Nagasaki Prefecture

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Nagasaki Prefecture
長崎県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 長崎県
 • Rōmaji Nagasaki-ken
Official logo of Nagasaki Prefecture
Symbol of Nagasaki Prefecture
Location of Nagasaki Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Nagasaki City
Government
 • Governor Hodo Nakamura (since March 2010)
Area
 • Total 4,105.47 km2 (1,585.13 sq mi)
Area rank 37th
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,407,904
 • Rank 26th
 • Density 351/km2 (910/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-42
Districts 4
Municipalities 21
Flower Unzentsutsuji (Rhododendron serpyllifolium)
Tree Sawara (Chamaecyparis pisifera)
Bird Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)
Website www.pref.nagasaki.jp/en

Nagasaki Prefecture (長崎県 Nagasaki-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.[1] The capital is the city of Nagasaki.[2]

History[edit]

Nagasaki Prefect Office, Meiji Period

Nagasaki Prefecture was created by merging of the western half of the former province of Hizen with the island provinces of Tsushima and Iki.[3] Facing China and Korea, the region around Hirado was a traditional center for both traders and pirates.

During the 16th century, Catholic missionaries and traders from Portugal arrived and became active in Hirado and Nagasaki, which became a major center for foreign trade. After being given free rein in Oda Nobunaga's period, the missionaries were forced out little by little, until finally, in the Tokugawa era, Christianity was banned under the Sakoku national isolation policy, during which time, Japanese foreign trade was restricted to Chinese and Dutch traders based at Dejima in Nagasaki; however, Kirishitan (Japanese Christian) worship continued underground. These Kakure Kirishitan (hidden Christians) were tried at every step, forced to step on fumi-e ("trample pictures", images of the Virgin Mary and saints) to prove that they were non-Christian. With the banishment of all Catholic missionaries, traders from Catholic countries were also forced out of the country. Along with them, their children, half Japanese and half European, were also forced to leave the country. The majority was sent to Jagatara (Jakarta) and are still remembered by the locals as the people who wrote the poignant letters which were smuggled across the sea to their homeland. Today, Nagasaki has a prominent Chinatown[4] and Catholic churches, and the Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki, have been proposed for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

During the Meiji Restoration, Nagasaki and Sasebo became major ports for foreign trade, and eventually major military bases and shipbuilding centers for the Imperial Japanese Navy up to World War II. On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, which completely destroyed all buildings in a one mile radius from the point of impact and extensively damaged other parts of the city. 73,000 people died and a similar number were injured in the attack.

Nagasaki Prefecture, which one of many heavy rain and landslide damage area in Japan, for example, Isahaya heavy rain and landslide occurred in July 1957, 586 people dead, 136 people missing, 3,860 injured only Nagasaki Prefecture's area, mainly Isahaya area, also, heavy rain and landslide occurred in Nagasaki city and suburb area in July 1982, which landslide and heavy rain damage in around Nagasaki area. According to Japanese Government report, 299 person fatalities around Nagasaki area.

Geography[edit]

Nagasaki borders Saga Prefecture on the east, and is otherwise surrounded by water, including Ariake Bay, the Tsushima Straits, and the East China Sea. It also includes a large number of islands such as Tsushima and Iki. Most of the prefecture is near the coast and there are a number of ports such as Nagasaki and a United States Navy base at Sasebo.

As of March 31, 2008, 10% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Saikai and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Genkai and Iki-Tsushima Quasi-National Parks; and Hokushō, Nishi Sonogi Hantō, Nomo Hantō, Ōmurawan, Shimabara Hantō, and Taradake Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities[edit]

Map of Nagasaki Prefecture
Night view of Nagasaki City
Sasebo
Shimabara

Thirteen cities are located in Nagasaki Prefecture:

Districts[edit]

These are the towns and villages of each district:

Mergers[edit]

The following municipalities have been dissolved during the last seven years.

Culture[edit]

Religion[edit]

Nagasaki is the most Christianized area in Japan with Roman Catholic missions having been established there as early as the 16th century. Shusaku Endo's novel Silence draws from the oral history of the local Christian (Kirishitan) communities, both Kakure Kirishitan and Hanare Kirishitan.

As of 2002, there are 68,617 Catholics in Nagasaki Prefecture, accounting for 4.52 percent of the population of the prefecture.

Sports[edit]

The Nagasaki Saints of the Shikoku-Kyūshū Island League make Nagasaki Prefecture their home.

Tourism[edit]

Lighthouse at Osezaki in Gotō
Grave of William Adams in Hirado
Castle in Shimabara
Sōfuku-ji Ōbaku Zen temple in Nagasaki
Kujū-ku Islands in Sasebo

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tram[edit]

Roads[edit]

Expressways and toll roads[edit]

  • Nagasaki Expressway
  • West Kyushu Expressway
  • Nagasaki Dejima Road
  • Kawahira Toll Road
  • Kunimi Toll Road
  • Kawahira Toll Road

National highways[edit]

Ports[edit]

  • Nagasaki Port
  • Sasebo Port
  • Matsuura Port
  • Hirado Port
  • Shimabara Port
  • Fukue Port
  • Izuhara Port of Tsushima
  • Gonoura Port of Iki Island

Airports[edit]

Politics[edit]

Main article: Politics of Nagasaki

The current governor of Nagasaki is former vice-governor Hōdō Nakamura. First elected in 2010 to succeed Genjirō Kaneko, he was reelected for a second term in 2014.

The prefectural assembly of Nagasaki has a regular membership of 46, elected in 16 electoral districts in unified regional elections (last round: 2011). As of April 2014, the LDP-led caucus has 23 members, the DPJ-SDP-led caucus 17.

In the National Diet, Nagasaki is represented by four directly elected members of the House of Representatives and two (one per ordinary election) of the House of Councillors. After the most recent national elections of 2010, 2012 and 2013, Nagasaki sends an all-LDP delegation to the Diet (excluding members who lost election in Nagasaki districts, but were elected to the proportional representation segment of the House of Representatives in the Kyūshū block).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nagasaki prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 683, p. 683, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagasaki" in p. 683, p. 683, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ ようこそ 長崎新地中華街へ
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°58′N 129°48′E / 32.967°N 129.800°E / 32.967; 129.800