto (M 5538) [258]
Mirto (M 5539) [259]
Timo (M 5540)
Trifoglio (M 5541) [260]
Vischio (M 5542) [261]
405 1955
1955
1955
1955
1955
1956
1956
1956
1954
1955
1955
1956
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
1990
2000
1990
1990
1990
minesweeper build in Italy on Adjutant class plans
Alloro in 1983 converted to training vessel A5308
Mirto in 1973 converted to survey vessel as A 5306 [262]
Adjutant
(Legni, Bambù batch)
[263]
Italy
Bambù (M 5521) [264]
Ebano (M 5522)
Mango (M 5523) [265]
Mogano (M 5524) [266]
Palma (M 5525) [267]
Rovere (M 5526) [268]
Sandalo (M 5527) [269]
405 8.9.1956 [270]
8.11.1956 [271]
12.1956 [272]
9.1.1957 [273]
1.3.1957 [274]
1.3.1957 [275]
17.4.1957 [276]
1999 [277]
1989
1996
1998
1999
1975
1988
minesweeper build in Italy on Adjutant class plans, under the off-shore procurement plan of the Military Defense Assistance Pact
Bambù (USS AMS-214, then MSC-214) converted in 1988 to patrol ship as P 495
Ebano (USS AMS-215, then MSC-215)
Mango (USS AMS-216, then MSC-216) converted in 1988 to patrol ship P 496
Mogano (USS AMS-217, then MSC-217) converted in 1988 to patrol ship as P 497
Palma (USS AMS-238, then MSC-238) converted in 1988 to patrol ship as P 498
Rovere, (USS AMS-239, then MSC-239)
Sandalo (USS AMS-240, then MSC-240)
BYMS - Fiori (400) Azalea batch
United States
Azalea (M 5401) [278]
Begonia (M 5402)
Dalia (M 5404)[279]
Fiordaliso (M 5405)
Gardenia (M 5406)
Gladiolo (M 5416)
Magnolia (M 5408)
Orchidea (M 5412)
Primula (M 5413) [280]
Tulipano (M 5414) [281]
Verbena (M 5415) [282]
290 1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1967
1.5.1966
1.5.1966
1967
1967
1967
1968
1966
1967
1967
1967
Launched as HMS BYMS 2142 (first encoding in Italy as DR 401)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2073 (first encoding in Italy as DR 402); in service between 1.5.1966 and 1983 to Guardia di Finanza, named Maresciallo Aldo Oltremonti as training vessel
Launched as HMS BYMS 2141 (first encoding in Italy as DR 403); in service between 1.5.1966 and 1983 to Guardia di Finanza, named Avallone as training vessel
Launched as HMS BYMS 2277 (first encoding in Italy as DR 411)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2150 (first encoding in Italy as DR 404)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2042 (first encoding in Italy as DR 417)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2206 (first encoding in Italy as DR 405)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2037 (first encoding in Italy as DR 406)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2278 (first encoding in Italy as DR 407)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2194 (first encoding in Italy as DR 416)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2280 (first encoding in Italy as DR 408)
BYMS - Fiori (400) Anemone batch
United States
Anemone (M 5400) [283]
Biancospino (M 5403)
Geranio (M 5407)
Mughetto (M 5409)
Narciso (M 5410) [284]
Oleandro (M 5411)
290 1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1947
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
1966
Launched as HMS BYMS 2009 (first encoding in Italy as DR 409)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2012 (first encoding in Italy as DR 410)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2014 (first encoding in Italy as DR 412)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2023 (first encoding in Italy as DR 413)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2024 (first encoding in Italy as DR 414)
Launched as HMS BYMS 2027 (first encoding in Italy as DR 415)
Giuseppe Cesare Abba
(Pilo batch)
Italy
Giuseppe Cesare Abba (M 5330)[285]
Antonio Mosto (M 5353) [286]
Rosolino Pilo [287][288]
645 1915
1915
25.5.1915
1.9.1958
15.12.1958
1.10.1954
Converted to minesweeper in 1953 as M 5330
Converted to minesweeper in 1952 as M 5353
Converted to minesweeper in 1952
Giuseppe Cesare Abba
(La Masa batch)
Italy
Giacinto Carini (M 5331) [289]
Nicola Fabrizi (M 5333) [290]
645 30.11.1917
12.7.1918
31.12.1958
1.2.1957
Converted to minesweeper in 1953 as M 5331; since 1958 until 1963 recoded GM517 as static training vessel
Converted to minesweeper in 1953 as M 5333
MSI - Inshore Minesweeper)s
MSI-58 - Aragosta [291][292]
Italy
Porpora (A 5382) 01.JPG Aragosta (M 5440)
Arsella (M 5451) [293]
Astice (M 5452)
Attinia (M 5453) [294]
Calamaro(M5454)[295]
Conchiglia(M5455)[296]
Dromia (M 5456) [297]
Gambero (M 5457)
Granchio (M 5448) [298]
Mitilo (M 5449)
Ostrica (M 5460) [299]
Paguro (M 5461) [300]
Pinna (M 5462)
Polipo (M 5463)
Porpora (M 5464) [301]
Riccio (M 5465) [302]
Scampo (M 5466)
Seppia (M 5467) [303]
Tellina (M 5468) [304]
Totano (M 5469)
177 20.5.1957

