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The Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (Japanese: 三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社 Hepburn: Mitsubishi Fusō Torakku・Basu Kabushiki gaisha) is a German-owned, Japan-based manufacturer of trucks and buses. It is headquartered in Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa, Japan. This company is one of the world's largest truck manufacturers. Daimler AG of Germany owns approximately 89.29% of Mitsubishi Fuso and Mitsubishi Fuso is a member of the Daimler Trucks division of Daimler AG.
The name Fuso translates to hibiscus, an ancient name for Japan used by the Chinese and this was the name for the company's first product in 1932.
- 1932: First B46 bus built and christened "Fuso" at Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.'s Kobe Works.
- 1934: Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. renamed Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.
- 1937: MHI motor vehicle operations at Kobe Works transferred to Tokyo Works.
- 1949: Fuso Motors Sales Co., Ltd. established. (Renamed Mitsubishi Fuso Motors Sales Co., Ltd. in 1952)
- 1950: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is split into three companies: East Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd., Central Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. and West Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd.
- 1952: Central Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. renamed Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.; West Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. renamed Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Ltd., East Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. renamed Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Ltd.
- 1957: MNHI integrates Tokyo and Kawasaki Works into the Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works.
- 1964: Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Ltd., Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. and Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Ltd. merged to form Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Mitsubishi Fuso Motors and Shin Mitsubishi Motors Sales Co. merge to form Mitsubishi Motors Sales Co.
- 1970: MHI signs joint venture agreement with Chrysler Corporation. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) established. MHI transfers motor vehicle operations to MMC.
- 1975: MMC commissions Nakatsu Plant at its Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works.
- 1980: MMC commissions Kitsuregawa Proving Grounds.
- 1982: Fuso brand celebrates 50th anniversary.
- 1984: MMC merges with Mitsubishi Motor Sales Co., Ltd.
- 1985: MMC and Mitsubishi Corporation establish joint-equity company Mitsubishi Truck of America, Inc. in the United States.
- 1993: MMC and Chrysler Corporation dissolve equity partnership.
- 1999: MMC and AB Volvo enter equity and operational alliance covering truck and bus operations. AB Volvo acquires 5% of MMC stock.
- 2001: DaimlerChrysler replaces AB Volvo as MMC's strategic alliance partner in the truck and bus sector. MMC renames Tokyo Plant the Truck and Bus Production Office (referred to externally as the Kawasaki Plant).
- 2003: Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation established. DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation and other Mitsubishi group companies acquire equity stakes of 43%, 42% and 15% respectively in MFTBC.
- 2004: Daimler AG, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation and Mitsubishi group companies hold shares of 65%, 20% and 15% respectively as MMC sold part of its MFTBC shares to Daimler AG, then DaimlerChrysler.
- 2005: Mitsubishi Motors Corporation transferred rest of its MFTBC shares to DaimlerChrysler as a major part of the agreement of compensation for financial damages resulting from quality issues and recalls at MFTBC. Daimler AG, then DaimlerChrylser and Mitsubishi group companies hold shares of 85% and 15% respectively
- 2006: MFTBC relocated the headquarters from Tokyo to Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa.
- 2007: Mitsubishi Fuso celebrates the 75th anniversary of the Fuso brand name. DaimlerChrysler sells a majority stake of Chrysler Corporation to Cerberus Capital Management. The corporation is renamed Daimler AG and subsequently, the former DaimlerChrysler Truck Group is renamed Daimler Trucks. MFTBC is an integral part of the Daimler Trucks Division of Daimler AG.
Daimler AG (89.29%), Mitsubishi group companies (10.71%)
Fuso trucks are mostly developed and built in Japan. The facilities include:
- Kitsuregawa Proving Ground
- Kawasaki Plant and Research & Development Center
- Nakatsu Plant
- Mitsubishi Fuso Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd. in Fuchu-machi, Nei-gun, Toyama
The Canter has been manufactured by Mitsubishi Fuso in Tramagal/Portugal since 1980. Tramagal is located 150 km north of Lisbon. The factory achieves a production capacity of 15,000 units per year and shift with approximately 480 employees (status: April 2005). 100,000 vehicles have been produced to date. High production quality standards certified with ISO-standards, combined with a test track and extensive final inspection and quality checks lead to a tough and reliable truck –
The European Marketing & Sales Headquarter of Mitsubishi Fuso is located in Stuttgart, Germany.
Domestic Japan 
A Fuso Aero King is operated by Nishinihon JR Bus Co., in Japan.
Outside Japan 
A Fuso RM bus is operated by Kamalan Bus Inc. in Taiwan.
- Fuso Rosa
- Fuso MK (Aero Midi)
- Fuso MP (New Aero Star) non-step Diesel & CNG
- Fuso MS (Aero Bus/Aero Queen)
- Fuso BK125L (Bus chassis)
- Fuso BM115/116/117/118 (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RK (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RM (Bus chassis)
- Fuso RP (Bus Chassis)
Transport electrification 
The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Eco Hybrid (diesel-electric bus) is now in trials in Japan. According to the company, it can reduce fuel consumption by as much as 30 percent. The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Eco Hybrid operates with a series hybrid drive, in which the diesel engine does not drive wheels directly but instead is used solely to drive an electrical generator to recharge lithium-ion batteries, connected to the two electric motor (with a combined output of 158 kW), which propel the vehicle.
Daimler Trucks uses such a system for most of its full-hybrid commercial vehicles, including in the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Eco Hybrid, while series hybrids are reserved for urban buses, where they work most efficiently.
Global distribution 
Outside of Japan, vehicles manufactured by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation are sold in:
Controversy / recall 
- Detachment of their wheels while in motion 
- Malfunction of brakes. A school bus with 50 children was involved in an accident due to the malfunctioning of brakes. Originally it was thought that the driver was trying to avoid a piece of wood on the highway. Later Mitsubishi accepted it as their fault and apologized for the accident. No lives were lost in the incident.
See also 
External links