Monticello, Arkansas

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Monticello, Arkansas
City
Downtown Monticello, Arkansas 006.jpg
Location in Drew County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Drew County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 33°37′38″N 91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389Coordinates: 33°37′38″N 91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Drew
Government
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Mayor Joe Rogers (interim)
Area
 • Total 10.7 sq mi (27.8 km2)
 • Land 10.7 sq mi (27.8 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 292 ft (89 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 9,778
 • Density 859/sq mi (329/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 71655-71657
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-46580
GNIS feature ID 0052144

Monticello /mɒntɪsɛl/ is a city in and the county seat of Drew County, Arkansas.[1] Founded in 1849 in the Arkansas Timberlands very near the Arkansas delta, the city has long been a commercial, cultural and educational hub for southeast Arkansas. With a historically agriculture- and silviculture-based economy, Monticello has diversified including growth from the medical sector and the University of Arkansas at Monticello.

History[edit]

When Drew County was formed in 1846, its citizens decided that a new town should be built to serve as the county seat. In 1849, land was donated for the town site. The first courthouse was built in 1851 and a second courthouse was erected in 1857.

During the Civil War, several small skirmishes were fought around Monticello. The Rodger's Female Academy was used as a hospital for Confederate soldiers.[2]

Geography[edit]

Monticello is located at 33°37′38″N 91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389 (33.627183, −91.793787).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.8 square miles (28 km2) of which 10.7 square miles (28 km2) is land and 0.09% is water.

Climate[edit]

Monticello lies in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen Cfa). The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.

Climate data for Monticello, Arkansas (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
85
(29)
89
(32)
96
(36)
98
(37)
104
(40)
109
(43)
107
(42)
108
(42)
96
(36)
89
(32)
82
(28)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 53
(12)
58
(14)
67
(19)
75
(24)
82
(28)
89
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
87
(31)
76
(24)
65
(18)
55
(13)
74.3
(23.4)
Average low °F (°C) 33
(1)
38
(3)
44
(7)
52
(11)
61
(16)
69
(21)
72
(22)
71
(22)
64
(18)
53
(12)
44
(7)
36
(2)
53.1
(11.8)
Record low °F (°C) −6
(−21)
−6
(−21)
11
(−12)
22
(−6)
36
(2)
46
(8)
52
(11)
49
(9)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
0
(−18)
−6
(−21)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.68
(118.9)
5.16
(131.1)
5.16
(131.1)
4.79
(121.7)
5.04
(128)
4.08
(103.6)
3.59
(91.2)
2.85
(72.4)
2.96
(75.2)
4.63
(117.6)
5.10
(129.5)
5.64
(143.3)
53.68
(1,363.6)
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 891
1890 1,285 44.2%
1900 1,579 22.9%
1910 2,274 44.0%
1920 2,378 4.6%
1930 3,076 29.4%
1940 3,650 18.7%
1950 4,501 23.3%
1960 4,412 −2.0%
1970 5,085 15.3%
1980 8,259 62.4%
1990 8,113 −1.8%
2000 9,146 12.7%
2010 9,467 3.5%
Encyclopedia of Arkansas
History and Culture
[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 9,146 people, 3,592 households, and 2,316 families residing in the city. The population density was 852.0 inhabitants per square mile (329.0/km2). There were 3,972 housing units at an average density of 370.0 per square mile (142.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.96% White, 32.62% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 3,592 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 16.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,821, and the median income for a family was $36,615. Males had a median income of $32,029 versus $21,546 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,113. About 14.8% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.


Government[edit]

Monticello operates under a mayor-council government, with two aldermen representing the city's four wards on the city council. Aldermen are elected to two-year terms. The mayor, city attorney, and municipal judge are elected to four-year terms.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary[edit]

Monticello is served by the Monticello School District and the Drew Central School District.

The Monticello School District consists of Monticello Elementary School (grades K to 2), Monticello Intermediate School (grades 3 to 5) Monticello Middle School (grades 6 to 8), and Monticello High School (grades 9 to 12).

The Drew Central School District primarily serves the outlying areas of Monticello. It consists of Drew Central Elementary School (grades PreK to 4), Drew Central Middle School (grades 5 to 8), and Drew Central High School (grades 9 to 12).

Monticello also has two private academies. Monticello Christian Academy serves grades K through 12, and Grace Christian Academy serves grades K through 8.

Athletics[edit]

High School football is a popular community event; the Monticello High School Billies won the AAA (now AAAAA) state championship in 1994 and in 2009.;[7] the Monticello Middle School football team was undefeated in the years from 2005-2008.[citation needed] The Drew Central High School football team was recently reincorporated after a fire destroyed the team's equipment.[citation needed]

Post-secondary[edit]

Monticello is the home of the University of Arkansas at Monticello.

Media[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

  • The Advance Monticellonian (weekly)

Notable people[edit]

John Robert Busby "Bo" - Heart Surgeon at JRMC in Pine Bluff, Arkansas and former all SWC football player for the Arkansas Razorbacks from 1972-1976. Played for Frank Broyles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ DeArmond-Huskey, Rebecca. "Monticello (Drew County)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Monthly Averages for Monticello, AR (71655)" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  5. ^ DeArmond-Huskey, Rebecca (February 25, 2014). "Monticello (Drew County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.fearlessfriday.com/school/Monticello.html

External links[edit]