20.5.1957

19.6.1957

20.6.1957

10.7.1957

10.7.1957

10.7.1957

11.7.1957

11.7.1957

11.7.1957

8.7.1957

8.7.1957

10.7.1957

10.7.1957

10.7.1957

11.7.1957

1.8.1957

6.7.1957

8.7.1957

8.7.1957
17.7.2002
1.8.1973
in service
7.5.1974
1.5.1975
1.5.1974
1.4.1974
30.4.1982
30.11.1981
in service
1.3.1974
1.5.1974
30.4.1982
1.7.2002
in service
30.9.1981
in service
8.9.1973
1.5.1974
1.5.1974
Aragosta class was build in Italy on Ham-class minesweepers plans, under the off-shore procurement plan of the Military Defense Assistance Pact
Aragosta (USS MSI-58) since 1.2.1985 refitted as training vessel and recoded A 5378; on 17.7.2002 transferred to Tunisian Navy
Arsella launched 22.8.1956 (USS MSI-59)
Astice (USS MSI-60) since 1.2.1985 refitted as training vessel and recoded A 5379 (in service)
Attinia (USS MSI-61)
Calamaro (USS MSI-62)
Conchiglia (USS MSI-63)
Dromia (USS MSI-64)
Gambero (USS MSI-65)
Granchio (USS MSI-66)
Mitilo (USS MSI-67) since 1.2.1985 refitted as training vessel and recoded A 5380 (in service)
Ostrica (USS MSI-68)
Paguro (USS MSI-69)
Pinna (USS MSI-70)
Polipo (USS MSI-71) since 1.2.1985 refitted as training vessel and recoded A 5381; on 17.7.2002 transferred to Tunisian Navy
Porpora (USS MSI-72) since 1.2.1985 refitted as training vessel and recoded A 5382, in service
Riccio (USS MSI-73); reclassified GLS-502
Scampo (USS MSI-74) was refitted as local personnel vessel coded MEN 205 and then 211 until 1979; between 1980/1983 refitted as Murena experimental ship (A 5305); since 2002 used as training vessel (in service)
Seppia (USS MSI-55)
Tellina (USS MSI-56)
Totano (USS MSI-57)
Baglietto 68 t 1^ serie / VAS 201
Italy [305][306]
VAS 491
VAS 492
VAS 493
VAS 494
VAS 495
VAS 496
VAS 497
1942
1942
1942
1942
1942
1943
1943
1956
1956
1956
1956
1956
1956
1956
Launched as VAS 204
Launched as VAS 211
Launched as VAS 218
Launched as VAS 224
Launched as VAS 223
Launched as VAS 237
Launched as VAS 241 > 1944 as RA 266 > 1949 as VAS 726 > 1954 as VAS 497
Vedetta
Italy
Vedetta [307] 70 1937 1951
DV - Minesweeper patrol
DV 102
Italy
DV 102
DV 103 [308]
DV 104 [309]
DV 105 [310]
DV 113 [311]
DV 131 [312]
DV 132 [313]
DV 133 [314]
DV 134 [315]
DV 148 [316]
DV 149 [317]
110 27.6.1958
1.7.1958
30.6.1959
30.9.1954
1.9.1965
30.1.1959
30.9.1959
1959
30.9.1959
1.7.1958
1.9.1965
DR - Minesweeper Tugs
Dance (DR 300)
United Kingdom [318]
HMT Foxtrot IWM FL 13270.jpg DR 312
DR 316
DR 307
DR 308
760 1946
16.3.1946
2.1946
2.1946
1965
1965
1965
1965
Launched 6.5.1940 as Gavotte T115 (delivered to Italy as RD 312)
Launched 21.5.1940 as Hornpipe T120 (delivered to Italy as RD 316)
Launched 1.3.1941 as Minuet T131 (delivered to Italy as RD 307)
Launched 27.1.1941 as Tarantella T142 (delivered to Italy as RD 308)
Shakespearian (DR 300)
United Kingdom [319]
HMT Coriolanus IWM FL 24385.jpg DR 310 (M 5310) [320] 740 3.1946 1965 Launched 7.10.941 as Othello TT76 (delivered to Italy as RD 310)
then coded M 5310
Isles (DR 300)
United Kingdom [321]
HMT Ailsa Craig IWM FL 292.jpg DR 301
DR 302
DR 304
DR315
DR 313
DR305
DR 303
DR 306
DR 314
DR 311
DR 309
735 22.1.1946
22.1.1946
1.1946
3.1946
2.1946
19461.1946
22.2.1946
5.3.1942
16.2.1946
2.1946
16.3.1946
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
1965
Launched 12.4.941 as Burra T158 (delivered to Italy as RD 301) then coded M 5301
Launched 30.12.1940 as Cumbrae T154 (delivered to Italy as RD 302) then coded M 5302
Launched 15.6.1942 as Staffa T159 (delivered to Italy as RD 304)
Launched 19.11.1941 as Stroma T150 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 9.8.1941 as Foula T203 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 2.4.1942 as Filla T212 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 28.5.1942 as Unst T213 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 7.2.1942 as Egilsay T215 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 5.3.1942 as Ensay T216 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 1.6.1942 as Mousa T295 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
Launched 17.8.1943 as Grain T360 (delivered to Italy as RD 315)
RD 16
Italy
RD 20 [322][323] 196 9.1945 30.6.1956 Launched 1917 as tug
RD 31
Italy
RD 32 [324]
RD 34 [325]
207 30.6.1956
30.6.1956
Launched 1919 as tug
RD 38
Italy
RD 38 201 10.1945 11.1.1955 Launched 1921 as tug
RD 39
Italy
RD 40 [326]
RD 41 [327][328]
203 15.4.1955
1.1.1953
Launched 1920 as tug
Launched 1920 as tug
Admiralty Tipe I / M.M.S. (200)
United Kingdom [329]
The Royal Navy during the Second World War A14421.jpg DR 201
DR 202
DR 203
DR 204
DR 205
DR 206
DR 207
DR 208
DR 209
DR ?
DR 210
DR 211
DR 216 ?
DR 212
DR 213
DR 214
DR 215
295 1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1947
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1946
1950
1950
1949
1949
1950
1949
1950
1950
1950
1950
1951
1951
1951
1949
1950
1950
1950
Launched 31.10.1940 as MMS.10, J.510 (delivered to Italy as RD 201; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 1941 as MMS.32, J.532 (delivered to Italy as RD 202; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 1941 as MMS.34, J.534 (delivered to Italy as RD 203; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 12.4.1941 as MMS35, J.535 (delivered to Italy as RD 204; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 9.8.1941 as MMS.48, J.548 (delivered to Italy as RD 205; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 12.4.1941 as MMS.50, J.550 (delivered to Italy as RD 206; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 21.10.1941 as MMS.99, J.599 (delivered to Italy as RD 207; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 4.11.1941 as MMS.100, J.600 (delivered to Italy as RD 208; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 25.10.1941 as MMS.102, J.602 (delivered to Italy as RD 209; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 4.5.1942 as MMS.103, J.603(then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 5.8.1941 as MMS.104, J.604 (delivered to Italy as RD 210; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 30.9.1941 as MMS.105, J.605 (delivered to Italy as RD 211; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 30.9.1941 as MMS.106, J.606
Launched 22.10.1941 as MMS.135, J.635 (delivered to Italy as RD 212; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 7.1.1942 as MMS.167, J.667 (delivered to Italy as RD 213; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 20.1.1942 as MMS.172, J.672 (delivered to Italy as RD 214; then returned to Royal Navy)
Launched 2.5.1942 as MMS.185, J.685 (delivered to Italy as RD 215; then returned to Royal Navy)

Minelayer[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Minelayer
Fasana
Italy
Fasana [330] 610 1927 1950

