Marion, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Marion County, Arkansas.
Marion, Arkansas
City
Crittenden County Courthouse
Crittenden County Courthouse
Location in Crittenden County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Crittenden County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 35°12′22″N 90°12′6″W / 35.20611°N 90.20167°W / 35.20611; -90.20167Coordinates: 35°12′22″N 90°12′6″W / 35.20611°N 90.20167°W / 35.20611; -90.20167
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Crittenden
Area
 • Total 20.5 sq mi (53.1 km2)
 • Land 20.4 sq mi (52.9 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 226 ft (69 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,345
 • Density 605/sq mi (233.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 72364
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-44180
GNIS feature ID 0077597
Website www.marionar.org

Marion is a city in and the county seat of Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 12,345 at the 2010 census, a 38.7% increase since 2000.[1] The city is part of the Memphis metropolitan area. It is the second largest city in Crittenden County, behind West Memphis.

History[edit]

Although Marion was incorporated in 1896, the community predates that significantly. The site of Marion was part of Louisiana (New Spain) from 1764 to 1803, when it became Louisiana (New France). Some of the oldest land titles in the area are from Spanish land grants from a time prior to the Louisiana Purchase.[2] After the Louisiana Purchase the area was part of the Arkansas Territory. During the 1830s the Trail of Tears, the forced removal of Native Americans from Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, passed through the area.[3][4]

The town was founded in 1836, and it is speculated that it was named for Revolutionary War hero Francis Marion, although the usage predates the town's founding.[5] Marion has been incorporated on multiple occasions, first in 1851. The current incorporation dates from 1896.

During the American Civil War the SS Sultana was destroyed in an explosion on April 27, 1865, as it was transporting released Union POWs near Mound City, just east of Marion. It is estimated that 1,500 soldiers and crew were killed, the largest loss of life in a maritime accident in US history. This tragedy is commemorated by a historic marker placed by the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Geography[edit]

Marion is located in eastern Crittenden County at 35°12′22″N 90°12′6″W / 35.20611°N 90.20167°W / 35.20611; -90.20167 (35.206092, -90.201734).[6] It is bordered by the city of West Memphis to the south and by Sunset and Clarkedale to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Marion has a total area of 20.5 square miles (53.1 km2), of which 20.4 square miles (52.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.37%, is water.[7]

Marion is 11 miles (18 km) west of Memphis, Tennessee, and has a humid subtropical climate.

Transportation[edit]

Historic marker in Marion noting that Military Road (US 64) was used for the Trail of Tears

Major highways[edit]

Marion is bisected by Interstate 55 and is located just to the north of its junction with Interstate 40 prior to their crossing the Mississippi River, en route to Memphis. U.S. Highway 64 is the major east-west route through the town. Arkansas Highway 77 is a major north-south arterial road, east of Interstate 55, and Highway 118 is the major north-south arterial road, west of Interstate 55.

Aviation[edit]

Marion is served for general aviation by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM).[14] General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis. Memphis International Airport is located south of Memphis; it provides commercial aviation through numerous carriers and is the international cargo hub for FedEx.

Rail[edit]

Union Pacific operates a 600-acre (240 ha) intermodal facility west of Marion.[15] BNSF Railway also operates an intermodal yard in Marion.

Limited passenger rail is available on Amtrak at Central Station in nearby Memphis. The City of New Orleans runs twice daily on a north-south route from Chicago to New Orleans.[16]

Water[edit]

Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River.[17] The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the fourth-largest inland port in the United States.[18]

Community[edit]

Because of its proximity to Memphis and Interstate highways, Marion offers the activities and enrichment of a large city while maintaining the character of a small community. In addition to the many community events common to any town, each May Marion hosts the Esperanza Bonanza, a festival that includes live music, a barbecue competition, a rodeo, a golf tournament, a carnival, and games for adults & children.[19] More recently Marion has begun "Christmas on the Square" in early December co-sponsored by the local Kiwanis Club and the Marion Chamber of Commerce.[20]

Marion is served by the Woolfolk Public Library[21] which is jointly operated by Crittenden County and the city of Marion. It was named in honor of a local author and newspaper editor, Margaret Woolfolk.

Outdoor recreation is a big part of community life, from organized youth sports to individual and family activities. Marion is located less than 1 hour from 12 Arkansas, Tennessee or Mississippi state parks.[22] Additional outdoor recreation is available at Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge about 10 miles (16 km) north of town. The nearby community of Horseshoe Lake offers opportunity for water sports.

Healthcare[edit]

Since 1951 Marion and Crittenden County have been served by Crittenden Regional Hospital[23] a 152 bed JCAHO Accredited facility [24] in nearby West Memphis.

Demographics[edit]

2010 Census [1]

As of the census[25] of 2010, there were 12,345 people and 4,278 households in the city. The population density was 604.4 people per square mile (256.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.1% White, 28% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 1.4% from two or more races. 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

88% of the population had a high school diploma and 28% reported a bachelor's degree or higher. 2.5 of the population is foreign born and 4.4% report a language other than English being spoken at home. The home ownership rate was 71.3% at a median value of $142,200. The median household income was $60,051. 7.3% of the population are below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

Crittenden County is served by Mid-South Community College in West Memphis. The college offers Bachelor's and Master's Degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, the University of Arkansas, the University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University.[26]

Public schools[edit]

  • Avondale Elementary School (grades pre-k through 1st grade)
  • Marion Elementary School (grades 2nd through 3rd)
  • Marion Intermediate School (grades 4 through 5)
  • Marion Middle School (grades 6 though 7)
  • Marion Jr. High School (grades 8 through 9)
  • Marion High School (grades 10-12)

Private schools[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official records for Memphis were kept at downtown from January 1872 to December 1939 and at Memphis Int'l since January 1940.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/05/0544180.html
  2. ^ http://marionar.org/visit-marion/historic-locations/area-history/
  3. ^ http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/118trail/118locate2.htm
  4. ^ http://www.arkansasheritagetrails.com/Tears/
  5. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=870
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Marion city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ ThreadEx
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  10. ^ "Climate Normals and Records - National Weather Service Memphis, TN". National Weather Service. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  11. ^ "Station Name: TN MEMPHIS INTL AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  12. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for MEMPHIS/WSCMO AP TN 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  13. ^ "Average Percent Sunshine through 2009". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  14. ^ http://www.ci.west-memphis.ar.us/airport.htm
  15. ^ http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/usguide/attachments/state_factsheets/ar.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?c=AM_Route_C&pagename=am%2FLayout&cid=1241245653236
  17. ^ http://westmemphis.com/industrial-sites/better-access/river
  18. ^ http://www.portofmemphis.com/about.asp
  19. ^ http://www.esperanzabonanza.org/
  20. ^ http://marionar.org/visit-marion/what-to-do/
  21. ^ http://www.facebook.com/Woolfolk.Public.Library?sk=wall
  22. ^ http://www.marionarkansas.org/economic/eco002_about.htm
  23. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/
  24. ^ http://www.qualitycheck.org/qualityreport.aspx?hcoid=8687
  25. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  26. ^ http://www.midsouthcc.edu/index.php?id=55

External links[edit]