Women in Italy
Sophia Loren, one of Italy's best known actresses
|Gender Inequality Index|
|Rank||11th out of 148|
|Maternal mortality (per 100,000)||4 (2010)|
|Women in parliament||20.7% (2012)|
|Females over 25 with secondary education||68.0% (2010)|
|Women in labour force||37.9% (2011)|
|Global Gender Gap Index|
|Rank||71st out of 136|
For the Roman period, see Women in Ancient Rome.
|Women in society|
After ancient Rome and up to the 1950s and 1960s, women were not usually mistreated or abused, but had far less rights than men. There were some distinguished women in Italy before the 1950s, such as Elena Piscopia (the world's first female laureate), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (scholar, mathematician and philosopher) and Maria Montessori (educator), but women in Italy were rarely well-educated and would probably end up being a housewife, washer or a nun at most.
Today women have equal rights as men, and have mainly the same job, business and education opportunities. Some, more traditionalist (especially in the South) people in Italian society still tend to treat women as slightly inferior, but female rights in Italy are just as one would expect of a developed country.
Women in Italy tend to have highly favourable results and mainly excel in secondary and tertiary education. Ever since the Italian economic miracle, women's literacy rate and university enrollment has gone up dramatically in Italy. Women in Italy have a 98% literacy rate, have a basic education and often go to university. 60% of Italian university graduates are female, and women are excellently represented in all academic subjects, including mathematics, information technology and other technological areas which are usually occupied by males.
Female standards at work are generally of a high quality and professional, but is not as excelling as in their education. The probability of a woman getting employed is mainly related to her qualifications, and 80% of women who graduate university go to look for jobs.
Women in Italy usually get the same wages as men of their same position. Women holding white collar, high level or office jobs tend to get paid the same as men, but women with blue collar or manual positions are paid 1/3 less than their male counterparts. Some of these variables are quite changeable depending on what job the certain woman has.
Culture and society
There is, today, a growing acceptance of women, and people (especially in the North) tend to be far more liberal towards women getting jobs, going to university and doing stereotypically male things. However, in some parts of society, women are still stereotyped as being simply housewives and mothers, also reflected in the fact of a higher-than-EU average female unemployment.
- "Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2013. p. 156.
- "The Global Gender Gap Report 2013". World Economic Forum. pp. 12–13.
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