Landing ship[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Tank Landing Ships
De Soto County (Grado)
United States
De Soto County LST-1171.jpg Grado (L-9890) [331][332]
Caorle (L-9891) [333][334]
7,949 17.7.1972
1972
16.1.1988
1988
Launched 5.3.1957 as USS York County (LST-1175)
Launched 28.2.1957 as USS De Soto County (LST-1171)
Quarto
Italy
Quarto (A 5302) [335] 980 18.6.1967 1991 Fitted as landing transport ship, with 2 LCM onboard
Initially coded A 5302
In 1975 converted to experimental role as A 5314
Kenneth Whiting
United States
USS St. George (AV-16) Andrea Bafile (L 9871) [336][337] 13,910 15.5.1969 1977 Launched 14.2.1944 as USS St. George (AV-16)
For a short time coded as support ship (A 5314), then modified as L9871
After retire was used as barracks ship, since 1988, to Taranto Naval Base
Andromeda
United States
USS Whitley (AKA-91) Etna (L 9870)[338] 12,610 2.1962 1981 Launched 22.6.1944 as USS Whitley (AKA-91)
For a short time coded as support ship A5328, then modified as L9871
22 LCM / LCVP on board for about 300 marines embarked
LST-1
United States
Alameda County AVB-1.jpg Anteo (L 9869)[339] 4,145 20.11.1962 1.8.1973 Launched 22.5.1943 as USS Alameda County (LST-32)
In Italy initially coded as support ship A5306, then modified as L9869
Transport ships
Vesuvio
Italy
Stromboli (A5329) [340][341]
Vesuvio (A5330) [342][343]
4,325 1953
1954
1972
1.7.1972
Launched in 1940 as civilian ship; buy in 1948 and refitted for landing transport ship, with 4 LCM onboard
launched in 1943 as civilian ship buy in 1948 and refitted for landing transport ship, with 4 LCM onboard
Special forces tenders
Cavezzale
United States
09432809.jpg Pietro Cavezzale (A 5301) [344][345] 2,750 23.10.1957 31.3.1994 Launched 17.9.1942 as USS Oyster Bay (AGP-6)
Gabbiano, serie Ape
Italy
Ape (A 5328) [346] 740 15.5.1943 1981 Until 1964 in service as F567. Between 1964 and 1965 refitted as COMSUBIN Support Ship and coded A 5328
Ciclope
Italy
Ercole (A 5302) [347] 1,070 1903 1964 Launched as rescue tug
1949 renamed Ercole
1951 converted in special forces tender

Landing craft[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Hovercraft
Saunders Roe SRN6
United Kingdom
SRN6.jpg HC9801 [348] 10,9 5.11.1968 30.4.1982
LCM - Landing Craft Mechanized / Moto Trasporto Mezzi
LCM(3) - MTM
United States
Higgins LCM-3 at Battleship Cove, Fall River MA.jpg MTM 9901
MTM 9902
MTM 9903
MTM 9904
MTM 9905
MTM 9906
MTM 9907
MTM 9908
MTM 9909
MTM 9910
MTM 9911
MTM 9912
MTM 9913
MTM 9914 [349]
MTM 9915
MTM 9916
MTM 9917
MTM 9918
MTM 9919
MTM 9920
52 1952/1953 Launched between 194?/1944
LCM(6) - MTM
United States
MTM 9921
MTM 9922
MTM 9923
MTM 9924
MTM 9925
MTM 9926
MTM 9927
MTM 9928
MTM 9929
56 1952/1953
LCM(6) - MTM
United States
MTM 542
MTM 543
MTM 544
MTM 545
MTM 546
MTM 547
MTM 548
MTM 549
MTM 550
MTM 551
MTM 552
MTM 553
MTM 554
MTM 555
MTM 556
56
LCVP - Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel / Moto Trasporto Personale
LCVP - MTP
United States
MTP 9701
MTP 9702
MTP 9703
MTP 9704
MTP 9705
MTP 9706 [350]
MTP 9707
MTP 9708
MTP 9709
MTP 9710
MTP 9711
MTP 9712
MTP 9713
MTP 9714
MTP 9715
MTP 9716
MTP 9717
MTP 9718
MTP 9719
MTP 9720
MTP 9721
MTP 9722
MTP 9723
MTP 9724
MTP 9725
8 1952/1953 Launched between 1943/1952
LCVP - MTP
United States
LCVP off Chinnampo.jpg MTP 9726
MTP 9727
MTP 9728
MTP 9729
MTP 9730
MTP 9731
MTP 9732
MTP 9733
MTP 9734
MTP 9735
MTP 9736
MTP 9737
MTP 9738
MTP 9739
MTP 9740
MTP 9741
MTP 9742
MTP 9743
MTP 9744
MTP 9745
MTP 9746
MTP 9747
MTM 9748
MTM 9749
MTM 9750
MTM 9751
MTM 9752
MTM 9753
MTM 9754
8

Replenishment ships[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Replenishment oilers
T2-SE-A1 tanker
United States
SS Fort Lee.jpg Sterope (A 5368) [351][352] 21,800 1959 1975 Launched in 1944 as USS Forbes Road
Since 1947 to 1953 as Cleveland (Cleveland Petroleum Co, London)
Since 1953 to 1959 as Enrico Incom (armatore Enrico Insom, Roma)
In 1959 to Italian Navy as Sterope (A 5368)
Oilers
Italy Brennero [353] 10,500 1948 1954 Launched 1921 for Italian Royal Navy
Since 1926 to Società Nazionale Olii Minerali - Milano
Since 1929 to Garibaldi - Genova (Ge 1588)
30.3.1941 Confiscated in New York from U.S.A. government

1941 as Gold Heels (Panama)
1944 as Carondelet
1946 as Gold Heels
Since 1948 as Brennero

Italy Nettuno [354] 10,310 1917 1954
Germany Urano [355][356] 11,200 1923 1.8.1954 Launched 7.5.1923 by Deutsche Werke Kiel for Germany Navy
Italy Prometeo [357][358] 1,200 1920 1958 Launched 1919 in Trieste as Ostia
After radiation converted to inshore oiler as G.R.G. 522
Pagano
Italy
Stige [359][360] 1,470 1925 1950

Boom defence vessels[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Boom defence vessels
Alicudi
Italy
Alicudi (A 5304) [361]
Filicudi (A 5305) [362]
832 1955
1955
30.4.1991
1.11.1977
Launched 11.7.1954 financed by MDAP program as USS AN-99
Launched 26.9.1954 [363]

