Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation

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Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation
三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社
Type Subsidiary
Industry Automobile manufacturing
Founded 1932
Headquarters 890-12, Kashimada, Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa, 212-0058 Japan
Key people Takao Suzuki (Chairman);
Albert Kirchmann (President & CEO)
Products Buses and Trucks
Revenue $7.6 billion (2010)
Employees (Consolidated) c.18,200
Parent Daimler AG (89.29%)
Website www.mitsubishi-fuso.com
Fuso in Hongkong 2013

The Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (Japanese: 三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社 Hepburn: Mitsubishi Fusō Torakku・Basu Kabushiki gaisha?) is a German-owned, Japan-based manufacturer of trucks and buses. It is headquartered in Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa, Japan. It is one of the world's largest truck manufacturers. Daimler AG of Germany owns approximately 89.29% of Mitsubishi Fuso and Mitsubishi Fuso is a member of the Daimler Trucks division of Daimler AG.[1]

The name Fuso translates to hibiscus, an ancient name for Japan used by the Chinese and this was the name for the company's first product in 1932.

History[edit]

In 1932, the first B46 bus was built and christened "Fuso" at Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.'s Kobe Works. In 1934, Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. was renamed Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. In 1937, the MHI motor vehicle operations at Kobe Works were transferred to Tokyo Works. In 1949, Fuso Motors Sales Co., Ltd. was established. It was renamed Mitsubishi Fuso Motors Sales Co., Ltd. in 1952.

In 1950, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was split into three companies: East Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd., Central Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. and West Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. In 1952, Central Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. was renamed Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., West Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. was renamed Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Ltd., and East Japan Heavy Industries, Ltd. was renamed Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Ltd.

In 1957, MNHI integrated Tokyo and Kawasaki Works into the Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works. In 1964, Mitsubishi Nippon Heavy Industries, Ltd., Shin Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. and Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Ltd. merged to form Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., and Mitsubishi Fuso Motors and Shin Mitsubishi Motors Sales Co. merged to form Mitsubishi Motors Sales Co. In 1970, MHI signs joint venture agreement with Chrysler Corporation, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC) was established, and MHI transfered motor vehicle operations to MMC.

In 1975, MMC commissioned the Nakatsu Plant at its Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works. In 1980, MMC commissioned the Kitsuregawa Proving Grounds. In 1984, MMC merged with Mitsubishi Motor Sales Co., Ltd.

In 1985, MMC and Mitsubishi Corporation established the joint-equity company Mitsubishi Truck of America, Inc. in the United States. In 1993, MMC and Chrysler Corporation dissolved their equity partnership.

In 1999, MMC and AB Volvo entered an equity and operational alliance covering truck and bus operations, and AB Volvo acquired 5% of MMC stock. In 2001, DaimlerChrysler replaced AB Volvo as MMC's strategic alliance partner in the truck and bus sector, and MMC renamed the Tokyo Plant the Truck and Bus Production Office (referred to externally as the Kawasaki Plant).

In 2003, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation was established. DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation and other Mitsubishi group companies acquired equity stakes of 43%, 42% and 15% respectively in MFTBC. In 2005, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation transferred its MFTBC shares to DaimlerChrysler as part of their agreement of compensation for financial damages resulting from quality issues and recalls at MFTBC. DaimlerChrylser and Mitsubishi group companies hold shares of 85% and 15% respectively. In 2006, MFTBC relocated their headquarters from Tokyo to Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa. In 2007, DaimlerChrysler sells a majority stake of Chrysler Corporation to Cerberus Capital Management. The corporation is renamed Daimler AG and subsequently, the former DaimlerChrysler Truck Group is renamed Daimler Trucks. MFTBC is an integral part of the Daimler Trucks Division of Daimler AG.

Shareholders[edit]

Daimler AG (89.29%), Mitsubishi group companies (10.71%)

Facilities[edit]

Fuso trucks are mostly developed and built in Japan. The facilities include:

  • Kitsuregawa Proving Ground
  • Kawasaki Plant and Research & Development Center
  • Nakatsu Plant
  • Mitsubishi Fuso Bus Manufacturing Co., Ltd. in Fuchu-machi, Nei-gun, Toyama

The Canter has been manufactured by Mitsubishi Fuso in Tramagal, Portugal since 1980. The factory has a production capacity of 15,000 units per year and approximately 480 employees, as of April 2005.

The European Marketing & Sales Headquarters of Mitsubishi Fuso is located in Stuttgart, Germany.

In Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia, there is a Canter assembly plant, FUSO KAMAZ Trucks Rus Co., Ltd.[2]

Products[edit]

Fuso Super Great

Domestic Japan[edit]

Truck[edit]

Bus[edit]

A Fuso Aero King is operated by Nishinihon JR Bus Co., in Japan.

Outside Japan[edit]

Truck[edit]

Fuso FK fire engine

Bus[edit]

A Fuso RM bus is operated by Kamalan Bus Inc. in Taiwan.
A Fuso RP118 bus is operated by BMTA in Thailand.
  • Fuso Rosa
  • Fuso MK (Aero Midi)
  • Fuso MP (New Aero Star) non-step Diesel & CNG
  • Fuso MS (Aero Bus/Aero Queen)
  • Fuso BK125L (Bus chassis)
  • Fuso BM115/116/117/118 (Bus chassis)
  • Fuso RK (Bus chassis)
  • Fuso RM (Bus chassis)
  • Fuso RP (Bus Chassis)

Others[edit]

  • Industrial Engines

Transport electrification[edit]

The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Eco Hybrid (diesel-electric bus) is now in trials in Japan. According to the company, it can reduce fuel consumption by as much as 30 percent.[4] The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star Eco Hybrid operates with a series hybrid drive, in which the diesel engine does not drive wheels directly but instead is used solely to drive an electrical generator to recharge lithium-ion batteries,[5] connected to the two electric motor (with a combined output of 158 kW), which propel the vehicle.[1]

Daimler Trucks uses such a system for most of its full-hybrid commercial vehicles, including in the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Eco Hybrid, while series hybrids are reserved for urban buses, where they work most efficiently.[5]

Global distribution[edit]

Outside of Japan, vehicles manufactured by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation are sold in:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]