Water tanker vessels[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Water tanker vessels
Piave
Italy
Piave (A5334) [364] 5,003 23.5.1973 2009 ? Launched 18.12.1971
Used as static training ship to COMSUBIN base, Varignano (La Spezia) [365]
Simeto
Italy
Simeto (A5375) [366] 1,914 9.7.1988 2002 Launched 4.4.1988
Delivered 10.7.2003 to Tunisian Navy as Ain Zaghouan
Brenta [367]
Italy
Basento (A5356) [368]
Bradano (A5357) [369]
Brenta (A 5358) [370]
1,985 19.7.1971
29.12.1971
18.4.1972
1.10.2004
1.12.2001
1.2.2002
Launched 2.2.1970; delivered 23.9.2009 to Ecuadorian Navy as BAE Atahualpa TR-63
Launched 3.9.1971
Launched 11.5.1971
US Army Design #294 - Isonzo
United States
Isonzo (A 5372) [371]
Ticino (A 5377)
1,658 1948
1948
31.5.1974
1984
Launched 6.1944 as US Army Y-77
Launched 6.1944 as US Army Y79
USS YW-83 - Adige
United States
Adige (A 5369) [372]
Flegetonte (A 5371) [373]
Tanaro (A 5376)
1,517 1948
1948
1948
1989
8.1.1974
1986
Launched 1944 as USS YW-92
Launched 1944 as USS YW-95
Launched as USS YW-99
Bormida
Italy
Mincio (A 5374) 670 1930 1993
Velino
Italy
Simeto 171 1905 1984
Italy Stura 125 1942 1982 Launched 1917 as mercantile ship
Po [374]
Italy
Po (A 5365) [375]
Volturno (A 5366) [376]
3,820 1937
1937
1974
1976
Italy Arno (A 5370) [377] 657 1929 1974
Japan Frigido [378][379] 405 31.1.1917 1975 Launched 1916 in Japan (Shirato Zozemsho docks - Osaka) as Takin Maru
Delivered to Italian Royal Navy as minesweeper G.5
Since 21.7.1919 converted in water tanker vessel as Frigido
Sebeto [380]
Italy
Metauro (A 5373) [381] 602 1934 1974
Italy Sprugola 318 1917 1974 launched as mercantile ship
Italy Sesia (A 5375) 1,460 1934 1972
Dalmazia [382]
Italy
Dalmazia (A 5367) [383] 3,137 1923 1971
Ticino
Italy
Tronto 120 1890 1968
Italy Velino (A 5397) 1,340 1930 1958
Avisio
Italy
Idria
Leno
Timavo
Vipacco
280 1926
1925
1926
1925
1954
1974
1980
1961
Adda [384][385]
Italy
Ofanto [386]
Oristano
280 1914
1914
1982
1954
Pagano
Italy
Pagano 1,454 1922 1951

Transport ships[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Transport ships
Cherso
Germany
Cherso [387] 4,427 1923 1951 Launched in 1912 in Germany
Monte Grappa
Italy
Monte Grappa (A 5328) [388][389] 840 1943 1958
Personnel Transport ships
Italy Tarantola [390][391] 512 1942 1993 Launched as Ammunition transport
After WWII converted to personnel transport to Taranto Naval Base

Coastal Transport Vessels - MTC[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Coastal Transport vessels
MTC Batch 1 (MZ Typ A / MFP-A)
Italy
MTC 1001 (A 5341) [392][393]
MTC 1002 (A 5342)
MTC 1003 (A 5343) [394]
MTC 1004 (A 5344)
MTC 1005 (A 5345)
MTC 1006 (A 5346) [395]
239 1942
1942
1942
1942
1942
1942
1.3.1995
1.3.1963
31.3.1984
30.4.1988
1987
1992
Launched 23.6.1942 as MZ 722 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1001
Launched 27.6.1942 as MZ 726 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1002
Launched 2.7.1942 as MZ 728 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1003
Launched 2.7.1942 as MZ 729 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1004
Launched 1942 as MZ 737 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1005
Preserved to Museo Storico Navale di Venezia
Launched 1942 as MZ 758 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1006
MTC Batch 2 (MZ Typ B)
Italy
MTC 1007 (A 5347) [396]
MTC 1008 (A 5348) [397]
MTC 1009 (A 5349) [398]
278,5 1943
1943
1943
31.7.1981
1.12.1979
1984
Launched between 9.1942/3.1943 as MZ 776 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1007
Launched 9.1942/3.1943 as MZ 784 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1008
Launched between 9.1942/3.1943 as MZ 800 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1009
MTC Batch 3 (MFP-D)
Germany
MTC 1010 (A 5350) [399] 239 1946 1.8.1968 Launched 21.5.1942 as F 831 Germany Navy > 1946 as MZ 831 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1010
MTC (MFP-DM)
Italy
MTC 1101 (A 5351) [400] 440 1945 1.8.1968 Launched 5.4.1943 for Germany Navy as F 1046 > AF 1046 > Since 1945 to Italian Navy as MZ 1046 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1101
MTC (MFP-C)
Netherlands
MTC 1102 (A 5352)
MTC 1103 (A 5353) [401]
MTC 1104 (A 5354) [402]
220 1946
1946
1946
'60
1.10.1970
1.7.1968
Launched 9.8.1941 for Germany Navy as F 435 > 1946 to Italian Navy as GLS 435 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1102
Launched 9.8.1941 for Germany Navy as F 436 > 1946 to Italian Navy as GLS 436 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1103
Launched 9.8.1941 for Germany Navy as F 437 > 1946 to Italian Navy as GLS 437 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1104
MTC (MFP-DM)
Italy
MTC 1105 (A 5355)
MTC 1109 (A 5359)
256 1945
1946
'60
1.5.1950
Launched 5.4.1943 for Germany Navy as F 1045 > 1945 to Italian Navy as MZ 1045 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1105
Launched 5.4.1943 for Germany Navy as F 943 > 1946 to Italian Navy as MZ 943 > 1.5.1950 reserved code MTC 1109
MTC (MFP-D)
Italy
MTC 1106 (A 5356)
MTC 1108 (A 5358)
239 1945
1945
1.5.1950
1.5.1950
Launched 10.6.1943 for Germany Navy as F 1191 > 1945 to Italian Navy as MZ 1191 > 1.5.1950 reserved code MTC 1106
Launched 10.6.1943 for Germany Navy as F 1155 > 1945 to Italian Navy as MZ 1155 > 1.5.1950 reserved code MTC 1108
MTC (MFP-A)
Germany
MTC 1107 (A 5357) 220 1946 Launched 28.6.1941 for Germany Navy as F 360 > 1945 to Italian Navy as MZ 360 > 1.5.1950 as MTC 1107

Rescue Ship[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Submarine Rescue Ships

Italy
Italian submarine rescue ship Proteo (A5310) c1962.jpg Proteo (A 5310) [403][404] 2,178 24.8.1951 31.5.2004 Launched 1943 by Cantieri Navali Riuniti - Ancona shipyards as Perseo
Captured 1944 by Germany Navy
New launched 2.6.1951 by Cantieri Navali Riuniti - Ancona as Proteo
Delivered 31.5.2004 to Bulgarian Navy as 224(Протео)
Rescue Ships
Italy Raffaele Paolucci [405][406] 70 12.9.1970 2000 ? used as ambulance vessel and Italian Republic President's yacht
6.2006 sold to private owner
Italy Marechiaro [407] 127 7.5.1936 1.2.1957 Laid down 1928 as Ercole
Launched 1929 as Città di Sorrento owned by Riunite Società Sorrentine di Navigazione - Sorrento
Netherlands Anteo [408] 1,362 28.3.1914 19.5.1954 Launched 20.12.1912 by Smulders Schiedam shipyards, Netherland

Factory vessel[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Littoral factory vessels
LCT(2) - MOC 1201
United Kingdom
MOC 1201 (A 5331) [409]
MOC 1206 (A 5336)
MOC 1207 (A 5337)
MOC 1208 (A 5338)
453 4.5.1945
1.10.1952
1951
1951
31.10.2008 [410]
1955
1989
1984
MOC 1201 Launched 17.11.1941 as HMS LCT(2)-167 > LCT® 167 > 1945 as NSC(L)34 > delivered to Italian Navy 4.5.1945 as MZ-34 > 1.5.1950 as MOC 1201 for torpedo support
MOC 1206 Launched 4.10.1941 as HMS LCT(2)-140 > LCT® 140 > 1945 as NSC(L)77 > 8.1946 as Parma - Lloyd Mediterraneo, Roma > Sell 1.12.1950 to Italian Navy > Commissioned 1.10.1952 as MOC 1206
20.12.1955 stranded in Red Sea...
Preserved to Haifa Museum as INS Af Al Pi Chen
MOC 1207 Launched 3.1.1942 as HMS LCT(2)-170 [411] > HMS NSC(L)-50
MOC 1208 Launched 17.1.1942 as HMS LCT(2)-171 > LCT® 171 >HMS NSC(L)-51
LCT(3) - MOC 1202
United Kingdom
MOC 1202 (A 5332)
MOC 1203 (A 5333) [412]
MOC 1204 (A 5334) [413]
MOC 1205 (A 5335) [414]
MOC 1209 (A 5339)
712 1.9.1951
1.12.1950
4.10.1951
3.12.1951
1951
1.4.1999
1998
2008
1998
1956
MOC 1202 Launched 3.1.1942 as HMS LCT(3)-330; then Città di Civitavecchia; 1948 delivered to Italian Navy as GLS 438 > Sell 1.5.1950 to Italian Navy as MOC 1202 > 1.9.1951 delivery and used for minesweeper support
MOC 1203 Launched 28.4.1942 as HMS LCT(3)-420 > 2.1948 as Sandalia - Lloyd Mediterraneo, Roma > Sell 1.12.1950 to Italian Navy as MOC 1203
Delivered 18.6.2002 to Albanian Navy [415]
MOC 1204 Launched 25.7.1942 as HMS LCT(3)-347; then Fiumicino
MOC 1205 Launched 1942 HMS LCT(3)-307; then Cagliari > Sell 1.12.1950 to Italian Navy
MOC 1209 Launched as HMS LCT(3)-, then La Fionda
Factory vessels
Antonio Pacinotti
Italy
Antonio Pacinotti [416] 3,113 1924 12.1952 Launched 20.4.1922 as Città di Sassari
converted in 1925 to submergible support ship for Italian Royal Navy, Antonio Pacinotti
1949 converted to factory and support vessel

Headlights service vessel[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Headlights service ships
Germany Rampino (A 5309)[417] 645 1921 7.1976 Launched 1921 by Reinhold Holtz - Harburg shipyards (Germany) as Johanne Klattes for Nicolaus Ebeling - Hamburg, company
Sell 1937 to Lucio Ercole - Italy, company as Spigola
Sell 1942 to Italian Royal Navy and converted to cable laying vessel, since 19.4.1943 as Rampino
Since 1953 converted to Headlights service ship as Rampino (A 5309)
LCT(3) - MTF 1301
United Kingdom
MTF 1301 (A 5361)
MTF 1302 (A 5362) [418]
MTF 1303 (A 5363) [419]
7.10.1946
7.10.1946
7.10.1946
'90
'90
'90
Launched 1942 as HMS LCT(3)-? > 1946 MZ.832 > GLS 432 > 1950 as MTF 1301
Launched 6.7.1942 as HMS LCT(3)-396 > 7.8.1946 as MZ.833 > 1.9.1947 as GLS 433 > 1.5.1950 as MTF 1302
Launched 1942 as HMS LCT(3)-421 > 1946 MZ.834 > GLS 434 > 1950 as MTF 1303
Panigaglia
Italy
Buffoluto (A 5327)[420][421] 1,071 15.12.1924 24.1.1973 Launched 16.4.1924 as ammunition transport vessel and minelayer
Since 1948 converted to headlights service vessel

Survey vessels[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Survey vessels
Action
United States
Staffetta (A 5307) [422] 1,378 1949 1970 Launched 4.12.1942 as USS Prudent (PG-96)
Delivered 22.9.1947 to Cameli, Italian merchant company, as Elbano
In 1949 buys from Italian Navy and converted, between 1949/1951, as survey vessel: renamed Staffetta
Ostia [423]
Italy
Azio[424][425] 1,040 1928 1.1.1957 Launched 4.5.1927 as minelayer

Training vessels[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Sailing vessels
Italy Ebe [426] 326 1952 1959 Launched in 1921 to Livorno yards as Gabbiano schooner for Lloyd Royal Belge Ltd. di Renfrew
Sell in 1926 to Società Calcare, Calce & Industrie Affini - Napoli
Sell in 1930 to A. Finocchiaro di Genova and renamd San Giorgio
Sell to Italian Navy in 1952
Preserved to Museo Nazionale Scienza e Tecnologia "Leonardo da Vinci" - Milano

Tugboats[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Oceanic tugs
V3-S-AH2
Ciclope
United States
Ciclope (A 5319) [427]
Titano (A 5325) [428]
Nereo
1,220 1947
1947
1949
1983
7.1974
9.1956
Delivered 5.1944 as USS MC-1417 Durable > HMS ODT Ataran > 1947 to Italian Navy > 1.1948 as Ciclope
Delivered 4.1944 as USS MC-1415 Power > HMS ODT Atengo > 6.1947 to Italian Navy as Titano
Delivered 7.1944 as USS MC-1419 Helper > HMS ODT Atoyac > 10.1949 to Italian Navy as Nereo
US Army Design #293
Atleta
United States
Atleta
Tenace (A 5324) [429]
Forte (A 5321) [430]
Colosso (A 5320) [431]
602 1946
1946
1946
1946
1977
1974
?
'80
Launched 9.1943/4.1944 as US Army LT-152
Launched 9.1943/4.1944 as US Army LT-154
Launched 9.1943/4.1944 as US Army LT-159
Launched 12.1943/4.1944 as US Army LT-214
Vigoroso
Italy
Gagliardo (A 5322) [432]
Robusto (A 5323) [433]
506 1940
1940
1988
1988
Chirone
Italy
San Giusto [434] 486 1942 1987 Launched as Chirone for Royal Italian Navy > 1945 to Trieste used by Governo Militare Alleato (Gestione U.GE.NA.) > 1948 named San Giusto > 1956 recommissioned to Italian Navy
Porto Empedocle
Austria-Hungary
Porto Empedocle [435] 482 10.1.1922 31.7.1971 Launched 1914 as Dolphin for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Atlante
Italy
Atlante (A 5317) [436] 355 1926 1968 Since 1.5.1953 as A 5317
Tugs
Piombino
Netherlands
Piombino 222 1916 1978 Launched 1915 as President Piroy in Netherland
Sant'Antioco
Italy
Sant'Antioco 192 1937 1975
Volosca
Austria-Hungary
Volosca 98 1921 1974 Launched 1897 as Pluto for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Circeo
Austria-Hungary
Circeo 154 1924 '70 Launched 1918 as T 163 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Sant'Antonio
Italy
Sant'Antonio 225 1957 1974
San Pietro
Italy
San Pietro
San Vito
108 1926
1926
1971
1971
Launched 1914 as mercantile Lowcen
Launched 1914 as mercantile Zeta
Lipari
Germany
Lipari 318 1921 1971 Launched 1917 as Dannsfeld for Germany Navy
Capo Rizzuto
Italy
Capo Rizzuto (Y 473) 70 1958 1988
US Army Ocean Tugs Design#327-A
Ausonia
United States
Ausonia (Y 401)[437]
Panaria (Y431) [438]
244
232
1948
1948
31.7.1984
1983
Delivery 4.1944 as US Army ST-486
Delivery between 4.1944/11.1944 as US Army ST-711 [439]
US Army Tugs Design#257-A
Albenga
United States
Albenga (Y 412)
Boeo (Y 417)
Nisida (Y 437)
192
175
120
1948
1948
1948
1990
30.4.1986
31.12.1992
Delivered 12.1943 as US Army ST 77
Delivered 12.1943 as US Army ST 76
Delivered 3.1944 as US Army ST 333 [440]
US Army DPC Tugs
Miseno
United States
Miseno (Y 427) [441]
Montecristo (Y 429) [442]
247
268
1948
1946
1988
1989
Delivered 1944 as US DPC-29 > 1944 as US Army ST-795 > 1950 as Miseno (Y 427)
Delivered 1943 as US DPC-79 > 1944 as US Army ST-762 > 1950 as Montecristo (Y 429)
MOWT, Ministry of War Transport
Empire - near-WARRIOR Type
United Kingdom
Ustica (Y448) [443]
Vigoroso
425 1950
1972
1991
19.9.1990
Launched 1935 as MOWT Empire Race > Capo d'Orlando > A 5324
Launched 6.3.1946 and since 1958 to Royal Navy as MOWT Empire Lucy > 7.1962 Ognina by Imprese Marittime Augustea SpA
MOWT, Ministry of War Transport
Empire - Modified WARRIOR Type
United Kingdom
Ercole (A 5388) [444]
Favignana (Y 424)
522 1971
?
1989
?
Launched as MOWT Empire Belle > ELF > Mare Jonio
Launched as MOWT Empire Phyllis > Hayat (Kuwait) > Brucoli > A 5385
Arsachena
Italy
Arsachena 180 1932 1991
San Bartolomeo
Italy
San Bartolomeo
San Benedetto
173 1942
1942
1968
1990
Passero
Italy
Passero
Linaro
Mesco
87 1934
1934
1934
1983
1986
1989
Sperone
Italy
Sperone 64 1954 1988
Porto Pisano
1st batch
Italy
Porto Pisano
Porto Fossone (Y 415)[445]
Porto Recanati
Porto Torres
268 1937
1937
1937
1936
1979
1973
1984
1974
Porto Pisano
2nd batch
Italy
Porto Vecchio 268 1942 1975
Capo Circeo
Italy
Capo Circeo 69 1956 1983
Senigallia
Italy
Ventimiglia 222 1940 1983
Tino
Italy
Tino [446] 268 1931 1983
Salvore
Italy
Salvore (A 5391)
Porto Rosso [447]
284
274
1929
1928
1979
1968
Miseno was named, in 1941, Porto Rosso
Linosa
Italy
Linosa
Asinara
Carbonara
131 1937
1937
1937
1972
1981
1978
Tavolara
Italy
Tavolara 67 1956 1976
Cordevole
Netherlands
Cordevole [448] 110 3.12.1916 1976 Launched 1915 as mercantile Dora in Netherland
Licosa
Germany
Licosa 108 1936 1975 Launched 1913 as mercantile Ernesto in Germany
Noli
Italy
Noli 60 1935 1973 Launched 1928 as mercantile Olga
Emilio
Netherlands
Emilio 65 1952 1973 Launched 1912 as Corry Dutch Navy
Saturno
Italy
Saturno 160 1939 1973 Launched 1906 in Great Britain as mercantile Emma
Argentario
Netherlands
Argentario [449] 87 1916 1973 Launched 1916 as mercantile Rival II in Netherland
Abbazia
Netherlands
Abbazia [450] 235 1917 '60 Launched 1916 as mercantile Susanna in Netherland > Lesina
Tagliamento
Netherlands
Tagliamento 70 1916 1971 Launched 1913 as mercantile Lena in Netherland
Italy Teulada 120 1916 1971 Launched as mercantile Christian in Netherland
Promontore
Netherlands
Promontore 140 1916 1968 Launched 1914 as mercantile Directeur Letzer in Netherland > Ostia
Austria-Hungary Portorose 101 1921 1964 Launched 1917 as T-103 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Liscanera
Netherlands
Liscanera [451] 222 1916 1963 Launched 1916 as mercantile Gertruda in Netherland
Irene
Italy
Irene 1952 1960
Lilibeo
Netherlands
Lilibeo 144 1916 1959 Launched 1915 as mercantile Endrika in Netherland
Cefalù
France
Cefalù 132 1936 1957 Launched 1904 in France as as mercantile Brandale
Mercurio
Italy
Mercurio 1944 1957 Launched as mercantile San Raffaele
Sciacca
Italy
Sciacca 120 1935 1956 Launched 1902 as mercantile Salerno
Astico
Netherlands
Astico 80 1916 1956 Launched 1909 as mercantile Christian in Netherland
Italy Lampedusa 166 1915 1951 during WWII used for Headlights service vessel
Gaeta
Netherlands
Gaeta 250 1917 1951 Launched 1916 as mercantile Guglielmina in Netherland
Rapallo
Italy
Rapallo [452] 327 31.8.1937 1950
Rescue tugs
Germany Polifemo 1,285 1922 1952 Launched 1921 in Germany as Einigkeit
Riverine tugs
Mestre
Italy
Mestre
Chioggia
150 1919
1919
1968
1989
Lagoon tugs
R.L.1
Italy
R.L. 1
R.L. 3
R.L. 9
R.L. 10
52 1919
1919
1920
1921
1973
1960
1960
1951
R.L.11
Italy
R.L. 11 1948 1951
R.L.12
Italy
R.L. 12 1948 1956
Harbor tugs
N.80
Austria-Hungary
N.80
N.87
N.88
N.94
47 1919
1923
1923
1924
1974
1975
1985
1965
Launched 1918 as T 69 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Launched 1918 as T 67 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Launched 1918 as T 68 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Launched 1918 as T 65 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
Austria-Hungary N.78 28 1922 1985 Launched 1913 as T 91 for Austro-Hungarian Navy
ex ministeriale
Italy
Colonnello Pozzi
Generale Valfrè
Generale Pollio
100 1939
1939
1940
1982
1951
1951
Colonnello Pozzi launched 1912
San Biagio [453]
Italy
San Biagio
Sant'Antonio [454]
San Daniele [455]
225 2.5.1957
2.5.1957
2.5.1957
1.11.1975
30.4.1974
1.4.1973
Launched 18.7.1944
Launched 8.8.1944
Launched 27.7.1944 as San Cesareo;
N.2
Netherlands
Gorgona 162 1916 1975 Launched as mercantile in Netherland > N.3
N.2
Italy
N.2 1941 1974 Launched as mercantile Nibbio
N.30
Italy
N.32 87 1908 1973
N.24
Italy
N.24
N.26
N.27
77 1911
1911
1911
1964
1956
1971

Italy
N.47 60 1916 1971 Launched as mercantile N.631
N.1
Italy
N.1 1941 1965 Launched 1919 as mercantile Ipso
Netherlands Licata 85 1916 1965 Launched 1914 in Netherland as mercantile Harmonie > Isonzo
Netherlands Pianosa 183 1915 '60 Launched 1914 in Netherland as mercantile Waterweg N.2
N.5
Italy
N.5
N.22
N.23
99 1913
1914
1914
1959
1955
1972
N.28
Italy
Capraia 128 1903 1957 Launched as N. 29
N.52
Netherlands
N.52
N.53
65 1918
1915
1957
1957
Launched in Netherland as mercantile > Lucia
Launched in Netherland as mercantile Rival
Italy N.9 99 1913 1954
Italy N.4 72 1933 1951 Launched 1917 as mercantile
Italy N.3 1941 1951 Launched as mercantile Conte di San Robert
Nisida
Italy
Procida 135 1913 1951
N.35
Italy
N.35
N.36
104 1915
1915
1951
1951

Others[edit]

Class Picture Ships Displacement
Tonnes
Commissioned Retired Note
Dredgers
Generale Chiodo
Germany
Generale Chiodo 2,700 1923 1965 Launched 4.1915 by Lübecker Maschinenbau-Gesellschaft shipyard for Germany Navy as SOLTHÖRN (SOLTHOERN)
Yard No.130 1701grt / 990nrt, 1500 m3, 77.28 m x 14.04 m x 5.1 m, 2 propellers
Barges
Betta 15
Italy
Betta 15
Betta 17
316 1922
1923
1955
1976
Betta 21
Germany
Betta 21 300 1922 1960 Launched as 1901 as DP 6 for Germany Navy
Betta 23
Germany
Betta 23
Betta 24
492 1922
1922
1955
1975
Launched as 1901 as DP 6 for Germany Navy

Aircraft[edit]

Model Origin Picture Version History Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
Grumman S-2 Tracker  United States Grumman S-2 Tracker, Italy - Air Force JP7433316.jpg Grumman S-2F-1 Tracker [456] 45 [457] in service between 1957 and 1978 133069 preserved to Museo Aviazione Rimini
136556 preserved to Museo Storcio Aeronautica Militare - Vigna di Valle (Roma)
136561 preserved to Signonella (Catania) Naval Air Station
144716 preserved to Elmas (Cagliari) airport
Lockheed PV-2 Neptune  United States Lockheed (Vega) PV-2 Harpoon (15) AN1392916.jpg Lockheed PV-2 Neptune [458] 22 in service between 1953 and 1960
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver  United States SB2C4livermore (991823765).jpg Curtiss SB2C Helldiver [459] 42 in service between 1950 and 1958 (of which 26 SB2C-5)
Helicopters
Agusta-Bell AB204 AS  Italy
 United States
Agusta AB204AS [460] 34 commissioned between 1964 and 1973
retired on 1988 [461]
MM80371 3-10 preserved to Sarzana-Luni Naval Air Station
Sikorsky SH-34/S-58 Seabat  United States Sikorsky S-58 landing c.jpg HSS-1 Seabat 3 HSS-1 and 13 HSS-1N
Delivered between 1959 and 1964
retired in 1978[462]
153622 4-14 preserved to Sarzana-Luni (La Spezia) Naval Air Station [463]
Agusta-Bell AB-47J  Italy
 United States
Bell47J.JPG Agusta-Bell AB-47J3 [464] 20 -J3 delivered between 1957 and 1962
retired in 1972
MM80360 2-07 preserved to Sarzana-Luni (La Spezia) Naval Air Station
Agusta-Bell AB-47G  United States
 Italy
Bell 47 of Carabinieri.JPG Agusta-Bell AB-47G [465] 7 delivered between 1956
retired in 1972 [466]
MM80294 preserved to Pratica di Mare (Roma) Air Base in Carabinieri air service colors [467]
Agusta A.106  Italy A106-2.jpg Agusta A106 2 in test use between 1965 and 1972 Experimental, not in service
5-01 preserved to Sigonella (Catania) Naval Air Station [468]

ROV[edit]

Model Origin Picture Service Embarked Note
ROV
SMIN MIN Mk2  Italy 12 commissioned in 1992
phase out by 2005/2008
4 Lerici minehunter class
8 Gaeta minehunter class
Had replaced Whitehead-Riva Calzoni ROV MIN-77 on 4 Lerici minehunter class
phased out
replaced by Gaymarine ROV Pluto GIGAS
SMIN MIN-77  Italy 8 in 1985 4 Lerici minehunter class Replaced by SMIN MIN Mk2 on 4 Lerici minehunter class

Structure and organisation[edit]

Structure[edit]

Marina Militare is divided into seven corps (by precedence):

  • Corpo di stato maggiore - Corps of Staff Officers (SM) (line officers)
  • Corpo del genio navale - Corps of Naval Engineering (GN)
  • Corpo delle armi navali - Corps of the Naval Arms (AN)
  • Corpo sanitario militare marittimo - Maritime Military Medical Corps (MD) for medics; (FM) for Pharmacists
  • Corpo di commissariato militare marittimo - Corps of Military Maritime Commissariat (CM) (administration)
  • Corpo delle capitanerie di porto - Corps of the Port Captaincies (CP) the coast guard
  • Corpo degli equipaggi militari marittimi - Corps of the Military Maritime Crews (CEMM)

Organization[edit]

  • Capo di Stato Maggiore della Marina (Navy Chief of Staff)- Ammiraglio di squadra Giuseppe de Giorgi
  • Sottocapo di Stato Maggiore della Marina (Navy Deputy Chief of Staff)- Ammiraglio di squadra Claudio Gaudiosi
  • Fleet Command - Comandante in Capo della Squadra Navale (CINCNAV) Ammiraglio di squadra Filippo Maria Foffi
    • Comando Forze d'Altura COMFORAL (based in Taranto): ships Garibaldi, Espero, Etna, Durand de la Penne, Mimbelli, San Giorgio, San Marco, San Giusto, Elettra
      • COMSQUAFR 1 (based in Taranto): ships Aliseo, Euro, Zefiro, Espero, Artigliere, Bersagliere, Granatiere, Aviere, Stromboli
      • COMSQUAFR 2 (based in La Spezia): ships Maestrale, Grecale, Libeccio, Scirocco, Vesuvio
    • Comando delle Forze da Pattugliamento per la Sorveglianza e la Difesa Costiera COMFORPAT (based in Augusta):
      • COMSQUACORV: ships Minerva, Urania, Danaide, Sfinge, Chimera, Driade, Fenice, Sibilla
      • COMSQUAPAT 1: ships Cassiopea, Libra, Spica, Vega
      • COMSQUAPAT 2: ships Cigala Fulgosi, Borsini, Foscari, Bettica, Sirio, Orione
    • Comando delle Forze Anfibie COMFORSBARC (based in Brindisi):
    • Comando Forze Subacquee COMFORSUB (based in Taranto):
      • COMGRUPSOM: submarines Da Vinci, Pelosi, Prini, Longobardo, Gazzana, Todaro, Scirè
    • Centro di Addestramento Aeronavale MARICENTADD
    • Comando Forze Aeree COMFORAER (based in Santa Rosa)
    • Centro per le Telecomunicazioni e l'Informatica MARITELE (based in Roma)
    • Comando delle Forze di Contromisure Mine COMFORDRAG (based in La Spezia):
      • COMSQUADRAG 53: ships Numana, Rimini, Sapri, Termoli, Viareggio, Vieste
      • COMSQUADRAG 54: ships Alghero, Chioggia, Crotone, Gaeta, Lerici, Milazzo
    • Quartier Generale Marina QUARTGENMARINA (based in Roma)

Rank structure[edit]

Main article: Italian Navy ranks

Future of the Italian Navy[edit]

  • As of July 2014, four FREMM multipurpose frigates have been launched, with three more currently undergoing construction, a further one financed within June 2013 and last two (ninth and tenth) authorized on June 18, 2014 to contract (with AAW & ATBM capabilities and with A70 VLS for cruise missiles). These ships will replace the eight Maestrale class and four Lupo class frigates, the latter already phased out.
  • Two Type 212 submarines are under construction to replace older types currently in service (Sauro III class), by 2015 and 2016.
  • An ARS (USSP) - about 10.000 t, 127 m length, 23 m width, 18 kts max speed, 6.000 nm range, 80 crew with accommodation for 180, hangar for 2 helicopters NH90/AW101, DVRS 650 - rescue and command ship for submarines (Auxiliary Rescue Ship / Nave Appoggio Incursori), with hydrographic and artic capability, is scheduled for commissioning in 2018, financed since 2013 with initial 5 million Euro in budget, on about 300 million Euro, total cost.
  • 1 improved squadron replenishment ships (Logistic Support Ship, 23,000 ton, double hull, hangar for 2 x AW101, crew 80, 300 million Euros) to replace Stromboli and Vesuvio, in about 2018. Already financed in 2014.
  • 6 (+4 in option) new PPA (Pattugliatore Polivalente d'Altura, previously defined MSS Maritime Security Ships or UPAD) to replace Cassiopea & Minerva classes (4,500/5,500-ton, 135 m length, 16,5 m width x 10,5 m, 1 x OTO Melara 127/64 mm Vulcano, 1 OTO Melara 76/62 mm Strales, hangar for 2 helos NH-90 or 1 AW-101, crew 30 (Light version, without helos personnel) accommodation for 200, 25 kts cruiser speed (diesels only), 35 kts max speed with TAG & diesel engines (WAP), range 5,000 miles to 15 kts, 2/3 RHIBS or special forces boats up to 15 m, 25 x 15 x 5 m internal area for UAV, UUV or other modular systems (MHC, rescue & relief, emergency hospital, etc.): in service from 2017, one per year. First five will be "Light" version, fitted for but not with missiles. 4 of 10 PPA (beginning since the sixth) will be fitted as frigate, to replace Soldati & De la Penne classes, with 16 VLS A70 for Aster 15, Aster 30 & Scalp Navale cruise missiles; 8 x Teseo missiles (ASuW and land attack); 2 x MU-90s torpedo launchers, MFRA AESA 4 fixed flats radar. First 6 PPA financed by 2014, with 4 more in option; PPA Full will have ATBM capability (beginning with Aster 30 Bloch 1NT).
  • 2 advanced vessels for special forces use: about 60/70 m length and 60/70 kts max speed, already financed in 2014.
  • 1 20,000-ton amphibious assault ship (LHD), which will start replacing the two LPD San Giorgio from 2018/2020; 190 m length, 5 spot for helos, 25 kts max speed, 100 crew + 100 staff command + 800 landing force, 2 x 76/62 mm Strales + air defence system with Aster 15 missiles. The stern floodable dock will can accommodate four LCM or one LCAC; financed by 2014.

In addition, the Navy is planning, for middle years '20s:

  • Another improved squadron replenishment ships (Logistic Support Ship, 23,000 ton)
  • Another LHD vessel, notionally configured as an LHA is also planned for replace the Giuseppe Garibaldi (551).[469]
  • 6/10 COV Cacciamine Oceanico Veloce (OPV/MHC), to replace Comandanti, Sirio & Gaeta classes
  • Another 2 SSK, to replace Sauro IV class
  • Further 16 AW-101 helos

Coast Guard[edit]

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard (Italian language: Corpo delle Capitanerie di porto - Guardia costiera) is the Coast Guard of Italy and is part of the Italian Navy under the control of the Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports. In Italy, it is commonly known as simply the Guardia costiera.

Guardia di Finanza - Naval service[edit]

The Guardia di Finanza (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡwardja di fiˈnantsa]; English: Finance Guard) is an Italian law enforcement agency under the authority of the Minister of Economy and Finance and part of the Italian armed forces. The Guard is essentially responsible for dealing with financial crime and smuggling; it has also evolved into Italy's primary agency for suppressing the drugs trade. The Guardia di Finanza maintains over 600 boats and ships and about 100 aircraft to serve in its mission of patrolling Italy's territorial waters and European water borders.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]